पुणे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pune
Sinhagarh-Fort-Pune.jpg
vivaran pune bhootapoorv poona shahar, maharashtr rajy, dakshin pashchim bharat, moola aur mootha nadiyon ke sngam sthal par sthit hai.
rajy maharashtr
zila pune zila
sthapana 17vin shatabdi men maratha rajy ki rajadhani ke roop men pahali bar is nagar ko mahattv prapt hua tha.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 18.53°, poorv- 73.85°
marg sthiti yah shahar sadak dvara mumbee se 150 kilomitar, nasik se 212 kilomitar, nagapur se 732 kilomitar aur dilli se 1,431 kilomitar doori par sthit hai.
kab jaen aktoobar se mee
kaise pahunchen viman, rel, bas, taiksi
havaee adda pune antararashtriy havaee adda, loheganv
relave steshan pune v shivajinagar
bas adda maharashtr rajy parivahan mndal
yatayat aauto riksha, bas, taimpo, saikil riksha
kya dekhen pune paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, risaaurt
kya khariden lakshmi rod se maharashtran nauvari sooti sadi ke sath-sath paramparagat bharatiy sadi aur abhooshan kharide ja sakate hain.
es.ti.di. kod 020
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, pune antararashtriy havaee adda
adyatan‎
pune pune paryatan pune zila

pune bhootapoorv poona shahar, maharashtr rajy, dakshin pashchim bharat, moola aur mootha nadiyon ke sngam sthal par sthit hai. maharashtr ka ek pramukh nagar hai. yah nagar shivaji tatha unake putr evn uttaradhikari shambhaji (shumbhaji) ki rajadhani tha. ise kh‍vin aauf d dakkan ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. ‘dakkan ki rani’ ke nam se vikhyat pune marathiyon ki sanskritik rajadhani hai. isake atirikt vartaman samay men pune soochana takaniki ke kshetr men bhi sakriy roop se vikasit ho raha hai.

sthapana

shahoo apani rajadhani pune se hatakar satara le gaya. 1749 ee. men usaki mrityu ke bad peshava balaji bajirav ne use phir maratha rajy ki rajadhani bana diya. antim peshava bajirav dvitiy ke har jane tatha apadasth kiye jane ke bad isaka mahattv ghat gaya. kuchh samay tak is par mugalon ka qabza raha, lekin bad men 1714 se yah punah maratha rajy ki rajadhani ban gaya. antatah 1817 ee. men yah angrezon ke adhikar men chala gaya. isane mumbee prejidensi ki mausami rajadhani ki bhoomika nibhaee aur azadi ke bad yah vikasashil desh ban gaya, jo har disha men phail raha tha. vishesh roop se isaka vistar pune-munbee rel aur sadak margon ke samanantar hua, jo pinpari aur chinchavad se guzarate hain. yahan par bhandarakar oriental risarch instityoot (sthapana 1917 ee.) hai, jo prachy adhyayan evn shodh ke lie vikhyat hai.

inphosis, pune

bharat ke maharashtr rajy ka pune ek mahattvapoorn shahar hai. pune maharashtr ke pashchim bhag, mula v mutha in do nadiyon ke kinare basa hai, aur zile ka prashasakiy mukhyalay hai. bharat ka pune satavan sabase bada shahar v maharashtr ka doosara sabase bada shahar hai. pune sarvajanik sukhasuvidha v vikas ke hisab se maharashtr men munbee ke bad agresar hai. is shahar men anek namankit shikshan snstha hone ke karan ise 'poorab ka aauksaford' bhi kaha jata hai.

itihas

prachin nam

pune nam 'punyanagari' nam se aya hai. yah shahar athavin shatabdi men 'punnak' (ya 'punyak') nam se jana jata tha, aisa sndarbh milata hai. kuchh samay bad yah 'kasabe pune' ya 'punavadi' nam se jana jane laga. maratha samrajy ke kal khnd men shahar ka nam 'pune' ke roop men upayog men laya jane laga. british ne use 'poona' kah kar snbodhit karane ki shuruat ki. ab yah adhikarik nam pune se jana jata hai.

pune shivaji maharaj ke jivan v maratha samrajy ke itihas ka ek mahattvapoorn ang hai. is prakar marathon aur angrezon, donon ko apani-apani shakti aur kamazori ka pata chal gaya aur agale bis varshon tak unake bich shanti rahi. maratha saradaron men apasi dushmani aur pratidvandvita chalati rahi aur 25 aktoobar, 1802 ee. ko tatkalin peshava bajirav dvitiy ko apane chngul men karane ke lie shinde aur holkar men poona ke bahar yuddh hua. bajirav dvitiy kayar aur shadayntrakari tha aur use rajy ke hit ki koee chinta nahin thi. jis samay poona ka yuddh chal hi raha tha, vah pratidvandvi maratha saradaron ke chngul se apane ko bachane ke lie poona se bhagakar basee angrezon ki sharan men chala gaya. vahan usane 31 disambar, 1802 ee. ko basee ki lajjajanak sndhi kar li, jisake dvara usane peshava pad phir se prapt karane ka manorath banaya tha. is prakar bajirav dvitiy ne maratha rajy ki svatntrata bech di aur vah angrezon ke dvara punah poona ki gaddi par asin kar diya gaya. parantu maratha saradaron, vishesh roop se shinde, bhonsale aur holkar ne is vyavastha ko svikar nahin kiya aur phalasvaroop doosara maratha-yuddh (1803-05 ee.) chhid gaya.

yah shahar 17vin shatabdi men nizamashahi, adilashahi, mugal aise vibhinn rajavnsho ka ang raha hai. 17vin shatabdi men shahaji bhonsale ko nizamashaha ne pune ki jamindari di thi. unaki patni jijabaee ne is jamindari men 1627 men shivaneri qile par shivaji raje bhonsale ko janm diya. shivaji maharaj ne apane sathiyon ke sath pune parisar men maratha samrajy ki sthapana ki. is kal men pune men shivaji maharaj ka varchasv tha. peshava ke kal men 1749 satara ko chhatrapati ki gaddi aur rajadhani bana kar pune ko maratha samrajy ki 'prashasakiy rajadhani' bana diya gaya. pune ki peshava ke kal men kafi taraqqi huee. 1818 tak pune men marathon ka rajy tha.

maratha samrajy

shivaji maharaj ke jivan v maratha samrajy ke itihas ka pune ek mahattvapoorn ang hai. jijabaee v shivaji maharaj jab 1635 se 1636 ke daramayan pune avas ke lie ae, tab se pune ke itihas men ek ne parv ka janm hua. shivaji maharaj v jijamata pune men lal mahal men rahate the. pune ke gramadevata- kasaba ganapati ki sthapana jijabaee ne ki thi.

svatntrata sngram

pune ke netaon aur samaj sudharakon ne bharatiy svatntrata sngram men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. lokamany tilak aur savarakar jaise netaon ke karan pune rashtr ke naqshe par apane mahattv ko darshata raha. mahadev govind ranade, viththal ramaji shinde, gopal krishn gokhale jaise samajasudharak v rashtriy khyati ke neta pune se the.

bhoogol

pune ka madhyabindu pune ji.pi.o post aauphis ke bahar hai. ji.pi.o. pune sahyadri parvat ke poorv, aur samudratal se 560 mitar (1,837 phut) ki oochanee par hai. bhima nazadiki upanadiyan mula v mutha ke sngam par yah shahar basa hai. pavana v indrayani ye nadiyan pune shahar ke uttar-pashchim disha men bahati hai. shahar ka sarvochch bindu vetal tekadi (samudratal se 800 mitar) hai, aur shahar ke pas ka sinhagad qile ki oochanee 1300 mitar hai. pune shahar koyana bhooknp kshetr men ata hai jo pune shahar se 100 kilomitar dakshin disha men hai. pune men madhyam v chhote bhooknp ae hain.

jalavayu

pune shahar men tin ritu garmi, varsha v shit hoti hain. pune shahar ke march se mee tak ke sabase garm mahine hain. pune men mee ke mahine men barish ka mausam shuroo ho jata hai. arab sagar se joon ke mahine men manasoon ki havaen shuroo ho jati hain. pune men julaee ke mahine men sabase zyada barish hoti hai. pune men barish men tapaman 20° se 28° selsiyas hota hai.

