सुभाष चंद्र बोस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(नेताजी सुभाषचंद्र बोस se punarnirdeshit)
subhash chndr bos
Subhash-Chandra-Bose-2.jpg
poora nam subhash chndr bos
any nam netaji
janm 23 janavari, 1897
janm bhoomi katak, udisa
mrityu 18 agast, 1945
mrityu sthan taivan, japan
abhibhavak janakinath bos, prabhavati
pati/patni aimili shinkal (Emilie Schenkl)
sntan putri- anita bos
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm hindoo
andolan bharatiy svatntrata sngram
vidyalay prezidensi kaaulej, skaautish charch kaaulej, kenbrij vishvavidyalay
shiksha snatak
snbndhit lekh azad hind fauj, gandhi-iravin samajhauta, neharoo samiti, faravard blaauk, kaiptan lakshmi sahagal
any janakari netaji subhash chndr bos bharatiy svadhinata sngram ke un yoddhaon men se ek the, jinaka nam aur jivan aj bhi karodon deshavasiyon ko matribhami ke lie samarpit hokar kary karane ki prerana deta hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

subhash chndr bos (angrezi: Subhas Chandra Bose, janm- 23 janavari, 1897 ee., katak, udisa; mrityu- 18 agast, 1945 ee., japan) ke atirikt bharat ke itihas men aisa koee vyaktitv nahin hua, jo ek sath mahanh senapati, vir sainik, rajaniti ka adbhut khiladi aur antarrashtriy khyati prapt purushon, netaon ke samakaksh sadhikar baithakar kootaniti tatha charcha karane vala ho. bharat ki svatntrata ke lie subhash chndr bos ne qarib-qarib poore yoorop men alakh jagaya. bos prakriti se sadhu, eeshvar bhakt tatha tan evn man se deshabhakt the. mahatma gandhi ke namak satyagrah ko 'nepoliyan ki peris yatra' ki sngya dene vale subhash chndr bos ka ek aisa vyaktitv tha, jisaka marg kabhi bhi svarthon ne nahin roka. jisake panv lakshy se kabhi pichhe nahin hate, jisane jo bhi svapn dekhe, unhen sadha. netaji men sachchaee ke samane khade hone ki adbhut kshamata thi.

jivan parichay

subhash chndr bos ka janm 23 janavari, san 1897 ee. men udisa ke katak namak sthan par hua tha. dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran pashchimi shaktiyon ke viruddh 'azad hind fauj' ka netritv karane vale bos ek bharatiy krantikari the, jinako sasamman 'netaji' bhi kahate hain. bos ke pita ka nam 'janakinath bos' aur man ka nam 'prabhavati' tha. janakinath bos katak shahar ke mashahoor vaqil the. pahale ve sarakari vaqil the, lekin bad men unhonne niji praiktis shuroo kar di thi.
jay hind ke aksharon par chitrit netaji subhash chandr bos ka jivan
unhonne katak ki mahapalika men lnbe samay tak kam kiya tha aur ve bngal vidhan sabha ke sadasy bhi rahe the. angrez sarakar ne unhen 'rayabahadur ka khitab' diya tha. prabhavati devi ke pita ka nam gnganarayan datt tha. datt parivar ko kolakata ka ek kulin parivar mana jata tha. prabhavati aur janakinath bos ki kul milakar 14 sntanen thi, jisamen 6 betiyan aur 8 bete the. subhash chndr bos unaki nauvin sntan aur panchaven bete the. apane sabhi bhaiyon men se subhash ko sabase adhik lagav sharadachndr se tha. sharadababoo prabhavati aur janakinath ke doosare bete the. subhash unhen 'mejada' kahate the. sharadababoo ki patni ka nam vibhavati tha.

bachapan

bharatiyon ke sath alpavastha men angrezon ka vyavahar dekhakar subhash chndr bos ne apane bhaee se poochha- "dada kaksha men age ki siton par hamen kyon baithane nahin diya jata hai?" bos jo bhi karate, atmavishvas se karate the. angrez adhyapak bos ji ke ank dekhakar hairan rah jate the. bos ji ke kaksha men sabase adhik ank lane par bhi jab chhatravritti angrez balak ko mili to vah ukhad ge. bos ne mishanari skool ko chhod diya. usi samay aravind ne bos ji se kaha- "ham men se pratyek bharatiy ko dayanamo banana chahie, jisase ki hamamen se yadi ek bhi khada ho jae to hamare as-pas hazaron vyakti prakashavan ho jaen. aravind ke shabd bos ke mastishk men goonjate the. subhash sochate- 'ham anugaman kisaka karen?' bharatiy jab chupachap kasht sahate to ve sochate- 'dhany hain ye vir prasoot. aise logon se kya asha ki ja sakati hai?'
subhash chndr bos kishoravastha men

shiksha

ek snpann v pratishthit bngali vaqil ke putr subhash chndr bos ki shiksha kalakatta ke 'prezidensi kaaulej'[1]aur 'skaautish charch kaaulej' se huee,[2] aur usake bad 'bharatiy prashasanik seva' (indiyan sivil sarvis) ki taiyari ke lie unake mata-pita ne bos ko inglaind ke 'kambrij vishvavidyalay' bhej diya. san 1920 ee. men bos ne 'indiyan sivil sarvis' ki pariksha uttirn ki, lekin aprail san 1921 ee. men bharat men badhati rajanitik saragarmi ki khabar sunakar bos ne apani ummidavari vapas le li aur shighr bharat laut ae. apane poore karyakal men, khasakar prarnbhik charan men, bos ko apane bade bhaee sharatachndr bos (1889-1950 ee.) ka bharapoor samarthan mila, jo kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke ek dhanadhy vaqil hone ke sath-sath pramukh kangresi rajanitigy bhi the.

kohima, nagalaind ke akraman ki viphalata par netaji subhash chandr bos aur bharatamata gulami ki hathakadi pahane hue

desh bhakti ki bhavana

bos ji angrezi shiksha ko nishedhatmak shiksha manate the. kintu bos ji ko unake pita ne samajhaya- ham bharatiy angrezon se jab tak prashasanik pad nahin chhinenge, tab tak desh ka bhala kaise hoga. subhash ne inglaind men jakar aee. si. es. ki pariksha uttirn ki. ve pratiyogita men uttirn hi nahin hue, chaturth sthan par rahe. neta ji ek bahut medhavi chhatr the. ve chahate to uchch adhikari ke pad par asin ho sakate the. parantu unaki desh bhakti ki bhavana ne unhen kuchh alag karane ke lie prerit kiya. bos ji ne naukari se tyag patr de diya. sara desh hairan rah gaya. bos ji ko samajhate hue kaha gaya- tum janate bhi ho ki tum lakhon bharatiyon ke sarataz hoge? tumhare hazaron deshavasi tumhen naman karenge? subhash ne kaha-
main logon par nahin unake manon par rajy karana chahata hoon. unaka hriday samrat banana chahata hoon.

kalyan sndesh

ek shahar men haije ka prakop ho gaya tha. yah rog is had tak apane pair pasar chuka tha ki davaen aur chikitsak kam pad ge. charon or mrityu ka tandav ho raha tha. shahar ke kuchh karmath evn sevabhavi yuvakon ne aisi vikat sthiti men ek dal ka gathan kiya. yah dal shahar ki nirdhan bastiyon men jakar rogiyon ki seva karane laga. ye log ek bar us haijagrast basti men ge, jahan ka ek kukhyat badamash haidar khan unaka ghor virodhi tha. haidar khan ka parivar bhi haije ke prakop se nahin bach saka. sevabhavi purushon ki toli usake toote-phoote makan men bhi pahunchi aur bimar logon ki seva men lag gee. un yuvakon ne asvasth haidar khan ke makan ki saphaee ki, rogiyon ko dava di aur unaki har prakar se seva ki. haidar khan ke sabhi parijan dhire-dhire bhale-chnge ho ge.

