दिल्ली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dilli vishay soochi
parichay    itihas    bhoogol    arthavyavastha    shiksha    kala    snskriti    dharmik sthal    paryatan    chitravali    vistrit alekh
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dilli
Delhi-map.png
nam rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli
rajadhani nee dilli
rajabhasha(en) hindi, angrezi, pnjabi aur urdoo
janasnkhya 1,38,50,507[1]
· ghanatv 9,340[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 1,483 varg kimi[1]
bhaugolik nirdeshank 28°36′36″ uttar 77°13′48″ poorv
jalavayu dilli ki jalavayu uposhn hai. dilli men garmi ke mahine mee tatha joon behad shushk aur jhulasane vale hote hain.
tapaman 20 - 30 °C ausat
· grishm 25 - 46 °C
· sharad 7 - 25 °C
varsha 617[2] mimi
zile 11
mukhy aitihasik sthal indiya get, qutub minar, jama masjid, rashtrapati bhavan, snsad bhavan, lal qila adi
mukhy paryatan sthal humayoon ka maqabara, dilli hat, jntar mntar, aksharadham mandir rashtriy rel sngrahalay dilli
mukhy dharm-sampraday hindoo, islam, sikkh, bauddh, jain evn any
ling anupat 1000/821[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 81.82%[1]%
· stri 87.37%%
· purush 74.71%%
uchch nyayalay dilli uchch nyayalay
uparajyapal anil baijal
mukhyamntri aravind kejarival
vidhanasabha sadasy 70
lokasabha kshetr 7
rajyasabha sadasy 3
pramukh tyohar lohadi, holi, ganatntr divas, svatntrata divas, eed, divali, dashahara, rakshabndhan adi
nadi yamuna
rajakiy pakshi ghareloo gauraiya (House Sparrow)
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Emblem-of-India-2.png

dilli bharat ki rajadhani evn mahanagariy kshetr hai. isamen nee dilli sammilit hai jo ki aitihasik purani dilli ke bad basi thi. mahanh aitihasik mahattv vala yah mahanagariy kshetr mahattvapoorn vyaparik, parivahan evn sanskritik halachalon se bhara hai. dilli desh ke uttari madhy bhag men gnga ki ek pramukh sahayak nadi yamuna ke donon taraf basi hai. dilli, bharat ka tisara bada shahar hai. yahan ke aitihasik sthal tatha ramaniy sthal apane ap men vishesh hain. paryatan vikas ke udveshy se yah agara aur jayapur se juda hai.

dilli to hai dil valon ki. dilli ke itihas men sampoorn bharat ki jhalak sadaiv maujood rahi hai. amir khusaro aur galib ki rachanaon ko gunagunati huee dilli nadirashah ki loot ki chikhon se saham bhi jati hai. chandani chauk-jama masjid ki sakari galiyon se guzarakar chaude rajapath par 26 janavari ki pared ko niharati huee dilli 30 janavari ko un tin goliyon ki avaz ko nahin bhula pati jo rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ke sine men dhns gayi thi. dilli ne daulatabad jane ke tugalaki faramanon ko bhi suna aur lal qile se pradhanamntri ke abhibhashanon par taliyan bhi bajayi. kabhi raghuray ne dilli ki rayasina pahadi ko apane kaimare men qaid kar liya to kabhi husain ke rngon ne dilli ko rng diya. dilli kabhi kutubaminar ki mnzilon ko chadhane men pasina bahati rahi to kabhi humayoon ke maqabare men pattharon ko tarashati rahi. nau bar loote jane se bhi dilli ke shrringar men koee kami nahin ayi. aj bhi dilli vishv ke sundaratam nagaron men gini jati hai.[3]

namakaran

  • anushruti hai ki isaka nam 'raja dhiloo' ke nam par pada jisaka adhipaty ee.poo. pahali shatabdi men is kshetr par tha. bijola abhilekhon (1170ee.) men ullekhit dhilli ya dhillika sabase pahala likhit uddharan hai. mahabharat kal men pandavon dvara basaya gaya indraprasth nagar, aj hamare desh ka hriday mana jata hai.
  • ek mat ke anusar dilli ka namakaran farasi shabd 'dahaliz' par pada hai. jisaka arth hai 'pravesh dvar'.
  • kuchh any logon ke matanusar athavin sadi men kannauj ke raja dilloo ke nam par isaka namankan hua hai. kee mugal samrajyon ne bhi dilli par apani prabhavi chhap chhodi hai. kee avasaron par dilli ne kee samrajyon ke patan men apani chhap chhodi hai. aise bahuroopadarshi bhootakal men n keval dilli balki vishv ke mahanatam lokatntr ki khoj ki ja sakati hai.

