तेलंगाना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
telngana
Telangana-andhra-pradesh-map.jpg
rajadhani haidarabad
rajabhasha(en) telugoo, urdoo
sthapana 2 joon, 2014
janasnkhya 35,286,757
· ghanatv 310 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 1,14,840 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 17.366° uttar, 78.476° poorv
zile 10
mahanagar haidarabad
rajyapal ee.es.el narasimhan
mukhyamntri ke. chandrashekhar rav
vidhanasabha sadasy 119
vidhan parishad sadasy 40
lokasabha kshetr 17
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Emblem-Telangana.jpg

telngana (angrezi: Telangana, telugoo : తెలంగాణ), bharat ke andhr pradesh rajy se alag hokar banane vala 29van navagathit rajy hai. haidarabad ko das sal ke lie telngana aur andhr pradesh ki snyukt rajadhani banaya gaya hai. yah paratantr bharat ke haidarabad namak rajavade ke telugoo bhashi kshetron se milakar bana hai. 'telngana' shabd ka arth hai - 'telugoobhashiyon ki bhoomi'. gauratalab hai ki 1,14,800 varg kilomitar men phaile telngana men andhr pradesh ke 23 zilon men se 10 zile haidarabad, rngareddi, medak, nalagonda, mahaboobanagar, varngal, karimanagar, nizamabad , adilabad aur khammam ate hain. andhr pradesh ki 294 men se 119 vidhanasabha kshetr aur 17 lokasabha kshetr bhi isi men ate hain. qarib 3.5 karod abadi vale telngana ki bhasha telugu aur dakkani urdoo hai. telngana ko ek alag rajy banane ki mang kafi pahale se hi ki jati rahi thi aur isake lie andolan bhi kiya jata raha.

itihas

telngana mool roop se nizam ki haidarabad riyasat ka hissa tha. 1948 men bharat ne nizam ki riyasat ka ant kar diya aur haidarabad rajy ka gathan kiya gaya. 1956 men haidarabad ka hissa rahe telngana ko navagathit andhr pradesh men mila diya gaya. nizam ke shasanadhin rahe kuchh hisse karnatak aur maharashtr men mila die ge. bhasha ke adhar par gathit hone vala andhr pradesh pahala rajy tha.

telngana andolan

chalis ke dashak men kamared vasupunyaya ki aguvaee men kamh‍yuniston ne prithakh telngana ki muhim ki shurooat ki thi. us samay is andolan ka uddeshy tha bhoomihinon ko bhoopati banana. chhah varshon tak yah andolan chala lekin bad men isaki kamar toot gee aur isaki kaman naksalavadiyon ke hath men a gee. aj bhi is ilaqe men naksalavadi sakriy hain. 1969 men telngana andolan phir shuroo hua tha. darasal donon ilaqon men bhari asamanata hai. andhr madras presedensi ka hissa tha aur vahan shiksha aur vikas ka star kafi ooncha tha jabaki telngana in mamalon men pichhada hai. telngana kshetr ke logon ne andhr men vilay ka virodh kiya tha. unhen dar tha ki vo naukariyon ke mamale men pichhad jaenge. ab bhi donon kshetr men ye antar bana hua hai. sath hi sanskritik roop se bhi donon kshetron men antar hai. telngana par uttar bharat ka khasa prabhav hai.

andolan ka shuruati prabhav

shuruat men telngana ko lekar chhatron ne andolan shuroo kiya tha lekin isamen logon ki bhagidari ne ise aitihasik bana diya. is andolan ke dauran pulis fayaring aur lathi charj men sadhe tin sau se adhik chhatr mare ge the. usmaniya vishvavidyalay is andolan ka kendr tha. us dauran em. chenna reddi ne 'jay telngana' ka nara uchhala tha lekin bad men unhonne apani parti telngana praja rajyam parti ka kangres men vilay kar diya. isase andolan ko bhari jhataka laga. isake bad indira gandhi ne unhen mukhyamntri bana diya tha. 1971 men narasinh rav ko bhi andhr pradesh ka mukhyamntri banaya gaya tha kyonki ve telngana kshetr ke the.

chndrashekhar rav ki bhoomika

nabbe ke dashak men ke. chndrashekhar rav 'telugoo desham parti' ke hissa hua karate the. 1999 ke chunavon ke bad chndrashekhar rav ko ummid thi ki unhen mntri banaya jaega, lekin unhen dipti spikar banaya gaya. varsh 2001 men unhonne prithakh telngana ka mudda uthate hue 'telugoo desham parti' chhod di aur 'telngana rashtr samiti' ka gathan kar diya. 2004 men vaee. es. rajashekhar reddi ne chndrashekhar rav se hath mila liya aur prithakh telngana rajy ka vada kiya. lekin bad men unhonne is par dhyan nahin diya. isake bad 'telngana rashtr samiti' ke vidhayakon ne istifa de diya aur chndrashekhar rav ne bhi kendriy mntrimndal se istifa de diya tha.[1]

prithakh rajy ka gathan

7 faravari, 2014 ko kendriy mntrimndal ne vidheyak pas karake aur haidarabad ko kendr shasit pradesh banane ki simandhr netaon ki mang kharij kar di thi. isake bad simandhr aur telngana sansadon ke bich hngame aur jhadap ke bich vidheyak lokasabha men pesh kiya gaya. 18 faravari, 2014 ko lokasabha ne telngana vidheyak pas kar diya aur phir agale hi din kiran reddi ne mukhyamntri pad se istipha de diya. 20 faravari, 2014 ko rajy sabha ne vidheyak pas kiya. tatkalin pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne simandhr ke lie paikej ki ghoshana kar di. 1 march, 2014 ko rashtrapati pranab mukharji ne telngana vidheyak par apani sahamati de di aur rajy men rashtrapati shasan lagoo hua. isake bad 30 aprail, 2014 ko 119 sadasyiy telngana vidhanasabha aur 17 lokasabha siton par ek sath chunav hue. 2 joon, 2014 ko ne rajy ke roop men telngana ka janm hua aur ke. chndrashekhar rav ne rajy ke pahale mukhyamntri ke roop men shapath li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. telngana ki prishthabhoomi (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 30 julaee, 2013.