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tirnga
tirnga
nam tirnga
prayog rashtriy dhvaj
anupat 2:3
angikrit 22 julaee, 1947
rooparekha tirnge men sabase oopar gahara kesariya, bich men safed aur sabase niche gahara hara rng barabar anupat men hai. safed patti ke kendr men gahara nile rng ka chakr hai. chakr ki paridhi lagabhag safed patti ki chaudaee ke barabar hai. chakr men 24 tiliyan hain.
abhikalpanakarta pingali venkayya
snbndhit lekh vande mataramh, rashtragan, svatntrata divas, ganatntr divas
vishesh sanh 1904 men svami vivekanand ki shishya sistar nivedita ne pahali bar ek dhvaj banaya tha, jise bad men 'sistar nivedita' dhvaj ke nam se jana gaya.
any janakari har 'svatntrata divas' aur 'ganatntr divas' par lal qile ki prachir par rashtriy dhvaj ko bade hi adar aur samman ke sath phaharaya jata hai.

tirnga (angrezi: Tirangā) bharat ka rashtriy dhvaj hai, jo tin rngon se bana hai, isalie ise 'tirnga' kahate hain. tirnge men sabase oopar gahara kesariya, bich men safed aur sabase niche gahara hara rng barabar anupat men hai. dhh‍vaj ko sadharan bhasha men jhnda bhi kaha jata hai. jhnde ki chaudaee aur lamh‍baee ka anupat 2:3 hai. safed patti ke kendr men gahara nile rng ka chakr hai, jisaka praroop ashok ki rajadhani saranath men sthapit sinh ke shirshaphalak ke chakr men dikhane vale chakr ki bhanti hai. chakr ki paridhi lagabhag safed patti ki chaudaee ke barabar hai. chakr men 24 tiliyan hain. rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj 22 julaee, 1947 ko bharat ke snvidhan dvara apanaya gaya tha.

rngon ka mahattv

tirnge men rngon ka kya mahattv hai, yah is prakar hai-

  • 'kesariya' yani 'bhagava rng' vairagy ka rng hai. hamare azadi ke divanon ne is rng ko sabase pahale apane dhvaj men isalie sammilit kiya, jisase ane vale dinon men desh ke neta apana labh chhod kar desh ke vikas men khud ko samarpit kar den. jaise bhakti men sadhu vairag lekar moh-maya se hat bhakti ka marg apanate hain.
  • 'shvet rng' prakash aur shanti ke pratik ke roop men liya gaya hai.
  • 'hara rng' prakriti se snbndh aur snpannata ko darshata hai.
  • dhvaj ke kendr men sthit ashok chakr dharm ke 24 niyamon ki yad dilata hai.

tirnge ka nirman

hamare rashtriy dhvaj ka itihas bhi bahut rochak hai. 20vin sadi men jab desh british sarakar ki gulami se mukti pane ke lie sngharsh kar raha tha, tab svatntrata senaniyon ko ek dhvaj ki zaroorat mahasoos huee, kyonki dhvaj svatntrata ki abhivyakti ka pratik raha hai. sanh 1904 men vivekannd ki shishya sistar nivedita ne pahali bar ek dhvaj banaya, jise bad men sistar nivedita dhvaj ke nam se jana gaya. yah dhvaj lal aur pile rng se bana tha. pahali bar tin rng vala dhvaj sanh 1906 men bngal ke bntavare ke virodh men nikale ge jaloos men shachindr kumar bos lae. is dhvaj men sabase upar kesariya rng, bich men pila aur sabase niche hare rng ka upayog kiya gaya tha. kesariya rng par 8 adhakhile kamal ke phool safed rng men the. niche hare rng par ek soory aur chndrama bana tha. bich men pile rng par hindi men vnde mataramh likha tha.