gandhi ji ke sath netaji

haidar khan ko apani galati ka ehasas hua. un yuvakon se hath jodakar kshama mangate hue haidar khan ne kaha main bahut bada papi hoon. mainne ap logon ka bahut virodh kiya, kintu apane mere parivar ko jivanadan diya. sevadal ke mukhiya ne use atynt sneh se samajhaya ap itana kyon dukhi ho rahe hain? apaka ghar gnda tha, is karan rog ghar men a gaya aur apako itani pareshani uthani padi. hamane to bas ghar ki gndagi hi saf ki hai. tab haidar khan bola- 'keval ghar hi nahin apitu mera man bhi gnda tha, apaki seva ne donon ka mail saf kar diya hai.' subhashachndr bos is sevadal ke oorjavan neta the. jinhonne seva ki nee ibarat likhakar samaj ko yah mahanh sndesh diya ki manav jivan tabhi sarthak hota hai, jab vah doosaron ke kalyan hetu kam ae. vahi manushy sahi mayanon men kasauti par khara utarata hai.

desh seva

Blockquote-open.gif bos ji ne mishanari skool ko chhod diya. usi samay arabindo ghosh ne bos ji se kaha- ham men se pratyek bharatiy ko dayanamo banana chahie jisase ki hamamen se yadi ek bhi khada ho jae to hamare as-pas hazaron vyakti prakashavan ho jaen. aravind ke shabd bos ke mastishk men goonjate the. subhash sochate- ham anugaman kisaka karen? bharatiy jab chupachap kasht sahate to ve sochate- dhany hain ye vir prasoot. aise logon se kya asha ki ja sakati hai? Blockquote-close.gif

bos ji naukari chhod kar bharat a ge. tab 23 varsh ka navayuvak videsh se svadeshi banakar lauta. poora desh is samay kisi netritv ki pratiksha kar raha tha. poore desh ko subhash apane sath le chal pade. ve gandhi ji se mile. unake vichar jane, par unako yah bat samajh nahin aee ki andolanakari hnsate-hnsate lathiyan kha lenge. kab tak? ve chitarnjan das ji ke pas ge. unhonne subhash ko desh ko samajhane aur janane ko kaha. subhash desh bhar men ghoomen aur nishkarsh nikala-
hamari samajik sthiti badatar hai, jati-panti to hai hi, garib aur amir ki khaee bhi samaj ko bante hue hai. niraksharata desh ke lie sabase bada abhishap hai. isake lie snyukt prayason ki avashyakata hai. -subhash chndr bos
kangres ke adhiveshan men subhash chndr bos ne kaha-
main angrezon ko desh se nikalana chahata hoon. main ahinsa men vishvas rakhata hoon kintu is raste par chalakar svatntrata kafi der se milane ki asha hai.
krantikariyon ko bos ne sashakt banane ko kaha. ve chahate the ki angrez bhayabhit hokar bhag khade hon. ve desh seva ke kam par lag ge. din dekha na rat. unaki saphalata dekh deshabandhu ne kaha tha-
main ek bat samajh gaya hoon ki tum desh ke lie ratn siddh hoge.

angrezon ka daman chakr badhata gaya. bngal ka sher dahad utha- daman chakr ki gati jaise-jaise badhegi, usi anupat men hamara andolan badhega. yah to ek muqabala hai jisamen jit janata ki hi hogi. angrez jan ge ki jab tak subhash, dinabandhu, maulana aur azad giraftar nahin hote, sthiti men sudhar nahin ho sakata. angrezon ne kaha- sabase adhik khataranak vyaktitv subhash ka hai. isane poore bngal ko jivit kar diya hai.

siddhant

subhash chndr bos ek mahanh neta the. neta apane siddhanton se kabhi samajhauta nahin karate, par unamen virodhiyon ko sath lekar chalane ka mahanh gun hota hai. so, neta ji men yah gun koot-koot kar bhara tha. darasal, bharatiy svatntrata sngram men alag-alag vicharon ke dal the. zahir taur par mahatma gandhi ko udar vicharon vale dal ka pratinidhi mana jata tha. vahin netaji apane joshile svabhav ke karan krantikari vicharon vale dal men the.

