धनतेरस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dhanateras
mahalakshmi devi
any nam dhanvantari jayanti
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
uddeshy gharon men dipavali ki sajavat bhi aj hi se prarambh ho jati hai. is din gharon ko svachchh kar, lip-potakar, chauk, rngoli bana saynkal ke samay dipak jalakar lakshmi ji ka avahan kiya jata hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik krishn paksh trayodashi
dharmik manyata is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh men ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai.
any janakari is din se koee kisi ko apani vastu udhar nahin deta. isake upalakshy men bazaron se ne bartan, vastr, dipavali poojan hetu lakshmi-ganesh, khilaune, khil-batashe tatha sone-chandi ke jevar adi bhi kharide jate hain.

dhanateras (angrezi: Dhanteras) hindoo dharm men manaya jane vala prasiddh tyohar hai. kartik krishn paksh ki trayodashi tithi ke din bhagavan dhanvantari ka janm hua tha, isalie is tithi ko 'dhanateras' ya 'dhanatrayodashi' ke nam se jana jata hai. bharat sarakar ne dhanateras ko 'rashtriy ayurved divas' ke roop men manane ka nirnay liya hai. dhanateras dipavali ane ki poorv soochana deta hai. hamare desh men sarvadhik dhoomadham se manae jane vale tyohar dipavali ka prarnbh dhanateras se ho jata hai. isi din se gharon ki lipaee-putaee prarambh kar dete hain. dipavali ke lie vividh vastuon ki kharid aj ki jati hai. is din se koee kisi ko apani vastu udhar nahin deta. isake upalakshy men bazaron se ne bartan, vastr, dipavali poojan hetu lakshmi-ganesh, khilaune, khil-batashe tatha sone-chandi ke jevar adi bhi kharide jate hain.

Blockquote-open.gif aj hi ke din ayurvedik chikitsa paddhati ke janmadata dhanvantari vaidy samudr se amrit kalash lekar pragat hue the, isalie dhanateras ko dhanvantari jayanti bhi kahate hain. isilie vaidy-hakim aur brahman samaj aj dhanvantari bhagavan ka poojan kar dhanvantari jayanti manata hai. Blockquote-close.gif

mahattv

dharmik aur aitihasik drishti se bhi is din ka vishesh mahattv hai. shastron men is bare men kaha hai ki jin parivaron men dhanateras ke din yamaraj ke nimitt dipadan kiya jata hai, vahan akal mrityu nahin hoti. gharon men dipavali ki sajavat bhi aj hi se prarambh ho jati hai. is din gharon ko svachchh kar, lip-potakar, chauk, rngoli bana saynkal ke samay dipak jalakar lakshmi ji ka avahan kiya jata hai. is din purane bartanon ko badalana v ne bartan kharidana shubh mana gaya hai. is din chandi ke bartan kharidane se to atyadhik puny labh hota hai. is din hal juti mitti ko doodh men bhigokar usamen semar ki shakha dalakar lagatar tin bar apane sharir par pherana tatha kunkum lagana chahie. kartik snan karake pradosh kal men ghat, gaushala, kuan, bavali, mndir adi sthanon par tin din tak dipak jalana chahie. tula rashi ke soory men chaturdashi v amavasya ki sandhya ko jalati lakadi ki mashal se pitaron ka marg prashast karana chahie.

poojan vidhi

  • is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh men ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai. yah pooja din men nahin ki jati apitu ratri hote samay yamaraj ke nimitt ek dipak jalaya jata hai.
  • is din yam ke lie ate ka dipak banakar ghar ke mukhy dvar par rakha jata hain is dip ko jamadiva arthath yamaraj ka dipak kaha jata hai.
  • rat ko ghar ki striyan dipak men tel dalakar nee rooee ki batti banakar, char battiyan jalati hain. dipak ki batti dakshin disha ki or rakhani chahie.
  • jal, roli, phool, chaval, gud, naivedy adi sahit dipak jalakar striyan yam ka poojan karati hain. choonki yah dipak mrityu ke niyantrak dev yamaraj ke nimitt jalaya jata hai, at: dip jalate samay poorn shraddha se unhen naman to karen hi, sath hi yah bhi prarthana karen ki ve apake parivar par daya drishti banae rakhen aur kisi ki akal mrityu n ho.