san 1908 men bhikaji kama ne jarmani men tirnga jhnda laharaya aur is tirnge men sabase oopar hara rng tha, bich men kesariya, sabase niche lal rng tha. is jhnde men dharmik ekata ko darshate hue; hara rng islam ke lie aur kesariya hindoo aur safed eesaee v bauddh donon dharmon ka pratik tha. is dhvaj men bhi devanagari men vnde mataramh likha tha aur sabase oopar 8 kamal bane the. is dhvaj ko bhikaji kama, vir savarakar aur shyamaji krishn varma ne milakar taiyar kiya tha. pratham vishv yuddh ke samay is dhvaj ko barlin kameti dhvaj ke nam se jana gaya, kyonki ise barlin kameti men bharatiy krantikariyon dvara apanaya gaya tha.

tirnge ka vikas

san 1916 men pingali venkaiya ne ek aise dhvaj ki kalpana ki, jo sabhi bharatavasiyon ko ek sootr men bandh de. unaki is pahal ko es.bi. boman ji aur umar somani ji ka sath mila aur in tinon ne mil kar neshanal flaig mishan ka gathan kiya. venkaiya ne rashtriy dhvaj ke lie rashtrapita mahatma gandhi se salah li aur gandhi ji ne unhen is dhvaj ke bich men ashok chakr rakhane ki salah di, jo snpoorn bharat ko ek sootr men bandhane ka snket bane. pingali venkaiya lal aur hare rng ke ki prishthabhoomi par ashok chakr bana kar lae par gandhi ji ko yah dhvaj aisa nahin laga ki jo snpoorn bharat ka pratinidhitv kar sakata hai. rashtriy dhvaj men rng ko lekar tarah-tarah ke vad-vivad chalate rahe. akhil bharatiy snskrit kangres ne sanh 1924 men dhvaj men kesariya rng aur bich men gada dalane ki salah is tark ke sath di ki yah hinduon ka pratik hai. phir isi kram men kisi ne gerua rng dalane ka vichar is tark ke sath diya ki ye hindoo, musalaman aur sikh tinon dharm ko vyakt karata hai.

kameti ka gathan

kafi tark vitark ke bad bhi jab sab ekamat nahin ho pae to sanh 1931 men 'akhil bharatiy kangres' ke dhvaj ko moort roop dene ke lie 7 sadasyon ki ek kameti banaee gee. isi sal karachi kangres kameti ki baithak men pingali venkaiya dvara taiyar dhvaj, jisamen kesariya, shvet aur hare rng ke sath kendr men ashok chakr sthit tha, ko sahamati mil gee. isi dhvaj ke tale azadi ke paravanon ne kee andolan kie aur 1947 men angrezon ko bharat chhodane par majaboor kar diya. azadi ki ghoshana se kuchh din pahale phir kangres ke samane ye prashn a khada hua ki ab rashtriy dhvaj ko kya roop diya jae. isake lie phir se daau. rajendr prasad ke netritv men ek kameti banaee gee aur tin saptah bad 14 agast ko is kameti ne 'akhil bharatiy kangres' ke dhvaj ko hi rashtriy dhvaj ke roop men ghoshit karane ki sifarish ki. 15 agast, 1947 ko tirnga hamari azadi aur hamare desh ki azadi ka pratik ban gaya.

pratham dhvaj

1906 men bharatiy dhvaj

1906 men pahali bar bharat ka gair adhikarik dhh‍vaj faharaya gaya tha. 1904 men svami vivekannd ki shishya bhagini nivedita dvara banaya gaya tha. 7 agast, 1906 ko 'bngal vibhajan' ke virodh men parasi bagan chauk (grin park) kalakatta[1] men ise kangres ke adhiveshan ne phaharaya tha. pratham dhvaj lal, pile aur hare rng ki kshaitij pattiyon se banaya gaya tha. oopar ki or hari patti men 8 adhe khile hue kamal ke phool the aur niche ki lal patti men sooraj aur chand banae ge the v bich ki pili patti par 'vande mataramh' likha gaya tha.[2] vah tirnga jhnda, jise pndit javahar lal neharoo ne aj se 60 sal pahale snsad ke kendriy kaksh men phaharaya tha, gayab bataya ja raha hai.

dvitiy dhvaj

1907 men bharatiy dhvaj

dvitiy dhvaj ko peris men bhikaji kama aur 1907 men unake sath nirvasit kie ge kuchh krantikariyon dvara phaharaya gaya tha. kuchh logon ki manyata ke anusar yah 1905 men hua tha. dhvajarohan ke bad subah sadhe ath baje indiya get par logon ke hujoom ki karatal dhvani ke bich yooniyan jaik ko utarakar bharatiy rashtriy jhnde ko phaharaya gaya tha. yah bhi pahale dhh‍vaj ke saman tha sivay isake ki isamen sabase oopari ki patti par keval ek kamal tha, kintu sat tare saph‍trishi ko darshate hain. yah dhh‍vaj barlin men hue samajavadi samh‍melan men bhi pradarshit kiya gaya tha.

tritiy dhvaj

1917 men bharatiy dhvaj

15 agast ki subah lal qile men bhi tirnga laharaya tha. azadi ke sath sal ho chuke hain, lekin koee nahin janata ki ve tinon jhnde kahan hain aur n hi unaka pata lagane ki koshish ki gee. 1917 men bharatiy rajanitik sngharsh ne ek nishchit mod liya. daau. eni bisent aur lokamany tilak ne ghareloo shasan andolan ke dauran ise phaharaya. is dhh‍vaj men 5 lal aur 4 hari kshaitij pattiyan ek ke bad ek aur saph‍trishi ke abhivinh‍yas men is par bane sat sitare the. banyi aur oopari kinare par[3] yooniyan jaik tha. ek kone men safed ardhachndr aur sitara bhi tha. azadi ki 60vin salagirah aur 1857 ke vidroh ke 150 sal ke avasar par samarohon ka samanvay kar rahe snskriti mntralay ko bhi azad bharat men phaharae ge pahale jhndon ke bare men koee janakari nahin hai. kendriy snskriti mntri anbika soni ne kaha, svatntrata divas samaroh raksha mntralay ayojit karata hai. use isaka pata lagana chahie. agar pata lag jae to unhen hamare sngrahalay men rakha ja sakata hai. snskriti mntralay ke ek varishth adhikari ne bataya ki 1997 men azadi ki 50vin salagirah ke avasar par in jhndon ka pata lagane ki koshish huee thi. mntralay ne jhndon ka pata lagane ke lie raksha mntralay ko likha tha. lekin koee rekaaurd nahin hone se unake bare men kuchh pata nahin laga. snsad abhilekhagar ke nideshak phraink kristophar ne bataya, hamare pas snsad se jude kee smritichihn hain, lekin 14 agast ki rat ko phaharaya gaya jhnda nahin hai. agar usaka pata lag jae to ham use apane abhilekhagar men rakhana chahenge. lokasabha ke mahasachiv pi. di. ti. achary ka kahana hai, koee nahin janata ki sentral haaul men pndit neharoo dvara phaharaya gaya tirnga kahan hai, kyonki usaka koee rekaaurd upalabdh nahin hai.

tirnge ka uchit prayog

rashtriy dhvaj hamare desh ki pahachan hai. isalie har bharatiy ka yah kartavy hai ki vah bharatiy tirnge ko poora samman de. koee bhi vyakti tirnge ki garima ko dhoomil na kare, isake lie bharatiy qanoon men kuchh dharaen banaee gee hai. phlaig kod indiya- 2002 men rashtriy dhvaj se judi kuchh khas baton ka zikr kiya gaya hai, jise ham bharatiyon ko janana zaroori hai. sanh 2002 ke pahale am janata rashtriy divas ko chhod kisi aur din ise kisi sarvajanik sthan par nahin laga sakati thi. sirf sarakari karyalayon men hi ise lagaya ja sakata tha. sanh 2002 men bharat ke jane mane udyogapati navin jindal ne apane karyalay ke oopar rashtriy dhvaj lagaya tha, jisake lie unhen soochit kiya gaya ki unhen aisa karane par qanooni karravaee se guzarana hoga. isake virodh men unhonne dilli uchch nyayalay men ek janahit yachika is babat dayar ki ki bharat ki am janata ko samman ke sath rashtriy dhvaj laharane aur use pyar dene ka nagarik adhikar hai. yah mamala uchch nyayalay se uchchatam nyayalay men gaya aur nyayalay ne bharat sarakar ko is mamale par vichar karane ke lie ek kameti bithane ki salah di. ant men bharatiy mntralay ne ek snvaidhanik snshodhan kar sabhi bharatavasiyon ko sal ke 365 din rashtradhvaj samman ke sath lagane ka adhikar diya.

