पटना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

patana
Patna-Museum.jpg
vivaran patana bihar rajy ki rajadhani hai. patana bharat ke gauravayukt shaharon men se ek hai aur patana apani aitihasik imaraton ke lie bhi prasiddh hai.
rajy bihar
zila patana zila
sthapana 444-460 ee. poo. men ajatashatru dvara sthapit
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 25° 35' - poorv -85° 12'
marg sthiti yah shahar sadak dvara vaishali se 56 kimi, pavapuri se 90 kimi, nalnda se 95 kimi, rajagir se 110 kilomitar, gaya se 120 kilomitar, bodhagaya se 135 kilomitar, sasaram se 152 kilomitar aur dilli se 997 kilomitar doori par sthit hai.
kab jaen akh‍toobar se march
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas
havaee adda jayaprakash narayan havaee adda
relave steshan patana jnkshan
bas adda gandhi maidan bas stend, mithapur bas stend
yatayat aauto riksha, saeekil riksha, taiksi, mini bas
kya dekhen patana paryatan
es.ti.di. kod 612
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal ka manachitr, jayaprakash narayan havaee adda
patana patana paryatan patana zila

patana bihar rajy ki rajadhani evn bharat ke gauravayukt shaharon men se ek hai. adhunik patana duniya ke gine-chune un vishesh prachin nagaron men se ek hai jo ati prachin kal se aj tak abad hai. is shahar ko aitihasik imaraton ke lie bhi jana jata hai. choonki patana se vaishali, rajagir, nalnda, bodhagaya aur pavapuri ke lie marg jata hai, isalie yah shahar bauddh aur jain dharmavalnbiyon ke lie 'getave' ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. [1]

mahatma gandhi setu, patana
Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna

patana ek or jahan shaktishali rajavnshon ke lie jana jata hai. vahin doosari or gyan aur adhh‍yath‍m ke karan bhi yah kafi lokapriy raha hai. vartaman men bihar rajy ki rajadhani patana ko kalakram men pataliputr, kusumapur, pushpapur, pataligram, ajimabad adi namon se pukara gaya tha. [2] phir yah nagar patana kahalane laga aur dhire-dhire bihar ka sabase bada nagar ban gaya.

sthapana

pataliputr ki sthapana 5vin shatabdi ee.poo. men magadh (dakshin bihar) ke raja ajatashatru ne ki thi.

sthiti

prachin pataliputr shahar, bihar rajy ki rajadhani, poorvottar bharat. yah kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta) se lagabhag 470 kilomitar pashchimottar men sthit hai. patana bharat ke prachinatam nagaron men se ek hai. isake prachin snskrit nam pataliputr, kusumapur aur pushpapur hain. mugal kal men yah azimabad ke nam se vikhyat tha. patana nadi ke tat par sthit shahar hai, jo gnga nadi ke dakshin kinare par lagabhag 19 kilomitar tak phaila hua hai.

dharmik manyata

patana bihar rajy ka prasiddh paryatan evn dharmik sthal hai. yah mukhyatah sikh tirth hai. gurugovind sinh ki do jodi charan padukayen yahan surakshit hain.

chhoti patanadevi mndir— yah mndir hari mndir se dakshin gali men hai. isamen mahakali, mahalakshmi, mahasarasvati ki moortiyan hain. yah mndir patanadevi chauk se tin mil pashchim maharajagnj men hai. yah 51 shaktipithon men ek se hai. yahan sati ka dahina jngha gira tha. isake samip men birala ji ka banavaya hua satyanarayan mndir hai. patana men jainon ke 5 mndir aur chaityalay hain. patana steshan ke pas tekari par seth sudarshan ka mokshasthan hai. vahan unaki charanapadukayen hain.

itihas

patana ka prachin nam pataliputr tha. eesa poorv megasthanij (350 eepoo-290 eepoo) ne apane bharat bhraman ke pashchath likhi apani pustak indika men is nagar ka ullekh kiya hai. palibothra (pataliputr) jo gnga aur arennovas (sonabhadr-hiranyavah) ke sngam par basa tha. us pustak ke akalanon se prachin patana (palibotha) 9 mil (14.5 ki.mi.) lamba tatha 1.75 mil(2.8) ki.mi. chauda tha. adhunik patana bihar rajy ki rajadhani hai aur gnga nadi ke dakshini kinare par sthit hai. jahan par gnga, ghaghara, son aur gndak jaisi sahayak nadiyon se milati hai. yahan par gnga nadi ka svaroop nadi jaisa n hokar sagar jaisa virat dikhata hai - anant aur athah!

patana ka drishy, bihar

ajatashatru ke putr uday ne ise magadh ki rajadhani ka darja diya, jo pahali shatabdi ee.poo. tak bana raha. doosare magadh vnsh maury ne tisari aur doosari shatabdi ee.poo. ke arnbh tak shasan kiya, isake bad 185 ee.poo. men bharat-yoonaniyon ne is shahar par adhikar kar liya. tatpashchath shung vnsh ka arnbh hua, jisane lagabhag 73 ee.poo. tak yahan shasan kiya. pataliputr adhyayan ka kendr bana raha aur chauthi shatabdi men yah gupt shasakon ki rajadhani bana. satavin shatabdi tak isaka patan ho gaya aur isaka parityag kar diya gaya. 1541 ee. men afagan shasak sherashah ne patana ke roop men isaki punarsthapana ki aur bad men mugal samrajy ke antargat yah phir se samriddh hua. 1765 men is par angrezon ka adhikar ho gaya. isake asapas ke kshetron men vyapak paimane par puratatvik khudaee ka kam hua hai. sherashah ke pashchath mugal-kal men patana hi sthayi roop se bihar prant ki rajadhani rahi. british kal men 1892 men patana ko bihar-udisa ke snyukt soobe ki rajadhani banaya gaya. ajatashatru, chandragupt maury, samrat ashok, chndragupt dvitiy, samudragupt ne pataliputr (patana) men shasan kiya. samrat ashok ke shasanakal ko bharat ke itihas men advitiy sh‍than praph‍t hai.

