परशुराम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
parashuram
parashuram
any nam jamadagni ke putr hone ke karan ye 'jamadagny' bhi kahe jate hain.
avatar vishnu ke das avataron men se chhathe avatar
vnsh-gotr bhriguvnsh
pita jamadagni
mata renuka
janm vivaran inaka janm vaishakh shukl tritiya ko hua tha. at: is din vrat karane aur utsav manane ki pratha hai.
dharm-snpraday hindoo dharm
parijan rumanvan, sushen, vasu, vishvavasu (sabhi bhaee)
vidya parngat dhanush-ban, parashu
any vivaran parashuram shiv ke param bhakt the.
snbndhit lekh jamadagni, renuka, parashu, akshay tritiya.
any janakari inaka nam to ram tha, kintu shiv dvara pradatt amogh parashu ko sadaiv dharan kiye rahane ke karan ye 'parashuram' kahalate the.

parashuram raja prasenajit ki putri renuka aur bhriguvnshiy jamadagni ke putr the. ve vishnu ke avatar aur shiv ke param bhakt the. inhen shiv se vishesh parashu prapt hua tha. inaka nam to ram tha, kintu shnkar dvara pradatt amogh parashu ko sadaiv dharan kiye rahane ke karan ye parashuram kahalate the. parashuram bhagavan vishnu ke das avataron men se chhathe avatar the, jo vaman evn ramachandr ke madhy men gina jata hai. jamadagni ke putr hone ke karan ye 'jamadagny' bhi kahe jate hain. inaka janm akshay tritiya, (vaishakh shukl tritiya) ko hua tha. at: is din vrat karane aur utsav manane ki pratha hai. parampara ke anusar inhonne kshatriyon ka anek bar vinash kiya. kshatriyon ke ahnkarapoorn daman se vishv ko mukti dilane ke lie inaka janm hua tha.

janm katha

bhrigu ne apane putr ke vivah ke vishay men jana to bahut prasann hue tatha apani putravadhoo se var mangane ko kaha. unase satyavati ne apane tatha apani mata ke lie putr janm ki kamana ki. bhrigu ne un donon ko 'charu' bhakshanarth diye tatha kaha ki ritukal ke uparant snan karake satyavati goolar ke pedatr tatha usaki mata pipal ke ped ka alingan kare to donon ko putr prapt honge. man-beti ke charu khane men ulat-pher ho gayi. divy drishti se dekhakar bhrigu punah vahan padhare tatha unhonn satyavati se kaha ki tumhari mata ka putr kshatriy hokar bhi brahmanochit vyavahar karega tatha tumhara beta brahmanochit hokar bhi kshatriyochit achar-vichar vala hoga. bahut anunay-vinay karane par bhrigu ne man liya ki satyavati ka beta brahmanochit rahega kintu pota kshatriyon ki tarah kary karane vala hoga.

satyavati ke putr jamadagni muni hue. unhonne raja prasenajit ki putri renuka se vivah kiya. renuka ke panch putr hue—

  1. rumanvan
  2. sushen
  3. vasu
  4. vishvavasu tatha
  5. panchaven putr ka nam parashuram tha.

vahi kshatriyochit achar-vichar vala putr tha. ek bar sadyasnata renuka raja chitrarath par mugdh ho gayi. usake ashram pahunchane par muni ko divy gyan se samast ghatana gyat ho gayi. unhonne krodh ke avesh men bari-bari se apane char beton ko man ki hatya karane ka adesh diya. kintu koee bhi taiyar nahin hua. jamadagni ne apane charon putron ko jadabuddh hone ka shap diya. parashuram ne turant pita ki agya ka palan kiya. jamadagni ne prasann hokar use var mangane ke lie kaha. parashuram ne pahale var se man ka punarjivan manga aur phir apane bhaeeyon ko kshama kar dene ke lie kaha. jamadagni rishi ne parashuram se kaha ki vo amar rahega. ek din jab parashuram bahar gaye the to kartaviry arjun unaki kutiya par aye. yuddh ke mad men unhonne renuka ka apaman kiya tatha usake bachhadon ka haran karak chale gaye. gay rnbhati rah gayi. parashuram ko maloom pada to kruddh hokar unhonne sahasrabahu haihayaraj ko mar dala. haihayaraj ke putr ne ashram par dhava bola tatha parashuram ki anupasthiti men muni jamadagni ko mar dala. parashuram ghar pahunche to bahut dukhi hue tatha prithvi ka kshatriyahin karane ka snkalp kiya. atah parashuram ne ikkis bar prithvi ke samast kshatriyon ka snhar kiya. samnt pnchak kshetr men panch rudhir ke kund bhar diye. kshatriyon ke rudhir se parashuram ne apane pitaron ka tarpan kiya. us samay richik sakshat prakat hue tatha unhonne parashuram ko aisa kary karane se roka. ritvijon ko dakshina men prithvi pradan ki. brahmanon ne kashyap ki agya se us vedi ko khnd-khnd karake bant liya, atah ve brahman jinhonne vedi ko paraspar bant liya tha, khandavayan kahalaye.

parashuram rishi

katha

ek bar unaki man jal ka kalash lekar bharane ke lie nadi par gayin. vahan gndharv chitrarath apsaraon ke sath jalakrida kar raha tha. use dekhane men renuka itani tanmay ho gayi ki jal lane men vilnb ho gaya tatha ygy ka samay vyatit ho gaya. usaki manasik sthiti samajhakar jamadagni ne apane putron ko usaka vadh karane ke lie kaha. parashuram ke atirikt koee bhi aisa karane ke lie taiyar nahin hua. pita ke kahane se parashuram ne man ka vadh kar diya. pita ke prasann hone par unhonne varadan svaroop unaka jivit hona manga. parashuram ke pita ne krodh ke avesh men bari-bari se apane charon beton ko man ki hatya karane ka adesh diya. parashuram ke atirikt koee bhi taiyar n hua. at: jamadagni ne sabako sngyahin kar diya. parashuram ne pita ki agya manakar mata ka shish kat dala. pita ne prasann hokar var mangane ko kaha to unhonne char varadan mange-

  1. man punarjivit ho jayn,
  2. unhen marane ki smriti n rahe,
  3. bhaee chetana-yukt ho jayn aur
  4. main paramayu hooon.

jamadagni ne unhen charon varadan de diye.

krodhi svabhav

durvasa ki bhanti ye bhi apane krodhi svabhav ke lie vikhyat hai. ek bar kartaviry ne parashuram ki anupasthiti men ashram ujad dala tha, jisase parashuram ne krodhit ho usaki sahastr bhujaon ko kat dala. kartaviry ke sambandhiyon ne pratishodh ki bhavana se jamadagni ka vadh kar diya. is par parashuram ne 21 bar prithvi ko kshatriy-vihin kar diya (har bar hatahat kshatriyon ki patniyan jivit rahin aur nee pidhi ko janm diya) aur panch jhilon ko rakt se bhar diya. ant men pitaron ki akashavani sunakar unhonne kshatriyon se yuddh karana chhodakar tapasya ki or dhyan lagaya. ramavatar men ramachandr dvara shiv ka dhanush todane par ye kruddh hokar aye the. inhonne pariksha ke lie unaka dhanush ramachandr ko diya. jab ram ne dhanush chadha diya to parashuram samajh gaye ki ramachandr vishnu ke avatar hain. isalie unaki vandana karake ve tapasya karane chale gaye. 'kahi jay jay raghukul ketoo. bhugupati ge banahi tap hetu॥' yah varnan 'ram charitamanas', pratham sopan men 267 se 284 dohe tak milata hai.

ram ke parakram ki pariksha

ram ka parakram sunakar ve ayodhya gaye. dasharath ne unake svagatarth ramachandr ko bheja. unhen dekhate hi parashuram ne unake parakram ki pariksha leni chahi. atah unhen kshatriyasnharak divy dhanush ki pratyncha chadhane ke lie kaha. ram ke aisa kar lene par unhen dhanush par ek divy ban chadhakar dikhane ke lie kaha. ram ne vah ban chadhakar parashuram ke tez par chhod diya. ban unake tez ko chhinakar punah ram ke pas laut aya. ram ne parashuram ko divy drishti di. jisase unhonne ram ke yatharth svaroop ke darshan kiye. parashuram ek varsh tak lajjit, tejahin tatha abhimanashoony hokar tapasya men lage rahe. tadanntar pitaron se prerana pakar unhonne vadhoosar namak nadi ke tirth par snan karake apana tez punah prapt kiya.

parashuram kund

asam rajy ki uttari-poorvi sima men jahan brahmaputr nadi bharat men pravesh karati hai, vahin parashuram kund hai, jahan tap karake unhonne shivaji se parashu prapt kiya tha. vahin par use visarjit bhi kiya. parashuram ji bhi sat chirnjiviyon men se ek hain. inaka path karane se dirghayu prapt hoti hai. parashuram kund namak tirthasthan men panch kund bane hue hain. parashuram ne samast kshatriyon ka snhar karake un kundon ki sthapana ki thi tatha apane pitaron se var prapt kiya tha ki kshatriy snhar ke pap se mukt ho jayenge.

ramakatha men parashuram

charon putron ke vivah ke uparant raja dasharath apani vishal sena aur putron ke sath ayodhya puri ke liye chal pade. marg men atyant kruddh tejasvi mahatma parashuram mile. unhonne ram se kaha ki ve usaki parakram gatha sun chuke hain, par ram unake hath ka dhanush chadhakar dikhaen. taduparant unake parakram se sntusht hokar ve ram ko dvndv yuddh ke lie amntrit karenge. dasharath anek prayatnon ke uparant bhi brahmanadev parashuram ko shant nahin kar paye. parashuram ne batalaya ki 'vishvakarma ne atyant shreshth koti ke do dhanushon ka nirman kiya tha. unamen se ek to devataon ne shiv ko arpit kar diya tha aur doosara vishnu ko. ek bar devataon ke yah poochhane par ki shiv aur vishnu men kaun balaban hai, kaun nirbal- brahma ne matabhed sthapit kar diya. phalasvaroop vishnu ki dhanush tnkar ke sammukh shiv dhanush shithil pad gaya tha, atah parakram ki vastavik pariksha isi dhanush se ho sakati hai. shant hone par shiv ne apana dhanush videh vnshaj devarat ko aur vishnu ne apana dhanush bhriguvnshi richik ko dharohar ke roop men diya tha, jo ki mere pas surakshit hai.'

ram ne kruddh hokar unake hath se dhanush ban lekar chadha diya aur bole - 'vishnuban vyarth nahin ja sakata. ab isaka prayog kahan par kiya jaye.' parashuram ka bal tatkal lupt ho gaya. unake kathananusar ram ne ban ka prayog parashuram ke tapobal se jite hue anek lokon par kiya, jo ki nasht ho gaye. parashuram ne kaha - 'he ram, ap nishchay hi sakshat vishnu hain.' tatha parashuram ne mahendr parvat ke lie prasthan kiya. ram adi ayodhya ki or badhe. unhonne yah dhanush varun dev ko de diya. parashuram ki chhodi huee sena ne bhi ram adi ke sath prasthan kiya.

katha: pita ka adesh

parashuram

narayan ne hi bhriguvnsh men parashuram roop men avatar dharan kiya tha. unhonne jnbhasur ka mastak vidirn kiya. shatadundabhi ko mara. unhonne yuddh men haihayaraj arjun ko mara tatha keval dhanush ki sahayata se sarasvati nadi ke tat par hazaron brahman veshi kshatriyon ko mar dala. ek bar kartaviry arjun ne banon se samudr ko trast kar kisi param vir ke vishay men poochha. samudr ne use parashuram se ladane ko kaha. parashuram ko usane apane vyavahar se bahut rusht kar diya. atah parashuram ne usaki hazar bhujaen kat dalin. anek kshatriy yuddh ke lie a jute. parashuram kshatriyon se rusht ho gaye, atah unhonne ikkis bar prithvi ko kshatriy vihin kar dala. ant men pitaron ki akashavani sunakar unhonne kshatriyon se yuddh karana chhodakar tapasya ki or dhyan lagaya.

ve sau varshon tak saum namak viman par baithe hue shalv se yuddh karate rahe kintu git git gati huee nagnika (kanya) kumariyon ke munh se yah sunakar ki shalv ka vadh pradyumn aur sanb ko sath lekar vishnu karenge, unhen vishvas ho gaya, atah ve tabhi se van men jakar apane astr shastr ityadi pani men dubokar krishnavatar ki pratiksha men tapasya karane lage.

