ज़रथुष्ट्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

zarathushtr
zarathushtr
vivaran 'zarathushtr' 'parasi dharm' ke snsthapak the. inake nam par hi parasi dharm ko 'zarathushtr dharm' bhi kaha jata hai.
any nam zorostar
snsthapak parasi dharm
samay kal 1700-1500 ee.poo. ke bich
kul spitama
abhibhavak paurushahasp, dudhadhova
any janakari snt zarathushtr ko rigved ke angira, brihaspati adi rishiyon ka samakalik mana jata hai. parantu rigvedik rishiyon ke viparit zarathushtr ne ek snsthagat dharm ka pratipadan kiya.

zarathushtr (farasi- زرتشت zaratosht; avestan- zar.thushtr; snskrit- harith + ushtr arthath 'sunahari oont vala')[1] parasi dharm ke snsthapak the. grik bhasha men inhen 'zorostar' kaha jata hai aur adhunik farasi men 'jaratosth'. parasi dharm eeran ka rajadharm hua karata tha. kyonki paignbar zarathushtr ne is dharm ki sthapana ki thi, isilie ise 'zarathushtri dharm' bhi kaha jata hai. mana jata hai ki zarathushtr ko 30 varsh ki ayu men gyan prapt hua tha. unhonne parasiya men us samay phaile bharatiy vaidik dharm se milate-julate 'bahudevavad' ka virodh kiya aur 'ekeshvaravad' ka samarthan kiya.

parichay

zarathushtr (zaradusht) ko parasi dharm ka prachin pratishthata mana jata hai. vah eesa se 600 varsh poorv hue the. unhonne agni aur soory ki pooja ki pratha chalaee thi. parasiyon ki prasiddh dharm pustak ‘jnd avastha’ unhonne hi likhi hai. 'shahanama' ke anusar zaradusht tooraniyon ke hathon mare ge the.[2] snt zarathushtr ko rigved ke angira, brihaspati adi rishiyon ka samakalik mana jata hai. parantu rigvedik rishiyon ke viparit zarathushtr ne ek snsthagat dharm ka pratipadan kiya. sambhavat: zarathushtr kisi snsthagat dharm ke pratham paigambar the. itihasakaron ka mat hai ki ve 1700-1500 ee.poo. ke bich sakriy the. zarathushtr eerani aryon ke 'spitama' kutumb ke 'paurushahasp' ke putr the. unaki mata ka nam 'dudhadhova' (dogdon) tha.

gyan ki prapti

parasi dharm paigambari dharm hai, kyonki zarathushtr ko parasi dharm men 'ahur mazda' (eeshvar) ka paigambar mana gaya hai. ek gatha ke anusar zarathushtr ko ahur majda saty dharm ki shiksha dene ke lie paigambar niyukt kiya gaya tha aur unhen shruti dvara saty ka gyan hua tha. 'parasi mithak shastr' ke anusar tis varsh ki umr men zarathushtr ki mulakat 'vohoo manah' nam ke ek pharishte se huee, jo unhen ahur majda ke pas le gaya. isake bad agale das varshon tak ahur majda ke pharishte a-a kar zarathushtr se mile aur unhen shrut gyan diya. lagabhag 77 varsh aur 11 din ki ayu men zarathushtr ki mrityu huee thi.[3]

parasi dharm ki sthapana

zarathushtr 'ahur majda' ke sandesh vahak the. unhonne sarvapratham daevon[4] ki ninda ki aur ahur mazda ko ek, akela aur sachcha eeshvar mana. unhonne ek naye dharm "zarathushtri dharm" (parasi dharm) ki shuruat ki aur parasi dharmagranth 'avesta' men pahale ke kee kand likhe. jarathushtr prachin gris ke nivasiyon tatha pashchaty lekhakon men grik nam 'zorostar' se gyat hain. gujarati tatha any bharatiy bhashaon men inhen 'zarathushtr' kaha gaya hai. zarathushtr ke janm aur maran kal ke bare men itihasakaron men matabhed hain. unake jivan kal ka anuman vibhinn vidvanon dvara 1700-1500 ee.poo. ke bich mana gaya hai.

sabase pahale shuddh advaitavad ke pracharak zarathushtri dharm ne yahoodi dharm ko prabhavit kiya aur usake dvara eesaee aur islam dharm ko. is dharm ne ek bar himalay par ke pradeshon tatha grik aur roman vichar evn darshan ko prabhavit kiya tha, kintu 600 varsh ee. poo. ke lagabhag islam dharm ne isaka sthan le liya. yadyapi apane udbhavasthan adhunik eeran men yah dharm vastut: samapt ho chuka hai. prachin zarathushtriyanon ke mutthi bhar bache logon ke atirikt, jo vivashataon ke bavajood eeran men rahe, aur unake vnshajon ke atirikt, jo apane dharm ko bachane ke lie barah shatabdiyon se adhik hua poorv bharat bhag ae the, unamen us mahanh prabhu ki vani ab bhi jivit hai aur aj tak unake gharon aur upasana grihon men suni jati hai. giton ke roop men 'gatha' nam se unake upadesh surakshit hain, jinaka sanrash hai- 'achchhe vichar, achchhi vani, achchhe kary'.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 parasi dharm (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 05 agast, 2013.
  2. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 564, parishisht 'n' |
  3. parasi dharm (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 05 agast, 2013.
  4. buri aur shaitani shaktion

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