थिओफ़्रैस्टस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

thiofraistas (janm- 372 ee. poo., mrityu- 287 ee. poo.) gris desh ke prasiddh darshanik evn prakritivadi the. inhonne arastu ke darshanashastr ka poora anukaran kiya tha. prachin tatha madhy kal men likhe hue vanaspatishastr ke grnthon men inaka bada mahatv hai.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

prasiddh darshanik evn prakritivadi thiofraistas ka janm eesa poorv 372 men, lezabasa dvip ke 'eresas' namak nagar men hua tha. lezabaaus men hi inhonne lyusipas se darshanashastr ki shiksha grahan ki aur usake bad ethens chale ge. yahan par thiofraistas ka pleto se snpark badha.

arastu se ghanishthata

pleto ki mrityu ke pashchath‌ thiofraistas ka ghanishth snbndh prasiddh darshanik arastu se hua. kaha jata hai ki thiauphraistas nam bhi, batachit ke silasile men, arastu ka hi diya hua hai. arastu apane vasiyatanamon men thiofraistas ko hi apane bachchon ka abhibhavak bana ge the tatha unhen apani pustakalay aur mool nibndh, lekh adi sab kuchh saunp ge the. arastu ke kailasis nagar chale jane ke bad unake sthapit vidyalay ke uttaradhikari thiofraistas hue. is pad par ve 35 varsh tak (mrityu parynt) rahe. is vidyalay men snsar ke har kone se chhatr ate the.[1]

ruchi v rachanaen

thiofraistas ne arastu ke darshanashastr ka poora anukaran kiya. unaki ruchi visheshakar vanaspatishastr evn prakritik vastuon, jaise- agni, vayu adi ki or thi. inhonne lagabhag 200 nibndh evn lekh, darshanashastr, tarkashastr, qanoon, padarth vigyan, kalpanik vastuon, vrikshon, kavita adi par likhe. inamen se bahuton ka koee pata nahin lagata hai. thiofraistas ki mukhy rachanaon men vanaspatishastr par likhe do nibndh hain-

  1. 'vanaspatiyon ka itihas
  2. paudhon ke pravartak

prachin tatha madhy kal men likhe hue vanaspatishastr ke grnthon men thiofraistas ka bada mahatv hai. thiophraistas ki ek any rachana men unake samay ke jivan ka sundar chitran hai.

nidhan

thiofraistas ki mrityu eesa poorv 287 men huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 thiofraistas (hindi) bharatakhoj.

snbndhit lekh