dhanvantari jayanti

aj hi ke din ayurvedik chikitsa paddhati ke janmadata dhanvantari vaidy samudr se amrit kalash lekar pragat hue the, isalie dhanateras ko 'dhanvantari jayanti' bhi kahate hain. isilie vaidy-hakim aur brahman samaj aj dhanvantari bhagavan ka poojan kar 'dhanvantari jayanti' manata hai. bahut kam log janate hain ki dhanateras ayurved ke janak dhanvntari ki smriti men manaya jata hai. is din log apane gharon men ne bartan kharidate hain aur unamen pakavan rakhakar bhagavan dhanvntari ko arpit karate hain. lekin ve yah bhool jate hain ki asali dhan to svasthy hai.

dhanvntari eesa se lagabhag das hazar varsh poorv hue the. vah kashi ke raja maharaj dhanv ke putr the. unhonne shaly shastr par mahattvapoorn gaveshanaen ki thin. unake prapautr divodas ne unhen parimarjit kar sushrut adi shishyon ko upadesh die is tarah sushrut snhita kisi ek ka nahin, balki dhanvntari, divodas aur sushrut tinon ke vaigyanik jivan ka moort roop hai. dhanvntari ke jivan ka sabase bada vaigyanik prayog amrit ka hai. unake jivan ke sath amrit ka kalash juda hai. vah bhi sone ka kalash. amrit nirman karane ka prayog dhanvntari ne svarn patr men hi bataya tha. unhonne kaha ki jara mrityu ke vinash ke lie brahma adi devataon ne som namak amrit ka avishkar kiya tha. sushrut unake rasayanik prayog ke ullekh hain. dhanvntari ke snpraday men sau prakar ki mrityu hai. unamen ek hi kal mrityu hai, shesh akal mrityu rokane ke prayas hi nidan aur chikitsa hain. ayu ke nyoonadhiky ki ek-ek map dhanvntari ne bataee hai.

Blockquote-open.gif is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh men ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai. yah pooja din men nahin ki jati apitu ratri hote samay yamaraj ke nimitt ek dipak jalaya jata hai. Blockquote-close.gif

dhanateras ki katha

ek samay bhagavan vishnu mrityulok men vicharan karane ke lie a rahe the, lakshmi ji ne bhi sath chalane ka agrah kiya. vishnu ji bole- 'yadi main jo bat kahoon, vaise hi mano, to chalo.' lakshmi ji ne svikar kiya aur bhagavan vishnu, lakshmi ji sahit bhoomandal par ae. kuchh der bad ek sthan par bhagavan vishnu lakshmi se bole-'jab tak main n aoon, tum yahan thaharo. main dakshin disha ki or ja raha hoon, tum udhar mat dekhana.' vishnuji ke jane par lakshmi ko kautuk utpann hua ki akhir dakshin disha men kya hai jo mujhe mana kiya gaya hai aur bhagavan svayn dakshin men kyon ge, koee rahasy zaroor hai. lakshmi ji se raha n gaya, jyonhi bhagavan ne rah pakadi, tyonhi lakshmi bhi pichhe-pichhe chal padin. kuchh hi door par sarason ka khet dikhaee diya. vah khoob phoola tha. ve udhar hi chalin. sarason ki shobha se ve mugdh ho geen aur usake phool todakar apana shrringar kiya aur age chalin. age ganne (eekh) ka khet khada tha. lakshmi ji ne char ganne lie aur ras choosane lagin. usi kshan vishnu ji ae aur yah dekh lakshmi ji par naraz hokar shap diya- 'mainne tumhen idhar ane ko mana kiya tha, par tum n manin aur yah kisan ki chori ka aparadh kar baithin. ab tum us kisan ki 12 varsh tak is aparadh ki saza ke roop men seva karo.' aisa kahakar bhagavan unhen chhodakar kshirasagar chale ge. lakshmi kisan ke ghar rahane lagin.

vah kisan ati daridr tha. lakshmiji ne kisan ki patni se kaha- 'tum snan kar pahale is meri banaee devi lakshmi ka poojan karo, phir rasoee banana, tum jo mangogi milega.' kisan ki patni ne lakshmi ke adeshanusar hi kiya. pooja ke prabhav aur lakshmi ki kripa se kisan ka ghar doosare hi din se ann, dhan, ratn, svarn adi se bhar gaya aur lakshmi se jagamag hone laga. lakshmi ne kisan ko dhan-dhany se poorn kar diya. kisan ke 12 varsh bade anand se kat ge. tatpashchath 12 varsh ke bad lakshmiji jane ke lie taiyar hueen. vishnuji, lakshmiji ko lene ae to kisan ne unhen bhejane se inkar kar diya. lakshmi bhi bina kisan ki marji vahan se jane ko taiyar n thin. tab vishnuji ne ek chaturaee ki. vishnuji jis din lakshmi ko lene ae the, us din varuni parv tha. at: kisan ko varuni parv ka mahattv samajhate hue bhagavan ne kaha- 'tum parivar sahit gnga men jakar snan karo aur in kaudiyon ko bhi jal men chhod dena. jab tak tum nahin lautoge, tab tak main lakshmi ko nahin le jaoonga.' lakshmiji ne kisan ko char kaudiyan gnga ke dene ko di. kisan ne vaisa hi kiya. vah saparivar gnga snan karane ke lie chala. jaise hi usane gnga men kaudiyan dalin, vaise hi char hath gnga men se nikale aur ve kaudiyan le lin. tab kisan ko ashchary hua ki vah to koee devi hai. tab kisan ne gngaji se poochha-'mata! ye char bhujaen kisaki hain?' gngaji bolin- 'he kisan! ve charon hath mere hi the. toone jo kaudiyan bhent di hain, ve kisaki di huee hain?' kisan ne kaha- 'mere ghar jo stri aee hai, unhonne hi di hain.'

is par gngaji bolin- 'tumhare ghar jo stri aee hai vah sakshat lakshmi hain aur purush vishnu bhagavan hain. tum lakshmi ko jane mat dena, nahin to pun: nirdhan ho jaage.' yah sun kisan ghar laut aya. vahan lakshmi aur vishnu bhagavan jane ko taiyar baithe the. kisan ne lakshmiji ka anchal pakada aur bola- 'main tumhen jane nahin doonga. tab bhagavan ne kisan se kaha- 'inhen kaun jane deta hai, parantu ye to chnchala hain, kahin thaharati hi nahin, inako bade-bade nahin rok sake. inako mera shap tha, jo ki 12 varsh se tumhari seva kar rahi thin. tumhari 12 varsh seva ka samay poora ho chuka hai.' kisan hathapoorvak bola- 'nahin ab main lakshmiji ko nahin jane doonga. tum koee doosari stri yahan se le jao.' tab lakshmiji ne kaha-'he kisan! tum mujhe rokana chahate ho to jo main kahoon jaisa karo. kal teras hai, main tumhare lie dhanateras manaoongi. tum kal ghar ko lip-potakar svachchh karana. ratri men ghi ka dipak jalakar rakhana aur sanyakal mera poojan karana aur ek tanbe ke kalash men rupaya bharakar mere nimitt rakhana, main us kalash men nivas karoongi. kintu pooja ke samay main tumhen dikhaee nahin doongi. main is din ki pooja karane se varsh bhar tumhare ghar se nahin jaoongi. mujhe rakhana hai to isi tarah prativarsh meri pooja karana.' yah kahakar ve dipakon ke prakash ke sath dason dishaon men phail geen aur bhagavan dekhate hi rah ge. agale din kisan ne lakshmiji ke kathanusar poojan kiya. usaka ghar dhan-dhany se poorn ho gaya. isi bhanti vah har varsh teras ke din lakshmiji ki pooja karane laga.

savadhaniyan

  • savadhan aur sajag rahen. asavadhani aur laparavahi se manushy bahut kuchh kho baithata hai. vijayadashami aur dipavali ke agaman par is tyohar ka annd, khushi aur utsah banaye rakhane ke lie savadhanipoorvak rahen.
  • patakhon ke sath khilavad n karen. uchit doori se patakhe chalaen.
  • mithaiyon aur pakavanon ki shuddhata, pavitrata ka dhyan rakhen .
  • bharatiy snskriti ke anusar adarshon v sadagi se manayen. pashchaty jagath ka andhanukaran na karen.
  • patakhe ghar se door chalayen aur as-pas ke logon ki asuvidha ke prati sajag rahen.
  • svachchhta aur paryavaran ka dhyan rakhen.
  • patakhon se bachchon ko uchit doori banaye rakhane aur savadhaniyon ko prayog karane ka sahaj gyan den.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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