तेलुगु एवं कन्नड़ लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vartaman telugu aur kannad lipiyon men kafi samanata hai. donon ka vikas ek hi mool lipi-shaili se hua hai. aj in lipiyon ka prayog karnatak, andhr pradesh tatha tamilanadu ke kuchh zilon men hota hai. is lipi ka ady svaroop arambhik chaluky abhilekhon men dekhane ko milata hai. pashchimi dakkhan (dakshin) men banavasi ke kadnbon ke lekhon men aur badami ke chalukyon ke lekhon men is lipi ka ady roop dekhane ko milata hai. badami ke prasiddh raja pulakeshi pratham (vallabheshvar) ka ek abhilekh 1941 ee. men mila hai. isamen shakabd 465 (543 ee.) ka prayog kiya gaya hai. alfred mastar ke anusar kannad lipi ka prachinatam abhilekh hळebidu shilalekh hai, jise ve panchavin shatabdi ka manate hain.

lipi ka prayog

7vin shatabdi ke madhyakal se is lipi ki madhyakalin shaili arambh hoti hai. dakkhan (dakshin) men lagabhag tin sau varshon tak is shaili ka prayog dekhane ko milata hai. pashchimi dakkhan (dakshin) men badami ke chalukyon, manyakhet ke rashtrakooton, gngavadi ke gngon aur any chhote-mote rajavnshon ne is lipi ka istemal kiya hai. poorvi dakkhan (dakshin) men vengi ke chalukyon ne is lipi ka prayog kiya. in sabhi lekhon ki lipi ek jaisi ho, aisi bat nahin hai. yahan se ek or granth lipi men aur telugu-kannad lipi men spasht antar dikhaee deta hai, to doosari or kannad aur telugu lipiyon men paraspar thoda-thoda antar jhalakane lagata hai.

bhasha

ab tak to abhilekhon ki bhasha snskrit ya prakrit hi thi, kintu 7vin shatabdi se in lipiyon men telugu aur kannad bhashaon ke bhi lekh milane lagate hain. kannad bhasha ka sabase prachin abhilekh badami ki vaishnav gufa ke bahar chaluky raja mngalesh (598-610 ee.) ka milata hai. kakusthavarmanh ka hळebidu-abhilekh bhi kannad men hi hai. kannad bhasha ki prachinatam hastalipi ‘kavirajamarg’ 877 ee. men likhi gee thi.

lipyntar

siddhamh.. jayatyahnstrilokeshah sarvvabhootahite ratah raga-
dyariharonantonantgyanadrigishvarah.. svasti vijayavaij(y)ntya (:) svamim-
hasenamatragananudadhya (dhya) tabhishiktanan manavyasagotranan haritipu-
trann (nan) an (an)girasan pratikritamvadadhy (dhya) yacharchchakana (nan) saddharmmasadnbana (nan)
kadnbanan anekajanmantaroparjjitavipulapunyaskandhah ahavarjjit-

abhilekh

telugu bhasha ka prachinatam abhilekh renadu ke telugu-kodas ka hai. telugu bhasha ke arambhik abhilekh andhr pradesh ke anntapur aur kadapa zilon men mile hain. ye chhathi se athavin shatabdi ke bich ke hain. is kal men telugu-kannad lipi to ek-si thi, parantu telugu aur kannad bhashaon ka ham svatntr astitv dekhate hain. telugu-kodas ke kalamall-abhilekh men jis kannad-telugu lipi ka prayog hua hai, us par tamil lipi aur granth lipi ki chhap spasht dikhaee deti hai. eragudipadu abhilekh men to ‘ळ’ ka prayog bhi dekhane ko milata hai. aj yah akshar-dhvani tamil aur malayalam men to milati hai, kintu vartaman telugu aur kannad men isaka prayog nahin hota.

andhralipi

isake bad hi kannad-telugu lipi ko ‘sndhikalin lipi’ ka nam diya gaya hai. yah nam isilie ki ek to is kal ki lipi adhunik telugu-kannad lipiyon se kuchh-kuchh milane lag jati hai, doosare isake bad ham telugu aur kannad lipiyon men spasht antar dekhane lagate hain. 13vin shatabdi ke ek telugu kavi mnchan ne apani lipi ko ‘andhralipi’ kaha hai.

vikas

isake bad kannad aur telugu lipiyon ka alag-alag svatntr vikas hota hai. kannad men svaron ki matraen lambi hokar vynjanon ke daeen or usi rekha men rakhi jane lagin. akshar adhikadhik golakar hote ge. anusvar akshar ke oopar keval ek bindu n rahakar samany aksharon ke barabar badi golakar bindi ban gaya aur akshar ke daeen or rakha jane laga. in lipiyon ka sndhikal do shatabdi tak chala aur usake bad vijayanagar ke rajyakal men ye donon lipiyan poorn roop se ek-doosare se alag ho geen. unnisavin shatabdi men mudran-pranali ki shuruat ke karan in lipiyon ko vartaman sthayi roop mila. parantu aj bhi inamen se ek lipi janane vala vyakti doosari lipi ko usi tarah padh sakata hai, jaise devanagari lipi janane vala gujarati lipi ko padh sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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