पंढरपुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pndharapur
pndharapur, maharashtr
vivaran 'pndharapur' hinduon ka prasiddh dharmik sthal hai. bhagavan vishnu ke avatar 'vithoba' aur unaki patni rukmini ke samman men is shahar men varsh men char bar tyohar manae jate hain.
rajy maharashtr
zila sholapur
bhaugolik sthiti sholapur se 38 mil pashchim ki or chndrabhaga nadi ke tat par sthit.
prasiddhi hindoo tirth sthal
kab jaen pndharapur men grishm aur shit donon hi mausam ka poora prabhav rahata hai. yahan kabhi bhi aya ja sakata hai.
kaise pahunchen yahan pahunchane ke lie relamarg, sadakamarg tatha vayumarg tinon ki vyavastha hai.
havaee adda pune, mumbee
relave steshan kurduvadi
kya dekhen 'vitthal mndir', 'rukmininath mndir', 'pundalik mndir', 'lakhubaee mndir', 'padmavati mndir', 'anbabaee mndir' aur 'lakhubaee mndir' adi.
snbndhit lekh maharashtr, maharashtr paryatan, maharashtr ka itihas, sholapur, pndharapur yatra, devagiri ka yadav vnsh
prashasakiy bhasha kannad, marathi
any janakari manyataon ke anusar bhakt pundalik ke smarak ke roop men yahan ka mndir bana hua hai. is mndir men vithoba ke roop men shrikrishn ki pooja ki jati hai.

pndharapur maharashtr rajy ka ek nagar aur prasiddh tirth sthan hai. yah pashchimi bharat ke dakshini maharashtr rajy men bhima nadi[1] ke tat par sholapur nagar ke pashchim men sthit hai. pauranik manyataon ke anusar bhaktaraj pundalik ke smarak ke roop men yahan ka mndir bana hua hai. is mndir men vithoba ke roop men bhagavan shrikrishn ki pooja ki jati hai.

dharmik sthal

sholapur se 38 mil (lagabhag 60.8 ki.mi.) pashchim ki or chndrabhaga athava bhima nadi ke tat par maharashtr ka shayad yah sabase bada tirth hai. 11vin shati men is tirth ki sthapana huee thi. sadak aur rel marg dvara asani se pahunchane yogy pndharapur ek dharmik sthal hai, jahan sal bhar hazaron hindoo tirthayatri ate hain. bhagavan vishnu ke avatar 'bithoba' aur unaki patni 'rukmini' ke samman men is shahar men varsh men char bar tyohar manae jate hain. mukhy mndir ka nirman 12vin shatabdi men devagiri ke yadav shasakon dvara karaya gaya tha. yah shahar bhakti snpraday ko samarpit marathi kavi snton ki bhoomi bhi hai.

mukhy mndir

shri vitthal mndir yahan ka mukhy mndir hai. yah mndir bahut vishal hai. nij mndir men shripundarinath kamar par hath rakhe khade hain. usi ghere men hi rukminiji, balaramaji, satyabhama, jambavati tatha shriradha ke mndir hain. mndir men pravesh karate samay dvar ke samip bhakt chokhamela ki samadhi hai. pratham sidhi par hi namadevaji ki samadhi hai. dvar ke ek or akha bhakti ki moorti hai.

pauranik katha

bhakt pundarik mata-pita ke param sevak the. ve mata-pita ki seva men lage the, us samay shrikrishnachndr unhen darshan dene padhare. pundarik pita ke charan dabate rahe. bhagavan ko khade hone ke lie unhonne eent saraka di; kintu uthe nahin. bhagavan kamar par hath rakhe eent par khade rahe. seva se nivritt hone par pundarik ne bhagavan se isi roop men yahan sthit rahane ka varadan mang liya[2].

itihas

1159 shakabd[3] ke ek shilalekh men jo yahan se prapt hua tha, 'pndarige' kshetr ke gram nivasiyon ke dvara varshashan diye jane ka ullekh hai. 1195 shakabd[4] ke doosare shilalekh men pndharapur ke mndir ke lie die ge gadyanon (suvarn mudraon) ka varnan hai. in daniyon men karnatak, telngana, paithan, vidarbh adi ke nivasiyon ke nam hain.