netaji subhash chandr bos ko talavar deti durgamata
yahi karan tha ki mahatma gandhi aur subhash chndr bos ke vichar bhinn-bhinn the. lekin ve yah achchhi tarah janate the ki mahatma gandhi aur unaka maqasad ek hai, yani desh ki azadi. ve yah bhi janate the ki mahatma gandhi hi desh ke 'rashtrapita' kahalane ke sachamuch haqadar hain.
sabase pahale gandhi ko rashtrapita kahane vale netaji hi the.

kangres ke svayn sevak

gandhi ji dvara asahayog andolan bich men hi rok dene ke karan subhash unase duahkhi hue. kalantar men ve deshabandhu chitarnjan das ke qarib aye tatha unake vishvasapatr evn anany sahayogi banane ka gaurav prapt kiya. vahin par subhash chndr bos ek yuva prashikshak, patrakar v bngal kangres ke svaynsevak bane. 1923 ee. men chitarnjan das dvara gathit svarajy parti ka subhash chandr bos ne samarthan kiya. 1923 ee. men jab chitarnjan das ne 'kalakatta nagar nigam' ke meyar ka karyabhar snbhala to unhonne subhash ko nigam ke 'mukhy karyapalika adhikari' pad par niyukt kiya. 25 aktoobar, 1924 ee. ko unhen giraftar kar barma (vartaman myanmar) ki 'mandale' jel men bnd kar diya gaya. sanh 1927 ee. men riha hone par bos kalakatta laut ae, jahan chitarnjan das ki mrityu ke bad unhen ast-vyast kangres mili. unhonne kangres ke udaravadi dal ki alochana ki. 1928 ee. men prastut 'neharoo riport' ke virodh men unhonne ek alag parti 'indipendent lig' ki sthapana ki. 1928 ee. men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke 'kalakatta adhiveshan' men unhonne 'vishay samiti' men 'neharoo riport' dvara anumodit pradeshik svayatta ke prastav ka datakar virodh kiya. 1931 ee. men hue 'gandhi-iravin samajhaute' ka bhi subhash ne virodh kiya. subhash ugr vicharon ke samarthak the. unhen 'aaul indiyan yooniyan kangres' evn 'yooth kangres' ka bhi adhyaksh banaya gaya tha.
gandhiji ne bhi unaki desh ki azadi ke prati ladane ki bhavana dekhakar hi unhen deshabhakton ka deshabhakt kaha tha.

kangres ke adhyaksh

eest eshiya kaaunphres, 1943 men subhash chndr bos (daen se pahale)

gandhi ji kangres men phir se sakriy ho ge aur bos bngal kangres ke adhyaksh chun lie ge. sanh 1930 ee. men jab savinay avgya andolan shuroo hua, bos karavas men the. riha aur phir se giraftar hone v antat: ek varsh ki nazarabndi ke bad unhen yoorop jane ki agya de di gee. nirvasan kal men, unhonne 'd indiyan stragal'[3] aur yooropiy netaon se bharat paksh ki pairavi ki. sanh 1936 ee. men yoorop se lautane par unhen phir ek varsh ke lie giraftar kar liya gaya. sanh 1938 ee. men 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ka adhyaksh nirvachit hone ke bad unhonne 'rashtriy yojana ayog' ka gathan kiya, jisane audyogik niti ko sootrabaddh kiya.

adhyaksh pad se istifa

yah niti gandhivadi arthik vicharon ke anukool nahin thi, jo pratik roop men charakhe men nishtha rakhati thi. sanh 1939 ee. men bos ke prati samarthan ki abhivyakti ek gandhivadi pratidvndvi ko dubara hue chunav men hara dene ke roop men prakat huee. lekin gandhi ji ke virodh ke chalate is ‘vidrohi adhyaksh’ ne istifa dene ki avashyakata mahasoos ki.

faravard blaauk ki sthapana

subhash chndr bos ne garamapnthi tatvon ko sath jutane ki ummid men 'faravard blaauk' ki sthapana ki, lekin sanh 1940 ee. men vah pun: bndi bana lie ge. bharatiy itihas ki is nazuk ghadi men bndi bane rahane se unaka inkar amaran anashan ke nirnay ke roop men abhivyakt hua, jisase ghabarakar british sarakar ne unhen riha kar diya. kadi nigarani ke bavazood vah 26 janavari sanh 1941 ee. ko apane kalakatta ke avas se vesh badalakar nikal bhage aur kabul v maausko ke raste antat: aprail men jarmani pahunch ge.

bharatiy svatntrata andolan ka netrivy

jarmani men netaji edam vaaun traut joo solz dvara navagathit 'speshal byooro faaur indiya' ke snrakshan men a ge. janavari sanh 1942 ee. men unhonne aur any bharatiyon ne jarman prayojit 'azad hind rediyo' se angrezi, hindi, bangla, tamil , telugu, gujarati aur pashto men niyamit prasaran karana shuroo kar diya. dakshini-poorvi eshiya men japani hamale ke ek varsh ke kuchh hi samay bad bos ne jarmani chhod di. vah jarman aur japani panadubbiyon v havaee jahaz se safar karate hue, sanh 1943 men tokyo pahunche. 4 julaee ko unhonne poorvi eshiya men chalane vale bharatiy svatntrata andolan ka netrivy snbhala.

karavas

chalo dilli ka nara lagate hue netaji subhash chandr bos aur kaiptan lakshmi sahagal

subhash chndr bos giraftar kar lie ge. matribhoomi ke prati, usaki puny vedi par inaka pahala puny dan tha. bos ne jel men chitarnjan das ji se kafi anubhav prapt kiya. unhen musalamanon se bhi poorn samarthan mila. ve kahate the- 'musalaman is desh se koee alag nahin hain. ham sab ek hi dhara men bah rahe hain. avashyakata hai sabhi bhedabhav ko samapt kar ek hokar apane adhikaron ke lie joojhane ki.' 6 mahinon men gyan ki gnga kitani bahi, kisi ne n dekha kintu jab vah jel se bahar ae to tap poot ban chuke the. isi samay bngal badh grast ho gaya. subhash ne nishthavan yuvakon ko sngathit kiya aur bachav kary arambh kar diya. log unhen dekhakar sare duahkh bhool jate the.

ve badh piditon ke trata ban ge. subhash chitarnjan ji ki prerana se 2 patr chalane lage. sadharan se sadharan muddon se lekar sachivalay ki gupt khabaron ka prakashan badi khoobi se kiya. koee bharatiy itana dabng ho sakata hai- angrez hairan the. kuchh samay bad unhen mandale jel le jaya gaya. subhash ne kaha-
main ise azadi chahane valon ka tirth sthal manata hoon. mera saubhagy hai ki jis sthan ko tilak, lala lajapat ray, adi krantikariyon ne pavitr kiya, vahan main apana shish jhukane aya hoon.

netaji ne sara samay svadhyay men lagaya. vahan varsha, dhoop, sardi ka koee bachav na tha aur jalavayu shithilata paida karati thi, jodon ke akad jane ki bimari hoti thi tatha bord lakadi ke bane the. angrez bar-bar unako jel bhejate rahe aur riha karate rahe. unhonne ek sabha men kaha- 'yadi bharat briten ke viruddh ladaee men bhag le to use svatntrata mil sakati hai.' unhonne gupt roop se isaki taiyari shuroo kar di. 25 joon ko singapur rediyo se unhonne soochana di ki azad hind fauj ka nirman ho chuka hai. angrezon ne unako bandi banana chaha, par ve chakama dekar bhag ge.

subhash chndr bos ki bharatiy dak tikat
2 julaee ko singapur ke vishal maidan men bharatiyon ka ahvan kiya. unhonne apani fauj men mahilaon ko bhi bharti kiya. unako bandook chalana aur bam girana sikhaya. 21 aktoobar ko unhonne pratigya ki-
main apane desh bharat aur bharatavasiyon ko svatntr karane ki pratigya karata hoon.

logon ne tan, man aur dhan se inaka sahayog kiya. unhonne ek vishal sabha men ghoshana ki- tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhen azadi doonga. katar lag gee. sabase pahale mahilaen aeen. arthik sahayata ke lie unhonne apane suhag ke abhooshan bhi inaki jholi men dal die.

azad hind fauj ka gathan

subhash chndr bos ne panch varsh ki ayu men angrezi ka adhyayan prarambh kar diya tha. yuvavastha inhen rashtraseva men khinch laee. gandhi ji se matabhed hone ke karan ve kangres se alag ho ge aur british jel se bhagakar japan pahunch ge. bos ne japaniyon ke prabhav aur sahayata se dakshin-poorvi eshiya se japan dvara ekatrit qarib 40,000 bharatiy stri-purushon ki prashikshit sena ka gathan shuroo kar diya.

subhash chandr bos aur azad hind fauj ke sadasy
'netaji' ke nam se vikhyat subhash chandr ne sashakt kranti dvara bharat ko svatntr karane ke uddeshy se 21 aktoobar, 1943 ko 'azad hind sarakar' ki sthapana ki tatha 'azad hind fauj' ka gathan kiya. is sngathan ke pratik chihn par ek jhnde par dahadate hue bagh ka chitr bana hota tha.
qadam-qadam badhae ja, khushi ke git gae ja-is sngathan ka vah git tha, jise gunaguna kar sngathan ke senani josh aur utsah se bhar uthate the.
aur japani sainikon ke sath unaki tathakathit azad hind fauj rngoon (ab yangoon) se hoti huee thal marg se bharat ki or badhati, 18 march sanh 1944 ee. ki kohima aur imfal ke bharatiy maidani kshetron men pahunch gee. japani vayusena se sahayata n milane ke karan ek bhishan ladaee men bharatiyon aur japaniyon ki mili-juli sena har gee aur use pichhe hatana pada. lekin azad hind fauj kuchh arse tak barma (vartaman myanmar) aur bad men hind-chin men addon vali muktivahini sena ke roop men apani pahachan banae rakhane men saphal rahi. isi sena ne 1943 se 1945 tak shaktishali angrezon se yuddh kiya tha tatha unhen bharat ko svatntrata pradan kar dene ke vishay men sochane ke lie majaboor kiya tha. sanh 1943 se 1945 tak 'azad hind sena' angrezon se yuddh karati rahi. antatah british shasan ko unhonne mahasoos kara diya ki bharat ko svatntrata deni hi padegi.

Blockquote-open.gif netaji subhash chndr bos sarv kalik neta the jinaki zaroorat kal thi, aj hai aur ane vale kal men bhi hogi. vah aise vir sainik the itihas jinaki gatha gata rahega. unake vichar, karm aur adarsh apana kar rashtr vah sab kuchh hasil kar sakata hai jisaka haqadar hai. svatntrata samar ke amar senani, man bharati ke sachche sapoot the. Blockquote-close.gif

aitihasik bhashan

rngoon ke 'jubali haaul' men subhash chndr bos dvara diya gaya vah bhashan sadaiv ke lie itihas ke patron men ankit ho gaya, jisamen unhonne kaha tha ki- "svatntrata balidan chahati hai. apane azadi ke lie bahut tyag kiya hai, kintu abhi pranon ki ahuti dena shesh hai. azadi ko aj apane shish phool chadha dene vale pagal pujariyon ki avashyakata hai. aise naujavanon ki avashyakata hai, jo apana sir kat kar svadhinata devi ko bhet chadha saken. tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhen azadi doonga. is vaky ke javab men naujavanon ne kaha- "ham apana khoon denge." unhonne aeeene ko 'dilli chalo' ka nara bhi diya.

subhash bharatiyata ki pahachan hi ban ge the aur bharatiy yuvak aj bhi unase prerana grahan karate hain. ve bharat ki amooly nidhi the. 'jayahind' ka nara aur abhivadan unhin ki den hai.
tum mujhe khoon do main tumhen azadi doonga. subhash chndr bos
ye ghoshavaky aj bhi hamen romanchit karata hai. yahi ek vaky siddh karata hai ki jis vyaktitv ne ise desh hit men sabake samane rakha vah kis jivat ka vyakti hoga.

mrityu

'indiyan neshanal armi' ke snsthapak netaji subhash chndr bos ki mrityu par itane varsh vyatit ho jane ke bad bhi rahasy chhaya hua hai. subhashachndr bos ki mrityu havaee durghatana men mani jati hai. samay gujarane ke sath hi bharat men bhi adhikansh log ye manate hai ki netaji ki maut taeepe men viman hadase men huee.
subhash chndr bos
isake alava ek varg aisa bhi hai, jo viman hadase ki bat ko svikar nahin karata. taeepe sarakar ne bhi kaha tha ki 1944 men usake desh men koee viman hadasa nahin hua. mana jata hai ki doosare vishv yuddh men japan ke atmasamarpan ke kuchh din bad dakshin poorvi eshiya se bhagate hue ek havaee durghatana men 18 agast, 1945 ko bos ki mrityu ho gee. ek manyata yah bhi hai ki bos ki maut 1945 men nahin huee, vah usake bad roos men najarabnd the.

unake gumashuda hone aur durghatana men mare jane ke bare men kee vivad chhide, lekin sach kabhi samane nahin aya. halanki ek samachar chainal se khas sakshatkar men netaji subhash chndr bos ki beti anita bos ne kaha tha ki unhen bhi is bat par poora yakin hai ki unake pita ki maut durbhagyapoorn viman hadase men ho gee. unhonne kaha tha ki netaji ki maut ka sabase bada karan viman hadasa hi hai. kamobesh unaki maut viman hadase ki vajah se mani jati hai. isase itar jo baten hain mahaj atakalabaji ho sakati hain. mujhe poora vishvas hai ki netaji ki maut viman hadase men huee. anita ne is intaravyoo ke dauran kaha tha ki agar netaji viman hadase ke bad kahin chhipe hote to unhonne apane parivar se snpark karane ki koshish ki hoti aur nahin to jab desh ajad hua to ve bharat avashy hi vapas laut ate.[4] adhikansh logon ka yahi manana hai ki dakshin-poorvi eshiya se bhagate hue havaee durghatana men jal jane se hue ghavon ke karan taivan ke ek japani aspatal men subhash chndr bos ki mrityu huee. unaki mrityu par kisi ko vishvas hi nahin hua. logon ko laga ki kisi din ve phir samane a khade honge. aj itane varshon bad bhi janamanas unaki rah dekhata hai. ve rahasy the na, aur rahasy ko bhi kabhi kisi ne jana hai?

sarvakalik neta

azad hind fauj ka nirikshan karate subhash chandr bos

netaji subhash chndr bos sarvakalik neta the, jinaki zaroorat kal thi, aj hai aur ane vale kal men bhi hogi. vah aise vir sainik the, itihas jinaki gatha gata rahega. unake vichar, karm aur adarsh apana kar rashtr vah sab kuchh hasil kar sakata hai, jisaka vah haqadar hai. subhash chndr bos svatntrata samar ke amar senani, man bharati ke sachche sapoot the. netaji bharatiy svadhinata sngram ke un yoddhaon men se ek the, jinaka nam aur jivan aj bhi karodon deshavasiyon ko matribhami ke lie samarpit hokar kary karane ki prerana deta hai. unamen netritv ke chamatkarik gun the, jinake bal par unhonne azad hind fauj ki kaman snbhal kar angrezon ko bharat se nikal bahar karane ke lie ek mazaboot sashastr pratirodh khada karane men saphalata hasil ki thi. netaji ke jivan se yah bhi sikhane ko milata hai ki ham desh seva se hi janmadayini mitti ka karz utar sakate hain. unhonne apane parivar ke bare men n sochakar poore desh ke bare men socha. netaji ke jivan ke kee aur pahaloo hame ek nee oorja pradan karate hain. ve ek saphal sngathanakarta the. unaki vakh‌-‌shaili men jadoo tha aur unhonne desh se bahar rahakar 'svatntrata andolan' chalaya. netaji matabhed hone ke bavazood bhi apane sathiyo ka man samman rakhate the. unaki vyapak soch aj ki rajaniti ke lie bhi sochaniy vishay hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jahan se san 1916 ee. men rashtravadi gatividhiyon ke lie unhen nishkasit kar diya gaya tha
  2. jahan se san 1919 men bos ne snatak ki pariksha uttirn ki
  3. indiyan stragal sanh 1920-34 namak pustak likhi
  4. netaji subhashachndr ki maut ek paheli hi rah gee (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2014.

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