पालागुम्मि साईनाथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

palagummi saeenath
palagummi saeenath
poora nam palagummi saeenath
any nam pi. saeenath
janm 1957
janm bhoomi andhr pradesh, bharat
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi patrakar
vidyalay loyola kaaulej, chainnee; javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay, dilli
shiksha itihas men mastars digri
puraskar-upadhi 'reman maigsese puraskar' (2007)
any janakari 1980 men palagummi saeenath ne patrakarita se apana jivan shuroo kiya aur 'yoonaited nyooj aauph indiya' men lag ge. yahan kam karate hue unhen kisi bhi patrakar ko milane vala sabase bada puraskar diya gaya tha.

palagummi saeenath (angrezi: Palagummi Sainath, janm- 1957, andhr pradesh) bharat ke janemane patrakar hain. unhonne apani patrakarita ko samajik samasyaon, gramin halaton, garibi, kisan samasya aur bharat par vaishvikaran ke ghatak prabhavon par kendrit kiya hai. ve svayn ko gramin snvadadata ya keval snvadadata kahate hain. ve angrezi samachar patr 'd hindoo' aur 'd vevasait indiya' ke gramin mamalon ke snpadak hain. hindoo men pichhale chh: varshon se ve apane kee mahatvapoorn karyon par likhate rahe hain. amarty sen ne unhen akal aur bhukhamari ke vishv ke mahanatam visheshgyon men se ek mana hai. pi. saeenath ko unake karyon ke lie varsh 2007 ka 'reman maigsese puraskar' pradan kiya gaya tha.

parichay

palagummi saeenath ka janm 1957 men andhr pradesh men hua tha. bharat ke bhootapoorv rashtrapati vi. vi. giri inake dada the. saeenath ki padhaee madras (vartaman chennee) ke loyola kaaulej men huee thi. vahan se vah 'javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay', dilli ae, jahan se unhonne itihas men mastars digri prapt ki. saeenath javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay men eksikyootiv kaunsil ke sadasy bhi rahe.

vyavasayik shuruat

1980 men palagummi saeenath ne patrakarita se apana jivan shuroo kiya aur 'yoonaited nyooj aauph indiya' men lag ge. yahan kam karate hue unhen kisi bhi patrakar ko milane vala sabase bada puraskar diya gaya. yoonaited indiya se vah 'blitj' men chale ae, jo mumbee se prakashit hone vala ek mahattvapoorn saptahik patr tha aur usaki prasar snkhya 6 lakh gini jati thi. yahan unhonne pahale-pahale videshi mamalon ka sampadan vibhag sambhala. phir vah patr ke upasampadak ho ge. palagummi saeenath ka judav blitj se das barsh tak raha. blitj se saeenath sophiya paauliteknik ke speshal midiya kors ke atithi pravakta (vijiting phaikalti) ho ge, yahan se yuva mahila patrakaron ki shrrinkhala desh ko mil rahi hai. is snsthan se saeenath ka judav ab bhi bana hua hai.

sookha prabhavit kshetron ka bhraman

apane anubhav batorane ke daur men palagummi saeenath ne bahut-si aisi sthitiyon ka samana kiya, jinhonne unhen gadhane men apana bahut yogadan diya. unhonne desh ke das sookha pidit rajyon ko ghoomakar gaharaee se dekha aur unhen unake bare men bahut kuchh aisa pata chala, jo unhen bechain kar gaya. unaki yah bechaini aur unaki yah janakari samay-samay par, alag-alag madhyam se samane ati rahi hai. is anubhav se unhen n keval akal, bhookh se tatha vyavastha ka sambndh samajh men aya, balbi unhonne patrakarita ke sambndh men bhi bahut kuchh jana jo keval satahi adhyayan se nahin jana ja sakata tha. janakari ke atirikt palagummi saeenath ke pas jitana kahane ko hai, utani sahi kahane ki himmat hai. patrakarita ke kshetr men, jo ki unaka karyakshetr hai, unake pas bahut hai, jo vah kahate aur batate hain. jaise-

"mainne jan liya ki paramparik/chaloo patrakarita keval satta ke paksh men rakhi jane vali khidamat hai. patrakar pray: apani antim ray adhikariyon ko deta hai. aise mahaul men, kuchh puraskar mere kam ke lie ghoshit hue, lekin mainne unhen svikar nahin kiya, kyonki vah mujhe khud hi sharminda karate hue lagate the."

nirbhik patrakar

patrakaron ke bare men palagummi saeenath bahut talkhi se kahate hain- "yahan do tarah ke patrakar hain, ek to jenuin patrakar, doosare vah jo keval stenograauphar hain aur sahabon se dikteshan lete hain." saeenath ke bare men 1984 men khbaja ahamad abvas ne kaha ki, vah behad nirbhik, adig, athak tatha junoon-bhare patrakar hain... sabase badi bat, ki unhen bhrasht nahin kiya ja sakata... abbas ne kaha ki yah sirph palagummi saeenath hain, jo raja ko nnga kahane ki himakat kar sakate hain.

patrakarita tatha spasht drishtikon

1991 men intaranaishanal maunitari phand dvara bharat ke arthik sudhar ke lie manamohan sinh ne kam hath men liya. us samay saeenath bhi is projekt se jude. yah samay saeenath ki patrakarita men mahattvapoorn tha. unhen aisa laga ki patrakaron ki nigah, khabaron se jyada 'manornjan' par tik rahi hainn. vah shahari abhijaty ke phaishan, chamak-damak ki or jyada jhuk rahe hain aur unaka dhyan desh ki garibi tatha doosare kathin savalon se hat raha hai. us dasha men inhonne khulakar kaha ki- "agar desh ki mukhy patrakarita ki dhara oopar ke panch pratishat logon ko apane kendr men rakhana chahati hai, to main niche se panch pratishat logon ko apani patrakarita ka vishay banaoonga."

ek aur drishtant unaki patrakarita tatha usake sambndh men unaki spasht drishti samane lata hai. 1993 men unhonne taims aauph indiya men ek phailoship ke lie avaden kiya. is bare men die ja rahe intaravyoo men unhonne apani yojana men gramin bharat ki dasha ka havala diya ki vah isi vishay ko kam ke lie chunana chahenge. is par intaravyoo lene vale sampadak ne saval kiya ki "agar main kahoon ki mere pathak aise kisi vishay men katee dilachaspi nahin rakhate, tab....?" is par palagummi saeenath ne turnt palat kar saval kiya- "apaka apane pathakon se akhiri bar amana-samana kab hua tha.... jo ap unaki ruchi ke bare men aisa dava yahan baithe-baithe kar sakate hain?" palagummi saeenath ko phailoship mil gee thi aur unhonne desh ke panch rajyon se das sabase garib zilon ke adhyayan ka kam chuna tha.

pustak 'evaribadi lavs e gud draaut'

is kam ke dauran palagummi saeenath ne desh-bhar men ek lakh kilomitar yatra ki, jo solah vibhinn savariyon se poori huee. isamen panch hajar ki.mi. paidal chalana hua. us daur men, jab patrakarita ke kshetr men taims aauph indiya ko pahale pej se tisare pej par shipht hone vala samachar patr kaha jane laga tha, tab palagummi saeenath ki is phailoship ki 84 riports atharah mahinon tak taims aauph indiya men lagatar chhapati rahi thinn aur bad men vah samagri unaki pustak 'evaribadi lavs e gud draaut'[1] men chhapi. lagatar do varshon tak yah kitab bharat men nambar ek par bani rahi. ise penggudan ki 'al taims baistasailar' kaha gaya. gair-sarakari sngathanon ne is kitab ko apane lie ek mahattvapoorn gaidabuk mana, jisaki bebak sidhe riport dene ki shaili tatha vishay par satik nazar ise nayab bana gee. is kitab ki jitani bhi raauyalti palagummi saeenath ke nam aee, use unhonne ne gramin patrakaron ko die jane vale puraskar ke lie ek phand ko saunp diya.

puraskar v samman

palagummi saeenath ki patrakarita ne bahut-si snsthaon aur ikaiyon ko vaicharik roop se bechain kiya tatha unhonne isase bahut kuchh sikhane ka mauka paya. taims aauph indiya ne inaki riporting shaili ko doosare akhabaron ke samane maaudal ke taur par rakha, jisamen garibi tatha gramavikas ke mudde behad saph hokar samane ae the. kanada ke ek dakumentari philm nirmata ne palagummi saeenath ke kam ko kendr men rakh kar ek philm banaee 'e traib aauph hiz aaun'. jab ek philm phestival men is philm ko puraskar mila, to usake nirmata ne puraskar lene jate samay palagummi saeenath ko sath chalane ka amntran diya, kyonki yah philm saeenath ki hi prerana ka natija thi. palagummi saeenath ko karib tis rashtriy aur antarashtriy puraskar tatha phailoship di gee. unhen vibhinn deshi-videshi yoonivarsiti se manad upadhiyan prapt hueen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (Everybody Loves a Good Drought)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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