itihas

mahabharat kal se hi dilli ka vishesh ullekh raha hai. dilli ka shasan ek vnsh se doosare vnsh ko hastantarit hota gaya. yah mauryon se arnbh hokar pallavon tatha madhy bharat ke gupton se hota hua 13vin se 15vin sadi tak turk aur afagan aur ant men 16 vin sadi men mugalon ke hathon men pahuncha. 18vin sadi ke uttarardh aur 19vin sadi ke poorvarddh men dilli men angrezi shasan ki sthapana huee.
dilli (shahajahanbad) ka ek drishy, varsh 1858
1911 men kolakata se rajadhani dilli sthanantarit hone par yah shahar sabhi tarah ki gatividhiyon ka kendr ban gaya. 1956 men kendrashasit pradesh ka darja prapt hua. dilli ke itihas men 69 van snvidhan snshodhan vidheyak ek mahattvapoorn ghatana hai, jisake phalasvaroop rashtriy rajadhani kshetr adhiniyam 1991 men lagoo ho jane se dilli men vidhanasabha ka gathan hua. dilli ka puratatvik paridrishy atynt dilachasp hai. sahasrabdiyon purane smarak qadam-qadam par khade nazar ate hain. ne ya purane qilebnd sthan par nirmit 13 shaharon ne dilli–aravali trikon ke lagabhag 180 varg kilomitar ke ek simit kshetr men apani maujoodagi ke nishan chhode hain. dilli ke bare men yah kinvadnti prachalit hai ki jisane bhi yahan naya shahar banaya, use ise khona pada. sabase purana nagar indraprasth, qarib 1400 ee.poo nirmit kiya gaya mana jata hai aur vedavyas rachit mahakavy mahabharat men isaka varnan pandavon ki rajadhani ke roop men milata hai. is trikon men nirmit dilli ka doosara shahar hai anngapur ya anndapur, jisaki sthapana lagabhag 1020 ee. men tomar rajapoot naresh anngapal (ananpal) ne rajanivas ke roop men ki thi. yah shahar arddhavrittakar nirmit talab soorajakund ke asapas basa tha. anng pal ne bad men ise 10 kilomitar pashchim ki or lalakot par sthapit ek durg men sthanantarit kiya.

bhaugolik snrachana

dilli ek jalasnbhar par sthit hai. jo gnga tatha sindhu nadi pranaliyon ko vibhajit karata hai. dilli ki sabase mahattvapoorn sthalakriti visheshata parvat skndh (rij) hai, jo rajasthan prant ki prachin aravali parvat shreniyon ka charam bindu hai. aravali snbhavat: duniya ki sabase purani parvat mala hai, lekin ab yah poori tarah vriksh vihin ho chuki hai. pashchimottar pashchim tatha dakshin men phaila aur tikone parakot ki do bhujaon jaisa lagane vala yah skndh kshetr 180 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaila hai. kachhari mitti ke maidan ko akriti ki vividhata deta hai tatha dilli ko kuchh utkrisht jiv v vanaspatiyan upalabdh karata hai. yamuna nadi tribhujakar parakote ka tisara kinara banati hai. isi trikon ke bhitar dilli ke prasiddh sat shaharon ki utpatti ee.poo. 1000 se 17 vin shatabdi ke bich huee.

jalavayu

dilli ki jalavayu uposhn hai. dilli men garmi ke mahine mee tatha joon behad shushk aur jhulasane vale hote hain. din ka tapaman kabhi-kabhi 40-45 selsiyas tak pahunch jata hai. manasoon samanyat: julaee men ata hai aur tapaman ko kam karata hai. lekin sitnbar ke ant tak mausam garm, umas bhara aur kashtaprad rahata hai. yahan ki varshik ausat varsha lagabhag 617 mimi[4] hai. aktoobar se march ke bich ka mausam kafi suhavana rahata hai. halanki disnbar tatha janavari ke mahine khoob thnde v kohare se bhare hote hain aur kabhi-kabhi varsha bhi ho jati hai. shitakal men pratidin ka ausat nyoonatam tapaman 7 digri selsiyas ke asapas rahata hai, lekin kuchh raten adhik sard hoti hai.

prashasan evn niyojan

prashasanik vyavastha

dilli ne prashasanik vyavastha men kee pherabadal dekhe hain. 2 agast, 1858 ko british snsad ne bharat sarakar adhiniyam parit kiya, jisane bharat ki angrezi satta ko eest indiya knpani se british raj men sthanantarit kar diya. 1876 men maharani viktoriya ke shasanadhikar men 'bharat ki samragyi' padavi shamil ho gee.

arthavyavastha

kisi bhi aitihasik rajadhani ki tarah dilli bhi vaividhyapoorn kendr hai, jisame prashasan, sevaen aur nirman achchhi tarah mile–jule hain. dilli kala ev hastakaushal ki prachur vividhata ka kendr raha hai. mugal kal men dilli ratn aur abhooshan, dhatu pachchikari, qasidakari, sone ki pachchikari, resham aur zari ka kam, minakari aur shilp, moortikala aur chitrakala ke lie vikhyat thi. dilli ka vartaman prashasakiy mahattv us samay se hai, jab bharat ka shasan eest indiya knpani se lekar maharani viktoriya ko saunp diya gaya aur british samrajy ki rajadhani, vanijyik aur seva kend ke roop men vikasit ho gee. yahan ki lagabhag tin–chauthaee abadi vyapar lok prashasan, samudayik, samajik aur niji sevaon men snlagn hai.

