चेन्नई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chennee
Chennai-Colaj.jpg
vivaran chennee shahar (bhootapoorv madras), tamilanadu rajy ki rajadhani, dakshini bharat, bngal ki khadi ke koromandal tat par sthit hai. tamilanadu ki rajadhani chennee bharat ke char mahanagaron men se ek hai.
rajy tamilanadu
zila chennee zila
sthapana 17vin shatabdi
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 13.04°, poorv- 80.17°
marg sthiti yah shahar sadak dvara mahabalipuram se 60.7 kilomitar, vellor se 113 kilomitar, kanyakumari se 699 kilomitar, dilli se 2,141 kilomitar doori par sthit hai.
kab jaen navambar se faravari
kaise pahunchen jalayan, havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda chennee antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan chennee sentral relave steshan, chennee egamor relave steshan
bas adda metropaaulitan transport karporeshan, chennee mophassil bas tarminas
yatayat saikil-riksha, aauto-riksha, mitar-taiksi, siti bas aur metro rel
kya dekhen chennee paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen idali, sanbhar aur dosa
kya khariden sadiyan, shilp ki kharidadari aur samakalin kala ke lie ramasvami rod par sthit si.pi. ja sakate hain.
es.ti.di. kod 044
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, chennee antarrashtriy havaee adda
adyatan‎

chennee shahar (bhootapoorv madras), tamilanadu rajy ki rajadhani, dakshini bharat, bngal ki khadi ke koromandal tat par sthit hai. tamilanadu ki rajadhani chennee bharat ke char mahanagaron men se ek hai. samudr kinare base is shahar men bndaragah bhi hai aur ise pahale madras ke nam se jana jata tha. madras machhuare ke ganv madrasapatanam ka chhota roop tha. jahan british eest indiya kampani ne 1639-40 men ek qile aur vyaparik chauki ka nirman kiya tha. us samay sooti kapade ki bunaee ek sthaniy udyog tha aur angrezon ne bunakaron tatha sthaniy vyapariyon ko qile ke asapas basane ke lie bulaya. 1652 tak fort sent jarj faiktri ko prezidensi[1] ki pratishtha mil gee aur 1668 aur 1749 ke bich kampani ne apane niyntran ka vistar kiya. 1801 ke lagabhag antim sthaniy shasak se usaki shaktiyan chhin li geen aur angrez dakshin bharat ke svami ban ge. tab madras unaki prashasakiy tatha vyaparik rajadhani ban gaya.

madras (vartaman chennee) ka ek drishy

chennee ka marina bich vishv ka doosara sabase bada bich hai. yah shahar shishtachar, saumyata aur sabhyata ka pratik hai. anek mndir, qile, charch, park, bich, masjid is shahar ki khoobasoorati men char chand lagate hain. ise dakshin ka getave kaha jata hai. yah shahar dakshin ki film indastri ka hab bhi hai. chennee eest indiya knpani dvara sthapit pratham bndobast ka shahar tha.

sthapana

chennee eest indiya knpani dvara sthapit pratham bndobast ka shahar tha. un dinon chennee ko tondemndalam ke nam se jana jata tha. us samay ka sainh‍y mukhyalay pajahal men tha. vartaman me ab yah shahar ke bahari chhor par sthit ek chhote se mahatvahin ganv men tabh‍dil ho chuka hai. unnisavin shatabdi men yah shahar madras prejidensi ke nam se jana gaya. yah shahar british samrajy ka dakshini mndal tha. azadi ke bad madras ko tamilanadu ki rajadhani bana diya gaya.

san 1639 ee. men eest indiya knpani ke karmachari fransis de ne vijayanagar ke raja se kuchh bhoomi lekar is nagar ki sthapana ki thi. us samay ka bana hua qila abhi tak vidyaman hai. madras ke upanagar mayalapur men kapalishvar shiv ka prachin mndir hai. mayalapur ka shabdik arth mayooranagar hai. pauranik janashruti ke anusar parvati ne mayoor ka roop dharan karake shiv ji ki is sthan par pooja ki thi. isi katha ka ankan is mndir ki moortikari men hai. mndir ke pichhe ek pavitr tal hai. tripliken men parthasarathi ka mndir bhi ullekhaniy hai. madras ke sthan par prachin samay men chainnapatamh namak gram basa hua tha.