parashuram aur ygy

parashuram ne apane jivanakal men anek ygy kie. ygy karane ke lie unhonne battis hath oonchi sone ki vedi banavayi thi. maharshi kashyap ne dakshin men prithvi sahit us vedi ko le liya tatha phir parashuram se prithvi chhodakar chale jane ke lie kaha. parashuram ne samudr pichhe hatakar girishreshth mahendr par nivas kiya.

ram aur parashuram

bhrigunndan parashuram kshatriyon ka nash karane ke lie sadaiv tatpar rahate the. dasharath putr ram ka parakram sunakar ve ayodhya gaye. dasharath ne unake svagatarth ramachand ko bheja. unhen dekhate hi parashuram ne unake parakram ki pariksha leni chahi. atah unhen kshatriy snharak divy dhanush ki pratyncha chadhane ke lie kaha. ram ke aisa kar lene par unhen dhanush par ek divy ban chadhakar dikhane ke lie kaha. ram ne vah ban chadhakar parashuram ke tez par chhod diya. ban unake tez ko chhinakar punah ram ke pas laut aya. ram ne parashuram ko divy drishti di. jisase unhonne ram ke yatharth svaroop ke darshan kiye. parashuram ek varsh tak lajjit, tejahin tatha abhimanashoony hokar tapasya men lage rahe. tadanntar pitaron se prerana pakar unhonne vadhoosar namak nadi ke tirth par snan karake apana tez punah prapt kiya.

gadhi aur richik

gadhi namak mahabali raja apane rajy ka parityag karake van men chale gaye. vahan unaki ek putri huee jisaka varan richik namak muni ne kiya. gadhi ne richik se kaha ki kanya ki yachana karate hue unake kul men ek sahasr pandubarni ashv, jinake kan ek or se kal hon, shulk svaroop diye jate hain, atah ve sharte poori karen. richik ne varun devata se us prakar ke ek sahasr ghode prapt kar shulkasvaroop pradan kiye. gadhi ki satyavati namak putri ka vivah ritik se hua.

katha: shiv dvara divyastr

bade hone par parashuram ne shivaradhan kiya. us niyam ka palan karate hue unhonne shiv ko prasann kar liya. shiv ne unhen daityon ka hanan karane ki agya di. parashuram ne shatruon se yuddh kiya tatha unaka vadh kiya. kintu is prakriya men parashuram ka sharir kshat-vikshat ho gaya. shiv ne prasann hokar kaha ki sharir par jitane prahar hue hain, utana hi adhik devadatv unhen prapt hoga. ve manavetar hote jayenge. taduparant shiv ne parashuram ko anek divyastr pradan kiye, jinamen se parashuram ne karn par prasann hokar use divy dhanurved pradan kiya.

jamadagni rishi ne renuka ke garbh se anek putr prapt kie. unamen sabase chhote parashuram the. un dinon haihayavnsh ka adhipati arjun tha. usane vishnu ke anshavatar dattatrey ke varadan se ek sahasr bhujaen prapt ki thin. ek bar narmada men snan karate hue madonmatt haihayaraj ne apani banhon se nadi ka veg rok liya, phalatah usaki dhara ulti bahane lagi, jisase ravan ka shivir pani men doobane laga. dashanan ne arjun ke pas jakar use bhala-bura kaha to usane ravan ko pakadakar kaid kar liya. pulasty ke kahane par usane ravan ko mukt kar diya. ek bar vah van men jamadagni ke ashram par pahuncha. jamadagni ke pas kamadhenu thi. atah ve aparimit vaibhav k bhokta the. aisa dekhakar haihayaraj sahasr bahu arjun ne kamadhenu ka apaharan kar liya. parashuram ne pharasa uthakar usaka pichha kiya tatha yuddh men usaki samast bhujaen tatha sir kat dale.

tirthatan

usake das hazar putr bhayabhit hokar bhag gaye. kamadhenu sahit ashram lautane par pita ne unhen tirthatan kar apane pap dhone ke lie agya di kyonki unaki mati men brahman ka dharm kshamadan hai. parashuram ne vaisa hi kiya. ek varsh tak tirth karake ve vapas aye. unaki man jal ka kalash lekar bharane ke lie nadi par gayin. vahan gndharv chitrarath apsaraon ke sath jalakrida kar raha tha. use dekhane men renuka itani tanmay ho gayi ki jal lane men vilnb ho gaya tatha ygy ka samay vyatit ho gaya. usaki manasik sthiti samajhakar jamadagni ne apane putron ko usaka vadh karane ke lie kaha. parashuram ke atirikt koee bhi aisa karane ke lie taiyar nahin hua. pita ke kahane se parashuram ne man aur sab bhaiyon ka vadh kar diya. pita ke prasann hone par unhonne varadanasvaroop un sabaka jivit hona manga, atah sab poorvavath jivit tatha svasth ho gaye. haihayaraj arjun ke putr nirntar badala lene ka avasar dhoondhate rahate the. ek din putron ki anupasthiti men unhonne rishi jamadagni ka vadh kar diya. parashuram ne un sabako marakar mahishmati nagari men unake kate siron se ek parvat ka nirman kiya. unhonne apane pita ko nimitt banakar ikkis bar prithvi ko kshatriyahin kar diya. vastav men parashuram shrivishnu ke anshavatar the, jinhonne kshatriy nash ke lie hi janm liya tha. unhonne apane pita ke dhad ko sir se jodakar yajan dvara unhen smriti roop sakalpamay sharir ki prapti karava di.

shrimadbhagavat mahapuran men varnan

renuka ke garbh se jamadagni rishi ke vasuman adi kee putr hue. unamen sabase chhote parashuramaji the. unaka yash sare snsar men prasiddh hai. kahate hain ki haihayavnsh ka ant karane ke liye svayn bhagavan ne ki parashuram ke roop men anshavatar grahan kiya tha. unhonne is prithvi ko ikkis bar kshatriyahin kar diya. yadyapi kshatriyon ne unaka thoda-sa hi aparadh kiya tha-phir bhi ve log bade dusht, brahmanon ke abhakt, rajoguni aur vishesh karake tamoguni ho rahe the. yahi karan tha ki ve prithvi ke bhar ho gaye the aur isi ke phalasvaroop bhagavan parashuram ne unaka nash karake prithvi ka bhar utar diya.

raja parikshit ne poochha- bhagavan! avashy hi us samay ke kshatriy vishayalolup ho gaye the; parantu unhonne parashuramaji ka aisa kaun-sa aparadh kar diya, jisake karan unhonne bar-bar kshatriyon ke vnsh ka snhar kiya.

shri shukadevaji kahane lage- parikshit! un dinon haihayavnsh ka adhipati tha arjun. vah ek shreshth kshatriy tha. usane anekon prakar ki seva-shushroosha karake bhagavan narayan ke anshavatar dattatreyaji ko prasann kar liya aur unase ek hazar bhujaen tatha koee bhi shatru yuddh men parajit n kar sake- yah varadan prapt kar liya. sath hi indriyon ka abadh bal, atul sampatti, tejasvita, virata, kirti aur sharirik bal bhi usane unaki kripa se prapt kar liye the. vah yogeshvar ho gaya tha. usamen aisa aishvary tha ki vah sookshm-se-sookshm, sthool-se-sthool roop dharan kar leta. sabhi siddhiyan use prapt thin. vah snsar men vayu ki tarah sab jagah berok-tok vichara karata. ek bar gale men vaijayanti mala pahane sahastrabahu arjun bahut-si sundari striyon ke sath narmada nadi men jal-vihar kar raha tha. us samay madonmatt sahastrabahu ne apani banhon se nadi ka pravah rok diya. dashamukh ravan ka shivir bhi vahin kahin pas men hi tha. nadi ki dhara ulati bahane lagi, jisase usaka shivir doobane laga. ravan apane ko bahut bada vir to manata hi tha, isaliye sahastrarjun ka yah parakram usase sahan nahin hua. jab ravan sahastrabahu arjun ke pas jakar bura-bhala kahane laga, tab usane striyon ke samane hi khel-khel men ravan ko pakad liya aur apani rajadhani mahishmati men le jakar bndar ke saman kaid kar liya. pichhe pulastyaji ke kahane se sahastrabahu ne ravan ko chhod diya.

kamadhenu ke lie sngharsh

ek din sahastrabahu arjun shikar khelane ke liye bade ghor jngal men nikal gaya tha. daivavash vah jamadagni muni ke ashram par ja pahuncha. param tapasvi jamadagni muni ke ashram men kamadhenu rahati thi. usake pratap se unhonne sena, mantri aur vahanon ke sath haihayadhipati ka dekha ki jamadagni muni ka aishvary to mujhase bhi badha-chadha hai. isaliye usane unake svagat-satkar ko kuchh bhi adar n dekar kamadhenu ko hi le lena chaha. usane abhimanavash jamadagni muni se manga bhi nahin, apane sevakon ko agya di ki kamadhenu ko chhin le chalo. usaki agya se usake sevak bachhade ke sath 'ban-ban' dakarati huee kamadhenu ko balapoorvak mahishmatipuri le gaye. jab ve sab chale gaye, tab parashuramaji ashram par aye aur usaki dushtata ka vrittant sunakar chot khaye hue sanp ki tarah krodh se tilamila uthe. ve apana bhaynkar pharasa, tarakas, dhal evn dhanush lekar bade veg se usake pichhe daude- jaise koee kisi se n dabane vala sinh hathi par toot pade.

sahastrabahu arjun abhi apane nagar men pravesh kar hi raha tha ki usane dekha parashuramaji maharaj bade veg se usi ki or jhapate a rahe hain. unaki badi vilakshan jhanki thi. ve hath men dhanush-ban aur pharasa liye hue the, sharir par kala mrigacharm dharan kiye hue the aur unaki jataen soory ki kiranon ke saman chamak rahi thin. unhen dekhate hi usane gada, khadg ban, rishti, shataghni aur shakti adi ayudhon se susajjit evn hathi, ghode, rath tatha padatiyon se yukt atyant bhaynkar satrah akshauhini sena bheji. bhagavan parashuram ne bat-ki-bat men akele hi us sari sena ko nasht kar diya. bhagavan parashuramaji ki gati man aur vayu ke saman thi. bas, ve shatru ki sena katate hi ja rahe the. jahan-jahan ve apane pharase ka prahar karate, vahan-vahan sarathi aur vahanon ke sath bade-bade viron ki banhen, janghen aur kndhe kat-katakar prithvipar girate jate the.

sahastrabahu arjun ka vadh

haihayadhipati arjun ne dekha ki meri sena ke sainik, unake dhanush, dhvajaen aur dhal bhagavan parashuram ke pharase aur banon se kat-katakar khoon se lathapath ranabhoomi men gir gaye hain, tab use bada krodh aya aur vah svayn bhidane ke liye a dhamaka. usane ek sath hi apani hazar bhujaon se panch sau dhanushon par ban chadhaye aur parashuramaji par chhode. parantu parashuram ji to samast shastradhariyon ke shiromani thahare. unhonne apane ek dhanushapar chhode hue banon se hi ek sath sabako kat dala. ab haihayadhipati apane hathon se pahad aur ped ukhadakar bade veg se yuddh bhoomi men parashuramaji ki or jhapata. parantu parashuramaji ne apani tikhi dharavale pharase se badi phurti ke sath usaki sanpon ke saman bhujaon ko kat dala. jab usaki banhen kat gayin, tab unhonne pahad ki choti ki tarah usaka ooncha sir dhad se alag kar diya. pita ke mar jane par usake das hazar ladake darakar bhag gaye.

prayashchit

parikshit! vipakshi viron ke nashak parashuramaji ne bachhade ke sath kamadhenu lauta li. vah bahut hi du:khi ho rahi thi. unhonne use apane ashram par lakar pitaji ko saunp diya. aur mahishmati men sahastrabahu ne tatha unhonne jo kuchh kiya tha, sab apane pitaji tatha bhaiyon ko kah sunaya. sab kuchh sunakar jamadagni muni ne kaha- 'hay, hay, parashuram! tumane bada pap kiya. ram, ram! tum bade vir ho; parantu sarvadevamay naradev ka tumane vyarth hi vadh kiya. beta! hamalog brahman hain. kshama ke prabhav se hi ham snsar men poojaniy hue hain. aur to kya, sabake dada brahmaji bhi kshama ke bal se hi brahmapad ko prapt hue hain. brahmanon ki shobha kshama ke dvara hi soory ki prabha ke saman chamak uthati hai. sarvashaktiman bhagavan shrihari bhi kshamavanon par hi shighr prasann hote hain. beta! sarvabhaum raja ka vadh brahman ki hatya se bhi badhakar hai. jao, bhagavan ka smaran karate hue tirthon ka sevan karake apane papon ko dho dalo'.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah