तिलहन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tilahan ve fasalen hain, jinase tel utpann kiya jata hai. tilahani fasalon men til, moongaphali, soya aur soorajamukhi mahattvapoorn hain. tilahan ke utpadan men bharat ka sthan vishv men tisara hai. yahan vishv ki 24 pratishat moongaphali, 25 pratishat til, 20 pratishat rendi aur 17 pratishat sarason utpann ki jati hai.

prakar

tilahan ke antargat do prakar ke bij sammilit kie jate hain. ek ve jinaka dana chhota hota hai, jaise- alasi, sarason, raee aur til adi. doosara ve, jinaka dana bada hota hai, jaise- moongaphali, binaula, soyabin, soorajamukhi, mahua tatha nariyal adi. chhote dane vale tilahan adhikanshatah uttari bharat men aur bade dane vale dakshini bharat men hote hain. desh men 1980 ke pashchath soyabin evn soorajamukhi ke utpadan men bhi teji se vriddhi huee hain.

paidavar

sabhi prakar ke tilahanon ke lie bhinn-bhinn prakar ki mitti, varsha evn tapaman ki avashyakata hoti hai. atah ye bharat ke sabhi rajyon men nyoonadhik matra men paida kie jate hain. bharat men niyojan kal men tilahanon ke utpadan kshetr evn kul utpadan men yadyapi vriddhi huee, phir bhi yah hamari mang ki tulana men kam hai. bharat men varsh 1960-1961 men 13.8 miliyan hektear kshetr men tilahan ki kheti ki gee, jisamen kul 7 miliyan tan tilahan ka utpadan hua. is varsh prati hektear tilahan ka utpadan 507 ki.gra. raha. varsh 2008-2009 men kul utpadan 27.5 miliyan hektear kshetr men tilahan ki kheti ki gee, jisamen kul 28.2 miliyan tan tilahan ka utpadan hua. varsh 2008-2009 men tilahan ka prati hektear utpadan 1,016 ki.gra. raha.

  • uparyukt tilahanon men moongaphali, sarason evn taramira til, alasi, arandi, soyabin, soorajamukhi, saphlovar (kardi) tatha naijar sid sammilit hai. nariyal, binaula tatha akhady tilahan, jaise- nim, mahua adi isamen shamil nahin hain.


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