चालुक्य वंश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(चालुक्य se punarnirdeshit)
vatapi ke chaluky shasak
shasak shasanakal
jayasinh chaluky -
ranarag -
pulakeshi pratham (550-566 ee.)
kirtivarma pratham (566-567 ee.)
mngalesh (597-98 se 609 ee.)
pulakeshi dvitiy (609-10 se 642-43 ee.)
vikramadity pratham (654-55 se 680 ee.)
vinayadity (680 se 696 ee.)
vijayadity (696 se 733 ee.)
vikramadity dvitiy (733 se 745 ee.)
kirtivarma dvitiy (745 se 753 ee.)

chalukyon ki utpatti ka vishay atynt hi vivadaspad hai. varahamihir ki 'brihatsnhita' men inhen 'shoolik' jati ka mana gaya hai, jabaki prithvirajaraso men inaki utpati aboo parvat par kiye gaye ygy ke agnikund se batayi gayi hai. 'vikramankadevacharit' men is vnsh ki utpatti bhagavan brahm ke chuluk se bataee gee hai. itihasavidh 'vinsent e. smith' inhen videshi manate hain. 'eph. phlit' tatha 'ke.e. nilakanth shastri' ne is vnsh ka nam 'chalaky' bataya hai. 'ar.ji. bhandarakare' ne is vnsh ka prarambhik nam 'chaluky' ka ullekh kiya hai. hvenasang ne chaluky naresh pulakeshi dvitiy ko kshatriy kaha hai. is prakar chaluky nareshon ki vnsh evn utpatti ka koee abhilekhiy sakshy nahin milata hai.

vnsh shakhaen

dakshinapath maury samrajy ke antargat tha. jab maury samraton ki shakti shithil huee, aur bharat men anek pradesh unaki adhinata se mukt hokar svatntr hone lage, to dakshinapath men satavahan vnsh ne apane ek prithakh rajy ki sthapana ki. kalantar men is satavahan vnsh ka bahut hi utkarsh hua, aur isane magadh par bhi apana adhipaty sthapit kar liya. shakon ke sath nirantar sngharsh ke karan jab is rajavnsh ki shakti kshin huee, to dakshinapath men anek ne rajavnshon ka pradurbhav hua, jisamen vakatak, kadamb aur pallav vnsh ke nam vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. inhin vnshon men se vatapi ya badami ka chaluky vnsh aur kalyani ka chaluky vnsh bhi ek tha.

vatapi v badami ka chaluky vnsh

chhathi shatabdi ke madhy se lekar athavin shatabdi ke madhy tak dakshinapath par jis chaluky vnsh ki shakha ka adhipaty raha usaka utkarsh sthal badami ya vatapi hone ke karan use badami ya vatapi chaluky kaha jata hai. is shakha ko poorvakalin pashchimi chaluky bhi kaha jata hai. pulakeshin dvitiy ke ehol abhilekh se badami ke chalukyon ke bar men pramanik gyan prapt hota hai. aihol lekh ki rachana ravikrit ne ki thi.

vatapi ka chaluky vnsh

vakatak vnsh ke raja bade pratapi the aur unhonne videshi kushanon ki shakti ka kshay karane men bahut adhik kartritv pradarshit kiya tha. in rajaon ne apani vijayon ke upalakshy men anek ashvamedh ygyon ka bhi anushthan kiya. panchavin sadi ke prarambh men gupton ke utkarsh ke karan is vnsh ke rajy ki svatntr satta ka ant hua. kadamb vnsh ka rajy uttari kanara belaganv aur dharavad ke pradeshon men tha. pratapi gupt samraton ne ise bhi gupt samrajy ki adhinata men lane men saphalata prapt ki thi. pallav vnsh ki rajadhani kanchi thi, aur samrat samudragupt ne usaki bhi vijay ki thi. gupt samrajy ke kshin hone par uttari bharat ke saman dakshinapath men bhi anek rajavnshon ne svatntratapoorvak shasan karana prarambh kiya. dakshinapath ke in rajyon men chaluky aur rashtrakoot vnshon ke dvara sthapit rajy pradhan the. unake atirikt devagiri ke yadav, varngal ke kakatiy, konkan ke shilahar, banavasi ke kadamb, talakad ke gng aur dvarasamudr ke hoyasal vnshon ne bhi is yug men dakshinapath ke vividh pradeshon par shasan kiya. jis prakar uttari bharat men vividh rajavnshon ke pratapi v mahattvakankshi raja vijay yatraen karane aur any rajaon ko jitakar apana utkarsh karane ke lie tatpar rahate the, vahi dasha dakshinapath men bhi thi.

