पपीता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

papita

papita svasthavardhak tatha vitamin e se bharapoor phal hota hai. papita trapikal amerika men paya jata hai. papita ka vanaspatik nam kerika papaya hai. papita kairikesi parivar ka ek mahattvapoorn sadasy hai. papita ek bahulidis paudha hai tatha murakaratay se tin prakar ke ling nar, mada tatha nar v mada donon ling ek ped par hote hain. papita ke pake v kachche phal donon upayogi hote hain. kachchen phal se papen banaya jata hai. jisaka saundary jagath men tatha udyog jagath men vyapak prayog kiya jata hai. papita ek sadabahar madhur phal hai, jo svadisht aur ruchikar hota hai. yah hamare desh men sabhi jagah utpann hota hai. yah barahon mahine hota hai, lekin yah faravari-march aur mee se aktoobar ke madhy vishesh roop se paida hota hai. isaka kachcha phal hara aur pakane par pile rng ka ho jata hai. paka papita madhur, bhari, garm, snigdh aur sarak hota hai. papita pitt ka shaman tatha bhojan ke prati ruchi utpann karata hai.

papite ki prakriti

papita bahut hi jaldi badhanevala ped hai. sadharan zamin, thodi garami aur achchhi dhoop mile to yah ped achchha panapata hai, par ise adhik pani ya zamin men kshar ki zyada matra ras nahin ati. isaki poori oonchaee qarib 10-12 phut tak hoti hai. jaise-jaise ped badhata hai, niche se ek ek patta girata rahata hai aur apana nishan tane par chhod jata hai. tana ekadam sidha hare ya bhoore rng ka aur andar se khokhala hota hai. patte ped ke sabase oopari hisse men hi hote hain. ek samay men ek ped par 80 se 100 phal tak bhi lag jate hain.

papita

ped ke oopar ke hisse men patton ke ghere ke niche papite ke phal ate hain taki yah patton ka ghera komal phal ki suraksha kar sake. kachcha papita hare rng ka aur pakane ke bad hare pile rng ka hota hai. papite ka phal thoda lamba v golakar hota hai tatha gooda pile rng ka hota hai. goode ke bich men kale rng ke bij hote hain. ajakal nayi jatiyon men bina bij ke papite ka avishkar bhi kiya gaya hai. ek papite ka vajan 300, 400 gram se lekar 1 kilo gram tak ho sakata hai.
papite ke ped nar aur mada alag hote hain lekin kabhi-kabhi ek hi ped par donon tarah ke phool khilate hain. havaeeyan aur meksikan papite bahut prasiddh hain. bharatiy papite bhi atyant svadisht hote hain. alag-alag kismon ke anusar inake svad men thodi bahut bhinnata ho sakati hai.[1]

kismen

papite ki mukhy kismon ka vivaran nimnavat hai-

poosa dolasiyara

yah adhik oopaj dene vali papite ki gainodaisiyash prajati hai. jisamen mada tatha nar-mada do prakar ke phool ek hi paudhe par ate hain pake phal ka svad mitha tatha akarshak sugndh liye hota hai.

poosa mejesti

yah bhi ek gainodaisiyash prajati hai. isaki utpadakata adhik hai, tatha bhndaran kshamata bhi adhik hoti hai.

papite ka phool

poosa jaint

yah bahut adhik vriddhi vali mani jati hai. nar tatha mada phool alag-alag paudhe par paye jate hain. paudhe adhik mazaboot tatha tez hava se girate nahin hain.

poosa dravarph

yah chhoti badhavar vali dadasiyash kism kahi jati hai.jisamen nar tatha mada phool alag alag paudhen par ate hain. phal madhyam tatha oval akar ke hote hain.

poosa nanha

is prajati ka paudh bahut chhote hote hain. tatha yah grihavatika ke lie adhik upayogi hoti hai. sath sath saphal bagavani ke lie bhi upayukt hai.

koyambar-1

paudha chhota tatha daisiyara hota hai. phal madhy akar ke tatha golakar hote hain.

koyambar-3

yah ek gainodaisiyash prajati hai. paudha lamba, mazaboot tatha madhy akar ka phal dene vala hota hai. pake phal men sharkara ki matra adhik hoti hai. tatha gooda lal rng ka hota hai.

haniiyoo (madhu bindu)

is paudhe men nar paudhon ki snkhya kam hoti hai, tatha bij ke prakaran adhik labhadayak hota hai. isaka phal madhyam akar ka bahut mitha tatha khushaboo lie hota hai.

papite ka ped

koorgahani dayoo

yah gainodaisiyash jati hai. isamen nar paudhe nahin hote hain. phal ka akar madhyam tatha lambavat golakar lie hota hai. goode ka rng narngi pila lie hota hai.

vashigntan

yah adhik upaj dene vali vibhinn jalavayu men ugaee jane vali prajati hai. is paudhe ki pattiyon ke dnthal baigani rng ke hote hain. jo is kism ki pahachan karate hain. yah daisiyan kism hain phal mitha dooda pila tatha achchhi sugndh vala hota hai.

pant papita-1

is kism ka paudha chhota tatha tatha daisiyara hota hai. phal madhyam akar ke gol hote hain. phal mitha tatha sugndhit tatha pila gooda lie hota hai. yah pakakar khane vali achchhi kism hai tatha taraee evn bhavar jaise kshetr men ugane ke lie adhik upayogi hai.[2]

rasayanik tatv

papite men vitamin e, bi aur si, tinon hi bharapoor matra men hote hain. isake phayabar apaki ankhon aur tvacha ke lie bahut hi achchhe hote hain. isamen maujood pratirodhak pradooshan ke khataranak asar se bachate hain.