vastav men pauranik kathaon ke anusar bhaktaraj pundalik ke smarak ke roop men yah mndir bana hua hai. isake adhishthata vithoba ke roop men shrikrishn hai, jinhonne bhakt pundalik ki pitribhakti se prasann hokar usake dvara phenke hue ek patthar (vith ya eent) ko hi saharsh apana asan bana liya tha. kaha jata hai ki vijayanagar naresh krishnadev vithoba ki moorti ko apane rajy men le gaya tha, kintu phir vah ek maharashtriy bhakt ke dvara pndharapur vapas le jaee gee. 1117 ee. ke ek abhilekh se yah bhi siddh hota hai ki bhagavat snpraday ke antargat varakari grnth ke bhakton ne vitthaladev ke poojanarth paryapt dhanarashi ekatr ki thi. is mndal ke adhyaksh the ramadev ray jadhav.[5]

yatra

ek vyakti bhagavan vitthal v rukmini ko sir par rakhakar le jata hua

pndharapur ki yatra ajakal ashadh men tatha kartik shukl ekadashi ko hoti hai. devashayani aur devotthan ekadashi ko barakari sampraday ke log yahan yatra karane ke lie ate hain. yatra ko hi 'vari dena' kahate hain. bhakt pundharik is dham ke pratishthata mane jate hain. snt tukaram, gyaneshvar, namadev, ranka-banka, narahari adi bhakton ki yah nivas sthali rahi hai. pndharapur bhima nadi ke tat par hai, jise yahan chandrabhaga bhi kahate hain.

asapas ke darshaniy sthal

shri vitthal mndir ke sath hi yatri yahan rukmininath mndir, pundalik mndir, lakhubaee mndir[6], anbabaee mndir, vyas mndir, trynbakeshvar mndir, pnchamukhi maruti mndir, kalabhairav mndir aur shakanbari mndir, mallikarjun mndir, dvarakadhish mndir, kala maruti mndir, gopalakrishn mndir aur shridhar svami samadhi mndir ke bhi darshan kar sakate hain. pndharapur ke jo devi mndir prasiddh hain, unamen 'padmavati', 'anbabaee' aur 'lakhubaee' sabase prasiddh hain.[7] chndrabhaga ke par shrivallabhachary mahaprabhu ki baithak hai. 3 mil door ek ganv men janabaee ka mndir hai aur vah chakki hai, jise bhagavan ne chalaya tha.

kab jaen

pndharapur men garmi aur jada donon hi mausam ka poora prabhav rahata hai. yahan kabhi bhi aya ja sakata hai. chahe garmi, varsha ya thnd ka mausam ho. garmiyon (march-joon) ke dauran yahan ka tapaman 42 digri tak pahunch jata hai. jabaki manasoon (julaee-sitnbar) ke dauran yahan samany barish hoti hai. jade (navnbar-faravari) ke dauran yahan ke mausam men thodi ardrata ya nami hoti hai. is dauran yahan ka tapaman 10 digri tak ja sakata hai. aktoobar se faravari ka mausam yahan ane ka sabase behatarin samay mana jata hai, jab yatri yahan ke asapas ke darshaniy sthalon ka hi nahin, balki mndir ke utsavon ka bhi annd le sakate hain.

snan karate log

kaise pahunche

rel yatra - pndharapur, kurduvadi relave jnkshan se juda hua hai. kurduvadi jnkshan se hokar latur eksapres (22108), munbee eksapres (17032), husainasagar eksapres (12702), siddheshvar eksapres (12116) samet kee trene rojana munbee jati hain. pndharapur se bhi pune ke raste munbee ke lie rel chalati hai.

sadak marg - maharashtr ke kee shaharon se pndharapur sadak parivahan ke jarie juda hai. isake alava uttari karnatak aur uttar-pashchim andhr pradesh se bhi pratidin yahan ke lie basen chalati hain.

vayu marg - yahan ka nikatatam ghareloo havaeeadda pune hai, jo lagabhag 245 kilomitar ki doori par hai. jabaki nikatatam antarrashtriy havaeeadda munbee men sthit hai.

pramukh shaharon se doori

  • sngola se pndharapur ki doori 32 kilomitar hai.
  • kurduvadi jnkshan ki doori 52 kilomitar hai.
  • isake atirikt sholapur 72 kilomitar, miraj 128 kilomitar aur ahamadanagar 196 kilomitar door sthit hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar pndharapur ki janasnkhya 91,381 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yahan bhima nadi apane ghumavadar bahav ke karan 'chandrabhaga' kahalati hai.
  2. hindooon ke tirth sthan |lekhak: sudarshan sinh 'chakr' |prishth snkhya: 188 |
  3. = 1081 ee.
  4. = 1117 ee.
  5. (marathi vandmaya chya itihas, pratham khnd, prishth 334-351)
  6. ise rukmini mndir ke nam se jana jata hai
  7. pndharapur yatra men shraddhalu karate hain bhagavan vitthal ka darshan (hindoo) aj tak. abhigaman tithi: 04 aprail, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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