परंपरा और स्वतंत्रता (यात्रा साहित्य)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.

parnpara aur svatntrata; chhatapatahat abhi baki hai!

lekhak- sachin kumar jain
          kachchh ke banni anchal ka ek ganv hai sairada. yahan jat samuday rahata hai. ye musalamanon ka hi ek varg hai. ab se lagabhag 500 se 600 sal pahale parsiya aur sindh se akar ye log yahan rahane lage. inamen tin upasamooh hain – phakirani jat, garsiya jat, aur dhaneta jat. inhen mazaboot log mana jata hai. jo musalamanon ko roodhivadi manate hain unake lie ek soochana hai. jat samuday ke is ganv men 400 salon ke itihas men kisi bhi shadi men dahej lene aur dene ka kam nahin hua hai. itana hi nahin shadi men bhi koee dikhava nahin hota hai. sirf 30 kilo singadana (moongaphali) mehamanon ke lie rakhi jati hai aur sab ek-ek mutthi lekar vivah karyakram men shamil hote hain. shikar karane ki parnpara bhi unamen nahin hai. aisa nahin hai ki kisi qanoon se unhen koee dar hai. ve manate hain janavaron-pashuon ke sath hi manav samaj ka astitv surakshit hai. jab bhi kisi parivar men kisi sadasy ki mrityu hoti hai to har parivar us parivar ko 500-500 roope dekar arthik madad karata hai. sairada ke ek prabhavashali sahab soda bhaee jat 150 bhainson ko palate hain. ve 1979 se ek rajanitik dal, jo gujarat men abhi satta men hai, ke sakriy karyakarta hain, par satta ke bare men unaka vishleshan bahut saf hai. 300 parivaron ka yah ganv yojana ayog ke mapadndon par to garib nahin hi hain, par kuchh doosare mapadndon ka yahan sandarbh liya jana zaroori hai.
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          550 bachchon ke is ganv men satavin kaksha tak skool hai. abhi lagabhag 120 bachche hi skool jate hain. sairada men bachchon ko skool bhejana shuroo karavana bhi ek chunauti ka kam raha. satavin ke bad 40 kilomitar door ghooriyavali jana padata. jat ek aisa samuday hai jisame mahilayen 3 inch ke vyas vali sone ki nathani (nak ki bali) pahanati hain. snbhavatah ye nath eshiya men sabase badi mani jati hai. in mahilaon ke chitr nahin khinche ja sakate hain. soda bhaee jat kahate hain ki hamari parnpara ko nakaratmak tarike se pesh kiya jata hai, isalie jat mahilaon ke photo khinche jane ko pratibndhit kar diya gaya hai. hamare ganv men skool bana, par usamen pani ki koee vyavastha nahin thi, tab ganv ke logon ne 400 phit door se mukhy jal apoorti lain se paeep dalavaya. ganv men bijali ki lain hai, yadi transapharmar jal jae to ganv ke log hi apane kharche se usaka rakh-rakhav karate hain. svasthy ke mamale men har mahila kahati hai ki man banana ek chunauti hai kyonki char kandhon par khat rakhake 21 kilomitar door svasthy kendr jate hain. gujarat men bhi “108” svasthy seva vahan chalata hai par vah sairada nahin ata hai. isake chalate raston men bhi prasav ho jate hain. kachchh ke bhitar base ganvon ko ab bhi buniyadi aur prathamik svasthy sevaen mayassar nahin hain. isake chalate 4 mahilaon aur 6 bachchon ki mrityu huee hai. gujarat sarakar surakshit matritv ke lie chirnjivi yojana chalati hai, jisame arthik sahayata die jane ka pravadhan hai. pichhale ek sal men is ganv men tin mahilaon ko chirega (chirnjivi) yojana ke chek mile hain, in tinon par kisi zimmedar afasar ke hastakshar hi nahin hain. ve soda bhaee jat batate hain ki das salon men maine apani parti ke neta aur mukhyamntri se milane ki 11 koshishen kin, par main un tak pnhuch nahin paya. yah bat to hai ki ve ham jaise logon se milate nahin hain.
          keval soda bhaee nahin kahate, balki adhyayan bhi bata rahe hain ki gujarat men mahilayen arthik labh n milane par bhi aspatal men hi prasav karavana chahati hain. bas unhen parivahan, aspatal men gunavattapoorn ilaj, davaon aur jatil prasav se nipatane vali sevaon ki darakar hai. gujarat men svasthy sevaon men niji kshetron ko badhava diya ja raha hai, is sthiti men zaroorat yah hai ki niji kshetr ko surakshit prasav sevaen dene ke lie paband kiya jae.

yah bhi sach hai ki unake asapas ek parakota bana hua hai jo zamini logon ko unase milane nahin deta. unake karmachari kahate hain – avedan de jao. isake ulat sairada men unake vipakshi dal ke logon aur samuday ke kam hote hain; in paristhitiyon men bhi 2100 ki janasnkhya men se 1500 matadataon men se 1450 ek khas rajanitik dal, jo abhi satta men hai, ko hi ko mat dete hain. saval yah ki kyon? kyonki sattaroodh dal (2013 men) ka manana hai ki ye 1450 to apane hi hain, hamen un baqi bache logon ka kam karana chahie taki doosare dal ke log hamare pas a jaen. hamen yahan vipaksh ke astitv ke khatm karana hai. ham ummid karate rahe hain ki ye hamari bat sunenge aur hamari mool samasyaen hal karenge. kya hain unaki mool samasyaen? 400 sal se yah ganv bas hua hai. is ganv ke 300 parivaron men se ek ke pas bhi kheti ki koee jamin nahin hai. itana hi nahin jamin ke jin tukadon par ve rah rahe hain usaka bhi koee kagaz sarakar ne unhen nahin diya hai. ek-ek ghar 10 lakh roope se banaya gaya hai, jab ham matritv mrityu ya koee aur kam n hone ki bat karate hain to taluka ka afasar kahata hai ki kyon ap log ye mamale utha rahe ho; kuchh kahoge to sarakar bhi poochhegi ki kya is ghar ki jamin par apake malikane hak ka koee praman hai? bas isi tarah sarakar apana adhipaty samaj par banae hue hai.
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          ham apani kala aur pashudhan ke karan zinda hain, nahin to sach bat yah hai ki ap sarakar ko apana nahin kah sakate hain. kalakatta ki pharida ki shadi panch sal pahale is ganv men huee. unhonne 3 inch ke vyas vali vah nath kabhi nahin pahani aur n hi samaj ne unhen majaboor kiya. pharida kahati hain ki “yadi buniyadi svasthy sevaen aur shiksha ki vyavastha ho jae to yahan mahilaon ki sthiti bhi badal jayegi; is ganv ke log bhi duniya dekhana chahate hain aur badalav chahate hain. aj ganv ke skool men ladakiyan jane lagi hain, zaroorat yah hai ki hamen mool suvidhaen mil payen.” soda bhaee jat bhi sahamat hain ki jo “ladakiyan padhati-likhati ja rahi hain, vo nath ke bndhan se to azad ho hi jayengi.”
          gujarat ke bare men janane ki ruchi mere lie kee chaunkane vali baten samane la rahi hai. adhunik vikas, arthik vikas, mukhyamntri ji ki abhasi chhaviyon se prachar jaise jumale gujarat ke bare men itane am rahe ki main manane laga tha ki vahan adhikarik ee-gavarnens adi par khoob kam hua hoga. ab pata chala ki apako bachchon ke svasthy, mahilaon ke svasthy, rajy ke svasthy bajat ke bare men aur kee shodhon ke bare men varsh 2010 ya 2011 ki adhikarik janakariyan hi upalabdh hain. gujarat sarakar ki adhikarik vebasaeet par gujarat sarakar ki taza janakariyan darj nahin hain. jo soochanaen vo sarakar de rahi hai, usaki ek banagi yah hai. gujarat svasthy vibhag ki vebasaeet par ek adhyayan riport hai. yah riport batati hai ki svasthy yojanaon ke bare men sarakari rikard men darj hitagrahiyon ki soochi ko jab jancha gaya to uname se jyadatar logon ko labh to mile hi nahin the. is adhyayan men 1445 aise logon se bat ki gayi, jinhonne parivar niyojan ke sthayi sadhan apana lie the; adhyayan men pata chala ki inamen se 501 ne ye sadhan nahin apanae hain. keval 15 pratishat mahilaon ki prasav poorv dekhabhal ke tahat tin janchen huee thin. itana hi nahin, jin logon ko sarakari aspatal men labh diya jana bataya gaya hai, unamen se zyadatar to niji aspatal men paisa kharch karake ilaj karava rahe hain. sandarbh ke lie bata doon ki us riport ya vebasaeet par yah kahin darj nahin hai ki yah adhyayan kab kiya gaya tha.!

{lekhak madhyapradesh men rah kar samajik muddon par adhyayan aur lekhan ka kam karate hain. unase [email protected] par sampark kiya ja sakata hai. is alekh ke sath die ge chitr bhi lekhak ke dvara khinche ge hain.}

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

svatntr lekhan vriksh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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