पंजाबी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pnjabi bhasha bharatiy ary bhasha, jise shauraseni apabhrnsh ke sath utpann hua mana jata hai. lekin isake svar vigyan aur roop vidhan, donon men arnbhik prakrit bhashaon, visheshakar pali aur adi-ary bhashaon) ka prabhav hai. is prakar pnjabi bhasha prachin pnjab ki sanskritik aur bhashashastriy antardharaon ka ek satat bhasha shastriy itihas prastut karati hai.

visheshataen

  • pnjabi bhasha bharat tatha pakistan men boli jati hai. bharat men yah lagabhag dhaee karod nagarikon ki 'matribhasha' hai. bharat ke pnjab rajy men isaka upayog skool, kaaulej aur vishvavidyalayon men madhyam bhasha ke roop men bhi hota hai.
  • adhunik pnjabi ki sabase pramukh visheshata, isaki tin prakar ki svar pranali hai, jisake uchch, madhyam aur nimn svar hain. svar vigyan ki drishti se inhen uchch utar-chadhav, madhy utar-chadhav, tatha bahut nimn chadhav vali rooparekha ke roop men varnit kiya ja sakata hai, jo do satat aksharon par anubhoot hoti hai.
  • doosari sabase badi visheshata isamen shabdon ki vishal snkhya, visheshakar prachin sthanon ke nam tatha unase utpann sngyaen v visheshan aur moordhany svar ( taloo ko mudi huee jihva ke shirsh ke sparsh se uchcharit dhvani ) hai. aise adhikansh shabd pashchimi pura-ary sabhyataon men pae jate hain.
  • pnjabi men sabase purani rachanaen nathayogi kal ki hain. jo nauvin se chaudahavin shatabdi ki hai, jab pnjab samajik, dharmik andolanon ka mukhy kendr tha. banavat ki drishti se in rachanaon ki bhasha shauraseni apabhrnsh ke nikat hai halanki shabd sngrah tatha lay par bolachal ki bhasha aur lokabhasha ka kafi gahara prabhav hai.
  • 11vin se 14vin shatabdi ke bich ek sabase mahattvapoorn bhashaee aur sanskritik andolan ka netritv soofi snton ne kiya. mukhyadhara ki roodhivadita ke khilaf astitvatmak vicharadhara par bal dene men ve yogiyon ke saman the. shastriy brahmanavad men yogi the aur roodhivadi islam men soofi. bhasha ke mamale men parivartan adhik vyapak tha. yogi to bharatiy dharmik parnpara ke bhitar hi karyarat the, at: unaki bhasha lagatar apabhrnsh roop-vidhan aur vaky vinyas se samridhd hoti rahi. soofiyon ko sab kuchh naye dhng se shuroo karana pada, farasi shabd sngrah ke adhyatmik svaron se alag soofiyon ne apane bhashaee upadeshon ko sabase lokapriy lokastar par qayam kiya. kee mayanon men ve pnjabi bhasha ke pahale kavi the, jinhonne sahity ki yogi parnpara ko jari rakhate hue pnjab ke manasik , adhyatmik aur samajik jivan ke pratyek ayam men pravesh kiya.
  • guru nanak (1469-1539) pnjabi bhasha, sahity aur snskriti ke janak hain. pratyek kshetr men unhonne purane, shabdadeshi dhanche ko roopamay manas chhaviyon men badal diya. unhonne qadam-qadam par bhashaee path ko udaharanamay roopakon men samajhaya. bolachal ki pnjabi bhasha ke bal par guru nanak ne bharatiy snskriti ke ek behad susnskrit adhyatmik upadesh-sngrah ki rachana ki.
  • bhasha shastriy drishti se pnjab bhasha dharmik upadeshon se hatakar dharmanirapeksh aur aindrik svachchhnd svaroopon men a gee hai. 20vin sadi ke pnjab men kee samajik aur dharmik rajanitik andolanon ka prabhav raha, jisamen aitihasik vikas-prakriya se vikhndan hua. ab tak pajabi bhasha, sahity aur snskriti sabhi pnjabiyon ki virasat thi.
  • parnparik dharmik svar se achchhadit in andolanon ke phalasvaroop musalamanon ne urdoo, hinduon men hindi aur sikkhon ne pnjabi ko apana liya, halanki isase boli par bahut kam prabhav pada, lekin likhit, manak bhasha ka shabd-vinyas vishisht sikkh snskriti se prabhavit ho gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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