नीलम संजीव रेड्डी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nilam snjiv reddi
nilam snjiv reddi
poora nam nilam snjiv reddi
janm 19 mee 1913
janm bhoomi illur gram, anntapur zila, andhr pradesh
mrityu 1 joon 1996
abhibhavak nilam chinappa reddi (pita)
pati/patni shrimati naga ratnamma
sntan ek putr aur tin putriyan
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad bharat ke chhathe rashtrapati
kary kal 25 julaee, 1977 se 25 julaee 1982
shiksha snatak
vidyalay 'arts kaaulej' anntapur
bhasha tamil, telugu, angrezi, hindi
jel yatra 1940 se 1945 tak sitambar, 1940 men chhah mah, 1 joon 1941 se 18 march 1942 tak velloor ki jel, bharat chhodo andolan 11 agast 1942 se 1945 amaravati tatha velloor
puraskar-upadhi 1958 men venkateshvar vishvavidyalay, trimoorti dvara daauktaret ki upadhi pradan ki gee.
videshi yatraen jarmani, astreliya, yoo. ke, phrans, hngari, polaind, kanada, peroo, nepal, yooganda, jambiya, kenya aur amerika ke nam ullekhaniy hain.

nilam snjiv reddi (angrezi: Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, janm:19 mee, 1913 - mrityu: 1 joon, 1996) bharat ke chhathe rashtrapati ke roop men jane jate hai. nilam snjiv reddi bharat ke aise rashtrapati the jinhen rashtrapati pad ke ummidavar hote hue pratham bar viphalata prapt huee aur doosari bar ummidavar banae jane par rashtrapati nirvachit hue. pratham bar inhen vi. vi. giri ke karan bahut kam antar se har svikar karani padi thi. tab yah kangres dvara rashtrapati pad ke ummidavar banae ge the aur apratyashit roop se har ge. doosari bar gair kangresiyon ne inhen pratyashi banaya aur yah vijayi hue. pradhanamntri indira gandhi ne jab vi. vi. giri ko rashtrapati chunav jitane men saphalata pradan karaee, tab yah laga tha ki nilam snjiv reddi ne ek aisa mauqa gnva diya hai, jo ab unaki zindagi men kabhi nahin aega. lekin rajaniti ke panditon ke anuman aur dave dhare rah ge. bhagy ki shubh karavat ne nilam snjiv reddi jaise hare hue yoddha ko vijayi yoddha ke roop men parivartit kar diya. yah bharatiy rajaniti ke aise adhyay banakar samane ae, jo anishchitata ka pratinidhitv karate nazar ate hain. snjiv reddi bharat ke ekamatr aise rashtrapati the, jo nirvirodh nirvachit hue.

jivan parichay

nilam snjiv reddi ka janm 19 mee, 1913 ko illur gram, anntapur zile men hua tha, jo andhr pradesh men hai. andhr pradesh ke krishak parivar men janme nilam snjiv reddi ki chhavi kavi, anubhavi rajaneta evn kushal prashasak ke roop men thi. inaka parivar snbhrant tatha bhagavan shiv ka param bhakt tha. inake pita ka nam nilam chinappa reddi tha jo kangres parti ke kafi purane karyakarta aur prasiddh neta ti. prakasham ke sathi the.

shiksha

nilam snjiv reddi ki prathamik shiksha 'thiyosophikal haee skool' adayar, madras men sampann huee. age ki shiksha arts kaaulej, anntapur men prapt ki. mahatma gandhi ke ahvan par jab lakhon yuva padhaee aur naukari ka tyag kar svadhinata sngram men jud rahe the, tabhi nilam snjiv reddi matr 18 varsh ki umr men hi is andolan men kood pade the. inhonne bhi padhaee chhod di thi. snjiv reddi ne savinay avgya andolan men bhi bhag liya tha. yah us samay akarshan ka kendr bane, jab unhonne vidyarthi jivan men satyagrah kiya tha. vah yuva kangres ke sadasy the. unhonne kee rashtravadi karyakramon men hissedari bhi ki thi. is dauran inhen kee bar jel ki saza bhi katani padi.