  • papite men pani ka ansh 89.6 pratishat hota hai, jabaki protin 0.5 pratishat, charbi 0.1 pratishat, karbodit padarth 9 pratishat, kshar tattv 0.5 pratishat, kailshiyam 0.01 pratishat aur phaausphoras 0.01 pratishat hota hai. isamen lauh tattv 0.4 mi.gra./100 gram paya jata hai.
  • papite men vitamin 'e' atyadhik matra men paya jata hai, arthath‌ isamen vitamin 'e' 2025 an.ra.i. (antarashtriy eekaee)/100 gram hota hai tatha vitamin 'si' 46 se 136 mi.gra./100 gram paya jata hai. papite men sthit kul sharkara ka adha bhag glookoz ke roop men aur adha phal sharkara ke roop men hota hai.
  • am ke bad sabase adhik vitamin 'e' papite men hi hota hai. jaise-jaise yah pakata jata hai, vaise-vaise isamen vitamin 'si' ki matra badhati jati hai.
  • vaigyanik shodhon se pata chala hai ki kachche papite men vitamin 'si' 40 se 90 mi.gra., adhapake papite men 50 se 90 mi.gra. aur pake papite men 60 se 140 mi.gra. hota hai. isamen sharkara aur vitamin 'si' mee se aktoobar mahine tak adhik hota hai. papite men vitamin 'bi1' v 'bi2' bhi kinchit matra men hota hai.

gun

  • papita khane se dhatu snbndhi vikar evn viry ki kami door hoti hai. yah pachan shakti ko sudharata hai tatha pet ke vikaron ko door karata hai. kachcha papita khane se kaph-vat ki vriddhi hoti hai, lekin yah ajirn, yakrit vikar, bavasir adi rogon ke lie gunakari hota hai.
  • papite ke ras men 'papein' namak ek tattv paya jata hai, jo ahar ko pachane men atynt madadagar sabit hota hai. isamen dast aur peshab saf lane ka gun hai. jin logon ko kabj ki shikayat hamesha bani rahati hai, unhen papite ka niyamit sevan karana chahie.
  • papita netr rogon men hitakari hota hai, kyonki isamen vitamin 'e' prachur matra men paya jata hai, isake sevan se rataundhi (rat ko n dikhaee dena) rog ka nivaran hota hai aur ankhon men jyonti badhati hai. papita se raktashuddhi, piliya rog ka nivaran, aniyamit masik dharm men hitakari tatha saundary vriddhi men sahayak hota hai.
  • kachche papite ko katakar chehare par ragadane se chehare ke kil, kalima, mail v any dag-dhabbe door ho jate hain. isase tvacha men nikhar ata hai aur vah komal v lavanyayukt ho jati hai. chehare par munhase hon to kachche papite ka gooda malen. kuchh dinon ke prayog se munhase door ho jaenge aur tvacha men nikhar a jaega.
  • tvacha rogon ke lie to papita ek uttam aushadhi hai. agar ap khaj-khujali, dalad adi se pareshan hon to kachche papite ka doodh nikalakar un par lagaen. isase khaj-khujali se chhutakara milega aur tvacha komal v chamakili ho jaegi.
papite
  • krimi rog se chhutakara pane ke lie kachche papite ka ras pina chahie. yah kriminashak dava hai. yakrit ke lie bhi yah labhadayak hota hai. jin striyon ka masik dharm aniyamit ho, unhen kachche papite ka ras banakar kuchh dinon tak niyamit pina chahie. isase masik srav saf aur niyamit ho jaega.
  • papite men paya jane vala papein tattv pandurog tatha plihavriddhi men upayog siddh hota hai. papite men arjinain namak ek tattv paya jata hai, jo striyon ka banjhapan door karane men sahayak hota hai. papite ka ras 200 mi.gra. se 300 mi.li. tak sevan karana chahie.
  • papite men pae jane vale vividh enjaimon ke karan kainsar rog se bachav hota hai, visheshakar anton ke kainsar se.
  • pet men kiden hon to kachche papite ka ras 20 gram subah-sham pien. isase pet ke kidon ka nash ho jata hai.   
  • yakrit ya plihavriddhi men kachche papite ko jira, kali mirch tatha sendha namak ka choorn chhidak kar khane se labh hota hai.
  • sendha namak, jira aur niboo ka ras milakar papite ka niyamit sevan karane se mndagni, kabj, ajirn tatha anton ki soojan men kafi labh hota hai.
  • danton se khoon jata ho ya dant hilate hon to papita khane se ye donon shikayaten door ho jati hain.
  • bavasir men pratidin subah khali pet papita khaen, isase kabj door hogi. shauch saf hoga aur bavasir se chhutakara milega, kyonki bavasir ka mool karan kabj hi hai.
  • papite men papen namak padarth paya jata hai jo mansahar galane ke kam ata hai. bhojan pachane men bhi yah atynt sahayak hota hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. paushtik papita (ech ti em) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2010.
  2. papita svasthavardhak tatha vitamin e se bharapoor phal (hindi) egropidiya. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2010.
  3. papita- vitamin 'e' ka khazana (ech ti em) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2010.

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