pune men manasoon ke bad aktoobar ke mahine men din ke samay tapaman badhata hai magar rat ke samay thnd hoti hai. yahan navnbar se faravari tak ke mahinon men sardi rahti hai. sardi ka samay pune men bhet karane ke lie sarvottam samay hai. is samay din ka tapaman 29° selsiyas aur rat ka tapaman 10° selsiyas niche hota hai. pune men tapaman disnbar v janavari mahinon men 5° se 6° selsiyas tak niche jata hai.

prajatiyan

pune shahar ke dak karyalay se 25 kilomitar door trijya ke parisar men 1,000 pushp-vanaspati ki prajatiyan, 104 phulapakhar ki prajatiyan, 350 pakshiyon ki prajatiyan aur 64 stanadhari praniyon ki prajatiyan paee gee hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

pune shahar bharat ke any mahattvapoorn shaharon se sadak, relave v havaeemarg se juda hua hai.

havaeemarg

pune men antararashtriy havaee adda hai jo ki pune shahar se 12 kilomitar ki doori par loheganv men sthit hai. indiyan eyaralains aur jet eyaravej ki viman pune-dilli, pune-chennee, pune-baingalor ke bich chalati hain. pune ke vimanatal se pahale keval desh ke any shaharon ke lie udane thin, magar singapur v dubee ke lie udane ane ke bad ise antarrashtriy darja prapt hua hai.

relamarg

pune ki or jane ke lie sabase behatar vikalp indrayani eksapres hai. isake atirikt dakkan kvin, dakkan eksapres aur shatabdi rojana pune aur mumbee ke bich chalati hai.

basamarg

yahan mumh‍bee se bas dvara bhi jaya ja sakata hai. dadar se har padrnh minat par pune ke lie samanh‍y tatha e. si. basen chalati hai.

krishi aur khanij

jvar, bajara, ganna aur chaval yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain.

udyog aur vyapar

maharashtr v bharat ka ek pune mahattvapoorn audyogik kendr hai. munbee mahanagar ke bad maharashtr rajy men pune hi sarvadhik audyogik shahar hai. vishv men sarvadhik dupahie banane vali knpani bajaj aauto pune men hai. telko, bajaj aauto, bharat phorj jaise utpadanakshetr ke anek bade udyog yahan hai. yahan sthit adhunik vishal audyogik ikaiyon men kar, skootar, trak entibayotak, aushadhi, adhunik abhiyantriki purze tatha tel se chalane vale injanon ka nirman hota hai. ne udyog pune-sholapur marg par sthit sthan ko pasnd karate hain.

1990 ke dashak men inphosis, tata knsaltnsi sarvis, vipro, simaintek, aibiem jaise prasiddh saauphtavear knpaniyon ne pune men apane kenndr khole, aur yah shahar bharat ka ek pramukh soochana praudyogiki udyogakendr ke roop men vikasit hua. pune ke asapas ke kshetr, jise ab vrihad (gretar) pune kaha jata hai. isamen sahyadri pahadiyan, balaghat shrinkhala (uttar) aur mahadev pahadiyan (dakshin) shamil hai, aur bhima nadi ki oopari ghati ka hissa bhi mila hua hai.

vishv ki doosari sabase badi phorjing knpani bharat phorj, kamins injins, alpha lavhal, thayasan grup, ke es bi pnp, phinoleks. vidyut v grihapayogi vastu vharlapool aur el.ji. ke utpadan karakhane, phrito-lej, koka-kola ke ann prakriya udyog pune men sthit hain. antarrashtriy havaeemarg se pune ko jodane ke bad se zile men anek udyog niryat karane lage hain.

shikshan snsthan

fargyusan kaaulej, pune

pune shaikshanik aur sanskritik kendr raha hai, poorv pradhanamntri javahar lal neharoo ise bharat ka aauksaford aur kaibrij kahate the. yahan ke vikhyat shaikshanik snsthanon men shamil hain.

