डोगरी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dogari bhasha bharat ke jammoo-kashmir rajy ki doosari mukhy bhasha hai. yah bharopiy bhasha parivar ke bharatiy-ary bhasha samooh ki sadasy hai. isaka mool prachin bharatiy-ary bhasha samooh aur laukik snskrit men sthit hai. any adhunik bharatiy-ary bhashaon ke saman dogari bhi vikas ke prachin bharatiy-ary (snskrit) aur madhy bharatiy-ary (pali, prakrit aur apabhrnsh) charanon se guzar chuki hai aur isane lagabhag 10vin shatabdi men adhunik bharatiy-ary charan men pravesh kiya. isamen dhvani snrachana men vikas ki tin stariy prakriya dikhaee deti hai, jo shauraseni prakrit se isaki nikatata ko pradarshit karati hai, lekin vaidik kal se isake vartaman svaroop tak vikas ke dauran dogari ne sabhi charanon ki visheshataon ko snrakshit rakha hai, jaisa dogari shabd puttar, yani 'beta' (prachin bharatiy-ary putr, madhy bharatiy-putt) men dikhaee deta hai.

bhasha

isaki shabdavali par farasi aur angrezi ka prabhav bhi dekha sakata hai. dogari bhasha pashchimottar bharat ke parvatiy aur upaparvatiy kshetron tatha isase sate maidanon men boli jati hai. yah kshetr uttar men pirapnjal aur dhauladhar parvatashreniyon, dakshin men pnjab ke maidanon, poorv men sataluj nadi aur pashchim men munavvar tavi se ghira hua hai.

svar aur vynjan

dogari bhasha men 10 svar aur 28 vynjan hain. is bhasha men karmavachy aur bhavavachak shabdon ki pradhanata hai. udaharan ke lie, likia-'likha' aur lakhoa-'likh gaya'. dogari (duggar) ke bare men sabase purana ullekh 1317 ee. men amir khusaro dvara likhit ek masanavi nooh-shifir men milata hai, jaise- sindhi o lahori o kashmiri o doggar.

lipi

isaki apani lipi hai, jise dogara akhkhar ya dogare[1] kahate hain. is lipi men likhi gee dogari, maharaja ranavir sinh (1857-1885) ke shasanakal men jammoo-kashmir ki rajabhasha thi, lekin nee pidhi ne dogari ke lie nagari lipi ko apana liya. lagabhag sampoorn adhunik sahity ki rachana devanagari lipi men hi huee hai aur ab bhi isi ka upayog ho raha hai. dogari bhasha ko jammoo-kashmir rajy ke snvidhan ki manyata prapt hai aur ise vidyalay tatha vishvavidyalay star par bhasha ke roop men padhaya jata hai.

dogari bhashi kshetr ke tin pramukh:-

ye kshetr boli men antar ko pradarshit karate hain, lekin yah dekha gaya hai ki pashchimi pnjab aur pakistan men dogari, kiyunthali, kndayali, bhatiyali, siramauri, bagahati, kulluee, mndayali, chnbayali, kulahuri, bhadaravahi, gujari, ramapuri, pogali, hoshiyarapuri-pahadi aur lahnda boliyan boli jati hain. 1981 ki bharat ki janaganana ke anusar dogaribhashi logon ki janasnkhya lagabhag 15 lakh hai, lekin oopar varnit tin bhookhandon men dogaribhashi nivasiyon ki snkhya anumanatah 50 lakh hai.

dogari ki kuchh svar vishayak visheshataen:

  • dogari men shabdon ke adi men y tatha ghvaniyan nahin atin, inake sthan par j tatha v ghvaniyan uchcharit hoti hai.

(pnjabi) vehada (agan) - veda (dogari)

yajaman (hindi) - jajaman (dogari)

yash (hindi) - jas (dogari)

  • dogari men shabdon ke adi men h ka uchcharan hindi pnjabi se sarvatha bhinn hota hai.
  • dogari men vargon ke chaturth varno ke uchcharan men tadvargiy pratham akshar ke sath halki chadhati sur jodi jati hai.
  • h jab shadon ke madhy men ata hai. isake dogari uchcharan men chadhate sur ke sthan par utarate sur ka prayog hota hai, jaise:

hindi dogari

pahad phad - pa/d

mohar mhor - mo/r

  • dogari ke kuchh shabdon ke adi men n tatha n ka jaise anunasikon ka vishuddh uchcharan milata hai, jaise-

hindi - dogari

angar - nar

angoor - noor

anana (pnjabi) - nyana

gyarah - aran

  • snskrit ka r jo hindi men lupt ho jata hai, dogari men pray: surakshit hai.

snskrit - hindi - dogari

gram - ganv - gran

kshetr - khet - khetar

patr - pat - pattar

stri - tiy, timi (pn0) - trimt

mitr - mit - mittar

isi pravritti ke karan kee roopon men r ka atirikt agam bhi hua hai, jaise-

snskrit - hindi - dogari

tikshn - tikha - trikkhana

- daud - draud

pasina - parasina, parasa

kop - kop - karopi

dhikh - chikkar - ghrig

  • dogari snshleshanatmak bhasha hai. isi ke prabhav se isamen snkshepikaran ki asadharan pravritti paee jati hai. snshleshanatmakata jaise -

snskrit - hindi - dogari

ahamh - maine - men

mamh - mujhako - men

mamh - mujhako - migi (oo mi)

asmabhi: - hamane - asen

(hamare dvara)

mahmamh - mujhe mere - tai (gitai) (mere leee pn0)

math - mujhase mere - sha (mere kolo-pn0)

mayi - mujh men - mere ch (mere nich-pn0)

snkshepikaran- jaise

hindi - pnjabi - dogari

mujhase nahin aya jata -mere thin nee aya janda - meresha ni nonda(aun hunda)

khaya jata - khan hunda - khanonda

  • dogari men karmavachy (tatha bhavavachy) ke kriyarupon ki pravritti paee jati hai:

khanonda - khaya jata nog tan - aun hog (pn0) ta

panonda- piya jata pajog - pujjan hog u pahunch saka to sanonda - soya jata

  • dogari men varnavisharyay ki pravritti bhi asadharan roop se paee jati hai:

udhar - duar

ujad - juad

tamr - taraman

kichad - chikkad adi

  • dogari men shabdon ke prarnbh ke laghu svar ka pray: lop ho jata hai-

anaj - naj

akhabar - khabar

ijajat - jajat

etaraj - taraj

sahity

is bhasha men maukhik sahity ki lambi aur samriddh parampara rahi hai. dogara jivan tatha samaj ke sabhi ayamon se jude lokagiton ke alava karak, bar, bhakh aur gitadoo-katthakann dogari lokakavy ke vishisht svaroop hain. likhit dogari sahity ke itihas ko do charanon men vibhakt kiya gaya hai. pahala kal alp aur aniyamit lekhan ka tha, jo 16vin shatabdi ke bad se 20vin shatabdi ke poorvarddh tak raha. doosare kal men is bhasha men lagatar rachanaen huee aur sahityik kshitij par kee prakhyat lekhakon ka uday hua, jaise kavi, galp lekhak, natakakar, gady lekhak aur ullekhaniy sahityik alochak. dogari bhasha ka apana vyakaran hai. dogari bhasha aur sahity, lokagit v sahity par shodhakary prakashan svaroop men bhi upalabdh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. purane dogare aur namen dogare, jo takri ya tahakri lipiyon par adharit hai

snbndhit lekh