पिंगल महर्षि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg pingal ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- pingal (bahuvikalpi)

maharshi pingal apane samay ke mahanh lekhakon men gine jate the. inhonne 'chhandahshastr' (chhandahsutr) ki rachana ki thi. inaka janm lagabhag 400 eesa poorv ka mana jata hai. kee itihasakar inhen 'panini' ka chhota bhaee manate hai.

chhandahshastr

maharshi pingal ka 'chhandahshastr' ath alag-alag adhyayon men vibhakt hai. athave adhyay men pingal ne chhndon ko snkshep karane tatha unake vargikaran ke bare men likha hai tatha dviadhariy rachanaon ko ganitiy roop men likhane ke bare men bataya.[1] inake chhndon ki lambaee napane ke lie varnon ki lambaee ya usake uchcharan men lagane vale samay ke adhar par use do bhagon men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. 'guru' (bade ke lie)
  2. 'ladhu' (chhote ke lie)

isake lie sarvapratham ek pad (vaky) ko varnon men vibhajit karana hota hai. vibhajit karane hetu nimn niyam die gaye hai-

  • ek varn men svar avashy hona chahie tatha isamen keval ek hi svar avashy hona chahie.
  • ek varn sadaiv vynjan se prarnbh hona chahie, parantu varn svar se prarnbh ho sakata hai, keval yadi varn rekha ke prarnbh men ho.
  • kisi varn ko jitana ho sake, utana adhik dirgh banana chahie.
  • jis varn ka chhote svar se ant hota hai (a, i, u adi) use 'laghu' tatha shesh sare 'guru' kahe jate hai, arthath jis kisi varn ke pichhe koee matra n ho, vah 'laghu' tatha matra vale 'guru' kahe jate hain. jaise- 'me', 'ri' adi
udaharan

"tvamev mata ch pita tvamev"

is shlok ko uparokt varnan ke adhar par vibhajit kiya gaya hai.

tv me v ma ta ch pi ta tv me v
L H L H H L L H L H L

"tvamev bandhushch sakha tvamev"

tv me v banh dhushh ch s kha tv me v
L H L H H L L H L H L

bandhu ko vibhakt karate samay adhe n (nh) ko b ke sath rakha gaya hai. (banh) kyonki tisara niyam kahata hai "kisi varn ko ho sake utana adhik dirgh banana chahie" tatha banh ko sath rakhane par doosara niyam bhi saty hota hai. choonki banh lain ke arnbh men nahi hai, isalie vynjan se prarnbh hona anivary hai aur pratham niyam bhi banh men saty ho raha hai, kyoki b men a (svar) hai. dhushh men bhi pratham tatha tritiy niyam saty hote hai. adhe varn men ant hone vale varn, jaise- 'banh', 'dhushh' guru ki shreni men aenge. laghu aur guru ko kramash: "|" aur "S"[2] se bhi pradarshit kiya jata hai.

is prakar uparokt char niyamo dvara kisi bhi shlok adi ko dviadhariy rachana men likha ja sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dviadhariy ganit ke janak- maharshi pingal (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 disambar, 2013.
  2. ye angrezi varnamala ka S nahin hai.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah