पंजाब का भूगोल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
bhoo-akriti

pnjab ka adhikansh hissa samatal maidani hai, jo poorvottar men samudr tal se lagabhag 275 mitar se dakshin-pashchim men lagabhag 168 mitar ki oonchaee ki anuvarti dhalan vala hai. bhautik roop se is pradesh ko tin hisson men banta ja sakata hai. poorvottar men 274-914 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit shivalik pahadiyan rajy ka bahut hi chhota hissa hain. dakshin men shivalik pahadiyan snkare aur laharadar taraee kshetr ke roop men phaili huee hain, jinase hokar kee mausami dharaen bahati hain. inaka sthaniy nam chos hai aur inamen se kee maidanon men kisi nadi men shamil hue bina hi samapt ho jati hain. tisara kshetr jalodh upajaoo mitti vala vishal samatal maidan hai. maidani kshetr men nadiyon ke kinare nimnabhoomi par sthit badh ke maidan aur unake bich men kam oonchaee par sthit samatal kshetron ko alag-alag pahachana ja sakata hai. pahale ret ke tilon se dhake dakshini-pashchimi oonche kshetr ko sinchaee ke vyapak vistar ke sath hi lagabhag samatal kar diya gaya hai, jisase samoocha paridrishy parivartit ho gaya hai.

jalavayu
  • antardeshiy uposhn katibndhiy avasthiti ke karan pnjab ki jalavayu arddh shushk se arddh nam ke bich vividhatapoorn hai.
  • garmi ka mausam behad garm hota hai; joon men ausat tapaman 34° se. hota hai aur vishesh roop se garm dinon men yah 45° se. tak pahunch jata hai.
  • yahan shit ritu men sardi bhi kafi padati hai. janavari men ausat tapaman 13° se. hota hai aur kee bar rat ke samay tapaman jamav bindu tak gir jata hai.
vany evn prani jivan

sadiyon se manav bastiyon ke vikas ke karan pnjab ke maidani kshetr ke adhikansh jngal samapt ho ge hain. shivalik pahadiyon ke vishal hisse men jngalon ki vyapak kataee ke phalasvaroop vrikshon ki jagah ab jhadidar vanaspati paee jati hai. parvatiy dhalanon par van lagane ke prayas kie ja rahe hain. pramukh sadakon ke kinare aur oopar tatha bnjar bhoomi par yookaliptas v paaupalar ke vriksh lagae ge hain.

pradesh ke kul kshetraphal ke tin-chauthaee hisse men kheti hone ke karan vany jivon ke paryavas men bhari kami aee hai. isake bavajood pakshiyon, kritnk jantuon aur sanp v any janavaron ki kee prajatiyon ne krishi paryavaran ke anusar svayn ko anukoolit kar liya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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