नागसेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nagasen ek prasiddh tatha pramukh bauddh bhikshuk tha, jisane yavan samrat milind se vad-vivad kiya tha. sambhavat: is vad-vivad ke phalasvaroop hi milind nagasen se prabhavit hua aur usane bauddh dharm svikar kar liya tha. nagasen ke jivan ke bare men "milind prashn" (milindapanh)[1] men jo kuchh bhi ullekh milata hai, usase itana hi maloom hota hai, ki himalay-parvat ke pas (pnjab) men kajngal ganv men sonuttar brahman ke ghar men unaka janm hua tha.

vidya prapti

pita ke ghar men hi rahate hue unhonne brahmanon ki vidya ved, vyakaran adi ko padh liya tha. isase unaka parichay us samay vattaniy (varttaniy) sthan men rahate ek vidvanh bhikshu rohan se hua, jisase nagasen bauddh darshan ki or jhuke. rohan ke shishy ban vah unake sath vijambhavastu [2] hote himalay men rakshitatal namak sthan men gaye. vahin guru ne unhen us samay ki riti ke anusar knthasth kiye sare bauddh vadmay ko padhaya aur padhane ki ichchha se guru ki agya ke anusar vah ek bar phir paidal chalate varttaniy men ek prakhyat vidvanh ashvagupt ke pas pahunche.

pratibha sampann

ashvagupt abhi is naye vidyarthi ki vidya-buddhi ki parakh kar hi rahe the, ki ek din kisi grihasth ke ghar bhojan ke uparant niyam ke anusar diya jane vala dharmopadesh nagasen ke jimme pada. nagasen ki pratibha usase khul gee aur ashvagupt ne is pratibhashali tarun ko aur yogy hathon men saunpanen ke lie patana (pataliputr) ke 'ashoka ram bihar' men vas karane vale achary 'dharmarakshit' ke pas bhej diya. sau yojan par avasthit patana paidal jana asan kam n tha, kintu ab bhikshu barabar ate-ate rahate the, vyapariyon ka sath (karavan) bhi ek-n-ek chalata hi rahata tha. nagasen ko ek aisa hi karavan mil gaya, jisake svami ne badi khushi se is tarun vidvanh ko khilate-pilate sath le chalana svikar kiya.

pitak ka adhyayan

ashoka ram men achary dharmarakshit ke pas rahakar nagasen ne bauddh tattv-gyan aur pitak ka poornataya adhyayan kiya. isi bich unhen pnjab se bulauva aya aur vah ek bar phir rakshitatal par pahunche. minendar (milind) ka rajy yamuna se amoo (vakshu) dariya tak phaila hua tha. yadyapi usaki ek rajadhani balkh (vahalik) bhi thi, kintu hamari is parnpara ke anusar maloom hota hai, mukhy rajadhani sagal (syalakot) nagari thi.

milind se shastrarth

plootark ne likha hai ki, minnedar bada nyayi, vidvanh aur janapriy raja tha. usaki mrityu ke bad usaki haddiyon par bade-bade stoop banavaye gaye the. minnedar ko shastr charcha aur bahas ki badi adat thi, aur sadharan pndit usake samane nahin tik sakate the. bhikshuon ne kaha- 'nagasen! raja milind vad vivad men prashn poochhakar bhikshu-sngh ko tng karata aur nicha dikhata hai; jao tum us raja ka daman karo."

nagasen sndh ke adesh ko svikar kar sagal nagar ke asnkheyy namak pariven (math) men pahunche. kuchh hi samay pahale vahan ke bade pndit ayu pal ko minnedar ne chup kar diya tha. nagasen ke ane ki khabar shahar men phail gee. minnedar ne apane ek amaty devamntri (jo shayad yoonani dimitri hai) se nagasen se milane ki ichchha prakat ki. svikriti milane par ek din "panch sau yavanon ke sath achchhe rath par savar hokar minnedar asnkheyy pariven men gaya. raja ne namaskar aur abhinndan ke bad prashn shuroo kiye." inhin prashnon ke karan grnth ka nam "milind-prashn" pada. yadyapi upalabhy pali "milind pnjh" men chh: parichchhed hain, kintu unamen se pahale ke tin hi purane maloom hote hain; chini bhasha men bhi inhin tin parichchhedon ka anuvad milata hai. minnedar ne pahale din math men jakar nagasen se prashn kiye; doosare din usane mahal men nimntran kar prashn poochhe.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

darshan digdarshan |lekhak: rahul sankrityayan |prakashak: kitab mahal, ilahabad |prishth snkhya: 422-430 |ISBN: 81-225-0027-7

  1. 'milind prashn, anuvadak bhikshu jagadish kashyap, 1637 ee.
  2. varttaniy, kngajal aur shayad vijambhavastu bhi syalakot ke zile men the.

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