ठाकुर रोशन सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

thakur roshan sinh
thakur roshan sinh
poora nam thakur roshan sinh
janm 22 janavari, 1892
janm bhoomi shahajahanpur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 19 disambar, 1927
mrityu sthan naini jel, ilahabad
abhibhavak thakur jngi sinh tatha kaushalya devi
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatantrata senani
jel yatra 'asahayog andolan' ke dauran giraftar hue aur jel ki saza kati.
vishesh yogadan gandhiji ke 'asahayog andolan' ke samay roshan sinh ne uttar pradesh ke shahajahanpur aur bareli zile ke gramin kshetr men adbhut yogadan diya tha.
snbndhit lekh ramaprasad bismil, ashafaq ulla khan, rajendranath lahidi, asahayog andolan
any janakari hindoo dharm, ary snskriti, bharatiy svadhinata aur kranti ke vishay men thakur roshan sinh sadaiv padhate v sunate rahate the. eeshvar par unaki agadh shraddha thi. hindi, snskrit, bngala aur angrezi in sabhi bhashaon ko sikhane ke ve barabar prayatn karate rahate the.

thakur roshan sinh (angrezi: Thakur Roshan Singh; janm- 22 janavari, 1892, shahajahanpur, uttar pradesh; shahadat- 19 disambar, 1927, naini jel, ilahabad) bharat ki azadi ke lie sngharsh karane vale krantikariyon men se ek the. 9 agast, 1925 ko uttar pradesh ki rajadhani lakhanoo ke pas 'kakori' steshan ke nikat 'kakori kand' ke antargat sarakari khajana loota gaya tha. yadyapi thakur roshan sinh ne 'kakori kand' men pratyaksh roop se bhag nahin liya tha, phir bhi unake akarshak v raubile vyaktitv ko dekhakar dakaiti ke sootradhar ramaprasad bismil, ashafaq ulla khan aur rajendranath lahidi ke sath unhen bhi fansi ki saza de di gee.

janm tatha parivar

thakur roshan sinh ka janm 22 janavari, 1892 ko uttar pradesh ke khyati prapt janapad shahajahanpur men sthit ganv 'nabada' men hua tha. unaki mata ka nam kaushalya devi aur pita ka nam thakur jngi sinh tha.[1] thakur roshan sinh ka poora parivar 'ary samaj' se anupranit tha. ve apane panch bhaee-bahanon men sabase bade the. jab gandhiji ne 'asahayog andolan' shuroo kiya, tab roshan sinh ne uttar pradesh ke shahajahanpur aur bareli zile ke gramin kshetr men adbhut yogadan diya tha.

vyaktitv

hindoo dharm, ary snskriti, bharatiy svadhinata aur kranti ke vishay men thakur roshan sinh sadaiv padhate v sunate rahate the. eeshvar par unaki agadh shraddha thi. hindi, snskrit, bngala aur angrezi in sabhi bhashaon ko sikhane ke ve barabar prayatn karate rahate the. svasth, lambe, tagade sabal sharir ke bhitar sthir unaka hriday aur mastishk bhi utana hi sabal aur vishal tha.

giraftari

thakur roshan sinh 1929 ke as-pas 'asahayog andolan' se poori tarah prabhavit ho ge the. ve desh seva ki aur jhuke aur antat: ramaprasad bismil ke snpark men akar kranti path ke yatri ban ge. yah unaki british virodhi aur bharat bhakti ka hi prabhav tha ki ve bismil ke sath rahakar khataranak kamon men utsah poorvak bhag lene lage. 'kakori kand' men bhi ve sammlit the aur usi ke arop men ve 26 sitambar, 1925 ko giraftar kiye ge the.

mukhabir banane ki koshish

jel jivan men pulis ne unhen mukhabir banane ke lie bahut koshish ki, lekin ve dige nahin. chattan ki tarah apane siddhanto par dridh rahe. 'kakori kand' ke sandarbh men ramaprasad bismil, rajendranath lahidi aur ashafaq ulla khan ki tarah thakur roshan sinh ko bhi fansi ki saza di gee thi. yadyapi logon ka anuman tha ki unhen karavas milega, par vastav men unhen kirti bhi milani thi aur usake lie fansi hi shreshth madhyam thi. fansi ki saza sunakar unhonne adalat men 'onkar' ka uchcharan kiya aur phir chup ho ge. 'Om' mntr ke ve anany upasak the.[2]

sathiyon se prem

apane sathiyon men roshan sinh prodh the. isalie yuvak mitron ki fansi unhen kachot rahi thi. adalat se bahar nikalane par unhonne sathiyon se kaha tha "hamane to zindagi ka annd khoob le liya hai, mujhe fansi ho jaye to koee duahkh nahin hai, lekin tumhare lie mujhe afasos ho raha hai, kyonki tumane to abhi jivan ka kuchh bhi nahin dekha."

karavas

usi rat roshan sinh lakhanoo se tren dvara ilahabad jel bheje ge. unhen ilahabad ki 'malaka' jel men fansi die jane ka phaisala kiya gaya tha. usi tren se 'kakori kand' ke do any kaidi vishnu sharan dubalis aur manmathanath gupt bhi ilahabad ja rahe the. unake lie vahan ki neni jel men karavas ki saza di gee thi. lakhanoo se ilahabad tak tinon sathi, jo apane kranti jivan aur 'kakori kand' men bhi sathi the, bate karate rahe. dibbe ke doosare yatriyon ko jab pata chala ki ye tinon krantikari aur 'kakori kand' ke dandit vir hain to unhonne shraddha-poorvak in logon ke lie apani-apani siten khali karake aram se bethane ka anurodh kiya. tren men bhi thakur roshan sinh batachit ke dauran bich-bich men 'Om mntr' ka uchch svar men jap karane lagate the.[2]

shahadat

'malaka' jel men roshan sinh ko ath mahine tak bada kashtaprad jivan bitana pada. n jane kyon fansi ki saza ko kriyanvit karane men angrez adhikari bndiyon ke sath aisa amanushik bartav kar rahe the. fansi se pahali ki rat thakur roshan sinh kuchh ghnte soe. phir der rat se hi eeshvar bhajan karate rahe. prat:kal shauch adi se nivritt hokar yathaniyam snan-dhyan kiya. kuchh der 'gita' path men lagaya, phir paharedar se kaha- 'chalo'. vah hairat se dekhane laga ki yah koee adami hai ya devata. unhonne apani kal kothari ko pranam kiya aur 'gita' hath men lekar nirvikar bhav se fansi ghar ki or chal die. fansi ke phnde ko chooma, phir jor se tin bar 'vnde mataramh' ka udghosh kiya. 'ved mntr' ka jap karate hue ve 19 disambar, 1927 ko phnde se jhool ge. us samay ve itane nirvikar the, jaise koee yogi sahaj bhav se apani sadhana kar raha ho.

antim yatra

ilahabad men naini sthit malaka jel ke phatak par hajaron ki snkhya men stri-purush, yuva aur vriddh roshan sinh ke antim darshan karane aur unaki antyeshti men shamil hone ke lie khade the. jaise hi unaka shav jel karmachari bahar lae, vahan upasthit sabhi logon ne nara lagaya "roshan sinh amar rahen". bhari juloos ki shakl men shavayatra nikali aur gnga-yamuna ke sngam tat par jakar ruki, jahan vaidik riti se unaka antim snskar kiya gaya.

patr

thakur roshan sinh ne 6 disambar, 1927 ko ilahabad ki naini jel ki kal kothari se apane ek mitr ko patr men likha-

"ek saptah ke bhitar hi fansi hogi. eeshvar se prarthana hai ki ap mere lie rnj haragij n karen. meri maut khushi ka karan hogi. duniya men paida hokar marana zaroor hai. duniya men badaphaili karake apane ko badanam n karen aur marate vakt eeshvar ko yad rakhen, yahi do baten honi chahie. eeshvar ki kripa se mere sath yah donon baten hain. isalie meri maut kisi prakar aphasos ke layak nahin hai.

do sal se bal-bachchon se alag raha hoon. is bich eeshvar bhajan ka khoob mauka mila. isase mera moh chhoot gaya aur koee vasana baki n rahi. mera poora vishvas hai ki duniya ki kasht bhari yatra samapt karake main ab aram ki zindagi jine ke lie ja raha hoon. hamare shastron men likha hai ki jo adami dharm yuddh men pran deta hai, usaki vahi gati hoti hai, jo jngal men rahakar tapasya karane vale mahatma muniyon ki...."[1]

patr samapt karane ke pashchath usake ant men thakur roshan sinh ne apana nimn sher bhi likha-

"..zindagi jinda-dili ko jan ai roshan
..varana kitane hi yahan roz fana hote hain..."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 thakur roshan sinh, bharat ke krantikari sapoot (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 17 disambar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 raushani ki minar thakur roshan sinh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 17 disambar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh