पंढरपुर यात्रा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pndharapur yatra
pndharapur yatra men snt gyaneshvar ki palaki
vivaran 'pndharapur yatra' hinduon dvara ki jane vali prasiddh tirth mahayatra hai. is yatra men prasiddh tirthasthan pndharapur ki yatra ki jati hai.
rajy maharashtr
zila sholapur
tirthasthan pndharapur
yatra tithi ashadh mah men shukl paksh ki ekadashi
snbndhit lekh maharashtr, pndharapur, maharashtr ki snskriti, maharashtr paryatan, snt gyaneshvar, snt tukaram
any janakari is pavitr yatra men karib 5 lakh se zyada hindoo shraddhalu bhag lene pahunchate hain. bhagavan vitthal ke darshan ke lie desh ke kone-kone se pataka-dindi lekar is tirthasthal par paidal chalakar log yahan ikattha hote hain.

pndharapur yatra ka hinduon men kafi mahattv hai. pichhale sat sau varshon se maharashtr ke pndharapur men ashadh mahine ki shukl ekadashi ke pavan avasar par is mahayatra ka ayojan hota a raha hai. ise "vaishnavajanon ka kumbh" kaha jata hai. deshabhar me aisi kee yatraon ke avasar hote hain aur har ek yatra ki apani visheshata hoti hai.

palaki

bhima nadi ke tat par basa pndharapur sholapur zile men avasthit hai. ashadh ke mahine men yahan karib 5 lakh se zyada hindoo shraddhalu prasiddh pndharapur yatra men bhag lene pahunchate hain. bhagavan vitthal ke darshan ke lie desh ke kone-kone se pataka-dindi lekar is tirthasthal par paidal chalakar log yahan ikattha hote hain. is yatra kram men kuchh log alndi men jama hote hain aur poona tatha jajoori hote hue pndharapur pahunchate hain. inako 'gyanadev mauli ki dindi' ke nam se dindi jana jata hai.

lagabhag 1000 sal purani palaki parnpara ki shuruat maharashtr ke kuchh prasiddh snton ne ki thi. unake anuyayiyon ko 'varakari' kaha jata hai, jinhonne is pratha ko jivit rakha. palaki ke bad dindi hota hai. varakariyon ka ek susngathit dal is dauran nrity, kirtan ke madhyam se maharashtr ke prasiddh snt tukaram ki kirti ka bakhan karata hai. yah kirtin alndi se dehu hote hue tirthanagari pndharapur tak chalata rahata hai. yah yatra joon ke mahine men shuroo hokar 22 dinon tak chalati hai.[1]

vari

pndharapur ki yatra ki visheshata hai, usaki 'vari'. 'vari' ka arth hai- "salon-sal lagatar yatra karana". is yatra men har varsh shamil hone valon ko 'varakari' kaha jata hai aur yah sampraday bhi 'varakari sampraday' kahalata hai. is 'vari' ka jab se arnbh hua hai, tab se pidhi dar pidhi ek hi parivar ke log har sal vari ke lie nikal padate hain. maharashtr men kee sthanon par vaishnav snton ke nivas rahe hain ya unake samadhi sthal hain. aise sthanon se un snton ki palaki vari ke lie prasthan karati hai. ashadhi ekadashi ke din pndharapur pahunchane ka uddeshy samane rakhakar, usake antar ke anusar har palaki ka apane saphar ka karyakram tay hota hai. is marg par kee palakiyan ek-doosare se milati hain aur unaka ek bada karavan ban jata hai. vari men do pramukh palakiyan hoti hain. unamen ek snt gyaneshvaraji ki tatha doosari snt tukaram ki hoti hai. 18 se 20 din ki paidal yatra kar varakari 'devashayani ekadashi' ke din pndharapur pahunch jate hain.

pndharapur yatra men jate log

vari men shamil hona ya varakari banana yah ek parivartan ka arnbh hai. isalie yadi koee vaishnav ho ya n ho, ek bar vari ke sath yatra karane ka anubhav grahan karana bada zaroori hai. vari se judane par manushy ke vicharon men parivartan hota hai to usake acharan men bhi parivartan hota hai. yah poori prakriya vari men apane ap shuroo ho jati hai, kyonki vari ka uddesh hai- eeshvar ke pas pahunchana, nikat jana. vari men din-rat bhajan-kirtan, namasmaran chalata rahata hai. apane ghar ki, kamakaj ki, khet ki samasyaon ko pichhe chhodakar varakari vari ke lie chal padate hain, kintu varakari daivavadi bilkul nahin hota, balki prayatnavad ko manakar apane kshetr men achchha kary karata hai, kyonki har kam men vah eeshvar ke darshan hi karata hai.[1]

vyavasthapan

yatra men shamil varakari vyakti

vari ka apana ek alag hi vyavasthapan hota hai. har varakari kisi n kisi dindi ka sadasy hota hai. ek chhote kintu sngathit samooh ko 'dindi' kaha jata hai. har dindi ko ek kramank diya jata hai. poori vari ki yatra men is dindi ka sthan nishchit rahata hai. kisi bhi dindi ko yah anushasan bhng karane ki anumati nahin hoti. ek ganv se doosare ganv ko jane ka samay nishchit rahata hai. koee samay par apani dindi men nahin pahunch pae to vari usake lie bina ruke, age chal padati hai. har dindi ka ek pramukh hota hai. usi ke nam se dindi jani jati hai. ek dindi men amataur par dedh sau se do sau log hote hain. vari men shamil hote hi har sadasy apani apani dindi ke pramukh ko apane ane ki soochana deta hai aur kharch karane ke lie tay rakam use saunp deta hai. usake bad us sadasy ki poori jimmedari vari ke pramukh ki hoti hai. yah silasila pndharapur pahunchane tak chalata hai. saman dhone ke lie har dindi ke lie ek trak ya tempo sath men rahata hai. har roj ke ratri ke vishram ka sthan pahale se hi tay hota hai. dindi ke pramukh vahan pahale pahunchakar apane sadasyon ki vyavastha karate hain. sat sau salon ki lnbi avadhi men kabhi yah sunane men nahi aya ki dindi ka pramukh paisa lekar bhag gaya ya usane kuchh golamal kiya.

har nagar men, har gram men palaki ka kahan svagat hoga, svagat kaun karega, isaki bhi parnpara-si bani hai. palaki ka nivas us nagar ke sabase bade mndir men hota hai. any dindiyan alag-alag mndiron, dharmashalaon men vishram karati hain. vari men har sal lakhon log sammilit hote hain, kintu phir bhi yah karavan suniyojit dhng se saikadon salon sal chalata ja raha hai. vari ki har dindi mano ek parivar si ban jati hai. dindi ke sadasy alag-alag gavon ke hote hain. vari ke bad bhi unaka apas men snpark rahata hai. apane pas ki khane-pine ki chijen banti jati hain, boodhe log apas men baten karate hain, sas-bahoo milakar doosari mahilaon ke sath apane sukh-du:kh bantati rahati hain. dindi men kabhi sngharsh hua hai, hathapaee huee hai ya do dindiyon men sngharsh hua hai, aisa aj tak kabhi sunaee nahin diya. pndharapur ki vari men kee pranton se bhaktagan har sal ate hain. pandurng, vaishnav tatha shiv ka ekakar roop hain. isi karan yah tirthakshetr mahanh hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 700 sal purani hai pndharapur ki yah yatra (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 04 aprail, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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