जे. आर. डी. टाटा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

je. ar. di. tata
jahangir ratanaji dadabhaee tata
poora nam jahangir ratanaji dadabhaee tata
any nam je. ar. di. tata
janm 29 julaee, 1904
janm bhoomi peris, frans
mrityu 29 navambar, 1993
mrityu sthan jineva, svitzaralaind
abhibhavak pita- ratanaji dadabhaee tata, mata- sujain briyare
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr udyogapati
bhasha fransisi bhasha (frainch)
shiksha injiniyaring
vidyalay kainbrij vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi 'padm vibhooshan' (1957), bharat ratn' (1992), 'gugen‌him medal phaaur eviyeshan' (1988), 'lijan aauph d aaunar' (1954)
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh tata parivar, jamashed ji tata, ratan tata, tata moolabhoot anusndhan snsthan
any janakari je. ar. di. tata ne desh ki pahali vanijyik viman seva 'tata eyaralains' shuroo ki thi, jo age chalakar bharat ki rashtriy vimanaseva 'eyar indiya' ban gee. is karan je. ar. di. tata ko 'bharat ke nagarik uddayan ka pita' bhi kaha jata hai.

jahangir ratanaji dadabhaee tata (angrezi: Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata; janm: 29 julaee, 1904, peris, frans - mrityu: 29 navambar, 1993, jineva, svitzaralaind) bharat ke prasiddh udyogapati the. adhunik bharat ki buniyad rakhane vali audyogik hastiyon men je. ar. di. tata ka nam sarvopari hai. inhonne hi desh ki pahali vanijyik viman seva 'tata eyaralains' shuroo ki thi, jo age chalakar bharat ki rashtriy viman seva 'eyar indiya' ban gee. is karan je. ar. di. tata ko bharat ke nagarik uddayan ka pita bhi kaha jata hai.

jivan parichay

kushal viman chalak je. ar. di. tata ka janm 29 julaee, 1904 ee. men peris men hua tha. yah ratanaji dadabhaee tata v unaki fransisi patni sujain briyare ki doosari sntan the. unake pita bharat ke agrani udyogapati jamashedaji tata ke chachere bhaee the. je. ar. di. tata ki man fransisi thin, isalie unake bachapan ka zyadatar vaqt frans men bita, isalie french unaki pahali bhasha thi. unhonne kaithedaral aur jaaun konon skool munbee men apani padhaee poori ki. je. ar. di. ne apani injiniyaring ki padhaee 'kainbrij vishvavidyalay' se ki thi. matr 34 varsh ki ayu men ve tata sns ke cheyaramain bane. dashakon tak unhonne vishalakay tata samooh ki knpaniyon ka margadarshan kiya. unhonne apani paitrik kampani ke adhyaksh pad par pahunchane se pahale sabase niche star se kam sambhalana sikha. is prakar unhen apane udyog ke vibhinn samoohon ko samajhane ka avasar mila. isi janakari se ve udyog ko vibhinn dishaon men badhane men saphal hue.

je. ar. di. tata usoolon ke behad pakke vyakti the. unhonne vyapar men saphalata ke sath-sath uchch naitik manadndon ko bhi qayam rakha. unaki adhyakshata men tata samooh ne nee bulndiyon ko chhua. unake kal men tata samooh ki knpaniyon ki snkhya 15 se badhakar 100 se zyada ho gee. sath hi tata samooh ki parisnpatti 62 karod se badhakar 10 hazar karod ki ho gee.

pratham payalat

je. ar. di. tata bharat ke pahale laisens prapt payalat the. jivan ke arnbhik dinon men vah eviyashan ki duniya ki agrani shakhsiyat luees bleriyat se bahut prabhavit the. isi vajah se unhonne ise kairiyar ke roop men apanaya. 10 faravari, 1929 ko je. ar. di. tata ko payalat ka laisens diya gaya tha. yah pahala mauka tha, jab bharat men kisi vyakti ko payalat ka laisens jari kiya gaya. 1932 ee. men je. ar. di. tata ne bharat ki pahali vimanan seva 'tata eyaralains' ki adhar shila rakhi. yahi eyaralains 1946 men 'eyar indiya' ke roop men bharat ki rashtriy viman seva bani.[1]