krishi

dilli men gehoon, bajara, jvar, chana aur makka adi ki pramukh fasalen hain, lekin ab kisan anaj vali fasalon ki bajay phalon aur sabjiyon, dugh‍dh uth‍padan, murgi palan, phoolon ki kheti ko zyada mahath‍v de rahe hain. ye gatividhiyan khadyanh‍non, fasalon ke muqabale adhik labhadayak sabit huee hain.

sinchaee

dilh‍li ke ganvon ka tezi se shaharikaran hone ki vajah se sinchaee ke antargat ane vali kheti yogh‍y bhoomi dhire-dhire kam hoti ja rahi hai. rajh‍y men ‘keshopur pravah sinchaee yojana charan tritiy’ tatha ‘jal snshodhan snyntr se sudhar evn pravah vish‍tar sinchaee pranali’ namak do yojanaen chalaee ja rahi hai. rashh‍triy rajadhani kshetr, dilh‍li ke gramin kshetr men 350 hekh‍teyar ki sinchaee rajh‍y nalakoopon dvara aur 1,376 hekh‍teyar ki sinchaee atirikh‍t pani dvara ki ja rahi hai. isake alava 4,900 hekh‍teyar bhoomi ki sinchaee hariyana sarakar ke adhin pashchimi yamuna nahar dvara ki ja rahi hai.[5]

shiksha

dilli, bharat men shiksha ka ek mahattvapoorn kendr hai. dilli ke vikas ke sath-sath yahan shiksha ka bhi tezi se vikas hua hai. prathamik shiksha to prayah sarvajanik ya ni:shulk hai. ek bahut bade anupat men bachche madhyamik vidyalayon men shiksha grahan kar rahe hain. stri shiksha ka vikas har star par purushon se adhik hua hai. yahan ki shiksha snsthaon men vidyarthi bharat ke sabhi bhagon se ate hain. dilli men uchchatar shiksha evn anusndhan ke anek kendr hain. lagabhag gyarah vishvavidyalay, anek mahavidyalay, anaginat prathamik shiksha kendr poori dilli men phaile hain. yahan kee sarakari evn niji shiksha snsthan hain jo kala, vanijy, vigyan, praudyogiki, ayurvigyan, vidhi aur prabndhan men uchch star ki shiksha dene ke liye vikhyat hain. uchch shiksha ke snsthanon men sabase mahattvapoorn dilli vishvavidyalay hai jisake antargat kee kaaulej evn shodh snsthan hain. guru gobind sinh indraprasth vishvavidyalay, dilli vishvavidyalay, akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan (ems), bharatiy praudyogiki snsthan, javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay, indira gandhi rashtriy mukt vishvavidyalay, teri - oorja aur snsadhan snsthan evn jamiya miliya islamiya uchch shiksha ke pramukh snsthan hain.

yatayat aur parivahan

bharat sarakar ne dilh‍li shahar men badhate vahan pradooshan aur yatayat ki ash‍t-vh‍yash‍t sthiti ko dekhate hue 'mas raipid tranzit' pranali lagoo karane ka nirnay liya gaya. isamen ati adhunik takanik ka ish‍temal kiya ja raha hai. dilh‍li men metro rel pariyojana saphalata se chal rahi hai. dilh‍li sadakon, rel lainon aur viman sevaon ke zariye bharat ke sabhi bhagon se bhalibhanti judi huee hai. yahan tin havaee adde hain. indira gandhi antarrashh‍triy havaee adda antarrashh‍triy udanon ke lie, palam havaee adda ghareloo udanon ke lie tatha saphadarajng havaee adada prashikshan udanon ke lie ish‍temal kiya jata hai. dilh‍li men tin mahath‍vapoorn relave sh‍teshan bhi hain. ye dilh‍li jnkh‍shan, nee dilli relave sh‍teshan aur nizamuddin relave sh‍teshan ke nam se jane jate hain.[6]tin antarrashh‍triy bas adde- kashh‍miri get, saray kale khan aur annd vihar bas adda hain.

kala

16vin se lekar 19vin shatabdi tak dilli ki kala aur vahan ke rahan sahan par mugal saltanat ka prabhav raha. mugalon ke samay men turki, farasi aur bharatiy kalaon ke mishran ne ek nee kala ko janm diya. jama masjid aur lal qila isi vakt men banae ge the. dilli duniya ke sabase purane shaharon men se ek hai. lekin 1911 men nee dilli ki sthapana huee aur british vastukala ne dilli ke qilon aur mahalon ke bich apani jagah bana li. edvin lutiyns[7] ne indiya get, rashtrapati bhavan sahit nee dilli ko ek adhunik roop diya.

