परमाणु परीक्षण विरोधी अंतरराष्ट्रीय दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

paramanu parikshan virodhi antararashtriy divas
paramanu parikshan virodhi antararashtriy divas
vivaran 'paramanu parikshan virodhi antararashtriy divas' snyukt rashtr ke sadasy rashtron, antar sarakari aur gair-sarakari sngathanon aur midiya ko soochit, shikshit aur paramanu hathiyar parikshan par pratibndh lagane ki avashyakata par bal deta hai.
tithi 29 agast
shuruat 2010 se
uddeshy logon men paramanu hathiyaron se hone vale nukasan evn unake dushprabhavon ke bare men unhen jagaruk karana
any janakari vyapak paramanu parikshan pratibndh sndhi (sitibiti) ko hi kanprehensiv test bain triti kaha jata hai. yah ek aisa samajhauta hai, jisake jarie paramanu parikshanon ko pratibndhit kiya gaya hai.

paramanu parikshan virodhi antararashtriy divas (angrezi: International Day against Nuclear Tests) pratyek varsh 29 agast ko manaya jata hai. isaka uddeshy logon men paramanu hathiyaron se hone vale nukasan evn unake dushprabhavon ke bare men unhen jagaruk karana hai. 2 disambar, 2009 ko snyukt rashtr mahasabha ke 64ven satr men 29 agast ko paramanu parikshan virodhi antararashtriy divas ke roop men ghoshit kiya gaya tha. yah pahali bar varsh 2010 men manaya gaya tha.

kajakhistan dvara semipalatinsk men 29 agast, 1991 ko kiye gaye paramanu parikshan ke khilaph prastav laya gaya tha, jise any deshon ne bhi samarthan pradan kiya. yah divas snyukt rashtr ke sadasy rashtron, antar sarakari aur gair-sarakari sngathanon aur midiya ko soochit, shikshit aur paramanu hathiyar parikshan par pratibndh lagane ki avashyakata par bal deta hai. pratyek varsh is avasar par vibhinn sabhaen, sammelan, pradarshaniyan evn pratiyogitaen ayojit karaee jati hain.

vishv bhar men paramanu parikshan

bisavin sadi men kee deshon ne paramanu parikshan kie the. pahala paramanu parikshan amerika ne 16 julaee, 1945 men kiya tha, jisamen 20 kilotan ka parikshan kiya gaya tha. ab tak ka sabase bada paramanu parikshan soviyat roos men aktoobar, 1961 ko kiya gaya tha, jisamen 50 megatan ke hathiyar ka parikshan kiya gaya tha. 2009 men uttari koriya ne paramanu parikshan kiya tha, jise vishv ke adhikansh deshon ne nindaniy bataya. vishv ke paramanu shakti snpann rashtron ne ab tak kam se kam 2000 paramanu parikshan kiye hain.[1]

paramanu aprasar sndhi

  • paramanu aprasar sndhi (naaun praauliphareshan triti) ko enapiti ke nam se jana jata hai. isaka uddeshy vishv bhar men paramanu hathiyaron ke prasar ko rokane ke sath-sath paramanu parikshan par ankush lagana hai. 1 julaee, 1968 se is samajhaute par hastakshar hona shuroo hua. abhi is sndhi par hastakshar kar chuke deshon ki snkhya 190 hai. jisamen panch ke pas anvik hathiyar hain. ye desh hain- amerika, briten, frans, roos aur chin.
  • sirph char snprabhuta snpann desh isake sadasy nahin hain. ye hain- bharat, ijarayal, pakistan aur uttari koriya. enapiti ke tahat bharat ko paramanu snpann desh ki manyata nahin di gee hai. jo isake dohare mapadnd ko pradarshit karati hai. is sndhi ka prastav ayaralaind ne rakha tha aur sabase pahale hastakshar karane vala rashtr phinalaind tha.
  • is sndhi ke tahat paramanu shakti snpann rashtr use hi mana gaya hai, jisane 1 janavari, 1967 se pahale paramanu hathiyaron ka nirman aur parikshan kar liya ho. is adhar par hi bharat ko yah darja antararashtriy star par nahin prapt hai. kyonki bharat ne pahala paramanu parikshan 1974 men kiya tha. uttari koriya ne is sandhi par hastakshar kiye, phir isaka ullnghan kiya evn isase bahar a gaya.

vyapak paramanu parikshan pratibndh sndhi

  • vyapak paramanu parikshan pratibndh sndhi (sitibiti) ko hi kanprehensiv test bain triti kaha jata hai. yah ek aisa samajhauta hai, jisake jarie paramanu parikshanon ko pratibndhit kiya gaya hai. yah sndhi 24 sitnbar, 1996 ko astitv men ayi. ab tak is par 183 deshon ne hastakshar kar die hain.
  • bharat aur pakistan ne sitibiti par ab tak hastakshar nahin kiya hai. isake tahat paramanu parikshanon ko pratibndhit karane ke sath yah pravadhan bhi kiya gaya hai ki sadasy desh apane niyntran men ane vale kshetren men bhi paramanu parikshan ko niyntrit karenge.[1]

123 samajhauta

  • '123 samajhauta' nam se prasiddh yah samajhauta amerika ke paramanu oorja adhiniyam 1954 ki dhara 123 ke tahat kiya gaya hai. isalie ise 123 samajhauta kahate hain. satrah anuchchhedon ke is samajhaute ka poora nam hai- "bharat sarakar aur snyukt rajy amerika ki sarakar ke bich nabhikiy oorja ke shantipoorn prayog ke lie sahayog ka samajhauta."
  • isake svaroop par bharat aur amerika ke bich 1 agast, 2007 ko sahamati huee. amerika ab tak lagabhag pachchis deshon ke sath yah samajhauta kar chuka hai. is samajhaute ke abhilekh men amerika ne bharat ko anavik hathiyar snpann desh nahin mana hai, balki isamen yah kaha gaya hai ki anavik aprasar sndhi ke lie amerika ne bharat ko vishesh mahatv diya hai.

vaishvik paramanu shaktiyon ko apas men hathiyaron ki hod se bachakar paramanu oorja ka manavata ki bhalaee ke lie upayog karana chahie. japan men paramanu bam se huee trasadi vishv ke lie ek katu udaharan hai. bhavishy men hone vale kisi bhi paramanu parikshan ke virodh men poore vishv ko ekasath khada hona chahie tatha sabhi paramanu hathiyaron se snpann deshon ko paramanu nirastrikaran ki disha men kary karana chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 29 agast: paramanu parikshan virodhi antarrashtriy divas (hindi) onlinetyari.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 joon, 2018.

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