पिंगलि वेंकय्या  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pingali venkayya
pingali venkayya
poora nam pingali venkayya
any nam venkayya kapas
janm 2 agast 1878
janm bhoomi ganv- bhatala penamaroo, krishna zila andhr pradesh
mrityu 4 julaee 1963
abhibhavak pingali hanamnt rayadoo evn venkatarath‍nh‍mh‍ma
karm-kshetr svatntrata senani evn krishi vaigyanik
bhasha snskrit, urdoo evn hindi
vishesh yogadan bharat ke rashtriy dhvaj 'tirnga' ke abhikalpak hain.
nagarikata bharatiy

pingali venkayya athava 'pingali venkaiyya' (angrezi: Pingali Venkayya, janm: 2 agast, 1878, andhr pradesh; mrityu: 4 julaee, 1963) bharat ke rashtriy dhvaj 'tirnga' ke abhikalpak the. ve bharat ke sachche deshabhakt, mahanh svatntrata senani evn krishi vaigyanik bhi the.

jivan parichay

bharat ke rashh‍triy dhvaj ki rooparekha taiyar karane vale pingali venkaiyya ka janm andhr pradesh ke krishna zile ke "divi" tahasil ke "bhatala penamaroo" namak ganv men 2 agast, 1878 ko hua tha. unake pita ka nam pingali hanamnt rayadoo evn mata ka nam venkatarath‍nh‍mh‍ma tha. pingali venkaiyya ne prarnbhik shiksha bhatala penamaroo evn machhalipattanam se prapt karane ke bad 19 varsh ki umr men munbee chale ge. vahan jane ke bad unh‍honne sena men naukari kar li, jahan se unhen dakshin aphrika bhej diya gaya.

gandhiji se bhent

san 1899 se 1902 ke bich dakshin aphrika ke "bayar" yuddh men unhonne bhag liya. isi bich vahan par venkaiyya sahab ki mulakat mahatma gandhi se ho gee, ve unake vicharon se kafi prabhavit hue, svadesh vapas lautane par bambee ( ab munbee) men relave men gard ki naukari men lag ge. isi bich madras (ab chennee) men pleg namak mahamari ke chalate kee logon ki maut ho gee, jisase unaka man vyathit ho utha aur unh‍honne vah naukari bhi chhod di. vahan se madras men pleg rog nirmoolan insh‍pekh‍tar ke pad par tainat ho ge.

venkayya kapas

pingali venkayya ki snskrit, urdoo evn hindi adi bhashaon par achchhi pakad thi. isake sath hi ve bhoo-vigyan evn krishi ke achchhe janakar bhi the. san 1904 men jab japan ne roos ko hara diya tha. is samachar se ve itana prabhavit hue ki unhonne turnt japani bhasha sikh li. udhar mahatma gandhi ji ka svadeshi andolan chal hi raha tha, is andolan ne bhi pingali venkaiyya ke man ko badal diya. us samay unh‍honne amerika se kambodiya namak kapas ki bij ka ayat aur is bij ko bharat ke kapas bij ke sath ankurit kar bharatiy snkarit kapas ka bij taiyar kiya. unake is shodh kary ke liye bad men inhen 'venkayya kapas' ke nam se jana jane laga.[1]

rashtriy dhvaj ki rachana

san 1916 men pingali venkaiya ne ek aise dhvaj ki kalpana ki jo sabhi bharatavasiyon ko ek sootr men bandh de. unaki is pahal ko es.bi. boman ji aur umar somani ji ka sath mila aur in tinon ne mil kar neshanal flaig mishan ka gathan kiya. venkaiya ne rashtriy dhvaj ke lie rashtrapita mahatma gandhi se salah li aur gandhi ji ne unhen is dhvaj ke bich men ashok chakr rakhane ki salah di jo snpoorn bharat ko ek sootr men bandhane ka snket bane. pingali venkaiya lal aur hare rng ke ki prishthabhoomi par ashok chakr bana kar lae par gandhi ji ko yah dhvaj aisa nahin laga ki jo snpoorn bharat ka pratinidhitv kar sakata hai. rashtriy dhvaj men rng ko lekar tarah-tarah ke vad-vivad chalate rahe. akhil bharatiy snskrit kangres ne sanh 1924 men dhvaj men kesariya rng aur bich men gada dalane ki salah is tark ke sath di ki yah hinduon ka pratik hai. phir isi kram men kisi ne gerua rng dalane ka vichar is tark ke sath diya ki ye hindoo, musalaman aur sikh tinon dharm ko vyakt karata hai. kafi tark vitark ke bad bhi jab sab ekamat nahin ho pae to sanh 1931 men akhil bharatiy kangres ke dhvaj ko moort roop dene ke lie 7 sadasyon ki ek kameti banaee gee.

isi sal karachi kangres kameti ki baithak men pingali venkaiya dvara taiyar dhvaj, jisamen kesariya, shvet aur hare rng ke sath kendr men ashok chakr sthit tha, ko sahamati mil gee. isi dhvaj ke tale azadi ke paravanon ne kee andolan kie aur 1947 men angrezon ko bharat chhodane par majaboor kar diya. azadi ki ghoshana se kuchh din pahale phir kangres ke samane ye prashn a khada hua ki ab rashtriy dhvaj ko kya roop diya jae isake lie phir se daau. rajendr prasad ke netritv men ek kameti banaee gee aur tin saptah bad 14 agast ko is kameti ne akhil bharatiy kangres ke dhvaj ko hi rashtriy dhvaj ke roop men ghoshit karane ki sifarish ki. 15 agast 1947 ko tirnga hamari azadi aur hamare desh ki azadi ka pratik ban gaya.[2]

pingali venkaiya ki pratima, machhalipatanam

nidhan

rashtriy dhvaj banane ke bad pingali venkaiyya ka jhnda "jhnda venkaiyya" ke nam se logon ke bich lokapriy ho gaya. 4 julaee, 1963 ko pingali venkaiyya ka nidhan ho gaya.

samman

bharat ke rashtriy dhh‍vaj tirnge ka dizain banane vale pingali venkaiya ke samman men bharat sarakar ne unake nam par dak tikat jari kiya. vekainya pingali ke 132ven janm divas ke avasar par jari is dak tikat men unake banae ge tirnge ke sath unaki tasvir bhi hai. dak tikat ka mooly panch roope hai. pratham divas avaran aur soochana samagri ki qimat do-do rupe hai. desh ke char jagahon vishakhapattanam, haidarabad, kuranool, vijayavada ke jenaral posh‍t aauphis (jipio) par yah upalabdh hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shrivastav, pradip. rashtriy dhvaj ke nirmata pingali venkaiya ko bhoole deshavasi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) star nyooz aijensi. abhigaman tithi: 4 apral, 2013.
  2. tirnga (hindi) bharatakosh. abhigaman tithi: 4 apral, 2013.
  3. tirnge ka shuruati dijain taiyar karane vale pingali ke nam par dak tikat (hindi) meri khabar daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 4 apral, 2013.

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