तमिल लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tamil bhasha ke prachinatam lekh dakshin bharat ki kuchh gufaon men milate hain. ye lekh ee.poo. pahali-doosari shatabdi ke mane ge hain aur inaki lipi brahmi lipi hi hai. lekin isake bad satavin sadi tak tamil lipi ke vikas ka koee sootr hamare hath nahin lagata.

danapatr

satavin shatabdi men pahali bar kuchh aise danapatr milate hain, jo snskrit aur tamil donon hi bhashaon men likhe ge hain. snskrit bhasha ke lie granth lipi ka hi vyavahar dekhane ko milata hai. tamil bhasha ki tatkalin lipi bhi granth lipi se milati-julati hai. pallav raja parameshvar varman ke kooram danapatr men snskrit aur tamil donon hi bhashaon ke lekh milate hain. isi prakar, pallav raja nndi varman ke kasakudi-danapatr aur udayendiramh ke danapatr men tamil ansh dekhane ko milate hain. kooram danapatr 7vin shatabdi ka hai aur isake tamil lekh 'a', 'a', 'i', 'u', 'o', 'ch', 'n', 'n', 't', 'n', 'p', 'y' aur 'v' akshar usi danapatr ke snskrit lekh ke aksharon se milate hain. kasakudi-danapatr 8vin shatabdi ka hai, aur isake bhi bahut-se akshar granth lipi se milate-julate hain.

abhilekh

pallav shasak, apane uttaradhikari chol aur pandyon ki tarah, snskrit ke sath sthaniy janata ki tamil bhasha ka bhi adar karate the, isilie unake abhilekh in donon bhashaon men milate hain. nauvin-dasavin shatabdi ke abhilekhon ko dekhane se pata chalata hai ki tamil lipi, granth lipi ke sath-sath svatntr roop se vikasit ho rahi thi. in do shatabdiyon ke tamil lekhon men pramukh hain- pallavatilakavnshi raja dntivarman ke samay ka tiruveळhळrai lekh, rashtrakoot raja krishnaraj tritiy ke samay ke tirukkovaloor aur velloor lekh. inamen dntivarman ke samay ka tiruveळhळrai lekh sundar tamil kavy men hai.

pallavon ki tarah chol rajaon ke abhilekh bhi snskrit aur tamil donon men milate hain. chol raja rajaraj 985 ee. men tnjavur ki gaddi par baitha tha. usane dakshin bharat ke adhikansh pradesh par adhikar karake sinhal ke sath-sath lakkadiv- maladiv dvipon ko bhi apane rajy men mila liya tha. usake bad 1012 ee. men rajendr chol raja bana. rajendr ne ek jngi beda lekar shrivijay (sumatra) par akraman karake shailendron ko parajit kiya tha. usane gaud desh ko bhi apane rajy men mila liya tha. in do chol rajaon ka shasan dakshin bharat ke itihas ka atyant gauravashali adhyay hai. inhonne snskrit ke sath-sath tamil bhasha ko bhi ashray diya tha. inaki vijayon ki tarah inaka krititv bhi bhavy hai. inake abhilekh snskrit bhasha (granth lipi) aur tamil bhasha (tamil lipi) donon men hi milate hain. rajendr chol ka granth lipi men likha hua snskrit bhasha ka tiruvalngadu danapatr to abhilekhon ke itihas men apana vishesh sthan rakhata hai. isamen tanbe ke bade-bade 31 patr hain, jinhen chhed karake ek mote kade se bandha gaya hai. is kade par ek badi-si muhar hai.

  • tamil lipi men rajendr chol ka tirumalai ki chattan par ek lekh milata hai. usi prakar, tnjavur ke brihadishvar mandir men bhi usaka lekh ankit hai. in lekhon ki tamil lipi men aur tatkalin granth lipi men spasht antar dikhaee deta hai.
  • vijayanagar ke rajaon ne bhi granth lipi ke sath-sath tamil lipi ka prayog kiya hai. shak sn. 1308 (1387 ee.) ka vijayanagar ke raja viroopaksh ka shorekkavoor se tamil lipi men danapatr apane rajy ke tamilabhashi kshetr men mila hai.
  • 15vin shatabdi men tamil lipi vartaman tamil lipi ka roop dharan kar leti hai. han, unnisavin shatabdi men, mudran men isaka roop sthayi hone ke pahale, isake kuchh aksharon men thoda-sa antar pada hai. shakabd 1403 (1483 ee.) ke mahamandaleshvar valakkayam ke shilalekh ke aksharon tatha vartaman tamil lipi ke aksharon men kafi samanata hai.


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