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dhirendr varma
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poora nam dhirendr varma
janm 17 mee, 1897
janm bhoomi bareli, uttar pradesh
mrityu 23 aprail, 1973
mrityu sthan prayag, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak khanachnd (pita)
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak, samikshak, pradhyapak
mukhy rachanaen 'brajabhasha vyakaran', 'soorasagar-sar', 'madhyadesh', 'hindi sahity kosh' 'yoorop ke patr' adi.
bhasha hindi, snskrit aur brajabhasha
vidyalay myor sentral kaaulej ilahabad, peris vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e., di. lith.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari dhirendr varma ne 'sagar vishvavidyalay' men bhasha vigyan vibhagadhyaksh roop men kam kiya aur phir 'jabalapur vishvavidyalay' ke kulapati bane.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

dhirendr varma (angrezi: Dhirendra Verma, janm- 17 mee, 1897, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 23 aprail, 1973, prayag) hindi aur brajabhasha ke prasiddh kavi aur lekhak the. jo kary hindi samiksha ke kshetr men achary ramachandr shukl ne kiya, vahi kary hindi shodh ke kshetr men daau. dhirendr varma ne kiya tha. dhirendr varma jahan ek taraf hindi vibhag ke utkrisht vyavasthapak rahe, vahin doosari or ek adarsh pradhyapak bhi the. bharatiy bhashaon se sambaddh samast shodh kary ke adhar par unhonne 1933 ee. men hindi bhasha ka pratham vaigyanik itihas likha tha. phrench bhasha men unaka brajabhasha par shodh prabandh hai, jisaka ab hindi anuvad ho chuka hai.

janm

dhirendr varma ka janm 17 mee, 1897 ko bareli (uttar pradesh) ke bhood mohalle men hua tha. inake pita ka nam khanachnd tha. khanachnd ek zamindar pita ke putr hote hue bhi bharatiy snskriti se prem rakhate the. ve ary samaj ke prabhav men aye the. dhirendr varma par bachapan se hi pita ke in gunon ka aur is vatavaran ka prabhav pad chuka tha.

shiksha

prarambh men dhirendr varma ka nam san 1908 men di.e.vi. kaaulej, deharadoon men likhaya gaya, kintu kuchh hi dinon bad ve apane pita ke pas chale aye aur inaka nam kvins kaaulej, lakhanoo men likhaya gaya. isi skool se san 1914 ee. men pratham shreni men skool living sartiphiket pariksha pas ki aur hindi men vishesh yogyata prapt ki. tadantar myor sentral kaaulej, ilahabad men inhonne pravesh kiya. san 1921 ee. men isi kaaulej se inhonne snskrit se em.e. kiya. unhonne peris vishvavidyalay se di. lith. ki upadhi prapt ki thi.

kulapati

daau. varma 1924 men 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' men hindi ke pratham adhyapak niyukt hue the aur bad men vahin prophesar aur hindi vibhag ke adhyaksh bane. unhonne 'sagar vishvavidyalay' men bhasha vigyan vibhagadhyaksh roop men kam kiya aur phir 'jabalapur vishvavidyalay' ke kulapati bane.

bhasha-shaili

jo kary hindi samiksha ke kshetr men achary ramachndr shukl ji ne kiya tha, vahi kary hindi shodh ke kshetr men dhirendr ji ne kiya.[1] inaki chintan shaili atyant snshlisht hai. bhasha aur sahity ko inhonne hamesha snskriti ke vyapak parivesh men grahan kiya hai. adhunik samay men 'madhyadesh' ko ek bhaugolik tatha sanskritik ikaee ke roop men punaranveshit karane ka shrey dhirendr varma ko hai. ek or ye hindi vibhag ke utkrisht vyavasthapak rahe hain aur doosari or ek adarsh pradhyapak bhi. snatak aur snatakottar parikshaon ke pathyakram ke nirdharan, niyojan aur vyavasthapan men jo vishad kary shyamasundar das ne kiya tha, use unhonne vaishishtay pradan kiya. pathyakram men bhasha aur sahity ki vyapakata ko dhyatavy manakar use navin gati pradan ki. inaki adhyapan shaili atyant vyavasthapoorn, suspasht aur kramik vivechanayukt rahi hai. bhasha-vigyan jaise vishay ko bhi ye saral subodh banakar prastut karate the. hindi bhasha aur sahity ke itihas ko lekar inaki jaisi svasth aur spasht drishti kam hi dekhane ko milati hai.

shodh kary

dhirendr varma ke nibandhon ke adhar par anek gambhir shodh kary hue hain. bharatiy bhashaon se snbaddh samast shodh karyon ke adhar par inhonne 1933 ee. men hindi bhasha ka pratham vaigyanik itihas likha tha. san 1934 ee. men ye peris gaye aur prasiddh bhasha vaigyanik jyool blaaukh ke nirdeshan men peris yoonivarsiti se di. lith. ki upadhi prapt ki. hindustani akadami ke san 1927 ee. se hi sadasy rahe aur dirghakal tak usake mntri bhi. san 1958-1959 men lingvistik sosayati aauf indiya ke adhyaksh pad par bhi ap rahe. dhirendr varma pratham 'hindi vishvakosh' ke pradhan snpadak rahe hain.

kritiyan

daau. dhirendr varma ki kritiyan anek aur bahuvidh hain. 'hindi bhasha ka itihas' apane samay tak ke adhunik bhashaon se sambandhit khoj kary ke gnbhir anushilan ke adhar par likha hua hindi bhasha ka pratham vaigyanik evn mahattvapoorn itihas hai. phrench bhasha men brajabhasha par shodh prabandh, jisaka ab hindi anuvad ho chuka hai, 'hindi bhasha aur lipi', 'hindi bhasha ka itihas' ki bhoomika ka svatntr roop hai. hindustani akadami ne ise 1935 men prakashit kiya tha. inake grnthon ka vivaran is prakar hai-

dhirendr varma ki pramukh kritiyan
kramank kriti snkshipt vivaran
1. 'brajabhasha vyakaran' prakashan ramanarayan lal, ilahabad, san 1937
2. 'ashtachhap' prakashan ramanarayan lal, ilahabad, san 1938
3. 'soorasagar-sar' soor ke 817 utkrisht padon ka chayan evn snpadan, prakashan sahity bhavan limited, ilahabad, 1954
4. 'meri kalij dayari' 1917 ke 1923 tak ke vidyarthi jivan men likhi gayi dayari ka pustak roop hai, prakashan sahity bhavan limited, ilahabad, 1954
5. 'madhyadesh' bharatiy snskriti snbndhi grnth hai. bihar rashtrabhasha parishad ke tattvadhan men diye gaye bhashanon ka yah snshodhit roop hai. prakashan bihar rashtrabhasha parishad, patana, 1955
6. 'brajabhasha' thisis ka hindi roopantar hai. prakashan hindustani akadami, 1957
7. 'hindi sahity kosh' snpadan, prakashan gyanamndal limited, banaras, 1958
8. 'hindi sahity' snpadan, prakashan bharatiy hindi parishad, 1959
9. 'kampani ke patr' snpadan, prakashan ilahabad yoonivarsiti, 1959
10. 'gramin hindi' prakashan, sahity bhavan limited, ilahabad
11. 'hindi rashtr' prakashan, bharati bhandar, lidar pres, ilahabad
12. 'vichar dhara' nibandh sngrah hai, prakashan sahity bhavan limited, ilahabad
13. 'yoorop ke patr' yoorop jane ke bad likhe gaye patron ka mahattvapoorn snchayan hai. prakashan sahity bhavan limited, ilahabad

nidhan

lambe samay tak hindi ki seva karane vale is mahanh sahityakar aur kavi ka 23 aprail, 1973 men dehant hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi anushilan, dhirendr varma visheshank, prishth 16

snbndhit lekh

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