डच भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dach bhasha yoorop ke halaind desh ki bhasha hai. nidaralaind rajy ke sivae yah beljiyam ke uttari adhe bhag men, frans ke nard zile ke oopari hisse men tatha yoorop ke bahar dach nyoogini adi kshetron men boli jati hai. snyukt rajy amarika tatha kanada men rahane vale dach nagarikon ki bhi yah matribhasha hai. is prakar isake bolane valon ki kul snkhya dedh karod ke lagabhag anuman ki jati hai.

prasar

dakshin afriki yooniyan rajy men bhi bahut se dach mool ke nagarik rahate hain aur unaki bhasha bhi dach bhasha se bahulansh men milati-julati hai, yadyapi ab vah ek svatntr bhasha ke roop men vikasit ho gee hai. prarnbh men halaind valon ki bhasha ko uttar samudr tatha baltik samudr ke tat par rahane vale jarmanon ki sthaniy boliyon men ek svatntr sthan prapt tha. pahale yah mukhy roop se pashchimi phlaindars men prachalit thi, kintu 16vin shatabdi men dach snskriti ke sath-sath isaka prachar bhi uttar ki or badhata gaya. speni adhipaty se mukt ho jane ke bad halaind ki unnati kshipragati se hone lagi, jisase dach bhasha ka vikas bhi teji se hone laga. speni satta ke adhin bache hue dakshini pranton se bhagakar ane vale sharanarthiyon se bhi isamen sahayata mili. dach bhasha men dakshin ka prabhav aj bhi spasht dekh padata hai. halaind ki bol-chal ki tatha sahityik bhasha men aj bhi kafi antar dekhaee padata hai, yadyapi dakshin se ae hue shabdon ke karan yah khaee adhik gahari nahin hone paee.[1]

french tatha flemish

dakshin ke kee bhagon men[2], jo ab beljiyam men shamil hai, aj ki kee boliyan prachalit hain. in sabaka samoohik nam 'phlemish' hai. yadyapi skoolon men sahityik bhasha bhi padhaee jati hai, tathapi samany log pray: sthaniy boliyon men hi paraspar batachit karate hain. broosels men bahut se shikshit logon ki bhasha aj bhi french bani huee hai, kintu 'flemish' ka pradhany badhata ja raha hai. qanoon ki drishti se french tatha flemish donon ko saman roop se manyata prapt hai. jahan tak vartaman halaind rajy ka prashn hai, bhasha ki drishti se sthiti utani jatil nahin hai.

16vin tatha 17vin shatabdiyon men jo ne-ne pradesh halaind men shamil hote ge, unamen bhi kritrim roop se dach bhasha ka prasar hota gaya. kuchh sthaniy boliyan bhi prachalit hain, jinamen sabase prithakh astitv 'phrijiyan' ka hai, jo phrijalaind pradesh men boli jati hai. amastardam se jaise-jaise poorv ki or chalate hain, in boliyon men poorvi prabhav adhik lakshit hone lagata hai, jisase samipasth jarman kshetron ki samany jarman boliyon se unaka sadrishy spasht ho jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. dach bhasha (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 12 joon, 2014.
  2. pashchimi phlaindars, poorvi phlaindars, entavarp, braivnt adi men

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