vivah

nilam snjiv reddi ka vivah 8 joon, 1935 ko naga ratnamma ke sath sampann hua tha. inake ek putr evn tin putriyan hain. putr sudhir reddi anntapur men sarjan ki haisiyat se apana svatntr klinik parti aauf indiya ke prabhavashali neta rahe hain aur azadi ki ladaee men yah bhi kee bar jel ge hain.

rajanitik jivan

bis varsh ki umr men hi nilam snjiv reddi kafi sakriy ho chuke the. rajy ki rajaniti men bhi ek kushal prashasak ke taur par inaka prabhav anubhav kiya jane laga tha. yah 1936 men andhr pradesh kangres samiti ke samany sachiv nirvachit hue aur is pad par 10 varsh se adhik samay gujara. yah is bat ko siddh karata hai ki vah pratibhavan the aur unamen netritv ke gun the. nilam snjiv reddi snyukt madras rajy men avasiy van evn mady nishedh mntralay ke karyon ka bhi sampadan karate the. tab kumarasvami raja mukhyamntri the. yah samay 1949 se 1951 tak ka tha. 1951 men inhonne mntri pad se tyagapatr de diya, taki andhr pradesh kangres samiti ke adhyaksh pad ke chunav men bhag le saken. is chunav men nilam snjiv reddi prophesar en.ji. rnga ko harakar adhyaksh nirvachit hue. isi varsh yah' akhil bharatiy kangres kary samiti' aur 'kendriy snsadiy mndal' ke bhi nirvachit sadasy ban ge. is prakar inhen rashtriy star ki chhavi evn darja prapt ho gaya.

durghatana

nilam snjiv reddi ke niji jivan men ek dukhad ghatana ghati. inaka panch varshiy putr motar durghatana men kal-kavalit ho gaya. is ghatana se yah itana vyathit hue ki 'andhr pradesh kangres samiti' ki adhyakshata se tyagapatr de diya lekin inhen tyagapatr vapas lene ke lie mana liya gaya. 1952 men inhen rajy sabha ke lie chuna gaya lekin 1953 men inhonne sadasyata tyag di. phir yah ti. prakasham ki kaibinet men upamukhyamntri banae ge the. jabaki 1955 se poorv tak yah 'madras vidhanasabha' ke lie chune ge.

1956 men jab rajyon ke punargathan ka kary kiya gaya to nilam snjiv reddi andhr pradesh ke 'pratham mukhyamntri' bane. tab inaki umr 43 varsh thi aur yah bharat ke sabase yuva mukhyamntri the. inhen 3 disambar 1956 ko sarvasammati se 'akhil bharatiy kangres' ka adhyaksh banaya gaya aur inhonne andhr pradesh ke mukhyamntri pad se tyagapatr de diya. lekin yah tab mukhyamntri karyalay men bane rahe, jab tak ki ne mukhyamntri ke roop men di. snjivaiyya ne 11 janavari 1960 ko apana karyabhar nahin snbhal liya. inhen kangres ki adhyakshata shrimati indira gandhi se prapt huee thi, jinhen 2 pharavari 1959 ko yoo. en. devadhar ke tyagapatr dene par adhyaksh banaya gaya tha.

jel yatra

reddi 1940 se 1945 tak jel men kaid rahe. yah pratham bar sitambar 1940 men chhah mah ke lie jel ge. tab inhen velloor aur tiruchirapalli ki jelon men rakha gaya. doosari bar inhen 1 joon 1941 se 18 march 1942 tak velloor ki jel men rashtravirodhi gatividhiyan snchalit karane ke arop men kaid kiya gaya. bharat chhodo andolan ke dauran inhen 11 agast 1942 ko giraphtar karake amaravati tatha velloor ki jelon men kaid the. vah 1945 tak jel men rahe. rihaee ke bad 1946 men yah madras vidhayika men nirvachit hue tatha 1947 men madras vidhayika men sekretari banae ge. 1947 men yah bharat ki snvidhan nirmatri sabha ke sadasy bhi rahe.

