छोटूराम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chhotooram
chhotooram
poora nam ray richhapal (mool nam)
janm 24 navambar, 1881
janm bhoomi rohatak
mrityu 9 janavari, 1945
mrityu sthan lahaur
abhibhavak pita- sukhiram
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani tatha rajanitigy
parti yooniyanist parti
vishesh chaudhari chhotooram ki lekhani ag ugalati thi. 'thag bajar ki sair' aur 'bechara kisan' ke lekhon men se 17 lekh 'jat gajat' men chhape the.
any janakari agast, 1920 men chhotooram ne kangres chhod di thi, kyonki ve gandhi ji ke asahayog andolan se sahamat nahin the. unaka vichar tha ki is andolan se kisanon ka hit nahin hoga. unaka mat tha ki azadi ki ladaee snvaidhanik tarike se ladi jaye.
chhotooram vishay soochi

sar chhotooram (angrezi: Sir Chhoturam, janm- 24 navambar, 1881, rohatak; mrityu- 9 janavari, 1945, lahaur) bharat ke svadhinata senani tatha rajaneta the. garibon ke bndhu ke roop men vah 'rahabar e azam' kahe jate the. sar chaudhari chhotooram sharirik roop se chhote kad ke vyakti the, lekin unake vyaktitv ka kad bahut bada tha. ve din du:khiyon aur garibon ke bndhu, angrez hukoomat ke liye 'sar' to kisanon ke liye masiha the. chaudhari chhotooram ka vastavik nam ray richhapal tha, lekin parivar men sabhi pyar se unhen 'chhotoo' kahakar pukarate the, phir skool ke rajistar men bhi jane-anjane inaka nam chhotooram hi darj kar liya gaya aur yahin se balak ray richhapal ka vastavik nam chhotooram ho gaya.

parichay

sar chhotooram ka janm 24 navambar, 1881 men jhajjar, hariyana ke ek chhote se ganv gadhi sanpala men bahut hi sadharan parivar men hua tha. jhajjar us samay rohatak zila, pnjab ka hi ang tha. chhotooram ka asali nam ray richhapal tha. apane bhaiyon men ve sabase chhote the, isalie parivar ke log unhen 'chhotoo' kahakar pukarate the. skool ke rajistar men bhi unaka nam chhotooram hi likha diya gaya aur ye mahapurush chhotooram ke nam se hi vikhyat hue. unake dada ji ramaratnad ke pas 10 ekad bnjar zamin thi. chhotooram ji ke pita sukhiram karje aur mukadamon men buri tarah se phnse hue the.

samajik kary

san 1905 men chhotooram ji ne kalakankar ke raja ramapal sinh ke sah-niji sachiv ke roop men kary kiya aur yahin san 1907 tak angrezi ke 'hindustan' samachar patr ka snpadan kiya. yahan se chhotooram agara men vakalat ki digri karane a ge. jhajjar zile men janma yah jujharoo yuva chhatr san 1911 men agara ke jat chhatravas ka adhikshak bana. 1911 men unhonne laau ki digri prapte ki. yahan rahakar chhotooram ne merath aur agara divijan ki samajik dasha ka gahan adhyayan kiya. 1912 men apane chaudhari lalachnd ke sath vakalat arnbh kar di aur usi sal jat sabha ka gathan kiya.

svadhinata sngram men sakriyata

chaudhari chhotooram ne rashtr ke svadhinata sngram men datakar bhag liya. 1916 men pahali bar rohatak men kangres kameti ka gathan kiya gaya aur chhotooram rohatak kangres kameti ke pratham pradhan bane. sare zile men chaudhari chhotooram ka ahvan angrez hukoomat ko knpakapa deta tha. chaudhari sahab ke lekhon aur kary ko angrezon ne bahut bhayanak karar diya. phalasvaroop rohatak ke dipti kamishnar ne tatkalin angrezi sarakar se chaudhari chhotooram ko desh-nikale ki sipharish kar di. pnjab sarakar ne angrez hukamaranon ko bataya ki chaudhari chhotooram apane ap men ek kranti hain, unaka desh nikala gadar macha dega, rakt ki nadiyan bah jayengi. kisanon ka ek-ek bachcha chaudhari chhotooram ho jayega. angrezon ke hath kanp ge aur kamishnar ki sipharish ko radd kar diya gaya.

rajanitik gatividhiyan

san 1925 men rajasthan men pushkar ke pavitr sthan par chaudhari chhotooram ne ek aitihasik jalase ka ayojan kiya. san 1934 men rajasthan ke sikar shahar men kiraya kanoon ke virodh men ek abhootapoorv raili ka ayojan kiya gaya, jisamen 10,000 jat kisan shamil hue. yahan par janeoo aur desi ghi dan kiya gaya, maharshi dayanand ke satyarth prakash ke shlokon ka uchcharan kiya gaya. is raili se chaudhari chhotooram bharat ki rajaniti ke stambh ban ge. pnjab men raulat ekt ke viruddh andolan ko dabane ke lie marshal laau lagoo kar diya gaya tha, jisake parinamasvaroop desh ki rajaniti men ek ajibogarib mod a gaya.

yogadan

giravi jaminon ki mupht vapasi ekt, 1938

yah kanoon 9 sitnbar, 1938 ko prabhavi hua. is adhiniyam ke jarie jo jaminen 8 joon, 1901 ke bad kurki se bechi huee thin tatha 37 salon se giravi chali a rahi thin, vah sari jaminen kisanon ko vapis dilavaee geen. is qanoon ke tahat keval ek sade kagaz par ziladhish ko prarthana-patr dena hota tha. is qanoon men agar mool rashi ka doguna dhan sahookar prapt kar chuka hai to kisan ko jamin ka poorn svamitv diye jane ka pravadhan kiya gaya.

mrityu

san 1924 se 1945 tak pnjab ki rajaniti ke akele soory chaudhari chhotooram ka 9 janavari, 1945 ko dehavasan ho gaya aur ek krantikari yug ka yah soory doob gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

chhotooram vishay soochi