vastukala

dilli ke vaividhyapoorn itihas ne virasat men ise samriddh vastukala di hai. shahar ke sabase prachin bhavan saltanat kal ke hain aur apani snrachana v alnkaran men bhinnata lie hue hain. prakritik rupaknnon, sarpakar belon aur quran ke aksharon ke ghumav men hindoo rajapoot karigaron ka prabhav spasht nazar ata hai. madhy eshiya se ae kuchh karigar kavi aur vastukala ki seljuk shaili ki visheshataen meharab ki nichali kor par kamal- kaliyon ki pnkti, utkirn alnkaran aur bari-bari se adi aur khadi eeton ki chinaee hai. khilaji shasan kal tak islami vastukala men prayog tatha sudhar ka daur samapt ho chuka tha aur islami vastukala men ek vishesh paddhati aur upashaili sthapit ho chuki thi jise pakhtoon shaili ke nam se jana jata hai. is shaili ki apani lakshanik visheshataen hain. jaise ghode ke nal ki akriti vali meharaben, jalidar khidakiyan, alnkrit kinare bel booton ka kam (barik vistrit roop rekhaon men) aur preranadayi, adhyatmik shabdankan bahar ki or adhikanshat: lal pattharon ka tatha bhitar safed sngamaramar ka upayog milata hai.

sngrahalay

hastashilp sngrahalay

yah sngrahalay dilli men pragati maidan ke aditi pavailiyan men sthit hai. gramin janajivan ki jhanki prastut karata lok evn adivasi kalakritiyon ka yah anootha sngrahalay hai. is sngrahalay men bharat ki samriddh hastashilp parnpara ko pradarshit kiya gaya hai.

gudiya sngrahalay

yah sngrahalay aee. ti. o. ke pas bahadurashah zafar marg par chilh‍dran buk trash‍t ki bilding men sthit hai. lagabhag 6,000 gudiyon se bhara yah sngrahalay bal pustak trast ka hi ek hissa hai. yahan antarrashtriy sngrah ki adhikansh gudiya apani paramparik veshabhoosha men pradarshit hain. yahan vishv bhar ke khilauna nirmataon ka agaman rahata hai. yahin sthit bi.si. raauy bal pustakalay hai, jisamen bachchon ke lie uttam pustakon ka sngrah hai. chhote bachchon ke lie yahan khelaghar bhi bana hai.

rashtriy sngrahalay

rashtriy sngrahalay nee dilli ke das janapath men sthit hai. yah 1960 men nirmit hua tha. bharat men kahin par bhi prapt kalakritiyon ka yah anootha sngrah hai. tin vibhinn mnzilon men bnte is sngrahalay men aitihasik manav sabhyata ke avashesh, mauryakalin, gandhar, gupt evn any rajavnshon ke samay ke bhittichitr, prastar khand, tamr patradi evn anaginat durlabh kalakritiyan pradarshit hain.

rashtriy rel sngrahalay

apani tarah ka yah bharat ka pahala sngrahalay hai. rashtriy rel sngrahalay dilli ke chanakyapuri ilaqe men sthit hai. rashtriy rel sngrahalay sngrahalay bharatiy rel ke 140 sal ke itihas ki jhalak prastut karata hai. vibhinn prakar ke rel injanon ko dekhane ke lie desh bhar se lakhon paryatak yahan ate hain. das ekad kshetr men phaile ath kon vale is bhavan ki sthapana 1 faravari 1977 ko huee thi.

kala dirghaen

rashtriy adhunik kala dirgha

yah desh ki ek pramukh evn pratishthit dirgha hai. jayapur ke tatkalin maharaja ke nivas sthan jayapur haus men 1954 men shuroo huee is dirgha men 19vin evn 20vin shatabdi ki lagabhag 15,000 durlabh kalakritiyon ka sngrah hai. yahan ka mukhy akarshan hai nndalal bos, raja ravi varma, amrita sheragil evn jamini raauy dvara taiyar ki gee utkrisht kalakritiyan. bharat ke kuchh prasiddh moortikaron ke kary ko bhi is dirgha men pradarshit kiya gaya hai. yahin par ek pustakalay evn vikray kendr bhi hai, jahan se postar, chitramay postakard, kaitalag adi kharide ja sakate hain. bachchon men kala ke prati abhiruchi paida karane ke lie yahan samay-samay par skooli bachchon ke lie vishesh bhraman, sabha, film pradarshan ityadi bhi ayojit kie jate hain.

lalit kala akadami

bharatiy kala ke prati desh-videsh men samajh badhane aur prachar-prasar ke lie bharat sarakar ne nee dilli men 1954 men lalit kala akadami (neshanal akadami aauf artas) ki sthapana ki thi. isake lie yah akadami prakashanon, karyashalaon tatha shiviron ka ayojan karati hai. yah prativarsh ek antarrashtriy pradarshani tatha pratyek tisare varsh 'traivarshik bharat' namak ek antarrashtriy pradarshani bhi ayojit karati hai. yah snstha desh ki pratibhaon ko tarashane ka kary karati hai. yahan ek vishesh vithika (gaileri) firojashah rod par ravindr bhavan men sthit hai.

gadhi stoodiyo

lalit kala akadami dvara dilli vikas pradhikaran ki sahayata se kala kutir men sthapit yah stoodiyo kalakaron ke lie svarg hai. yah frans ki rajadhani peris se prerit hai, jahan kalakaron ko stoodiyo aur laaujing ki suvidha di jati hai. yahan vishv ke khyatiprapt kalakaron ke vyakhyan v pradarshan ityadi ayojit kie jate hain.

