नागरिक शास्त्र सामान्य ज्ञान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

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1. marks ke anusar rajy ke gathan ka asann karan kya tha?

shoshan
samntavad
asamadhey varg sngharsh
poonjivad
marks ke anusar, rajy ki utpatti ka karan varg sngharsh ki asamadhey sthiti hai. enjels ne apani prashnsaniy pustak 'aaurijin aauph phaimili, praivet praauparti end d stet' men rajy ki utpatti aur svaroop ke vishay men likha hai ki 'yah samaj ke vikas ke ek nishchit charan ki upaj hai. yah is bat ki svikriti hai ki samaj aise varg antarvirodh (sngharsh) ka shikar hai jisaka koee hal nahin hai. ye varg sngharsh samaj aur vargon ko bhasm n kar de isalie prakat roop se rajy ki avashyakata huee jo is sngharsh par niyntran kar sake aur vyavastha ke antargat simit rakh sake. is sndarbh men lekin ka bhi yahi nishkarsh hai ki 'rajy varg sngharshon' ki, jinamen koee samajhauta sambhav nahin hai, upaj aur abhivyakti hai.

2. "rashtriyata sabhyata ke lie ek khatara hai" kisane kaha hai?

ravindranath taigor
mahatma gandhi
je.es. mil
maikiyaveli
"rashtriyata sabhyata ke lie ek khatara hai", yah kathan ravindranath taigor ka hai. ravindranath taigor ki vicharadhara men vishvabndhutv ka tattv gahare se samaya hua tha. unaka manavatavad simahin tha. unake manavatavad men jati, dharm, bhasha, rng evn sima jaise tattvon ka koee sthan nahin tha. ve vishvabndhutv ke poshak the aur vishv ki samast snskritiyon ko sundar manate the. ve bharatiy shiksha pranali men angrezi bhasha ke virodhi the. is prakar spasht hai ki rashtravadi hone ke sath ve antarrashtriyatavad ke bhi samarthak the.

3. kaun-si vicharadhara samarthan karati hai ki "tathy anivaryat: takanik se poorv hai"?

vyavaharavad
astitvavad
uttar-vyavaharavad
pratyakshavad
vyavaharavad vaigyanik paddhati par bal dete hue mooly-nirakshep upagam ka samarthan karata hai. vyavaharavadi aise kisi kathan ko manyata nahin dete, jisaki vaigyanik star par pushti nahin ki ja sakati hai. vyavaharavad samajik sthirata par bal deta raha hai, at: usane apana dhyan tathyon ke vishleshan tak simit rakha hai. vyavaharavadi vicharadhara tathy ko anivaryat: takanik se poorv manati hai.

4. adhunik rajanitik siddhant ke pramukh samarthak kaun hain?

charls meriyam
devid eestan
hairaauld lasavel
uparyukt sabhi
adhunik rajanitik siddhant ke pramukh samarthak hain- charls meriyam, graham valas, lionard hvait, kvinsi rait, hairald lasavel, fredarik shoomain, vi.o.ki. jooniyar, gebriyal amnd, harbart saiman, devid troomain, devid eestan, kaitalin.

5. rajy ki utpatti ke snbndh men aitihasik siddhant kisake dvara pratipadit kiya gaya tha?

henari men
traitsake
openahaimar
durkhim
rajy ki utpatti ke snbndh men aitihasik athava vikasavadi siddhant ka pratipadan sar henari men dvara kiya gaya. inhonne apani pustak 'An- cient Law' (1861) men mana ki samajon ki utpatti prasthiti se snvida men huee hai, arthath prarnbhik samajon men manushyon ke samajik snbndh, prasthiti ya sthir sthiti se nirdharit hote the. inake anusar, samajik snbndhon men ekata ka prarnbhik bndhan rakt snbndh hi tha, jo rajy ke vikas men pramukh sahayak tattv hai. any mahattvapoorn tathy- bejahat rajy ke vikas ko darvin ke udvikas siddhant se jodakar dekhate hain. ve vibhinn samajon ke vikas men sngharsh v nav pravartan (Innovation) ko zaroori manata hai. bejahat ne 'charcha ki pravritti' (Instinct of Discussion) ko samaj ke pragatishilata ke lie avashyak mana hai.

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan

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