itihas

madras ka vikas bina kisi yojana ke 17vin shatabdi ke bharatiy avason aur qile ke charon or hua. isake uttar tatha pashchimottar men audyogik kshetr hain. mukhy avasiy kshetr pashchim tatha dakshin men aur purane ganv madhy bhag men hain. dravid shaili men bane sat bade mandir shahar ke sabase vishisht bhavan hain. jo jarj taun, mayalapor aur tripliken men sthit hain. 19vin shatabdi men yah shahar madras prezidensi ke nam se jana gaya. yah shahar british samrajy ka dakshini mndal tha. azadi ke bad madras ko tamilanadu ki rajadhani bana diya gaya. hal hi men isaka nam badalakar chennee rakh diya gaya. british kal ki imaraton men, chepak pailes, yoonivarsiti sinet haus[2], viktoriya teknikal instityoot aur uchch nyayalay bhavan[3] sabase akarshan mane jate hain. kee adhunik oonchi imaraten bhi ban gee hain.

arthavyavastha

chennee shahar dakshin bharat ki vyavasayik gatividhiyon ka kendr hai. saauphtaveyar tekh‍nolaauji park, taidail ki sh‍thapana tharamani, chennee men ki gee hai. varsh 2006-07 men rajh‍y se, 20,700 karod rupe ka niryat hua jo 2007-08 men 25,000 karod rupe ho jaega. nokiya, motorola, phaaukh‍sakaaum, phlaikh‍satraaunik aur dail jaisi badi soochana praudyogiki aur doorasnchar knpaniyan yahan uth‍padan kar rahi hain.

antarrashh‍triy aauto knpani

antarrashh‍triy aauto knpani hundee motars, phord, hindush‍tan motars aur mith‍sibishi ne tamilanadu men uth‍padan ikaiyan shuroo ki hain. ashok lelaind aur taphe ne chennee men vish‍tar snyntr lagae hain.

udyog aur vyapar

chennee ke udyogon men vahan udyog, ek vidyut abhiyantriki karakhana, rabar v urvarak karakhane aur ek tel shodhan karakhana shamil hai. chamada, lauh ayask aur sooti vastr chennee se niryat ki jane vali mukhy vastuen hain. gehoon, mashinen, loha tatha ispat aur kapas ka ayat kiya jata hai. chennee ke udyogon men sooti vastr udyog, rasayanik udyog, kagaz evn kagaz se nirmit vastuon ke udyog, mudran yntr evn isase sambandhit udyog, chamada, dijal injan, motaragadi, saikil, siment, chini, diyasalaee, rel ke dibbe taiyar karane ke udyog adi pramukh hain.

prashasan

nanv, chennee

chennee, tamilanadu rajy ki rajadhani hone se rajy ki karyapalika aur nyayapalika ke mukhyalay shahar men mukhy roop se phort sent jaaurj men sachivalay imarat men aur shesh karyalay shahar men vibhinn sthanon par anek imaraton men sthit hain. madras uchch nyayalay ka adhikar-kshetr tamilanadu rajy aur puducheri tak hai. yah rajy ki sarvochch nyay snstha hai, aur chennee men hi sthapit hai. chennee men tin lokasabha nirvachan kshetr hain:-

  1. chennee uttar
  2. chennee madhy
  3. chennee dakshin

chennee men 18 vidhan-sabha nirvachan kshetr hain.

shikshan snsthan

chennee men anek shikshan snsthaen hain. rajy chikitsa mahavidyalayon, abhiyantriki evn takaniki mahavidyalayon, kaaulej af karnatik myazik, kaaulej af atars end krafts aur shikshak–prashikshan mahavidyalayon men vyavasayik shiksha prapt ki ja sakati hai.
madras vishvavidyalay, chennee
University Of Madras, Chennai
madras vishvavidyalay, 1857 bhi isi shahar men sthit hai. jisamen kee adhunik shodh kendr hain. yahan par indiyan instityoot af teknolaji, sentral ledar risarch instityoot aur vaigyanik evn audyogik anusandhan parishad ki kshetriy prayogashalaen adi anek ullekhaniy vaigyanik snsthaen hain. krishi vikas ke kshetr men em. es. svaminathan risarch faudeshan ek agrani snsthan hai.

nrity aur sngit snsthan

sanskritik snsthaon men madras sngit akadami shamil hai, jo karnatak sngit[4] ko protsahan dene ke lie samarpit hai. kalakshetr nrity aur sngit ka kendr hai tatha mayalapor sthit rasik rnjini sabha rngamnchiy kalaon ko protsahan deti hai. ek upanagariy kshetr, kodamabakkam, apane kee film stoodiyo ke karan dakshini bharat ka halivud kahalata hai. tin rngashalaen–

  • childrans thietar,
  • annamalaee manaram aur
  • 'myooziyam thietar' prasiddh hain.

yatayat aur parivahan

chennee jane ke lie paryatak apani suvidha ke anusar rel, vayu ya sadak marg dvara ja sakate hain. anna antarrashtriy havaee adda bharat ka tisara vyastatam vimanakshetr hai. chennee desh ke anya bhagon se sadak aur rel dvara bhali-bhanti juda hua hai.

havaee marg

chennee men anna arnh‍tarashh‍triy havaeeadda hai. chennee shahar dakshin eshiya, dakshin-poorv eshiya, poorvi eshiya, madhy poorv, yoorop evn uttari amarika ke pradhan binduon par 30 se adhik rashtriy aur antarrashtriy viman sevaon se juda hua hai. chennee men anna arnh‍tarashh‍triy havaeeadda evn kamaraj antardeshiy havaeeadda sahit chennee antarrashtriy havaee adda bharat ka tisara vyastatam vimanakshetr hai. yah vayu marg dvara bngalor, kolakata, mumbee, dilli, haidarabad adi desh ke vibhinn shaharon se juda hua hai.

egamor relave steshan, chennee
rel marg

chennee dakshin relave ka mukhyalay hai. chennee men tin relave steshan sthit hain. sentral, egamor aur tambaram ke relave steshan. yah relave steshan bharat ke pramukh shaharon aur rajyon se jude hue hain. chennee desh ke any bhagon se rel dvara bhi bhali-bhanti juda hua hai. chennee shahar men do mukhy relave steshan hain:-

  1. chennee sentral relave steshan: yahan se sabhi bade shaharon jaise munbee, kolakata, bngaluru, dilli, haidarabad, kochchi, koynbatoor, tiruvanntapuram, adi ke lie rel-suvidha upalabdh hain.
  2. chennee egamor relave steshan yahan se prayah tamilanadu ke anek shaharon ki rel sevaen upalabdh hain. kuchh nikatavarti rajy ke shaharon ki bhi relagadiyan yahan se chalati hain.
egamor relave steshan, chennee
sadak marg

chennee mophassil bas tarminas antarrajyiy bas sevaon ka adda hai. yah eshiya ka sabase bada bas adda hai. chennee rashtriy rajamarg 4 se baingalor se juda hua hai. isake alava rashtriy rajamarg 5 haidarabad aur poorvi tatiy rod pandicheri se juda hai. isake alava anh‍y padosi rajh‍yon se bhi yahan bas dvara a sakate hain. rashtriy rajamarg chennee ko 5 mukhy shahar tiruvalloor, kolakata, munbee, tiruchirapalli, tindivanam aur puducheri se jodate hain.

bndaragah

chennee shahar men do pradhan sagarapattan (bndaragah) hain, chennee port jo sabase bade kritrim bndaragahon men ek hai, tatha ennor bndaragah. chennee port bngal ki khadi men sabase bada bndaragah aur bharat ka doosara sabase bada sagariy-vyapar kendr hai, jahan aautomobail, motarasaikil, samany audyogik mal aur any thok khanij ki avazahi hoti hai.

sthaniy sadhan

chennee shahar men aautoriksha, niji vahan aur bas v rel sevaen sthaniy parivahan upalabdh karati hain. chennee shahar ke bahut se margon par maiksi kaib nam se vain aur savari bhade par aautoriksha bhi chalate hain, jo bas seva ka vikalp dete hain. chennee ki yatayat snrachana achchha snpark upalabdh karati hain.

neshanal art gailari, chennee
National Art Gallery, Chennai

paryatan

marina bich, chennee
Marina Beach, Chennai

bharat ke charon maitro shaharon men se ek yah shahar sabase chhota zaroor hai lekin paryatan ke lihaz se kisi se kam nahin hai. chennee men anek aise darshaniy sthal hain jo paryatakon ko akarshit karate hain.

