पहलवी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pahalavi bhasha vishv men sabase adhik boli jane vali 'bharopiy bhasha parivar' ki ek shakha hai. yah madhy bharatiy-eerani bhashaon ke upasamooh ki ek bhasha hai. akhameniyaee samrajy (610 se 336 tak) se islam ki sthapana (eesa ke bad satavin shatabdi) tak yah bhasha prachalan men thi. yah ek anumanit kal hai, jo upalabdh abhilekhon tatha rachanaon par adharit hai.

  • apane vikas ke arnbhik charan men pahalavi bhasha ko 'parthi', 'pahavig' ya 'pahalavanayak' kahate the, jo pahalavi bhasha ki ek boli hai. yah poorvottar eeran ke ek prant parthiya (adhunik khurasan) men boli jati thi. parthiyaee log, jinhen ashakoniyaee bhi kaha jata hai, poorvottar eeran ke qabaili the aur unhonne yoonaniyon ko eeran se bahar nikalakar ee.poo. 250 men apane rajy ki sthapana ki. unaka shasan 224 ee. tak chala, halanki parthiyaee log lnbe samay tak shasan men rahe, lekin pahali shatabdi tak yoonani bhasha sarakari bhasha ke roop men qayam rahi. bhasha sarakari bhasha ke roop men pahalavanayak ko lagoo kie jane ke bad yoonani prabhav baraqarar raha.
  • prakhyat eerani chitrakar aur paignbar mani (z-215-216 , mesopotamiya men eerani mata-pita ke yahan, bad men parthiyaee shasan ke tahat karyarat) dvara prasarit dharm ya mat manivad ke shastr bhi isi lipi men likhe gaye.
  • dakshin-pashchim prant faras men 224 ee.poo. men sasaniyaee logon ne parthiyaee logon se satta chhin li. unhonne parasi ko apana rajadharm ghoshit kar diya, halanki manivad aur bauddh dharm jaise any mat bhi desh ke vibhinn hisson men jivit the. sasaniyaee logon ne eerani tatha padosi rajyon ke vishal kshetr par 652 ee. tak raj kiya, jisake bad is par islami shaktiyon ka qabza ho gaya.
  • pahalavi ki dakshin-pashchim boli parasi ka vikas sasaniyaee utkarsh ke sath hua. pahalavanayak aur parasi boliyon ke lie prayukt lipi siriyaee lipi men kuchh sthaniy parivartan ke bad banaee gee.
  • parthiyaee logon ke shasanakal men rajabhasha bani pahalavi bhasha ne any boliyon ki utpatti ka marg prashast kiya, lekin apani sarakari sthiti ke karan yah pradhan bhasha bani rahi. pahalavi bhasha men raja apane darabar ko snbodhit karate the tatha yah re, hamadan, naauhavnd aur ajarabaijan jaise nagaron ki mukhy boli thi.
  • pahalavi lipi men 14 akshar hain pratyek dhvanigram kee dhvaniyon ka pratinidhitv karata hai. pahalavi men tin chhote aur tin dirgh svar, do snyukt svar aur ek upasvar hai. isamen lagabhag 23 vynjan hain yah nishchit roop se gyat nahin hai ki farasi-arabi lipi ne kis kal men pahalavi lipi ka sthan liya, kyonki islami kal ke kuchh abhilekh, jaise 1022-1023 ee. ke uttari eeran men kaispiyan tat par lazim stnbh (gaz bndaragah ke nikat) pahalavi lipi men hain. islam ke prasar ke bad bhi alpasnkhyak samuday ne pahalavi bhasha men snchar jari rakha.
  • satavin-athavin shatabdi men bharat pravas kar ge parasi apani dharmik rachanaon ko surakshit rakhane ke lie is lipi ka istemal karate rahe. parasiyon ke pustakalayon v snsadhanon men is dharm ka sahity ab bhi pahalavi lipi men surakshit hain. ek pidhi se doosari pidhi tak purohiton dvara prasarit avesta ke path ko sasaniyaee shasan ke arnbhik kal men pahalavi lipi men lipibadhd kiya gaya.
  • nauvin shatabdi tak 'dinakard' ya 'dinakart', 'bndahishn', 'arda viraf-nama' jaisi mahattvapoorn dharmik rachanaon ko bhi pahalavi lipi men likh liya gaya tha.
  • is bhasha ki vyakaran pranali men do vachan hain-
  1. ekavachan
  2. bahuvachan.
  • do ling hain-
  1. pulling
  2. striling.
  • pahalavi bhasha men prachin parasi aur avestaee bhasha ke lagabhag ek hazar shabd shamil hain, jo chitrakshar ke roop men the.
  • pahalavi bhasha adhunik farasi bhashaon, visheshakar farasi aur dari ka adhar bani.
  • munbee men kama snsthan aur pustakalay pahalavi bhasha ke adhyayan ke kendr hain.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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