पत्तम थानु पिल्लई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pattam thanu pillee
pattam thanu pillee
poora nam pattam thanu pillee
janm 15 julaee, 1885
janm bhoomi trivendram
mrityu 27 julaee, 1970
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres, praja samajavadi parti
pad keral ke mukhyamntri (tin bar), pnjab evn andhr pradesh ke rajyapal
kary kal mukhyamntri (keral)- 22 faravari 1960 se 25 sitambar 1962 tak

rajyapal (pnjab)- sanh 1962 se sanh 1964 tak
rajyapal (andhr pradesh)- sanh 1964 se sanh 1968 tak

shiksha snatak, vakalat
vidyalay maharaja kalej, trivendram

pattam thanu pillee (angrezi: Pattom Thanu Pillai, janm: 15 julaee, 1885; mrityu: 27 julaee, 1970) adhunik keral pradesh ke pramukh neta the. ve tin bar vahan ke mukhyamntri bhi bane. svatntrata senani aur vakil rahe pillee pahale kangres aur bad men praja samajavadi parti yani prasapa se jude the. ve pnjab aur andhr pradesh ke rajyapal bhi rahe.

jivan parichay

pattam thanu pillee ka janm 15 julaee, 1885 ee. ko trivendram ke ek 'nayar' parivar men hua tha. qanoon ki shiksha poori karane ke bad unhonne kuchh samay tak lipik aur adhyapak ka kam kiya. phir 1915 se ve vakalat karane lage. sath hi sarvajanik karyon men bhi bhag lena shuroo kiya. travanakor deshi riyasat thi. shesh bharat ki bhanti janata vahan bhi satta men bhagidari ki mang kar rahi thi. isake lie vahan pattam thanu ke netritv men kangres sngathan bana. unhonne vakalat chhod di aur uttaradayi shasan ki sthapana ke lie 'satyagrah' arnbh kar diya. pillee giraphtar kar lie ge. 1939 men gandhi ji ke samarthan ke sath phir andolan hua aur giraphtariyan huee. pattam thanu ne jab travanakor ki mang ka virodh kiya, tab to unaka ek pair jel ke andar aur ek bahar rahane laga.

ram manohar lohiya se matabhed

pillee ne travanakor kangres parti ki sthapana ki aur lokapriy sarakar ki sthapana ki mang ke lie andolan ka netritv kiya. 1928 men hi pillee travanakor vidhanasabha ke lie chun liye gaye the. 1948 men ve travanakor ke mukhyamntri bane, par unaka kuchh kangresiyon se matabhed ho gaya aur unhonne istipha de diya. ve prasapa men shamil ho gaye. pillee 16 march 1954 ko dobara mukhyamntri bane. prasapa sarakar kangres ke samarthan par tiki huee thi. kangres ne apana samarthan vapas le liya aur 11 mahine men hi sarakar gir gayi. is bich ram manohar lohiya ke sath pillee ka vivad hua. 1960 men vidhanasabha ke madhyavadhi chunav ke bad pillee phir kangres ki madad se mukhyamntri bane, par prasapa haeekaman se poochhe bina unhonne 1962 men pnjab ka rajyapal banana svikar kar liya.

1954 men jab ve mukhyamntri bane the, tab unake istiphe ki mang ko lekar rashtriy star par charcha huee thi. istiphe ki mang prasapa ke mahasachiv daau. lohiya ne ki thi. 11 agast 1954 ko travanakor kochin men pulis ne goliyan chalayin, jisase char vyakti mare gaye. tab achary jebi kripalani prasapa ke adhyaksh the. daau lohiya ne mang ki ki golikand ke karan pillee mukhyamntri pad se istipha de den. daau lohiya ki ray thi ki istiphe ke jariye prasapa aur janata ko vyavahar aur acharan men prashikshit karana hai. is tarah ka istipha any partiyon ko apane vyavahar men prabhavit karata aur pulis ko apane acharan men is golikand ko lekar prasapa men uchchatam star par kafi chintan aur atmamnthan hua, par istiphe ke paksh men ray nahin bani. at: daau lohiya ne agast men hi prasapa ki karyasamiti ki sadasyata aur dal ke mahasachiv pad se istipha de diya. unake samarthakon ne bhi parti ke padon se istipha de diya. parti ne kaha ki parti is golikand ke lie janata se maphi mangati hai, par mukhyamntri ka istipha nahin hoga. udhar, mukhyamntri pillee ne kaha ki sarakar ke bare men ray banane ke lie janata sabase saksham nyayadhish hai. unaki sarakar kafi lokapriy hai aur sarakar ke istiphe ka koee karan nahin hai.

je.bi. kripalani ne kaha ki gandhiji tak ne pulis golibari ke auchity ki snbhavana se inakar nahin kiya. kangresi sarakar men jab pulis golibari huee, to unhonne us sarakar se istipha nahin manga. daau lohiya ke bare men kripalani ne kaha ki ham logon ke bich ek nayi pratibha ka uday hua hai, lekin isaki bhi ek sima honi chahie. jayaprakash narayan ne bhi is goli kand par apani pratikriya vyakt karate hue kaha ki kangres shasit rajyon men pulis golikand hone par kya kangres ne is tarah ka prastav parit kiya, jaisa prastav prasapa ne pas kiya hai?

jab ek samajavadi sarakar ke andar golibari huee, to poori parti toot gayi aur mudde par vichar ke lie parti ka adhiveshan bulaya gaya. par in tarko se lohiya sahamat nahin the. unhonne ek janasabha men kaha ki koee bhi sarakar, jo apani pulis ki raiphal par nirbhar karati hai, janata ka bhala nahin kar sakati. bad men daau lohiya ne nayi parti banayi aur use ek siddhantanishth parti ke roop men chalaya. unake gairakangresavad ke nare ke karan 1967 ke chunav men nau rajyon men kangres ki sarakar nahin rahi. aisa bahuton ka manana hai ki 1967 men daau lohiya ka nidhan nahin hua hota, to ve yah dikha dete ki kaise kisi sarakar ko siddhantanishth dhng se chalaya ja sakata hai.[1]

padabhar

  • 1947 men jis samay riyasat ne 'bharatiy sngh' men vilay ka phaisala kiya pattam thanu jel ke andar hi the. ve riha hue aur 1948 men hue nirvachan ke bad unhonne pradesh ke mukhyamntri ka pad snbhala. lekin matabhed ke karan unhen shighr hi istipha dena pada.
  • 1954 men 'praja soshalist parti' ke tikat par chun kar ve kangres ke sahayog se phir mukhyamntri bane. lekin varsh bhar men hi kangres ne sahayog vapas le liya aur mntrimandal gir gaya.
  • 1960 men navagathit keral rajy ke ve tisari bar mukhyamntri bane. is prakar unhen adhunik keral ka nirmata kaha ja sakata hai.
  • 1962 men pattam thanu ko pnjab ka rajyapal banaya gaya.
  • 1964 se 1968 tak ve andhr pradesh ke rajyapal rahe.

nidhan

27 julaee, 1970 men pattam thanu pillee ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pillee banam lohiya (hindi) prabhat khabar. abhigaman tithi: 15 julaee, 2013.

liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 453.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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