डॉ. राधाबाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

daau. radhabaee
daau. radhabaee
poora nam daau. radhabaee
janm 1875 ee.
janm bhoomi nagapur, maharashtr
mrityu 2 janavari, 1950
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani tatha samaj sudharak
dharm hindoo
jel yatra daau. radhabaee 1930 se 1942 tak har ek 'satyagrah' men ve bhag leti rahin aur n jane kitani hi bar jel geen.
vishesh yogadan daau. radhabaee ka ek bahut hi mahatvapoorn kam tha "veshyavritti men lagi bahanon ko mukti dilana".
snbndhit lekh satyagrah, mahatma gandhi, gandhi yug
any janakari asprishyata ke virodh men radhabaee ne bahut hi mahattvapoorn kam kiya. safaee kamagaron ki basti men ve jati thin. basti ki safaee karatin, kamagaron ke bachchon ko bade prem se nahalatin aur bachchon ko padhati bhi thin.

daau. radhabaee (angrezi: Dr. Radhabai, janm- 1875 ee., nagapur, maharashtr; mrityu- 2 janavari, 1950) prasiddh mahila svatntrata senani tatha samaj sudharakon men se ek thin. ve rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke sabhi andolanon men age rahin. kaumi ekata, svadeshi, nari-jagaran, asprishyata nivaran, sharababndi, in sabhi andolanon men unaki bhoomika bahut hi mahattvapoorn rahi. samaj men prachalit kee kuprathaon ko samapt karane men bhi radhabaee ka yogadan avismaraniy hai.

janm

radhabaee ka janm nagapur, maharashtr men san 1875 ee. men hua tha. unaka bahut kam ayu men hi bal vivah ho gaya tha. jab ve matr naun varsh ki hi thin, tabhi vidhava ho geen. padosin ke ghar men unhen pyari-si sakhi mili, jisake sath ve rahane lagin. usi ke sath ve hindi sikhane lagin aur sath hi daee ka kam bhi karane lagin thin. lekin padosin sakhi bhi ek din chal basi. usake beta-beti radhabaee ke bhaee-bahan bane rahe. kisi ko pata bhi nahin chalata tha ki ve doosare parivar ki hain.[1]

vyavasayik shuruat

san 1918 men radhabaee rayapur aeen aur nagarapalika men daee ka kam karane lagin. itane prem aur lagan se ve apana kam karatin ki sabake lie man ban gee thin. jan upadhi ke roop men radhabaee daau. kahalane lagi thin. unake sevabhav ko dekhakar nagarapalika ne unake lie tange-ghode ka intajam kiya tha.

gandhiji se prabhavit

san 1920 men jab mahatma gandhi pahali bar rayapur aye, to daau. radhabaee unase bahut prabhavit hueen. unako laga ki unhen path-pradarshak mil gaya hai. san 1930 se 1942 tak har ek satyagrah men ve bhag leti rahin. n jane kitani hi bar ve jel gee thin. jel ke adhikari bhi unaka adar karate the.

asprishyata ka virodh

asprishyata ke virodh men radhabaee ne bahut hi mahattvapoorn kam kiya tha. safaee kamagaron ki basti men ve jati thin aur basti ki safaee kiya karati thin. unake bachchon ko bade prem se nahalati thin. un bachchon ko padhati thin. daau. radhabaee dharm-bhed nahin manati thin. sabhi dharm ke log unake ghar men ate the. muslim bhaiyon ki 'bhaee dooj' ke din ve pooja karati thin aur bhojan khud banakar unhen khilati thin.

samaj sudhar kary

jab mahatma gandhi 1920 men pahali bar rayapur aye, us vakt dhamatari tahasil ke kandel nam ke ganv men kisan satyagrah chal raha tha. gandhiji ka prabhav chhattisagadh men vyapak roop se pada tha. daau. radhabaee tab se gandhiji dvara snchalit sabhi andolanon men age rahin. us samay roz prabhatapheri nikali jati thi. khadi bechane men, charakha chalane men mahilaen age rahati thin. mahilaen jo ekadashi mahatmy sunane ke liye atin, ve sab deshahit ke bare men charcha karane lagati thin. daau. radhabaee vahin charakha sikhane baith jati thin. sab milakar gati- "mere charakhe ka toote n tar, charakha chaloo rahe." aisa karate hue ve alag-alag jagah ghoomatin. unaka makan jo mominapara masjid ke samane tha, vahan aur bhi bahanen ekatrit hoti thin- parvati baee, rohini baee, krishn baee, sita baee, rajakunvar baee adi.[1]

charakha katane ke bad ve prabhatapheri nikalatin. satyagrah ki taiyari karatin, saphaee toli nikalatin, parda pratha rokane ki koshish karatin, sadar bazar ka jagannath mandir banata satyagrah sthal. sab jati ki bahanen parda pratha ke khilaf bhashan detin. maravadi samaj ki mahilaen jo parda pratha ke karan apane-ap men ghutan mahasoos karatin, ve poori koshish karatin is pratha ko khatm karane ki. chhattisagadh men parda pratha nahin thi. blauz pahanane ki pratha bhi nahin thi. agar koee pahanati, to kaha jata ki nachane vali ki poshak pahan rakhi hai. pandit sundaralal sharma ki patni shrimati bodhani baee ne unaki prerana se sabase pahale blauz pahanana shuroo kiya tha. dhire-dhire sabhi mahilaon ne blauz pahanana shuroo kar diya.

'kisabin nacha' ka ant

daau. radhabaee ka ek bahut hi mahattvapoorn kam tha "veshyavritti men lagi bahanon ko mukti dilana". us samay chhattisagadh ke ganvon aur shaharon men samnton ke yahan veshyaon ka nach hua karata tha, jisamen 'devadasi pratha' aur 'medani pratha' pramukh thi, ise chhattisagadhi bhasha men "kisabin nacha" kaha jata tha. chhattisagadh ke kee sthanon par yada-kada aj bhi yah pratha jari hai. "kisabin nacha" karane valon ki alag ek jati hi ban gee thi. ye log apane hi parivar ki kunvari ladakiyon ko 'kisabin nacha' ke liye arpit karane lage the. daau. radhabaee ke sath sabhi ne is pratha ka virodh kiya aur is pratha ko khatm kiya. kharora nam ke ek ganv men is pratha ki samapti sabase pahale huee thi. yahan ke log kheti-badi karane lage the. yah anokha parivartan radhabaee ke karan hi sambhav hua tha.[1]

nidhan

2 janavari, 1950 ko daau. radhabaee 75 varsh ki ayu men chali basin. unaka makan ek anathalay ko de diya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 daau. radhabaee : svatntrata senani (hindi) ignika. abhigaman tithi: 12 joon, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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