naitik moolya

reddi ne kangres parti ke tin satron ki adhyakshata ki. 10 march 1962 ko inhonne kangres ke adhyaksh pad se istipha de diya. yah 12 march 1962 ko pun: andhr pradesh ke mukhyamntri bane, jab di. snjivaiyya mukhyamntri pad se hata die ge. pharavari 1964 men inhonne svechchha se mukhyamntri ka pad tyag diya aur isaka adhar naitik moolyon ko bataya. andhr pradesh men sadakon ka rashtriyakaran kiya gaya tha. aur us par uchchatam nyayalay dvara vichar kiya ja raha tha. is karan reddi ne mukhyamntri bane rahana uchit nahin samajha. isake bad inake sahayogi rajyapal brahmanand reddi ne inhen ne mntrimndal ka nyota diya aur yah vidhanasabha men kangres ke neta chun lie ge.

khan mntralay

9 joon 1964 ko reddi rashtriy rajaniti men ae aur pradhanamntri lalabahadur shastri ne inhen kendr men stil evn khan mntralay pradan kiya. 1964 men hi yah rajyasabha ke lie manotit hue aur 1967 tak isake sadasy bane rahe. janavari 1966 se march 1967 tak vah pradhanamntri shrimati indira gandhi ke mntrimndal men rahe. inhonne yatayat, jahajarani, nagarik uddayan evn toorijm ka kary kaibinet mntri ke roop men dekha. 1967 ke lok sabha chunav men reddi hindapur se nirvachit hue, jo andhr pradesh ki hi sit thi. 17 march 1967 ko inhen lok sabha ka spikar banaya gaya. lekin 19 julaee 1969 ko inhonne lokasabha ke spikar pad se tyagapatr de diya. yah kangres parti ki or se rashtrapati chunav hetu adhikrit ummidavar banae ge the.

Blockquote-open.gif rashtrapati nirvachit hone ke bad nilam snjiv reddi ne ek majedar vaktavy patrakaron ke samaksh diya,"spikar dekha to jata hai lekin suna nahin jata lekin rashtrapati n to dekha jata hai aur n hi suna jata hai." snjiv reddi ne bharosa dilaya ki vah vaise hi rashtrapati honge lekin aise rashtrapati bhi rahenge jo nirnay bhi le. main khamoshi ke sath hi kuchh naya chahoonga. Blockquote-close.gif

is aitihasik chunav ne kangres ko do bhagon men vibhakt kar diya. ek, kangres-o aur doosari, kangres-ar ke roop men samane aee. 1971 men jab lok sabha ke chunav ahoot hue to nilam snjiv reddi kangres-o ke tikat par chunav maidan men utare lekin inhen har ka samana karana pada. us samay indira lahar ke sammukh kee bade diggaj apane panvon ki zamin gnva baithe the. is har se reddi ko gahara dhakka laga. vah anntapur laut ge aur apana adhikansh samay krishi karyon men hi gujarane lage. ek lambe antaral ki rajanitik khamoshi ke bad 1 mee 1975 ko nilam snjiv reddi pun: sakriy rajaniti men utare. unhonne jayaprakash narayan ke sath haidarabad men janasamooh ko sambodhit kiya. janavari 1977 men yah janata parti ki kary samiti ke sadasy banae ge aur chhathavin lokasabha chunav men janata parti ki or se andhr pradesh ki nndyal sit se unhonne apana namankan patr bhara. jab chunav ke natije ae to vah andhr pradesh se akele gair kangresi ummidavar the, jo vijayi hue the.

rashtrapati pad par

26 march 1977 ko nilam snjiv reddi ko sarvasammati se lokasabha ka spikar chun liya gaya. lekin 13 julaee 1977 ko unhonne yah pad chhod diya kyonki inhen rashtrapati pad hetu namankit kiya ja raha tha. reddi ne yah pahale hi spasht kar diya tha ki yadi unhen sarvasammati se rashtrapati pad ka ummidavar banaya jata hai tabhi vah namankan patr dakhil karenge. is bar yah koee bhi khatara lene ke mood men nahin the. vah purana itihas doharae jane se bhayabhit the. antat: sabhi ashnkaen nirmool sabit hueen aur nilam snjiv reddi sarvasammati se nirvirodh athaven rashtrapati chun lie ge. sabhi rajanitik dalon ne inhen antaratma ki avaz par rashtrapati chuna tha. is prakar is daur men ek anokhi rajanitik ghatana ghati. 19 julaee 1977 ko namankan pntron ki janch ka kary kiya gaya. reddi ke atirikt jitane bhi namankan prapt hue unamen vyatikram tha. is adhar par sabhi ko kharij kar diya gaya. kul milakar 21 namankan patr dakhil kie ge the, jinamen se kuchh ummidavar ko avashyak snkhya men vidhayakon evn sansadon ka samarthan nahin tha athava ummidavaron ne 2500 rupaye ki jamanat rashi jama nahin karaee thi. 21 julaee ko saynkal 3 baje tak nam vapas liya ja sakata tha. phir 3 bajakar 5 minat par chunav adhikari ne pres ko soochit kiya ki nilam snjiv reddi nirvirodh chunav jit ge hain. is ghoshana ke pashchath reddi ne lokasabha ki sadasyata se tyagapatr de diya, jo niyamanusar avashyak tha. 21 julaee, 1977 ko madhyahn se poorv hi ke. es. hegade ko lokasabha adhyaksh bana diya gaya.

naya adhyay

rashtrapati chun lie jane ke bad nilam snjiv reddi apane jivan ka naya adhyay arnbh karane ke lie apani patni shrimati naga ratnamma ke sath prat: rajaghat dilli sthit mahatma gandhi ki samadhi par ge taki unhen shraddhanjali arpit kar saken. is samay reddi ne khadi ki bedag achakan aur gandhi topi dharan kar rakhi thi. phir yah 9, akabar rod se rashtrapati bhavan ke lie ravana hue. yahan se karyavahak rashtrapati (uparashtrapati) bi. di. jatti ko sath lekar snsad bhavan men pahunche taki vahan pad evn gopaniyata ki shapath grahan kar saken. snsad bhavan men pradhanamntri moraraji desaee, lokasabha ke spikar ke. es. hegade, sarvochch nyayalay ke mukhy nyayadhish em.ech. beg tatha any vishisht atithi upasthit the. 25 julaee 1977 ko prat: kal 10 baje kendriy haaul men shapath grahan samaroh sampann hua. is prakar reddi chhathe nirvachit rashtrapati ban ge. subah 10 bajakar 11 minat par sarvochch nyayalay ke mukhy nyayadhish ne inhen pad evn gopaniyata ki shapath grahan karaee. shapath grahan ke samay nilam snjiv reddi 64 varsh ki ayu poorn kar chuke the. 21 topon ki salami ke sath reddi ne rashtrapati karyalay snbhal liya. unhonne hindi evn angrezi bhasha men shapath li. phir reddi ne 800 shabdon men snkshipt sambodhan diya.
uparashtrapati bi.di. jatti, jinake pas karyavahak rashtrapati pad ka bhi dayitv tha, ne rashtrapati pad ka uttaradayitv aupacharik roop se reddi ko saunp diya. grih mamalon ke mntralay ne is snbndh men bharatavarsh ke gajat men adhisoochana prakashit ki jisaka kramank es. o. 585 (ee) dinank 25 julaee 1977 tha. nilam snjiv reddi ne sena samaroh ke bade bhag ko kam kar diya. phir vah khuli kar men baithakar snsad bhavan se rashtrapati bhavan ravana hue. rashtrapati bhavan men aupacharikataen poorn hone ke bad rakshamntri jagajivan ram ne unaka parichay tinon senaon ke senadhyakshon se karaya. is prakar nilam snjiv reddi aise doosare rashtrapati bane, jo takaniki roop se kangres parti ke rashtrapati nahin the. pahale rashtrapati vi. vi. giri the, kyonki vah svatntr ummidavar ki haisiyat se khade hue the, yadyapi unhen kangres parti ke sadasyon ka samarthan prapt tha. lekin nilam snjiv reddi ke sarvasammati se rashtrapati banane ke bad sabhi gatirodh tham ge. un paristhitiyon men yah achchha hi tha, kyonki sarakar men kee partiyan shamil thin aur shasan chalane ke lie rashtrapati ko sabhi ka sahayog apekshit tha.

rashtrapati nirvachan

rashtrapati nirvachit hone ke bad nilam snjiv reddi ne ek majedar vaktavy patrakaron ke samaksh diya,"spikar dekha to jata hai lekin suna nahin jata lekin rashtrapati n to dekha jata hai aur hi suna jata hai." reddi ne bharosa dilaya ki vah vaise hi rashtrapati honge lekin aise rashtrapati bhi rahenge jo nirnay bhi le. main khamoshi ke sath hi kuchh naya chahoonga. nilam snjiv reddi ka 50 varshiy rajanitik jivan bhi rashtrapati banane ke bad unake sath tha. is karan vah kafi anubhavi aur yogy rashtrapati siddh hone vale the. inhen janata parti sarakar ke gathan ke bad 1977 men nirvirodh chuna gaya, jis samay kangres parti ka kendr men lagabhag koee vajood hi nahin rah gaya tha. inhonne svasth aitihasik paramparaon ka nirvahan kiya tatha kangres parti se barabar samnvay aur sahayog banae rakha, jab 1980 men kangres pun: satta men aee. reddi ne is dauran rashtrapati pad ki maryada ka nirvah usi roop men kiya, jis roop ke pradarshan hetu hamare diggaj netaon ne rashtrapati ke snvaidhanik pad ki vyavastha ki thi.
apane rashtrapati kal men reddi ne do pradhanamntri padasin kie aur tin pradhanamntriyon ke sath kary-vyavahar rakha. yah pradhanamntri moraraji desaee, chaudhari charan sinh tatha shrimati indira gandhi the. is prakar reddi ne apana karyakal poori garima ke sath poorn kiya, phir yah andhr pradesh ke apane adarsh grih nagar anntapur laut ge. rashtrapati karyakal ki zimmedari se mukt hone se kuchh dinon pahale inhonne pres varta ka ayojan kiya tha. pres varta men reddi ne svikar kiya ki jab janata parti antarkalah ke karan bikhar gee to vah kafi akela mahasoos kar rahe the. janata parti ka bikharav hona, moraraji desaee dvara tyagapatr diya jana tatha chaudhari charan sinh ka pradhanamntri banana evn alpamat men a jana adi ghatanaen kafi dukhad hain. in ghatanaon ke pariprekshy men reddi ne spasht kiya ki unake samane apat sthiti thi aur unhen rashtrapati ki snvaidhanik maryada ke anusar hi pratyek mauke par nirnay lene the. tab inhonne apani vivek shakti ka prayog karate hue kafi kathin nirnay bhi kie. yadi itihas aj in nirnayon ki samiksha karata hai to unhen uchit hi thaharaega.

videshi yatraen

nilam snjiv reddi ne kee deshon ki yatraen ki, jinamen pashchim jarmani, astreliya, yoo. ke., phrans hngari, polaind, kanada, peroo, nepal, yooganda, jambiya, kenya aur amerika ke nam ullekhaniy hain.

upadhi

nilam snjiv reddi ko 1958 men sammanarth daauktaret ki upadhi venkateshvar vishvavidyalay, trimoorti dvara pradan ki gee.

nidhan

25 julaee, 1982 ko apana karyakal poora karane ke pashchath nilam snjiv reddi rashtrapati pad ke dayitv se mukt ho ge. phir lagabhag 14 varsh bad 1 joon 1996 ko inaka nidhan ho gaya. yadi ham reddi ke jivan vrittant par drishti dale to yah svikar karana hoga ki unhonne rajaniti men rahate hue bhi usaki garima ka sadaiv palan kiya. is prakar nilam snjiv reddi ka jivan hamen kee rngon men rnga nazar ata hai. lekin inaki rashtravadi soch aur rajanitigy ke roop men inaka anushasan bhav nishchay hi prnshasaniy raha hai. ek rashtrapati ke roop men bhi unhonne snvaidhanik maryadaon ka saphalatapoorvak nirvahan kiya tha. yah bharat mata ke aise sapoot rahe hain, jin par pratyek bharatiy ko garv hai.



bharat ke rashtrapati
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
fakharuddin ali ahamad
nilam snjiv reddi uttaradhikari
gyani zail sinh
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