tirnge ka samman

biting d ritrit samaroh ke avasar par tirnge ko samman sahit utarate hue

jhnda ooncha rahe hamara...
vishv vijayi tirnga pyara...

uparokt git bharat ka bachcha-bachcha badi hi shan se gunagunata hai. is dhvaj men aisi kya bat hai, jisane azadi ke paravanon men ek naya josh bhar diya tha aur jo aj bhi har bharatiy ko apane garimamay itihas ki yad dilata hai aur vibhinnata men ekata vale is desh ko ek sootr men bandhe hue hai. har svatntrata divas aur ganatntr divas par lal qile ki prachir par rashtriy dhvaj ko bade hi adar aur samman ke sath phaharaya jata hai. desh ke pratham nagarik se lekar am nagarik tak ise salami deta hai. 21 topon ki salami se sena isaka samman karati hai. kisi bhi desh ka jhnda us desh ki pahachan hota hai. tirnga ham bharatiyon ki pahachan hai. rashtriy jhnde ne pahali bar azadi ki ghoshana ke kuchh hi din pahale 22 julaee, 1947 ko pahali bar apana vo rng roop paya jo aj tak qayam hai. sabase oopar kesariya rng phir safed aur sabase niche hara. bich men gahare nile rng ka chakr bana hai, jisamen 24 chakr hain, jise ham 'ashok chakr' ke nam se janate hain.
tirnge ki banavat par desh men kafi dhyan diya jata hai, kyonki ye hamare samman se juda hua hai. har tirnge men ashok chakr shvet rng ke tin chauthaee bhag men hi hona chahie. rashtriy dhvaj khadi ke kapade ka hona chahie. aj jo dhvaj hamare desh ki pahachan hai, use is roop men dhalane vale the- pingali venkaiya. isi ke sath dhvaj ke samman ki bat bhi spasht kar di gee ki dhvaj phaharane ke samay kis acharan snhita ka dhyan rakha jana chahie. rashtriy dhvaj kabhi bhoomi par nahin girana chahie aur na hi dharatal ke snpark men ana chahie. sanh 2005 ke pahale tak ise vardiyon aur paridhanon men upayog men nahin laya ja sakata tha, lekin sanh 2005 men phir ek snshodhan ke sath bharatiy nagarikon ko isaka adhikar diya gaya, lekin isamen dhyan rakhane vali bat ye hai ki ye kisi bhi vastr par kamar ke niche nahin hona chahie. rashtriy dhvaj kabhi adhovastr ke roop men nahin pahana ja sakata hai.

dhh‍vaj anivary

tirnga

sabhi rashh‍tron ke lie ek dhh‍vaj hona anivary hai. lakhon logon ne is par apani jan nh‍yauchhavar ki hai. yah ek prakar ki pooja hai, jise nashh‍t karana pap hoga. dhh‍vaj ek adarsh ka pratinidhith‍v karata hai. yooniyan jaik angrezon ke man men bhavanaen jagata hai, jisaki shakti ko mapana kathin hai. ameriki nagarikon ke lie dhh‍vaj par bane sitare aur pattiyon ka arth unaki duniya hai. islam dharm men sitare aur ardh chanh‍dr ka hona sarvottam virata ka ahavan karata hai. bharat ke rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne kaha tha- "hamare lie yah anivary hoga ki ham bharatiy muslim, eesaee, jh‍yoos, parasi aur anh‍y sabhi, jinake lie bharat ek ghar hai, ek hi dhh‍vaj ko manh‍yata den aur isake lie mar miten."

bharat ka jhnda kod

samay-samay par sarakar dvara jari kie jane vale gair sanvidhik anudeshanon ke atirikh‍t rashh‍triy jhnde ka pradarshan pratik aur nam (anuchit upayog ki rok) adhiniyam, 1950 (snkhh‍ya 1950 ka 12) aur rashh‍triy gaurav ka anadar adhiniyam, 1971 (snkhh‍ya 1971 ka 69) ke adhh‍yadhin shasit hota hai. bharat ka jhnda kod, 2002 aise sabhi niyamon, abhisamayon, paramh‍paraon aur sabhi snbndhiton ke margadarshan aur labh ke anudeshanon ko ek sath milane ka prayas hai.
bharat ka jhnda kod 2002, 26 janavari 2002 se pravrit hua aur jaise hi yah astith‍v men aya bharat ka jhnda kod radd ho gaya. bharat ka jhnda kod 2002 ke pravadhanon ke anusar samanh‍y janata, niji sngathanon, shaikshik snsh‍thaon, adi dvara rashh‍triy jhnda ka uth‍tolan karane men koee pratibndh nahin hai keval pratik evn nam (anuchit upayog ki rok) adhiniyam 1950 aur rashh‍triy gaurav ka anadar adhiniyam, 1971 aur koee anh‍y qanoon is vishay par adhiniyamit kie ge hain men yah lagoo nahin hota hai.

tirnge ke niyam

tirnge ko rakharakhav ka niyam

Blockquote-open.gif hamare lie yah anivary hoga ki ham bharatiy muslim, eesaee, jh‍yoos, parasi aur anh‍y sabhi, jinake lie bharat ek ghar hai, ek hi dhh‍vaj ko manh‍yata den aur isake lie mar miten. Blockquote-close.gif

  • azadi se thik pahale 22 julaee, 1947 ko tirnge ko rashtriy dhvaj ke roop men svikar kiya gaya. tirnge ke nirman, usake akar aur rng adi tay hain.
  • 'phlaig kod aauph indiya' ke tahat jhnde ko kabhi bhi zamin par nahin rakha jaega.
  • use kabhi pani men nahin duboya jaega aur kisi bhi tarah nuqasan nahin pahunchaya jaega. yah niyam bharatiy snvidhan ke lie bhi lagoo hota hai.
  • qanooni janakar di. bi. gosvami ne bataya ki privenshan aauph insalt tu naishanal aaunar aikt-1971 ki dhara-2 ke mutabik, phlaig aur snvidhan ka apaman karane valon ke khilaf sakht qanoon hain.
  • agar koee shakhs jhnde ko kisi ke age jhuka deta ho, use kapada bana deta ho, moorti men lapet deta ho ya phir kisi mrit vyakti (shahid hue armd phorsej ke javanon ke atirikt) ke shav par dalata ho, to ise tirnge ka apaman mana jaega.
  • tirnge ki yooniphaaurm banakar pahan lena bhi galat hai.
  • agar koee shakhs kamar ke niche tirnga banakar koee kapada pahanata ho to yah bhi tirnge ka apaman hai.
  • tirnge ko andaragarments, rumal ya kushan adi banakar bhi istemal nahin kiya ja sakata.

tirnge ko phaharane ke niyam

  • sooryoday se sooryast ke bich hi tirnga phaharaya ja sakata hai.
  • phlaig kod men am nagarikon ko sirf 'svatntrata divas' aur 'ganatntr divas' par tirnga phaharane ki chhoot thi, lekin 26 janavari, 2002 ko sarakar ne indiyan phlaig kod men snshodhan kiya aur kaha ki koee bhi nagarik kisi bhi din jhnda phahara sakata hai, lekin vah phlaig kod ka palan karega.
  • 2001 men indastriyalist navin jindal ne kort men janahit yachika dayar kar kaha tha ki nagarikon ko am dinon men bhi jhnda phaharane ka adhikar milana chahie. kort ne navin ke paksh men aaurdar diya aur sarakar se kaha ki vah is mamale ko dekhe. kendr sarakar ne 26 janavari, 2002 ko jhnda phaharane ke niyamon men badalav kiya aur is tarah har nagarik ko kisi bhi din jhnda phaharane ki ijajat mil gee.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vartaman kolakata
  2. bharatiy tirnge ka itihas (hindi) bhaskar daaut o ar ji. abhigaman tithi: 11 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. khnbhe ki or
  4. chaudhari, rajesh. tirnga phaharane ke kayade-qanoon (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 11 aktoobar, 2010.

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