'tata end sns' ke cheyaramain

je. ar. di. tata 1925 men 'tata end sns' men ek aprentis ke roop men bharti hue the. is kam ke lie unhen paise bhi nahin milate the. 1938 men, jab vah matr 34 varsh ke the, unhen bharat ke sabase bade indastriyal grup 'tata end sns' ka cheyaramain chun liya gaya tha. tata dashakon tak is pad par bane rahe. is karyakal men unhonne n keval 'tata end sns' ko bharatiy udyog jagath ka‌ siramaur banaya, balh‍ki bharat ki arthik samriddhi ki rooparekha bhi taiyar kar di.

jan kalyan kary

je. ar. di. tata ke netritv men tata grup ka total eset 100 miliyan yooes daaular se badhakar 5 biliyan yooes daaular tak pahunch gaya tha. jab unhonne tata samooh ka netritv snbhala tha, tab unake sath 14 knpaniyan judi huee thin, lekin jab 26 julaee, 1988 ko unhonne pad chhoda, tab 95 knpaniyan is samooh ka hish‍sa ban chuki thin. tata ka dakhal evieshan aur udyog tak hi simit nahin tha, jan kalyan men bhi unhonne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. 'sar dorabaji tata trast' ki shuruat se vah isake trasti rahe. unake margadarshan men is trash‍t ne 1941 men 'tata memoriyal sentar faaur kainsar risarch end tritament' ki sh‍thapana ki thi. yah eshiya men apane tarah ka pahala kainsar ka aspatal tha. unhonne bharat ki shiksha ke adharabhoot dhanche ko vikasit karane men bhi aham bhoomika nibhaee. unhonne 'tata instityoot aauf soshal sainsej', 'tata instityoot aauf fndamental risarch', aur 'neshanal sentar faaur parafarming arts' ki bhi sh‍thapana ki.[1]

adarsh vyaktitv

je. ar. di. tata un chnd logon men se ek hain, jinhonne bharatiy udyogon ka dhancha khada karane men apani aham bhoomika nibhaee. in dinon jabaki udyogapatiyon dvara netaon aur mntriyon ko rishvat dene ke charche aksar sunaee dete hain, je. ar. di. tata ke mooly aur unaki naitikata bahut hi prasngik ho jate hain. je. ar. di. tata apane naitik mooly aur uchh‍ch adarsh ke lie udyog jagath men mashahoor the. unhonne kabhi bhi rajanitigyon ko rishvat dene ya kala bazari ka paksh nahin liya aur ve isase hamesha door hi rahe.

puraskar

je. ar. di. tata ke yogadanon ke karan unhen duniya bhar ke tamam purash‍karon se navaja gaya. 1954 men frans ne unhen apane sarvochh‍ch nagarikata puraskar 'lijan aauph d aaunar' se navaja. 1957 men bharat sarakar ne unhen 'padm vibhooshan' se alnkrit kiya. 1988 men unhen 'gugen‌him medal phaaur eviyeshan' pradan kiya gaya. 1992 men bharat sarakar ne apane is sapoot ko desh ke sarvochh‍ch alnkaran 'bharat ratn' se samh‍manit kiya. usi varsh snyukt rashtr sngh ne bharat men janasnkhya niyntran men aham yogadan dene ke lie 'yoonaited neshan papuleshan avard' se samh‍manit kiya.

mrityu

anek snsthaon aur vishvavidyalayon dvara sammanit je. ar. di. tata ka 89 varsh ki ayu men varsh 29 navambar, 1993 men jineva (svitzaralaind) men nidhan ho gaya. un‌ki mrityu par snsad ne apani karyavahi sthagit kar di thi. yah ek aisa samman tha, jo amataur par keval sansadon ko hi nasib hota hai. maranoparant unhen peris men hi dafanaya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 je. ar. di. tata (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 29 julaee, 2012.

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