पंचवटी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pnchavati nasik zila, maharashtr men godavari nadi ke nikat sthit ek prasiddh pauranik sthan hai. yahan par bhagavan shriram, lakshman aur sita sahit apane vanavas kal men kafi dinon tak rahe the aur yahin se lnka ke raja ravan ne mata sita ka haran kiya tha. isi sthan par lakshman ne shoorpanakha ke nak aur kan kat lie the. yahan shriram ka banaya hua ek mandir khandahar roop men vidyaman hai. pnchavati ka varnan 'ramacharitamanas', 'ramachandrika', 'saket', 'pnchavati' evn 'saket-sant' adi pray: sabhi ramakatha sambandhi kavyon men milata hai.

namakaran

marich ka vadh pnchavati ke nikat hi mrigavyadheshvar men hua tha. grigharaj jatayu se shriram ki maitri bhi yahin huee thi. pnchavati ke namakaran ka karan pnchavaton ki upasthiti kahi jati hai- 'pnchanan vatanan samahar iti pnchavati'. ye pnchavat is prakar hain-

  1. ashvatth
  2. amalak
  3. vat
  4. vilb
  5. ashok

mahakavyon men ullekh

valmiki ramayan, aranyakand[1] men pnchavati ka manohar varnan hai, jisaka ek ansh is prakar hai-

'ayn pnchavati desh: saumy pushpitakanan:, yatha khyatamagastyen munina bhavitatmana. iyn godavari ramya pushpitaistarubhivrinta, hnsakarndavakirna chakravakopashobhita. natindoore chasanne mrig yooth nipidita. mayooranadit ramya: pranshavo bahukndara:, drishyante giray: saumya: phullaistarubhiravritta. sauvarn: rajataistabhrairdeshedeshe tatha shubhe: gavakshita iv bhanti gaja: paramabhaktibhi:'[2].

uparyukt uddharanon se gyat hota hai ki pnchavati godavari nadi ke tat par sthit thi.

  • kalidas ne raghuvnsh men kee sthanon par pnchavati ka varnan kiya hai-
'anandayatyunmukhakrishnasara drishtachirath pnchavati mano men[3]
'pnchavatyan tatoram: shasanath krinbhajanman: anashodhasthitistasthau vindhyadriprakritaviv'[4]
'atranugodn mrigaya nivrittastarngatraten vinitakhed: rahasyadutsng nishannamoordha smarami vaniragriheshu supt:'.
  • bhavabhooti ne uttar ramacharit, dvitiy ank men pnchavati ka shriram ke dvara unaki poorv smriti janit udveg ke karan karunajanak varnan kiya hai-
'atraiv sa pnchavati yatr chiranivasen dividhavisrambhatiprasngasakshin: pradesha: pripaya: priyasakhi ch vasnti nam van devata:, 'yasyan te divasastaya sah mayanita yatha svegrihe, yatsnbndh katha bhirev satatn dirghabhirasthiyat. ek: snpratinashit priyatamastamev ram: kathn, pap: pnchavati vilokayatu va gachchhatv snbhavy va'.

'he prabhu param manohar thaoon, pavan pnchavati tehi naoon. dndak van punit prabhu karahoo, uprashap munivar ke harahoo. chale ram muni ayus paee, turatahi pnchavati niyaraee. gridharaj son bhent bhee bahuvidhi priti dridhay, godavari samip prabhu rahe parnagrih chhay'.

pnchavati janasthan ya dndak van men sthit thi. pnchavati ya nasik se godavari ka udgam sthan trynmbakeshvar lagabhag 20 mil (lagabhag 32 ki.mi.) door hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. valmiki ramayan, aranyakand 15
  2. valmiki ramayan, aranyakand 15, 2-12-13-14-15
  3. 'raghuvnsh 13, 34.
  4. raghuvnsh 12, 31 (is shlok men valmiki ramayan aranyakand 15, 12 ke saman hi, agasty rishi ki agyanusar shri ram ka pnchavati men jakar rahana kaha gaya hai).
  5. raghuvnsh 13, 35
  6. valmiki ramayan, aranyakand 3, 48

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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