triveni kala sngam

tanasen marg par sthit is sanskritik kendr men char gaileriyan aee huee hain. zamin tal men sthapit vithika men purani durlabh kalakritiyan hain, jabaki sabase badi vithika hai shriradharani vithika, jahan sthapit evn ne kalakaron ke sho ayojit kie jate hain. triveni vithika men kalakaron ke laghu kary pradarshit kie jate hain.

paryatan

dilh‍li ek akarshak paryatan sthal hai. dilh‍li men mndiron se lekar maaul tak, qilon se lekar udyan tak aur anek aitihasik imaraten aur qile hain jo itihas ki jivnt nishaniyan hain. prativarsh lakhon sailani dilh‍li ate hain aur yahan ki mishrit snsh‍kriti ko janane ki koshish karate hain. dilh‍li rajh‍y paryatan aur parivahan vikas nigam paryatakon ko yahan ke vibhinh‍n sh‍thanon ki sair karane ke lie vishesh bas sevaen chalata hai. nigam ne paira seling, parvatarohan aur naukayan jaisi sahasik gatividhiyon ke lie suvidhaen vikasit ki hain. nigam ne dilh‍li hat ka vikas kiya hai, jahan kafi aur vibhinh‍n rajh‍yon ki khady vash‍tuen ek jagah upalabh‍dh hain. dilh‍li ke vibhinh‍n bhagon men aisi hi 'hat' banane ki yojana hai.

bag-bagiche

dilli men kee bag-bagiche hai. jinamen japani shaili men bana buddh jayanti park, kanaaut ples ke bich men sthit sentral park jo dukanon men ane-jane ke lie chhote marg ke roop men prayukt kiya jata hai, sath hi aaufis ane-jane valon ke lie thodi der sustane ki jagah hai. chanakyapuri men sthit park, distrikt park, lodi gardan, mahavir jayanti park, mugal gardan, rashtriy gulab park, eshiya ka sabase bada neshanal zoolojikal park (chidiyaghar), kyoodisha bag, raushan ara gardan adi hain. isake alava dilli men mahatma gandhi ke samadhi sthal rajaghat, javaharalal neharoo ke samadhi sthal shantivan evn lalabahadur shastri ke samadhi sthal vijay ghat ko bhi bagichon ka roop diya gaya hai.

darshaniy sthal

ashok ke shilalekh

kalaka ji mandir ke pas sthit bahaeepur ganv men hal men hi ashok mahan ke chattanon par khude shilalekh mile hain. ye sabhi laghu-shilalekh ashok ne apane rajakarmachariyon ko snbodhit karake likhavae hain. ashok ne sabase pahale laghu-shilalekh hi khudavae the, isalie inaki shaili usake any lekhon se kuchh bhinn hai.

gandhi smriti

bidala bhavan ke baramade men sthapit yah vah jagah hai, jahan 30 janavari, 1948 ko prarthana sabha men jate hue rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ki hatya kar di gee thi. ise bad men smarak ka roop de diya gaya.

hauz khas

alauddin khilaji dvara sanh 1305 men siri ke nivasiyon ke lie banaya yah aisa pikanik sthal hai, jo garmiyon men thanda aur sardiyon men garam rahata hai.

purana sachivalay

ee. matung thaaumas dvara 1912 men yah bhavan kuchh hi mahinon men banakar taiyar hua tha. ab yahan dilli vidhanasabha chalati hai.

snsad bhavan

nee dilli sthit sarvadhik bhavy bhavanon men se ek hai, jahan vishv men kisi bhi desh men maujood vastukala ke utkrisht namoonon ki ujjval chhavi milati hai. rajadhani men ane vale bhramanarthi is bhavan ko dekhane zaroor ate hain. snsad ki donon sabhaen lok sabha aur rajy sabha isi bhavan ke ahate men sthit hain. 144 khambon ki yah vishal imarat 171 mitar ke vyas men phaili hai. har khambe ki oonchaee 8.3 mitar hai. adbhut lakadi ka chaukhata apani tarah ki kala men ek uttam sthan rakhata hai.

begam samaroo ka mahal

yah ilektranik saman ke thok evn phutakar vyapar ka kendr hai. ajakal ise bhagirath bilding ke nam se jana jata hai. ise begam samaroo (1753-1836) ke rahane ke lie banaya gaya tha, jisane ek lalachi sainik valtar renahard se nikah kar liya tha.

kotavali

1857 ki kranti ke asaphal ho jane ke bad angrezon ne dilli par qabza karane ke lie isaki sthapana ki thi. kuchh svatntrata sainaniyon ko yahan bandi banakar rakha gaya tha. kaiptan hedasan dvara kate ge mugal rajakumaron ke siron ka juloos bhi yahin par laya gaya tha.

tugalakabad

dilli ka tisara hissa, gayasuddin tugalaq dvara 1321 se 1325 ke bich basaya hua oonchi pahadi par banaya gaya qila hai. andar ghusate hi sngamaramar ka bana gayasuddin ka maqabara nazar ata hai. yah qila dakshin se poorv tak muhammad tugalak dvara banae adilabad qile tak phaila hai.

dharmik sthal

hindoo dharmik sthal

kalakaji mandir

chirag dilli flaee ovar se char kilomitar ki doori par sthit kalaka ji ke is mandir ka nirman 18vin shatabdi men kiya gaya tha. halanki mandir ka vistar pichhale 50 salon ka hi hai, lekin mandir ka sabase purana hissa atharahavin shatabdi ka hai. dilli ke vyapariyon dvara yahan nikat hi dharmashala bhi banavaee gee hai. aktoobar-navambar men ayojit varshik navaratr mahotsav ke samay desh-videsh se hazaron shraddhalu yahan ate hain.

jain dharmik sthal

ahinsa sthal

kutubaminar ke pas tin ekad kshetr men phaila yah sthal bhavy bagiche ke bich bhagavan mahavir ki kamal men sthit adamakad pratima ke lie prasiddh hai. 1980 men sthapit yah pratima 17 fit oonchi evn 50 tan vazani hai.

digambar jain mandir

shahajahanbad men 1656 men nirmit yah mandir bhagavan adinath ko samarpit hai. yah mandir cheriti pakshi aspatal ke lie bhi mashahoor hai.

eesaee dharmik sthal

sekred hart kaithadral charch

gurudvara bngala sahib marg ke pas dilli ki do pramukh kanvent skoolon sent kolambiya evn kanvent aauf jisas evn mairi ke madhy men sthit sekred hart kaithadral charch hai.

sent jems charch

1836 men jems skinar dvara banaee gee sent jems charch dilli ka sabase purana charch hai. pashchimi shaili men nirmit yah charch keval ravivar ke din hi khulata hai.

sent thaaumas charch

dilli men tisara charch sent thaaumas charch hai. jo 1930-32 men un eesaeeyon ke lie banaee gee thi, jo dharm parivartan karake eesaee bane hain. vaaultar jaaurj namak vastushilpi dvara lal eeton se nirmit yah charch pnchakuiyan marg par sthit hai.

sikkhon ke dharmik sthal

bngala sahib gurudvara

yah gurudvara guru harakishan sahib ji ki yad men banaya gaya hai, jo hoshiyarapur se dilli chhoti mata ke prakop se dilli vasiyon ko bachane ae the. is parisar men guru ne nivas kiya tha evn yahan par ek jhil bhi sthit hai. kaha jata hai ki isaka pani aushadhiy gun lie hue hai.

any gurudvare hain-

damadama sahib gurudvara, rakabagnj gurudvara, sisagnj gurudvara, majanoon ka tila gurudvara ityadi.

muslim dharmik sthal

chirag dehalavi daragah

nasirooddin mohammad ki yad men nirmit ise raushan chirag dehalavi ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

fatehapur masjid

san 1650 men ise shahajahan ki bivi fatehapuri begam ne banavaya tha.

hazarat nizamuddin auliya

chishti snton men chauthe nambar ke shekh nizamuddin chishti ko samarpit yah daragah muslim samaj ke lie atyant pak sthal hai. 'har guruvar sham ko desh ke nami qavval yahan apana hunar dikhate hain tatha amir khusaro ki gazalen gate hain. yahin urs bhi ayojit kiya jata hai.

jama masjid

lal pattharon se bani yah masjid mugal kal men vishv ki umda masjidon men se ek hai. 1644 men is masjid ka nirman shahajahan dvara shuroo karavaya gaya tha aur 1650 men yah banakar taiyar huee. is par tatkalin 10 lakh rupaya lagat aee. isake bich men ek chabootara hai, jahan par poorv, uttar evn dakshin men bani sidhiyon se jaya ja sakata hai.

any muslim dharmik sthal

khidaki masjid, moth ki masjid, sunahari masjid, qutubuddin bakhtiyar khan ki daragah adi.

pradarshani sthal

pragati maidan

pragati maidan maitro steshan, dilli

149 ekad kshetr men phaila yah maidan eshiya ke sarvottam pradarshani sthalon men se ek hai. mathura rod par purane qile se age sthit desh ke is sarvottam maidan men 54,685 vargamitar kshetr men phaile 15 vishal pradarshani sthal hain. isake alava yahan 10,000 varg mitar ka khula kshetr hai. jahan samay-samay par vyaparik pradarshaniyan ayojit ki jati hain. is maidan men kee darshaniy sthal bhi hain. jaise- rashtriy vigyan kendr (neshanal sains sentar), d haaul aauf neshanal, adabhut hastashilp sngrahalay evn stets pavailiyan (neshanal hendikrafts end hendaloom myooziyam). isake alava neharoo pavailiyan evn difains pavailiyan bhi darshaniy hain.

dilli hat

'litil indiya' ke darshan karane vala yah saptahik bazar hastashilp, vynjan evn sanskritik karyakramon ke lie prasiddh hai. akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan ke uttar men arabindo marg par ek ekad kshetr men phaila yah bazar dilli paryatan, nee dilli nagarapalika parishad (enadiemasi), disi (hastashilp) evn haindaloom ka snyukt prayas hai. sthayi sthal par lagane vala yah bazar kisi gramin mele sa pratit hota hai. yahan hastashilpi evn bhag lene vale badalate rahate hain. pratyek hastashilpi ko do saptah tak ke lie di jane vali yahan kul 62 staaul hain, jo kramik roop se badalati rahati hain, taki desh-videsh ke adhikatam hastashilpon ko yahan bhagidari aur apane pradarshit karane ka avasar mil sake. desh ke lagabhag sabhi pranton ke hastashilpon ko yahan par ek sath dekha ja sakata hai. kisi paryatak ke lie poore bharat ka bhraman kathin ho sakata hai, lekin vah yahan poore bharat ke har prant ke khan-pan, hastashilp evn snskriti ki jhalak dekh sakata hai. uchit mooly par adhikadhik utpad bhi yahan se kharide ja sakate hain.

khanapan

dilh‍li men khane pine ki bahut si dukanen aur bhojanalay hain. desh ke vibhinh‍n pranton ke vh‍ynjanon ka sh‍vad lene ke lie dilh‍li hat ka rukh kar sakate hain. yahan desh ke lagabhag har bhag ka bhojan milata hai. kul milakar dilh‍li men har tarah ke bhojan ka zayaqa liya ja sakata hai. dilh‍li men chandani chauk ek jagah hai jo froot chat, gol gaph‍pon, pakaudon aur bahut si chizon ke lie mashahoor hai.

snskriti

dilli ki snskriti yahan ke lambe itihas aur bharat ki rajadhani ke roop men aitihasik sthiti se poorn prabhavit rahi hai, yah shahar men bane kee mahattvapoorn aitihasik smarakon se gyat hai. bharatiy puratatvik sarvekshan vibhag ne dilli shahar men lagabhag 1200 dharohar sthal ghoshit kie hain, jo ki vishv men kisi bhi shahar se kahin adhik hai. mahanagar hone ki vajah se dilli men bharat ke sabhi pramukh th‍yauhar manae jate hain. dilli paryatan aur parivahan vikas nigam kuchh varshik uth‍savon ka bhi ayojan karate hain. ye raushanara uth‍sav, shalimar uth‍sav, kutub uth‍sav, shitakalin mela, udyan aur paryatan mela, jahane-khusaro uth‍sav tatha am mahoth‍sav hain.

khel

dilli khelon ki drishti se bhi kafi mahattvapoorn sthan raha hai. kriket aur phutabaaul dilli ke mukhy khel hain. yahan anek stediyam maujood hain jaise- firozashah kotala stediyam, javahar lal neharoo stediyam, indira gandhi indor stediyam, shyama prasad mukharji stediyam, siri phort kanpleks, karni sinh shooting renj, talakatora stediyam, tyagaraj stediyam, yamuna spotars kanpleks, ar. ke. khanna stediyam aur dilli vishvavidyalay.

19ven rashtramndal khel

aktoobar,2010 ko samapt hue 19ven rashtramndal khelon ki mezabani dilli ne ki. vibhinn khelon ke lie ayojit kiya jane vala yah ab tak ka sabase bada ayojan raha. bharat poore tin dashakon bad aise kisi ayojan ka mezaban bana. isase pahale bharat 1982 men eshiyaee khelon ki mezabani ki thi. isase pahale bharat 1982 men eshiyaee khelon ki mezabani kar chuka hai. eshiya men bhi yah 1998 ke kvalalnpur, maleshiya ke bad doosara bada ayojan hai.[8]

bachchon ki dilli

dilli men bachchon ke manornjan evn shiksha ke lie bahut kuchh hai. yahan bachchon ke lie manornjan park, vigyan kendr, pleneteriyam (khagol shiksha sngrahalay), sngrahalay aur chidiyaghar hai. bal bhavan-kotala rod par sthit bal bhavan men bachchon ke lie niyamit roop se natak, sngit, chitrakari adi ke karyakram ayojit kie jate hain. rashtriy bal sngrahalay evn vigyan sentar adi bhi yahin par sthit hain. bachchon ke lie pustakalay-childran buk trast, bi.si.ray memoriyal vachanalay, neshanal buk trast, british kaunsil pustakalay ityadi.

sau varsh ki rajadhani

gulami ke daur men angrez samrat jaaurj pncham ne 12 disambar, 1911 ko kolakata ke sthan par dilli ko rajadhani banaya. isaki rooparekha aur nirman karyon ki dekharekh british vastukar edavin luchens (lutiyans) ne ki thi. ek sau pachas varshon tak kolakata ke zariye bharat par shasan karane ke bad angrejon ne apani samrajy vistar ke maddenajar rajadhani ko uttar bharat sthanantarit kar dilli ko ne sthan ke roop men chuna tha tatha yahan nayi rajadhani banane ka mahatvakankshi abhiyan shuroo kiya tha.[9] king jaaurj pncham ke rajyarohan ka utsav manane aur unhen bharat ka samrat svikarane ke lie dilli men ayojit darabar men british bharat ke shasak, bharatiy rajakumar, samnt, sainik aur abhijaty varg ke log badi snkhya men ekatr hue the. darabar ke antim charan men ek acharaj bhari ghoshana ki gee. tatkalin vayasaray laaurd haaurding ne raja ke rajyarohan ke avasar par pradatt upadhiyon aur bhenton ki ghoshana ke bad ek dastavez saunpa. angrez raja ne vaktavy padhate hue rajadhani ko kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit karane, poorv aur pashchim bngal ko dobara ek karane sahit any prashasanik parivartanon ki ghoshana ki. dilli valon ke lie yah ek hairatangej phaisala tha, jabaki is ghoshana ne ek hi jhatake men ek soobe ke shahar ko ek samrajy ki rajadhani men badal diya, jabaki 1772 se british bharat ki rajadhani kalakatta thi.[10]

dilli par kavitaen

(1) dilli (navanit pande dvara)

dilli
keval nam nahin hai kisi shahar ka
pahachan hai ek desh ki
pran hai ek desh ka
yah alag bat hai-
dilli men ek nahin
kee dilliyan hain-
purani dilli, nee dilli,
dilli kaint, dilli sadar adi- adi
har dilli ke apane rng,
apane qanoon - qayade
apaki dilli, meri dilli
zama maszid vali dilli
bidala mndir vali dilli
shishagnj gurudvare vali dilli
charchaget vali dilli
sahity akadami vali dilli
hindi grnth akadami vali dilli
enesadi vali dilli
javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay vali dilli
mahatma gandhi vishvavidyalay vali dilli
dilli ki soch men
dilli dil valon ki hai
dilli se bahar ki khabar ke anusar
dilli dilli valon ki hai
dilli kisaki hai?
is prashn ka sahi- sahi uttar
svayn dilli ke pas bhi nahin hai
vah to sabhi ko apana manati hai
kashmir se kanyakumari tak
pahunchata hai dilli ka akhabar
har gali, ganv, shahar ki divaren uthae hain
dilli ke ishtahar
ankhe dekhati hain- dilli
kan sunate hain- dilli
honth bolate hain- dilli
sab karate hain-
dilli ka etabar
dilli ka intazar
dilli ki jayakar
pairon men pnkh lag jate hain
sunate hi dilli ki pukar
dubak jate hain sunate hi
dilli ki phatakar
dilli ki lalakar
sab ko janati hai dilli
sab ko chhanati hai dilli
sab ko palati hai dilli
sab ko dhalati hai dilli

dilliah

arthath preyasi ka dil
dilliah
arthath premi ki mnjil
dilliah
arthath sarakar
dilliah

arthath darabar.[11]
(2) dilli (gulam mohammad shekh dvara)

toote tikkad jaise kile par
kachchi mooli ke svad ki-si dhoop
tugalakabad ke khndaharon men ghas aur pattharon ka snvanan
parachhaiyon men kaman, kaman men parachhaiyan;
khidaki masjid
ankhon ko bedhakar suee ki manind
ar-par nikalati
jama-masjid ki sidhiyon ki qatar

ped ki jadon se ann nali tak uth khada hota qutub
charon or mahak
anaj ki, mans ki, khoon ki, jel ki, mahal ki
bite hue kal ki, sadiyon ki

sans is kshan ki
ankh aj ki udati hai itihas men
utarati hai darar men galib ki majar ki
bhatakati hai khanakhanan ki adhakhaee haddi ki khoj men
odh jahanara ki badanasibi ko
nikal padati hai maqabara dar maqabara .

abhi bhi dhool, abhi bhi kohara
ab bhi nahin aya koee fark mans or patthar men
lal kile ki pashchimi kaman men soee
fakhta ki yoni ki chhat se hoti huee
ghupati hai meri ankh men
kiran ek soory ki.


abhi to bhor hi hai
saty ko snbhogate hain svapn

savera kaisa hoga ?[12]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 dilli ki adhikarik vebasait
  2. Average annual rainfall of the states of India
  3. adity chaudhari (bharatakosh prashasak) ke vaktavy ka ansh
  4. Average annual rainfall of the states of India
  5. rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilh‍li (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 17 joon, 2012.
  6. INDIAN RAILWAYS PASSENGER RESERVATION ENQUIRY
  7. poora nam edvin laindasiyar lootyans, bisavin shatabdi ka ek prasiddh british vastukar.
  8. adhikarik vebasait (hindi) (piechapi). . abhigaman tithi: 28 sitnbar, 2010.
  9. rajadhani dilli 100 baras ki huee, par koee samaroh nahin! (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) si.en.bi.si. avaz. abhigaman tithi: 22 disnbar, 2011.
  10. nee dilh‍liah sau baras ka saphar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 disnbar, 2011.
  11. dilli / navanit pande (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) kavita kosh. abhigaman tithi: 4 march , 2011.
  12. dilli / gulam mohammad shekh (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) kavita kosh. abhigaman tithi: 5 march , 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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