patana men yatri

patana kee prabuddh yatriyon jaise fahyan, hven tsang ke agaman ka bhi sakshi hai. kee itihasavid yah bhi manate hain ki mahanatam kootanitigy kautilh‍y ne yahin par arthashash‍tr ki rachana ki thi. purane nagar ke pashchim men bankipur namak sthan hai aur sudoor dakshin-pashchim men nee rajadhani hai, jahan chaudi evn chhayadar sadake aur ne bhavan hain.

guru tegabahadur ji
golaghar, patana
Golghar, Patna

guru tegabahadur ji prayag, banaras, patana, asam adi kshetron men ge, jahan unhonne adhyatmik, samajik, arthik, unnayan ke lie rachanatmak kary kie. adhyatmikata, dharm ka gyan banta. inhin yatraon men 1666 men guruji ke yahan patana sahab men putr ka janm hua. jo dasaven guru- guru govind sinh bane.

guru govind sinh ji

guru govind sinh ji ka janm 22 disnbar sanh 1666 ee. ko patana (bihar) men hua tha.

kaaulej ka niraman

baboo rajendr prasad ne apani phalati-phoolati vakalat chhodakar patana ke nikat sanh 1921 men ek neshanal kaaulej khola. hazaron chhatr aur profesar jinhonne sarakari snsthaon ka bahishkar kiya tha yahan a gaye. phir is kaaulej ko gnga kinare sadakat ashram men le jaya gaya. agale 25 varshon ke liye yah rajendr prasad ji ka ghar ban gaya.

yatayat aur parivahan

vayu marg

patana men antararashtriy havaee adda hai aur usaka nam 'lokanayak jayaprakash narayan' hai. yah nagar ke pashchimi bhag men sthit hai. bharat ke pramukh shaharon ke lie niyamit roop se patana men havaee jahaz upalabdh hain.

relave steshan, patana
Railway Station, Patna

rel marg

'patana jnkshan' patana men relave mndal ka ek mahath‍vapoorn jnkh‍shan hai. yahan se anek rajyon ke lie sidhi rel seva upalabhad hain. dilli, uttar pradesh, udisa, jharakhnd, pashchim bngal, asam adi rajh‍yon ke lie yahan se sidhi rel hain.

sadak marg

bihar ki rajadhani hone ke karan patana bihar ke sabhi pramukh shaharon se sadak marg dvara juhda hai. bihar ke sabhi zila mukhyalay tatha jharakhnd ke kuchh shaharon ke lie niyamit bas-seva yahan se upalabdh hai. gnga nadi par bane mahatma gandhi setu ke dvara patana hajipur se juda hai.

udyog aur vyapar

patana men khady prasnsh‍karan aur vanash‍pati banane ke karakhane hain.

shikshan snsthan

hanuman mndir, patana
Hanuman Mandir, Patna
  • yahan sthit patana vishvavidyalay (1917) se snbaddh kee mahavidyalay hain, jinamen patana medikal kaaulej, bihar kaaulej aauf injiniyaring, bihar kaaulej aauf farmesi, kaaulej aauf vetanari sains, gavarnament kaaulej aauf art aind krafts tatha indiyan instityoot aauf bizanes mainejament shamil hain.
  • patana ke pramukh adhunik bhavanon men gavarnament haus, asenbali chainbars, oriental laibreri, ek medikal kaaulej aur ek injiniyaring

kaaulej shamil hain.

  • madhy patana men sthit ‘khudabaksh khan pustakalay’ ek rashtriy mahattv ki lokapriy sarvajanik snstha hai. isamen islami shiksha, madhy eshiyaee evn madhyakalin bharatiy itihas ki asnkhy durlabh pandulipiyan tatha rajapoot ev mugalakalin chitrakala ke utkrisht namoonon ka sngrah hai.

janasnkhya

patana zile ki kul janasnkhya (2001 ki ganana ke anusar) kul 47,09,851 hai. nagar ki janasnkhya 13,76,950 hai.

paryatan

patana ka bihar ke paryatan sthalon men bahut mahattvapoorn sthan hai. patana shahar ko aitihasik imaraton ke lie bhi jana jata hai. patana ka bharatiy paryatan manachitr men pramukh sh‍than hai. patana aur asapas sthit any smarakon men sati mndir, sent josef roman kaithalik charch, protestent charch, patthar ki masjid, bhavani puri ka math aur aitihasik tatha prashasanik mahattv ki kee any imaraten hain. patana ke aitihasik smarakon men bngal ke husain shah (1499) ki masjid.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. patana (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 15 joon, 2010.
  2. patana: ab vo bat kahan (hindi) bharatiy paksh. abhigaman tithi: 15 joon, 2010.

snbndhit lekh