नेपाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nepal ke vibhinn drishy

bharat ki uttari sima ke antargat pashchim men sataluj nadi se poorv men sikkim tak lagabhag 500 mil phaila hua svatntr rajy hai. isaki rajadhani kathamandoo hai. nepal 'pokhara snskriti' aur romanch ka kendr bhi hai. himalay ki taraee men basa pokhara nepal ka pramukh paryatak sthal hai. pokhara nepal ke mashahoor traiking aur raauphting sthalon ki or jane ka dvar hai.

itihas

  • tisari shatabdi ee. poo. men yah bhoobhag ashok ke samrajy ka ek ang tha.
  • chauthi shatabdi ee. men nepal rajy samrat samudragupt ki sarvabhaum satta svikar karata tha.
  • satavin shatabdi men is par tibbat ka adhipaty ho gaya. uparant is desh men antarik sngharshon ke karan atyadhik raktapat hua.
  • gyarahavin shatabdi men nepal men thakuri vnsh ke raja rajy karate the.
  • isake bad jab nepal men mall vnsh, jisaka sabase prasiddh shasak yakshamall, lagabhag 1426 se 1475 ee., tha, rajy kar raha tha.
mithila ke shasak nanyadev ne nepal par apana namamatr ki prabhuta sthapit kar li. yakshamall ne mrityu ke poorv hi rajy ka bntavara apane putron aur putriyon men kar diya tha. is vibhajan ke phalasvaroop nepal, kathamandoo tatha bhataganv ke do paraspar pratidvandi rajyon men bnt gaya. in jhagadon ka labh uthakar pashchimi himalay ke pradeshon men basane vali gorakha jati ne 1768 ee. men nepal par adhikar kar liya. shanaiah shanaiah gorakhaon ne apani sainik shakti men buddhi kar nepal ko ek shaktishali rajy bana diya. 19vin shatabdi men unhonne apane rajy ki dakshini sima badhakar british bharat ki uttari sima se mila di. sima samipy ke karan 1814-1815 ee. men nepal aur angrezon men yuddh hua, is gorakha yuddh ke uparant donon deshon men 'sugauli ki sandhi' huee, jisake anusar nepal ne apane rajy ke kuchh bhoobhag british sarakar ko de die.
nepal ka dhvaj
sandhi ki ek dhara ke anusar nepal ki vaideshik niti bharat ki british sarakar ke dvara niyntrit hoti rahi. is prakar kuchh pratibandhon ke sath nepal svatntr desh bana raha. nepal ke bahusnkhyak log hindoo dharm ke anuyayi hain aur alpasnkhya men bauddh dharm ke vikrit roop ke anuyayi hain. nepal men snskrit ke bahut se hastalikhit mahattvapoorn grnth upalabdh hue hain. nepal ke vartaman shasak maharaj virendr hain. unake pita svargiy maharaja mahendr ne nepal men ek naya snvidhan prachalit kiya tha.

granthon ke anusar

mahabharat, vanaparv[1] men nepal ka ullekh karn ki digvijay ke sambandh men hai. nepal desh men jo raja the, unhen jit kar vah himalay parvat se niche utar aya aur phir poorv ki or agrasar hua. [2] isake bad karn ki ang-vng adi par vijay ka varnan hai. isase gyat hota hai, ki prachin kal men bhaugolik evn sanskritik drishtiyon se nepal ko bharat ka hi ek ang samajha jata tha. nepal nam bhi mahabharat ke samay men prachalit tha. nepal men bahut samay tak anary jatiyon ka rajy raha. madhyayug men rajanitik satta mevad, rajasthan ke rajyavnsh ki ek shakha ke hath men a gee. rajapooton ki yah shakha mevad se, musalamanon ke akramanon se bachane ke lie nepal men akar bas gee thi. isi kshatriy vnsh ka rajy aj tak nepal men chala a raha hai. nepal ke anek sthan prachin kal se ab tak hindoo tatha bauddhon ke punyatirth rahe hain. lumbani, pashupatinath adi sthan bharatavasiyon ke lie bhi utane hi pavitr hain, jitane ki nepaliyon ke lie hain.


inhen bhi dekhen: jngabahadur evn pashupatinath mndir


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat, vanaparv 254,7
  2. 'nepal vishaye ye ch rajanastanavajayath avatiry tatha shailath poorva dishamabhidratah'

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah