दादा भाई नौरोजी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dada bhaee nauroji
dada bhaee nauroji
poora nam dada bhaee nauroji
janm 4 sitambar, 1825
janm bhoomi mumbee, maharashtr
mrityu 30 joon, 1917
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
vidyalay elaphinstan institayoot
bhasha gujarati bhasha, angrezi aur hindi
vyavasay bauddhik, shikshak, vyapari kapas, aur ek prarnbhik bharatiy rajanitik neta
prasiddh nam bharat ke graind old main

dada bhaee nauroji (angrezi: Dadabhai Naoroji, janm- 4 sitnbar, 1825 ee. mumbee; mrityu- 30 joon, 1917 ee. mumbee) ko 'bharatiy rajaniti ka pitamah' kaha jata hai. vah diggaj rajaneta, udyogapati, shikshavid aur vicharak bhi the. shri dadabhaee nauroji ka shaikshik paksh atyant ujjval raha. 1845 men elphinstan kaaulej men ganit ke pradhyapak hue. yahan ke ek angrezi pradhyapak ne inhen 'bharat ki asha' ki sngya di. anek sngathanon ka nirman dadabhaee ne kiya. 1851 men gujarati bhasha men 'rast gaphtar' saptahik nikalana prarambh kiya. 1867 men 'eest indiya esosiyeshan' banaee. anyatr landan ke vishvavidyalay men gujarati ke prophesar bane. 1869 men bharat vapas ae. yahan par unaka 30,000 ru ki thaili v samman-patr se svagat hua. 1885 men 'bambee vidhan parishad' ke sadasy bane. 1886 men 'holabarn kshetr' se parliyament ke lie chunav lada, lekin asaphal rahe. 1886 men phinsabari kshetr se parliyament ke lie nirvachit hue. 'pavarti end anabritish rool in indiya' pustak likhi, jo apane samay ki mahati kriti thi. 1886 v 1906 ee. men vah 'indiyan neshanal kangres' ke adhyaksh banae ge.

jivan parichay

janm

dadabhaee nauroji ka janm 4 sitnbar, 1825 ko mumbee ke ek garib parasi parivar men hua. jab dadabhaee 4 varsh ke the, tab unake pita ka dehant ho gaya. unaki man ne nirdhanata men bhi bete ko uchch shiksha dilaee. uchch shiksha prapt karake dadabhaee lndan ke yoonivarsiti kaaulej men padhane lage the. lndan men unake ghar par vahan padhane vale bharatiy chhatr ate-jate rahate the. unamen gandhi ji bhi ek the. matr 25 baras ki umr men elaphinaston instityoot men liding prophesar ke taur par niyukt hone vale pahale bharatiy bane.

rajaniti men

nauroji varsh 1892 men hue briten ke am chunavon men 'libaral parti' ke tikat par 'phinsabari sentral' se jitakar bharatiy mool ke pahale 'britani sansad' bane the. nauroji ne bharat men kangres ki rajaniti ka adhar taiyar kiya tha. unhonne kangres ke poorvavarti sngathan 'eest indiya esosieshan' ke gathan men madad ki thi. bad men varsh 1886 men vah kangres ke adhyaksh chune ge. us vakt unhonne kangres ki disha tay karane men aham bhoomika nibhaee. nauroji gopal krishn gokhale aur mahatma gandhi ke salahakar bhi the. unhonne varsh 1855 tak bambee men ganit aur darshan ke prophesar ke roop men kam kiya. bad men vah 'kama end kampani' men sajhedar banane ke liye lndan ge. varsh 1859 men unhonne 'nauroji end kampani' ke nam se kapas ka vyapar shuroo kiya. kangres ke gathan se pahale vah sar surendranath banarji dvara sthapit 'indiyan neshanal esosieshan' ke sadasy bhi rahe. yah sngathan bad men kangres men vilin ho gaya.[1]unhonne 1906 men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke 'kalakatta adhiveshan' ki adhyakshata ki. unaki mahanh kriti paauvarti aind an-british rool in indiya 'rashtriy andolan ki baibil' kahi jati hai. ve mahatma gandhi ke prerana strot the. ve pahale bharatiy the jinhen elaphinstan kaaulej men bataur prophesar ke roop men niyukti mili. bad men yoonivarsiti kaaulej, lndan men unhonne prophesar ke roop men apani sevae din. unhonne shiksha ke vikas, samajik utthan aur paropakar ke lie bahut-si snsthaon ko protsahit karane men yogadan diya, aur ve prasiddh saptahik 'rast gophtar' ke snpadak bhi rahe. ve any kee jarnal se bhi jude़ rahe. ve samajik karyon men bhi ruchi lete the. unaka kahana tha ki, ‘ham samaj ki sahayata se age badhate hain, isilie hamen bhi poore man se samaj ki seva karani chahie.’

yogadan

dadabhaee nauroji ne 'gyan prasarak mandali' namak ek mahila haee skool evn 1852 men 'bambee esosieshan' ki sthapana ki. landan men rahate hue dadabhaee ne 1866 ee. me 'landan indiyan esosieshan' evn 'eest indiya esosieshan' ki sthapana ki. ve rajanitik vicharon se kafi udar the. british shasan ko ve bharatiyon ke lie daivi varadan manate the. 1906 ee. men unaki adhyakshata men pratham bar kangres ke kalakatta adhiveshan men svarajy ki mang ki gayi. dadabhaee ne kaha "ham daya ki bhikh nahin mangate. ham keval nyay chahate hain. british nagarik ke saman adhikaron ka zikr nahin karate, ham svashasan chahate hai." apane adhyakshiy bhashan men unhonne bharatiy janata ke tin maulik adhikaron ka varnan kiya hai. ye adhikar the-

  1. lok sevaon men bharatiy janata ki adhik niyukti.
  2. vidhanasabhaon men bharatiyon ka adhik pratinidhitv.
  3. bharat evn inglaind men uchit arthik sabandh ki sthapana.

videsh men

bnbee men ek pahachan qayam karane ke bad ve inglaind ge aur vahan 'bharatiy arthashastr aur rajaniti' ke punaruddhar ke lie avaz bulnd ki aur haus aauph kaaumns ke lie chune ge. 'bharatiy rajaniti ke pitamah’ kahe jane vale prakhyat rajaneta, ughogapati, shikshavid aur vicharak dadabhaee nauroji ne british upanivesh ke prati buddhijivi varg ke sammohan ke bich usaki syah sachaee ko samane rakhane ke sath hi kangres ke liye rajanitik zamin bhi taiyar ki thi. unhonne british upanivesh ke prati buddhijivi varg ke sammohan ko khatm karane ka prayas kiya. dadabhaee nauroji ko bharatiy rajaniti ka 'graind oldamain' kaha jata hai. ve pahale bharatiy the jinhen 'elaphinstan kaaulej' men bataur prophesar ke roop men niyukti mili. bad men 'yoonivarsiti kaaulej', lndan men unhonne prophesar ke roop men apani sevae din. unhonne shiksha ke vikas, samajik utthan aur paropakar ke lie bahut-si snsthaon ko protsahit karane men yogadan diya, aur ve prasiddh 'saptahik rast gophtar' ke snpadak bhi rahe. ve any kee jarnal se bhi jude़ rahe. bnbee men ek pahachan qayam karane ke bad ve inglaind ge aur v 'bharatiy arthashastr aur rajanitik punaruddhar' ke lie avaz bulnd ki aur 'haus aauph kaaumns' ke lie chune ge.[2]

netaon ke adarsh

1866 men lndan men 'eest indiya esoshieshan' ki sthapana karake british shasan ka sarvapratham arthik vishleshan prastut karane vale dadabhaee nauroji ka nam bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke snsthapak sadasyon men agragany hai. 1885 se 1907 ke bich kangres men naramapnthi ya udaravadi netaon ka bolabala tha.
dada bhaee nauroji
surendranath banarji, dadabhaee nauroji, madanamohan malaviy, gopalakrishn gokhale, keti tailng, phirojashah mehata adi shantipoorn dhng se mangen manavane ke lie prayasarat the. angrejon ki dasata se mukti dilana in sabhi netaon ka ekamatr lakshy tha. dadabhaee ne yah mang uthaee ki inglaind ki parliyament men kam se kam ek bharatiy ke lie bhi sit sunishchit honi chahie. unaki prakhar pratibha se prabhavit aur akaty tarko se parajit hokar angrejon ne unaki yah mang man li. unhe hi inglaind ki parliyament men bharatiyon ka pratinidhitv karane ke lie chuna gaya. angrejon ki parliyament men khade hokar unake virodh men bolana dadabhaee jaise vyakti ke lie hi snbhav tha. unhonne badi soojhaboojh se apane is dayitv ka nirvahan kiya. desh ki svatntrata ke lie dadabhaee nauroji ke margadarshan aur unake sakriy yogadan ko kabhi bhulaya nahin ja sakega.

desh aur samaj ki seva ke lie samarpit dadabhaee nauroji naramapnthi netaon ke to adarsh the hi, lokamany balagngadhar tilak jaise garamapnthi neta bhi unhe preranastrot manate the. tilak ne dadabhaee ke sath rahakar vakalat ka vyavaharik gyan prapt kiya. ek bar dadabhaee ko kisi mukadame ke snbndh men inglaind jana pada, unake sath sahayak ke roop men tilak ji bhi ge. dadabhaee mitavyayita ki drishti se lndan men n thaharakar vahan se door ek upanagar men thahare. savere jaldi uthane ki unaki adat thi. ghar ka sara kam ve svayn karate the. ek din jab ve ghar ka kam kar rahe the tabhi tilak ji ki ankh khul gee. unhonne kaha kya aj naukar nahin aya, jo sab kam apako karana pad raha hai? is par dadabhaee ne tilak ji ko samajhate hue kaha, main apana kam svayn karata hoon. apane kisi kary ke lie doosaron par nirbhar nahin rahata. sunakar tilak ji abhibhoot ho ge.[3]

svadesh prem

dadabhaee ka svadesh prem unhen bharat le aya. us samay yahan angrejon ki eest indiya knpani ka raj tha. british sarakar ne apani chhavi yah bana rakhi thi ki vah bharat ko taraqqi ke raste par le ja rahi hai, lekin dadabhaee nauroji ne tathyon aur ankadon se siddh kiya ki angreji raj men bharat ka bahut arthik nukasan ho raha hai. bharat din-par-din nirdhan hota ja raha hai. unaki baton se logon ko yah vishvas ho gaya ki bharat ko ab svatntr ho jana chahie. ve pahale bharatiy the, jinhonne kaha ki bharat bharatavasiyon ka hai. unaki baton se tilak, gokhale aur gandhiji jaise neta bhi prabhavit hue.[4]

d graind oldamain aph indiya ke nam se mashahoor dada bhaee nauroji british snsad men chune jane vale pahale eshiyaee the. snsad sadasy rahate hue unhonne briten men bharat ke virodh ko prastut kiya. unhonne bharat ki loot ke snbndh men british snsad men thyori pesh ki. is dren thyori men bharat se loote hue dhan ko briten le jane ka ullekh tha. kangres ka itihas likhane vale pro. esar meharotra ne bataya ki nauroji apani vakh kala se logon ko achnbhit karate the. vah jab british snsad ke lie sadasy chune ge to unhonne snsad men kaha, ‘ki main dharm aur jati se pare ek bharatiy hoon’. vah kaha karate the ki jab ek shabd se kam chal jae to do shabdon ka prayog nahin karana chahie. ek libaral ke roop men vah 1892 men haus aph kamns ke lie chune gaye. ve ek kushal udyami the. 1939 men pahali bar nauroji ki jivani likhane vale arapi masani ne zikr kiya hai ki nauroji ke bare men 70 hazar se adhik dastavej the jinaka sngrah thik dhng se nahin kiya gaya.

meharotra ke mutabik vedabarn dablyoo si banarji aur eo hyoom ki tarah dada bhaee nauroji ke bina kangres ka itihas adhoora hai. unhonne jo patr likhe hain unaka sngrah aur snrakshan kiya jana zaroori hai. ve 30 joon 1917 ko duniya ko alavida kah ge. nauroji gopal krishn aur mahatma gandhi ke guru the. nauroji sabase pahale is bat ko duniya ke samane lae ki british sarakar kis prakar bharatiy dhan ko apane yahan le ja rahi hai. unhonne garibi aur britishon ke raj ke bina bharat namak kitab likhi. vah 1892 se 1895 tak british snsad ke sadasy rahe. eo hyoom aur dinasha edulaji vacha ke sath milakar bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki sthapana ka shrey unhen jata hai. manekabaee aur nauroji palanaji dordi ke putr dada bhaee nauroji ka janm ek garib parasi parivar men char sitnbar 1825 ko gujarat ke navasari men hua. ve shuruat se kafi medhavi the. varsh 1850 men keval 25 varsh ki umr men pratishthit elaphinstan instityoot men sahayak prophesar niyukt hue. itani kam umr men itana sammanajanak ohada snbhalane vale vah pahale bharatiy the.[5]

bharatiy dhan ki nikasi

1868 ee. men sarvapratham dadabhaee nauroji ne hi angrezon dvara bharat ke 'dhan ki nikasi' ki or sabhi bharatiyon ka dhyan akrisht kiya. unhonne 2 mee, 1867 ee. ko lndan men ayojit 'eest indiya esosieshan' ki baithak men apane patr, jisaka shirshak 'England Debut To India' ko padhate hue pahali bar dhan ke bahirgaman ke siddhant ko prastut kiya. unhonne kaha- "bharat ka dhan hi bharat se bahar jata hai, aur phir dhan bharat ko punah rin ke roop men diya jata hai, jisake lie use aur dhan byaj ke roop se chukana padata hai. yah sab ek dushchakr tha, jise todana kathin tha." unhonne apani pustak 'Poority And Unbritish Rules In India' men prati vyakti varshik ay ka anuman 20 rupaye lagaya tha. isake atirikt unaki any pustaken, jisamen unhonne dhan ke nishkasan siddhant ki vyakhya ki hai, 'd vants end mins aauf indiya (1870 ee.)', 'an di kamars aauf indiya (1871 ee.)' adi hain. dadabhaee nauroji 'dhan ke bahirgaman ke siddhant' ke sarvapratham aur sarvadhik prakhar pratipadak the. 1905 ee. men unhonne kaha tha ki "dhan ka bahirgaman samast buraiyon ki jad hai aur bharatiy nirdhanata ka mukhy karan." dadabhaee nauroji ne dhan nishkasan ko 'anishton ka anisht' ki sngya di hai.

  • mahadev govind ranade ne kaha hai, "rashtriy poonji ka ek tihaee hissa kisi n kisi roop men british shasan dvara bharat se bahar le jaya jata hai."

badauda ke pradhanamntri

lard sailasibari ne unhen blaik main kaha tha. halanki vah bahut gore the. unhonne snsad men baibil se shapath lene se inkar kar diya tha. angrezon ki karastaniyon ko bayan karane ke lie unhonne ek patr rast gotar shuroo kiya jise sach baton ko kahane vala patr kaha jata tha. varsh 1874 men vah badauda ke pradhanamntri bane aur tab ve tatkalin bnbee ke lejisletiv kaunsil ke sadasy chune gaye. unhonne munbee men indiyan neshanal esosieshan ki sthapana ki jisaka bad men kangres men vilay kar diya gaya.

deshabhakt

dadabhaee kitane prakhar deshabhakt the, isaka parichay 1906 ee. ki kolakata kangres men mila. yahan unhonne pahali bar svaraj shabd ka prayog kiya. unhonne kaha, ham koee kripa ki bhikh nahin mang rahe hain. hamen to nyay chahie.

nidhan

dadabhaee bich-bich men inglaind jate rahe, parantu svasthy thik n rahane ke karan ve pray: svadesh men rahe aur 92 varsh ki umr men 30 joon, 1917 ko mumbee bharat men hi unaka dehant hua. ve bharat men rashtriy bhavanaon ke janak the. unhonne desh men svaraj ki ninv dali.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dadabhaee nauroji ka yogadan mahattvapoorn (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) samay laiv. abhigaman tithi: 28 agast, 2011.
  2. dada bhaee nauroji (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) azadi daaut mi. abhigaman tithi: 28 agast, 2011.
  3. smaran: dadabhaee nauroji (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya.
  4. dadabhaee nauroji ne bharatiyata ki pahachan karaee (hindi) laiv hindustan daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 28 agast, 2011.
  5. d graind old main aauph indiya (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) vikend taims. abhigaman tithi: 28 agast, 2011.

sharma 'parvatiy', liladhar bharatiy charit kosh, 2011 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth sn 376.

snbndhit lekh

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