vatapi ke chaluky vnsh ka ant

vikramadity dvitiy ke bad 744 ee. ke lagabhag kirtivarma dvitiy vishal chaluky samrajy ka svami bana. par vah apane poorvajon dvara sthapit samrajy ko qayam rakhane men asamarth raha. dantidurg namak rashtrakoot neta ne use parast kar maharashtr men ek ne rajavnsh ki ninv dali, aur dhire-dhire rashtrakooton ka yah vnsh itana shaktishali ho gaya, ki chalukyon ka ant kar dakshinapath par apana adhipaty sthapit kar liya. chalukyon ke rajy ka ant 753 ee. ke lagabhag hua. vatapi ke chaluky raja n keval vir aur vijeta the, apitu unhonne sahity, vastukala adi ke snrakshan v snvardhan ki or bhi apana dhyan diya.

kalyani ka chaluky vnsh

chalukyon ki mukhy shakha ka antim mahattvapoorn shasak sambhavatah kirtivarma dvitiy tha. chalukyon ki kuchh chhoti shakhaon ne bhi kuchh din tak shasan kiya. aisi hi ek shakha kalyani ke chalukyon ki thi, jisaka mahattvapoorn shasak tail athava tailap dvitiy tha, arambh men vah rashtrakooton ka samant tha, parantu bad men rashtrakooton ki durbalata ka labh uthakar vah ek svatntr shasak ban gaya. usane antim rashtrakoot shasak kakr ko apadast kar satta par adhikar kar liya. isaki patni 'jakkal mahadevi' thi, jo rashtrakoot shasak bhamah ki putri thi. sattaroodh hone ke bad tailap ne apane rajy ki simaon ka vistar karana arambh kiya. usake is samrajy vistaravadi niti ka prabal virodhi gng naresh panchal dev tha. donon ke madhy kee bar yuddh hua. ant men vellari ke samant shasak gngabhootidev ki sahayata se tailap ne panchal dev ko parajit kar mar diya. is mahattvapoorn vijay ke upalakshy men tailap dvitiy ne 'panchalamardanapnchanan' ka virudv dharan kiya tatha apane sahayak gngabhootidev ko toragale ka shasak banakar use 'ahavamall' ki upadhi se alnkrit kiya. tailap dvitiy ne chedi, udisa aur kuntal ne shasak uttam chol tatha malava ke paramar raja munj ko parajit kiya. tailap dvitiy dvara munj ke sthan ka ullekh avantarakalin granth aina-e-akabari tatha ujjain se prapt abhilekh men milata hai. kannad kathaon men tailap dvitiy ko bhagavan shrikrishn ka avatar kaha gaya hai. usane 'bhunaikamall', 'mahasamantadhipati', 'ahamall', 'maharajadhiraj', 'parameshvar', 'paramabhattarak', 'chalukyabharan', 'satyashram', 'kulatilak' tatha 'samastabhuvanashray' adi upadhiyan dharan ki thin. pahale chaluky vnsh ki rajadhani vatapi thi, par is naye chaluky vnsh ne kalyani ko rajadhani banakar apani shakti ka vistar kiya. isilie ye 'kalyani ke chaluky' kahalate hain.

kalyani ke chaluky shasak
shasak shasanakal
tailap -
satyashray (977 se 1008 ee.)
vikramadity pncham (1008 ee.)
achchan dvitiy -
jayasinh jagadekamall (1015 se 1045 ee.)
someshvar pratham ahavamall (1043 se 1068 ee.)
someshvar dvitiy bhuvanaikamall (1068 se 1070 ee.)
vikramadity shashth (1070 se 1126 ee.)
someshvar tritiy (1126 se 1138 ee.)
jagadekamall dvitiy (1138-1151 ee.)
tailap tritiy (1151-1156 ee.)
someshvar chaturth (1181-1189 ee.)

chaluky shakti men nirbalata

someshvar tritiy ke bad kalyani ke chaluky vnsh ka kshay shuroo ho gaya. 1138 ee. men someshvar tritiy ki mrityu ho jane par usaka putr jagadekamall dvitiy raja bana. is raja ke shasan kal men chalukyon men nirbalata a gee. anhilavada kumarapal (1143-1172 ee.) ke jagadekamall ke sath anek yuddh hue, jinamen kumarapal vijayi hua. 1151 ee. men jagadekamall ki mrityu ke bad tail ne kalyani ka rajasinhasan prapt kiya. usaka mntri v senapati vijjal tha, jo kalachuri vnsh ka tha. vijjal itana shaktishali vyakti tha, ki usane raja tail ko apane hathon men kathaputali ke saman bana rakha tha. bahut se samant usake hathon men the. unaki sahayata se 1156 ee. ke lagabhag vijjal ne tail ko rajyachyut kar svayn kalyani ki rajagaddi par apana adhikar kar liya, aur vasav ko apana mntri niyukt kiya.

kalyani ke chaluky vnsh ka ant

bharat ke dharmik itihas men 'vasav' ka bahut adhik mahattv hai. vah lingayat sampraday ka pravartak tha. jisaka dakshini bharat men bahut prachar hua. vijjal svayn jain tha, atah raja aur mntri men virodh utpann ho gaya. isake parinamasvaroop vasav ne vijjal ki hatya kar di. vijjal ke bad usake putr 'sovidev' ne rajy prapt kiya, aur vasav ki shakti ko apane qaboo men lane men saphalata prapt ki. dharmik virodh ke karan vijjal aur sovidev ke samay men jo avyavastha utpann ho gee thi, chaluky raja tail ke putr someshvar chaturth ne usase labh uthaya, aur 1183 ee. men sovidev ko parast kar chaluky kul ke gaurav ko phir se sthapit kiya. par chalukyon ki yah shakti der tak sthir nahin rah saki. vijjal aur sovidev ke samay men vatapi ke rajy men jo avyavastha utpann ho gee thi, usake karan bahut se samant v adhinasth raja svatntr ho ge, aur any anek rajavnshon ke pratapi v mahattvakankshi rajaon ne vijay yatraen kar apani shakti ka utkarsh shuroo kar diya. in pratapi rajaon men devagiri ke yadav raja bhillam ka nam vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. 1187 ee. men bhillam ne chaluky raja someshvar chaturth ko parast kar kalyani par adhikar kar liya, aur is prakar pratapi chaluky vnsh ka ant hua.

vengi ka chaluky vnsh

prachin samay men chalukyon ke anek rajavnshon ne dakshinapath v gujarat men shasan kiya tha. inamen se anhilavad (gujarat) vatapi aur kalyani ko rajadhani banakar shasan karane vale chaluky vnsh the. par in tinon ke atirikt chaluky ka ek any vnsh bhi tha, jisaki rajadhani vengi thi. yah itihas men 'poorvi chaluky' ke nam se vikhyat hai, kyonki isaka rajy chalukyon ke mukhy rajavnsh (jisane kalyani ko rajadhani banakar shasan kiya) ke rajy se poorv men sthit tha. inase prithaktv pradarshit karane ke lie kalyani ke rajavnsh ko 'pashchimi chaluky rajavnsh' bhi kaha jata hai. itihas men vengi ke poorvi chaluky vnsh ka bahut adhik mahattv nahin hai, kyonki usake rajaon ne n kisi bade samrajy ke nirman men saphalata prapt ki, aur n door-door tak vijay yatraen kin. par kyonki kuchh samay tak usake rajaon ne bhi svatntr roop se rajy kiya, atah unake sambandh men bhi snkshipt vivaran prapt hota hai.

  • jis samay vatapi ke prasiddh chaluky samrat pulakeshi dvitiy ne (satavin sadi ke poorvardh men) dakshinapath men apane vishal samrajy ki sthapana ki, usane apane chhote bhaee 'kubj vishnuvardhan' ko vengi ka shasan karane ke lie niyukt kiya tha. 'vishnuvardhan' ki sthiti ek prantiy shasak ke saman thi, aur vah pulakeshi dvitiy ki or se hi krishna aur godavari nadiyon ke madhyavarti pradesh ka shasan karata tha. par usaka putr 'jayasinh pratham' poornataya svatntr ho gaya tha, aur is prakar poorvi chaluky vnsh ka pradurbhav hua. is vnsh ke svatntr rajy ka prarambhakal satavin sadi ke madhy bhag men tha.
  • jab tak vatapi men madhy chaluky vnsh ki shakti qayam rahi, vengi ke poorvi chalukyon ko apane utkarsh ka avasar nahin mil saka. par jab 753 ee. ke lagabhag rashtakoot dantidurg dvara vatapi ke chaluky rajy ka ant kar diya gaya, to vengi ke rajavnsh men anek aise pratapi raja hue, jinhonne rashtrakooton aur any padosi rajaon par akraman karake unake sath yuddh kiya. inamen 'vikramadity dvitiy' (lagabhag 799-843) aur 'vijayadity tritiy' (843-888) ke nam vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain. in donon rajaon ne rashtakooton ke muqabale men apane rajy ki svatntr satta qayam rakhane men saphalata prapt ki. inake uttaradhikari chaluky raja bhi apani svatntrata ki raksha karane men saphal rahe.
  • dasavin sadi ke antim bhag men vengi ko ek nayi vipatti ka samana karana pada. jo cholaraj rajaraj pratham (985-1014) ke roop men thi. is samay tak dakshinapath men rashtakooton ki shakti ka ant ho chuka tha, aur kalyani ko apani rajadhani banakar chaluky ek bar phir dakshinapathapati ban ge the. rajaraj pratham ne n keval kalyani ke chaluky raja satyashray ko parast kiya, apitu vengi ke chaluky raja par bhi akraman kiya. is samay vengi ke rajasinhasan par 'shaktivarma' virajaman tha. usane chol akranta ka muqabala karane ke lie bahut prayatn kiya, aur anek yuddhon men use saphalata bhi prapt huee, par usake uttaradhikari 'vimaladity' (1011-1018) ne yahi uchit samajha, ki shaktishali chol samrat ki adhinata svikar kar li jae.
  • rajaraj pratham ne vimaladity ke sath apani putri ka vivah kar use apana sambandhi v param sahayak bana liya. vimaladity ke bad usaka putr 'vishnuvardhan' poorvi chaluky rajy ka svami bana. usaka vivah bhi cholavnsh ki hi ek kumari ke sath hua tha. usaka putr 'rajendr' tha, jo 'kulottung' ke nam se vengi ka raja bana. usaka vivah bhi ek chol rajakumari ke sath hua, aur vivahon ke karan vengi ke chaluky kul aur cholaraj ka sambandh bahut ghanishth ho gaya.
  • cholaraja adhirajendr ke koee santan nahin thi. vah 1070 ee. men chol rajy ka svami bana, aur usi sal usaki mrityu bhi ho gee. is dasha men vengi ke chaluky raja rajendr kulottung ne chol vnsh ka rajy bhi prapt kar liya, kyonki vah chol rajakumari ka putr tha. is prakar chol rajy aur vengi ka poorvi chaluky rajy paraspar mil kar ek ho ge, aur 'rajendr kulottung' ke vnshaj in donon rajyon par do sadi ke lagabhag tak shasan karate rahe. 1070 ke bad vengi ke rajavnsh ki apani koee prithakh satta nahin rah gayi thi.
  • kalyani ke chaluky vnsh ka dakshinapath ke bade bhag par unaka adhipaty tha, aur anek pratapi chaluky rajaon ne dakshin men chol, pandy aur keral tak v uttar men bng, magadh aur nepal tak vijay yatraen ki thin. par jab barahavin sadi ke antim bhag men chalukyon ki shakti kshin huee, to unake anek samant raja svatntr ho ge, aur apane-apane kshetr men svatntr roop se shasan karane lage. jis prakar uttari bharat men gurjar pratihar samrajy ke hras kal men anek chhote-bade rajapoot rajy qayam hue, vaise hi dakshini bharat men kalyani ke chalukyon ki shakti kshin hone par anek rajaon ne svatntr hokar apane prithakh rajyon ki sthapana ki.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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