  • pune vishvavidyalay (sthapana 1948)
  • fargyusan kaaulej
  • instityoot aauf mainejament ejukeshan aind risarch
  • intaraneshanal instityoot aauf mainejament ejukeshan aind risarch
  • intaraneshanal instityoot aauf infaaurmeshan teknolaauji
  • instityoot aauf mainejament ejukeshan
  • maharashtr ekedami aauf injiniyaring aind ejukeshanal risarch
  • ekedami aauf kamyunikeshan skil
  • ekedami aauf politikal aind soshal risarch
  • chhatrapati shivaji medikal kaaulej
  • si.e. medikal kaaulej aauf altaranetiv medisin
  • kaaulej aauf knpyootar aind ilektraauniks injiniyaring
  • di. instityoot aauf vokeshanal korses
  • instityoot aauf bijanes mainejament aind risarch
  • film aind telivijan instityoot aauf indiya
  • bi.di. instityoot aauf faishan teknolaauji
pune vishvavidyalay

antarrashtriy star ke shodh snsthan

yahan antarrashtriy star ke shodh snsthan hain jaise-

  • bhndarakar oriental risarch instityoot (sthapana 1917)
  • gokhale instityoot aauf paaulitiks aind ikonaaumiks
  • dakkan kaaulej post grejuet risarch instityoot, jo manav vishvavidyalay bhi hai.
  • itnr yoonivarsiti sentar faaur estronaaumi aind estrofiziks, yah ek svayatt snstha hai.
  • is nagar men sthit sarakari karyalayon men shiksha nideshalay, senkendri skool sartifiket pariksha bord, maharashtr stet byooro tekst buk prodekshan aind karikular risarch, tilak maharashtr vidyapith tatha vibhinn rajanitik, samajik aur shaikshik netaon dvara sthapit snsthaon dvara vitt pradatt shaikshanik snsthan shamil hain.
  • yahan kendr sarakar dvara prayojit snsthan, jaise bharatiy mausam vigyan aur neshanal instityoot aauf vayarolaauji bhi sthit hain.
  • shahar ke pashchimi sima par khadagavasala men neshanal difens akadami aur sentral vatar aind pavar risarch steshan; uttar men instityoot aauf traaupikal metarolaauji; pune vishvavidyalay parisar men intar yoonivarsiti sentar faaur estronaaumi aind estro fiziks; poorv men kiraki men pratiraksha utpadan ikaiyan sthit hain. yahan ek chhavani bhi hai, jisamen pratiraksha kaman ikaee aur armd forses medikal sthit hain.

paryatan

pune men pramukh dharmik, aitihasik aur paryatak sthal sahyadri ke asapas tatha bhima nadi ke kinare sthit isaki dhalanon par avasthit hain. sinhagadh jaise kuchh vikhyat maratha qile ab adhunik aramagah men parivartit kar die ge hain. yahan ke dharmik kendron men bhimashnkar, jo bharat ke 12 jyotirlingon men se ek hai. snt kavi tukaram ka janm sthal dehoo, achary rajanish ka ashram (osho kamyoom intaraneshanal sentar), isake nikat hi snt meharababa se snbndhit sthan meharajad aur meharabad hain.

khanapan

pune men bahut se achchhe bhojanalay hain. yahan apako har tarah ke vynjan khane ko mil jaenge. pune men sabase adhik bhojanalay sainik chhavani ke pas bot kalb rod, koraganv park aur mukhy sadak par sthit hain.

kharidadari

pune men lakshmi rod se maharashtran nauvari sooti sadi ke sath-sath paramparagat bharatiy sadi aur abhooshan kharide ja sakate hain. em.ji.rod se kitaben, bahumooly kapade, dijainar ghadiyan, prachin saman, kristal aur chaina, joote aur baig kharid sakate hain. vahin par dhole patil marg, korigan park men behatarin maaul aur butik hain is jagah se bhi kharidadari ki ja sakati hai. pune men dukanen din men ek baje se lekar sham char baje tak bnd rahati hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar pune shahar ki janasnkhya 25,40,069 hai, aur gramin kshetr ki janasnkhya 80,191 hai. pune zile ki janasnkhya 72,24,224 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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