sngrahalay

madras shasakiy sngrahalay men itihas aur tamilanadu ke bhautik pakshon ka pradarshan kiya gaya hai. 'fort myooziyam' men eest indiya kampani ki purani vastuon ka laghu sngrah hai tatha neshanal art gailari men chitron ka sngrah hai.

kala aur snskriti

chennee apani kala aur snskriti ki samriddh virasat ke sath ek samriddh shahar hai. chennee apane vibhinn sanskritik ayojanon ke lie prasiddh hai, pradarshan nrity, sngit, natak, samudr taton aur pramukh ke roop men pradarshan kala adhunik thietar hai. chennee sanskritik roop se samriddh hai, yahan varshik madras myoozik sizan men sainkadॊ kalakar bhag lete hain. chennee men rngashala snskriti bhi achchhe star par hai aur yah bharatanatyam ka ek mahattvapoorn kendr hai. yahan ka tamil chalachitr udyog, jise kaaulivud bhi kahate hain, bharat ka dvitiy sabase bada film udyog kendr hai. bagichon evn parkon ki adhikata ke karan chennee ko hara shahar (grin siti) kahate hain.

chennee shahar ke utsavon men janavari mah men ane vala pnch-divasiy pongal pramukh hai. isake alava sabhi mukhy tyauhar jaise dipavali, eed, krisamas adi bhi harshollas se manaye jate hain. tamilanadu ka sngit mahoth‍sav chennee men disnbar men manaya jata hai. isamen karnatak sngit ki mahanh aur amoolh‍y pnrapara ka nirvah kiya jata hai aur is samaroh men ne aur purane kalakaron dvara sngit aur nrith‍y ki avish‍maraniy prastutiyan pesh hoti hain.

tamil vynjanon men shakahari aur mansahari donon hi vynjanon ka sammilan hai. shahar men vibhinn sthanon par alpahar ya tiphin bhi upalabdh hai, jisamen pongal, dosa, idali, vada, adi milate hain, jisako garma garm ya thndi kaauphi ke sath parosa jata hai.

snthom kaithodral besilika, chennee
Santhome Cathedral Basilica, Chennai

khanapan

chennee men har prakar ke bhojan upalabdh hain. chennee men visheshakar dakshin bharatiy vynjan idali, sanbhar aur dosa adhik milata hai. chennee men annd bhavan dakshin bharatiy bhojan ke lie prasiddh hai. isake alava chennee men lebenis, koriyan, chainij, japani, maiksikan, italiyan aur thaee bhojan vibhinn hotalon men upalabdh hai. chennee men mithaeeyon ke lie shri krishna svits bahut lokapriy hai. chennee men mithi rasili janagri ti nagar ki iloor laibreri ke samip milati hai. yah bahut svadisht hoti hai.

kharidadari

chennee men sadiyan bahut achchhi milati hain. chennee ka mashahoor pajahee nalli chinnasvami chetti sthan sadiyon ke prasiddh hai. chennee men melapur ki sannadhi gali men sau sal purana radha silk haus hai. ti.nagar ke uttari usaman rod par sthit tarooni lok silk bhi sadiyon ki kharidadari ke lie mahattvapoorn sthan hai. yahan se sadiyon ke atirikt purushon ke kurate aur phoks ki jvailari bhi kharidi ja sakati hai. ti.nagar ko dulhanon ka svarg kaha jata hai. shilp ki kharidadari aur samakalin kala ke lie ramasvami rod par sthit si.pi. ja sakate hain. ke. bi. dasan rod par sthit vinayag tnjaur chitrakala dirgha pentigs ke lie achchhi jagah hai. mamalapuram men pattharon par bani moortiyan milati hain. inake alava chennee men anek aisi chizen mil jaengi jinhen paryatak kharide bina nahin rah sakate hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki ganana ke anusar chennee ki janasnkhya 42,16,268 hai.

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. adhyaksh dvara shasit ek prashasakiy ikaee
  2. donon dakkan muslim shaili men
  3. donon bharatiy muslim shaili men
  4. bngal ki khadi ke dakshini koromandal tat aur dakkan ke pathar ke bich sthit kshetr ka prasiddh sngit
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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