देहरादून  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

deharadoon
Dehradun-Map.jpg
vivaran devabhoomi uttarakhnd ki rajadhani deharadoon bharat ka prasiddh parvatiy paryatak sthal hai. deharadoon poorv men gnga se lekar pashchim men yamuna nadi tak phaila hua hai.
rajy uttarakhand
zila deharadoon zila
sthapana 1699
marg sthiti deharadoon chndigadh se 204 kilomitar dakshin poorv, shimala se 234 kilomitar dakshin poorv, dilli se 288 kilomitar door sthit hai.
prasiddhi deharadoon shikshan snsthan, mndir, jharanen, sngrahalay ke lie vikhyat hai.
kaise pahunchen bas, rel, taiksi, havaee jahaz
havaee adda jauli grant havaee adda, deharadoon
relave steshan deharadoon relave steshan
bas adda bas adda, deharadoon
kya dekhen shikshan snsthan, mndir, jharanen, sngrahalay
kya khariden kharidadari ke lie paltan bazar vishesh taur par prasiddh hai. mausam ki taji shakkar, ne akar prakar ke bartan aur gipht dene ka saman, am aur rasili lichi kharid sakate hain.
es.ti.di. kod 0135
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
savadhani barasat men bhooskhalan
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, jauli grant havaee adda
deharadoon deharadoon paryatan deharadoon zila

deharadoon uttari bharat ke pashchimottar uttarakhnd rajy men sthit hai. deharadoon 670 mitar ki oonchaee par himalay ki taraee men sthit hai. bhaugolik roop se deharadoon shivalik ki pahadiyon aur madhy himalay ki pahadiyon ke bich men sthit hai. uttarakhnd ki rajadhani deharadoon bharat ka prasiddh parvatiy paryatak sthal hai. deharadoon poorv men gnga se lekar pashchim men yamuna nadi tak phaila hua hai. is tarah ki vistrit ghatiyon ko hi "doon" kahate hain. himalay ki taraee aur shivalik parvat shrinkhala ke bich ki ghati ko doon kahate hain. is ghati men saung v asan jaisi kee nadiyan hain. deharadoon shabd ki utpatti do shabdon ko milakar huee hai-

mindroling stoop, deharadoon
Mindroling Stupa, Dehradun
  • dehara shabd ka arth nivas sthan ya dera hai.
  • doon ka arth dron ya parvat ghati hai.

deharadoon shahar ke uttar men parvatiy nagar masoori ek lokapriy grishmakalin paryatak kendr hai aur rishikesh ek mahattvapoorn tirth sthal hai.

sthapana

deharadoon ki sthapana 1699 men huee thi. kahate hain ki sikkhon ke guru ramaray kiratapur pnjab se akar yahan bas ge the. mugal samrat aurngazeb ne unhen kuchh gram tihari naresh se dan men dilava die the. yahan unhonne 1699 ee. men mugal maqabaron se milata-julata mandir bhi banavaya jo aj tak prasiddh hai. shayad guru ka dera is ghati men hone ke karan hi is sthan ka nam deharadoon pad gaya hoga.

  • isake atirikt ek atyant prachin kinvadanti ke anusar deharadoon ka nam pahale dronanagar tha aur yah kaha jata tha ki pandav-kauravon ke guru dronachary ne is sthan par apani tapobhoomi banaee thi aur unhin ke nam par is nagar ka namakaran hua tha.
  • ek any kinvadanti ke anusar jis dronapart ki aushadhiyan hanuman ji lakshman ke shakti lagane par lnka le ge the, vah deharadoon men sthit tha, kintu valmiki ramayan men is parvat ko mahoday kaha gaya hai.

itihas

deharadoon ka itihas kafi prachin hai. sknd puran men deharadoon ko "kedar khand" ka bhag kaha gaya hai.[1] deharadoon ka ek ati prachin muhalla khuravada hai, jisaka sambandh lok katha men virat ke gauaun ke khuron ke girane se joda jata hai. deharadoon ­zile men kalasi ke nikat jagatagram namak sthan par tritiy shati ee. ke kuchh avashesh mile hain, jinase gyat hota hai, ki raja shilavarman ne is sthan par ashvamedh ygy kiya tha. isase yah mahattvapoorn tathy siddh hota hai ki desh ke is bhag men tritiy shati ee. men hindoo dharm ke punarjagaran ke lakshan nishchit roop se dikhaee padane lage the. yah bhi kaha jata hai ki mahabharat kal men virataraj ki sena kalasi men raha karati thi, jo deharadoon ke pas hi hai aur unaki ganvon ki raksha chhadmaveshadhari arjun ne ki thi.[2]

kegyu snsthan, deharadoon
Kagyu Institute, Dehradun

brahmadatt

brahmadatt ka rajy gnga aur yamuna ke bich tha. sanh 1368 men taimoor ne haridvar ke pas raja brahmadatt se ladaee ki. taimoor ne bijanaur zile se gnga ko par kar ke mohand darre se deharadoon men pravesh kiya. brahmadatt ki har ke bad taimoor ne badi nirdayata se marakat karavaee, use loot men bahut dhan bhi mila tha. isake bad phir sadiyon tak idhar koee lutera nahin aya. shahajahan ke samay men phir mugal sena idhar aee thi. us samay gadhaval men prithvishah ka rajy tha. is raja ke prapautr fateh shah ne apane rajy ki sima badhane ke uddeshy se tibbat aur saharanapur par ek sath chadhaee kar di thi, lekin itihas ke dastavezon ke anusar usako yuddh men har ka munh dekhana pada tha. sanh 1756 ke asapas shri guru ramaray ne doon kshetr men apani sena tatha shishyon ke sath pravesh kiya aur darabar sahib ki ninv rakhakar sthayi roop se yahin bas ge.

akraman

  • mugal samrajy ke chhinn-bhinn ho jane par 1772 ee. men deharadoon par goojaron ne akraman kiya tha. tatpashchath afagan saradar gulam qadir ne guru ramaray ke mandir men anek hinduon ka vadh kiya aur phir saharanapur ke soobedar najibuddaula ne doon-ghati par akraman karake us par adhikar kar liya. usaki mrityu ke pashchath goojar, rajapoot aur gorakhe; in sabhi ne bari-bari se is pradesh men lootamar machaee.
  • 1783 ee. men sikh saradar baghel sinh ne saharanapur ko lootane ke pashchath deharadoon ko nasht-bhrasht kar diya. jin logon ne ramaray ke mandir men sharan li, keval ve hi bach sake any sab ko talavar ke ghat utar diya gaya. asapas ke ganvon men bhi baghel sinh ke sainikon ne loot-mar machaee.
sahastradhara, deharadoon
Sahastradhar, Dehradun
  • 1786 ee. men gulam qadir ne dubara deharadoon ko loota aur is bar usaka sahayak maniyar sinh bhi tha. gulam qadir ne ramaray ke gurudvare ko lootakar jala diya aur bichhi huee guru ki shaiya par shayan kar usane sikkhon aur hinduon ke hridayon ko bhari thes pahunchaee. sthaniy hinduon ka vishvas tha ki inhin atyacharon ke karan yah drisht akranta pagal hokar mrityu ko prapt hua.
  • 1801 ee. men gorakhon ne doon ghati ko hastagat kar liya. yahan us samay tihari gadhaval naresh pradumnashah ka adhikar tha. is ladaee men gorakha naresh bahadurashah ka vir senani amar sinh ne badi virata se samana kiya. gorakhon ka rajy is ghati men terah-chaudah varsh tak raha. is kal men unhonne badi nrishnsata se shasan kiya. unaka atyachar yahan tak badh gaya tha ki ve lagan vasool karane ke lie kisanon ko prativarsh haridvar ke mele men bech diya karate the. kaha jata hai ki inaka mooly das se ek sau pachas rupaye tak uthata tha. atyachar grast kisan saikadon ki snkhya men doon-ghati se bhagakar bahar chale ge. ramaray gurudvare ke mahant harasevak ne bad men in kisanon ko vapas bula liya tha.
  • 1814 ee. men gorakha yuddh ke pashchath doonaghati tatha uttari bharat ke any pahadi pradesh angrezon ke hath men a ge. 18vin sadi ke dauran akramanakariyon ne ek ke bad ek is ilaqe par vijay paee, jinamen antim gurakha the.
  • 1816 men gurakha yuddh ki samapti par yah kshetr angrezon ko sattantarit kar diya gaya.

yatayat aur parivahan

klaauk taauvar, deharadoon
Clock Tower, Dehradun

deharadoon parvatiy paryatak sthal tatha dakshin se ane vale ek rel evn sadak marg ka antim padav hai. yahan yatayat ke paryapt sadhan upalabdh hain.

vayu marg

deharadoon ka nikatatam havaee adda jauli grant havaee adda hai. desh ke pramukh shaharon se yah sidha havaeemarg dvara juda hua hai. 

rel marg

deharadoon desh ke pramukh shaharon se juda hua hai. dilli, kolakata, munbee, varanasi, lakhanoo aur any jagahon se yahan ke lie rojana rel seva upalabh‍dh hain.

sadak marg

deharadoon dilh‍li tatha rajh‍y ke anek shaharon se bas marg dvara aya ja sakata hai.

udyog aur vyapar

yahan chaval, gehoon, mota anaj, chay aur any fasalen ugaee jati hain, tatha is kshetr men qimati imarati lakadiyan payi jati hai. chay prasnskaran deharadoon ka mukhy udyog hai. deharadoon bharatiy sarvekshan evn van vibhag ka mukhyalay bhi hai.

shikshan snsthan

vany anusndhan snsthan, deharadoon
Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

deharadoon men kee shaikshanik snsthan hain, jo is prakar hain-

  • vany anusndhan snsthan
  • aaurakiyolaaujikal sarve leboretri
  • indiyan militri ekedami
  • rashtriy indiyan militri kaaulej
  • indiyan instityoot aauf rimot sensing
  • shri guru ram ray instityoot aauf teknolaauji end sainsez

sngrahalay

is shahar men sngrahalay bhi hain, jinamen se ek mahattvapoorn sngrahalay 'vadiya instityoot aauf himalayan jiyaaulaauji' men hain asapas ke ilaqe men 2500 mitar tak oonchi chotiyan hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar deharadoon ki janasnkhya 4,47,808 hai. chhavani kshetr men deharadoon ki janasnkhya 30,102 v deharadoon zile men janasnkhya 12,79,083 hain.

paryatan

deharadoon men kee paryatan sthal hai. bharat ka prasiddh parvatiy paryatak sthal deharadoon devabhoomi hai. shivalik pahadiyon ke bich basa deharadoon prativarsh lakhon sailaniyon ko apani or akarshit karata hai. deharadoon ka vany anusndhan snsthan eshiya men ekamatr snsthan hai. deharadoon men prakritik chhata ke sath-sath manav nirmit kala ko bhi dekha ja sakata hai. deharadoon paryatan ka sabase akarshak sthal hai. videshi paryatak bhi yahan adhyatmik sukh ki chah men niyamit roop se ate rahate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. History of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India (angrezi) (echatiem) indiyanet zon. abhigaman tithi: 7 julaee, 2010.
  2. is pichhali kinvadanti men kuchh bhi tathy nahin jan padata kyonki virat ka rajy matsy desh men tha, jo vartaman alavar-jayapur ka ilaqa hai.

snbndhit lekh