पुदुचेरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
puducheri
Puducherry-Map.jpg
rajadhani paaundicheri
rajabhasha(en) tamil bhasha, telugu bhasha, malayalam bhasha, phransisi bhasha
sthapana 1 navnbar, 1964
janasnkhya 973829
· ghanatv 1,979 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 492 varg kimi[1]
bhaugolik nirdeshank 11.93°N 79.83°E
zile 4
mukhy aitihasik sthal arikamedu
saksharata 81.49[1]%
uparajyapal kiran bedi[1]
mukhyamntri vi. narayanasami[1]
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
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puducheri bharat ganarajy ka kendrashasit pradesh hai. pahale puducheri ek phransisi upanivesh tha jise 4 zilon ka samavesh karake banaya gaya tha. puducheri nam isake sabase bade zile puducheri ke nam par pada़ hai. pahale puducheri ka adhikarik nam paaundicheri tha jise sitnbar 2006 men badalakar puducheri kar diya gaya. puducheri ka sthaniy tamil bhasha men arth hota hai 'naya ganv'. yah pradesh bngal ki khadi ke poorv men sthit hai.

itihas aur bhoogol

yah pradesh lagabhag tin sau salon tak phransisi adhikar men raha. janaral dooma fransisi upanivesh pandicheri ka gavarnar tha. prachin samay men phrans se vyapar ka yah pramukh kendr tha. phransisi snskriti aur vastushilp ke praman aj bhi yahan kahin kahin dikh jate hain. adhyatmik aur dharmik drishti se bhi yah bahut hi mahattvapoorn hai. anand rng pillee ne pandicheri ki ghatanaon ka vivaran likha hai aur sath hi un ghatanaon ka bhi ullekh kiya hai jinaki pratikriya fransisi rajadhani men huee.

paaundicheri ka ek drishy

pandicheri ka vikas martin ne ek samriddh nagar ke roop men kiya. yah nagar bharat men phransisi upaniveshon ki rajadhani ke roop mahe aur koromndal tat par karikal ki bastiyan thi. angl-phransisi sngharsh men dauran angrejon ne do bar, 1745 ee. aur 1747 ee. men pandicheri lene ka asaphal prayas kiya lekin 1761 ee. men ve ise lene men saphal ho gaye. isake sath hi bharat men phransisiyon ke samrajy ka ant ho gaya. puducheri ke antargat dakshin ke puducheri, karaikal, mahe aur yanam ke ve kshetr hain, jahan pahale phransisiyon ka shasan tha. puducheri is pradesh ki rajadhani hai jo bharat men phrans ke nivasiyon ka mukhh‍yalay thi. yah 138 varshon tak phransisi shasan ke adhin tha. 1 navnbar 1954 ko isaka bharat men vilay kar diya gaya. isake poorv men bngal ki khadi aur tin taraph tamilanadu hai. puducheri se lagabhag 150 kilomitar dakshin ki or poorvi tat par karaikal hai aur mahe pashchim men keral se ghire pashchimi ghaton ke malabar tat par sthit hai. yahan par kalikat havaee adde se pahuncha ja sakata hai jo mahe se 70 kilomitar ki doori par hai. yanam andhr pradesh ke poorvi godavari zile se sata hua hai aur vishakhapattanam se 200 kimi ki doori par hai.

krishi

puducheri ki lagabhag 24.37 pratishat janata krishi aur usase jude vh‍yavasayon men hai. is rajy men 80.7 pratishat krishi bhoomi men sinchaee ki suvidhaen upalabh‍dh hain. dhan yahan ki mukhh‍y fasal hai. dalahan uth‍padan men yah rajy doosare nnbar par hai. mahe kshetr ka yahan ki vanaspati snpatti men bada yogadan hai. nariyal, supari aur masale ki paidavar bhi yahan hoti hai. yanam men dalen, moongaphali aur mirch yahan ki varsha par adharit mukhh‍y vh‍yaparik fasalen hain.

udyog

  • march 2008 tak 7,982 audyaugik ikaiyon dvara 2,177.78 karod ru. ka nivesh kar 93,044 logon ko rozagar diya kiya gaya. in audyogik ikaiyon ke uth‍padan ka kul moolh‍y 13,455.34 karod ru. lagaya gaya tha.
sekred hart charch, paaundicheri
  • vittiy varsh 2006-2007 ( march 2007 tak) men niryatonmukh ikaiyon dvara kiye gaye niryat ka moolh‍y 901.06 karod ru. raha.

sinchaee

yooropiy sngh ki sahayata se kee talabon ka jirnoddhar kiya gaya hai. shnkar parani aur penh‍nar nadiyon par anek sh‍thanon par 8 bed bandh banae ge hain. isake atirikh‍t bhootal ko sahi karane ke lie bed bandh ke nirman ke anivary prash‍tav aratachikuph‍pam, pembiyar, selipet ke snkendran bindu par, vadukuph‍pam ke malatar men, puducheri men tatha karai kanal ke muliyar, pravadanayar aur vnjir evn vilanur men pul evn beraj ka nirman kary pragati par hai.

bijali

kendr shasit pradesh puducheri ki bijali ki zarooraten kendr sarakar ke bijali uth‍padan kendron se aur padosi rajh‍yon ke bijali bordon - 'tamilanadu bijali bord', 'keral rajh‍y bijali bord' se bijali kharidakar aur 'puducheri pavar kaauraporeshan limited', karaikal se poori ki jati hai. is pradesh ki kul bijali upalabh‍dhata 396.58 megavaaut hai.

parivahan

puducheri ke 'lok nirman vibhag' dvara vibhinh‍n shreniyon ki lagabhag 677.525 ki. mi. sadakon ki dekhabhal ki jati hai. sadakon ke sudhar aur pulon ke nirman ka kary bhi pragati par hai.

vayu marg

puducheri ke lie sabase pas ka havaee adda chennee hai. chennee ka havaee adda bharat aur vishv ke lagabhag sabhi pramukh nagaron se juda hua hai.

rel marg

puducheri ke lie sabase nikatatam relave jnkshan villapuram hai. yah chennee aur madurai / trivendram se sampark men rahata hai.

sadak marg

rashtriy rajamarg 45 ke dvara puducheri pahuncha ja sakata hai.

nagar vikas

  • puducheri upanagariy kshetron men jal nikasi ki ek yojana 4.48 karod rupaye ki lagat se chal rahi hai.
  • sarvekshan ke bad karaikal men andar graund drenej sh‍kim par kam ho raha hai. is par 34 karod rupaye ki lagat aegi.
matrimndir, aauirovile
  • si.es.es. ke antargat 2.47 karod rupaye ki lagat se bharati park ko punarjivit karane ka prash‍tav hai. badhati huee zarooraton ko poora karane ke lie lajapet tatha dubarepet men ne jal shodhan snyntron ko chalaya ja raha hai.

paryatan

chennee ke dakshin men 160 ki.mi. ki doori par‍ sthit puducheri (tamil men yah poducheri ke nam se jana jata hai). yah prarnbhik atharahavin sadi se phrans ka ek upanivesh raha tha. yah ek sundar bharatiy shahar hai jisamen sudr ke atirikh‍t phrans ki sansh‍kritik virasat ke jivnt namoone aj bhi hain. anh‍y phransisi sh‍thalon—karaikal (tamilanadu), mahe (keral), yanam (andhr pradesh), ko milakar pandicheri kendrashasit pradesh bana hai. is nagar ki visheshata suniyojit nagar yojana tatha phransisi-tamil vash‍tukala ka sngam hai. yah shahar phrans ke 18 vin sadi ke qilebnd samudratatiy shahar ‘bash‍taid' ke namoone par bana hai. pandicheri maharshi aravindon ghosh ke prasiddh ashram ke lie jana jata hai. bharat ke svatntr hone par pandicheri shantipoorn tarike se bharatiy sngh ka ang ban gaya.

gopuram mndir, puducheri

puducheri prasiddh snton ki bhoomi ke roop men prasiddh hai. rom aur yoonan ke sath vh‍yaparik snbndh hone ke karan, phransisi bharat ki rajadhani hone tatha adhh‍yatmik shakti ko kendr hone ki vajah se, pandicheri men nadiyon, samudri taton ke karan paryatakon ke lie paryatan ke sthan hain. poorv tatha pashchim snsh‍kriti se prabhavit pandicheri men hash‍tashilh‍p se taiyar chamade ki vash‍tuen, mitti ke baratan, hath se taiyar kagaz, purana aupaniveshik pharnichar adi anokhi vash‍tuen milati hain. hamare pahale pradhanamntri sh‍vargiy pndit javahar lal neharoo ne pandicheri ko ‘phransisi snsh‍kriti ki khidaki’ kaha tha.

suprasiddh ashram

yahan ka mukhy kendr aravindashram hai. yahin yahan ka akarshan hai. yahan samudr kinare prithak-prithakh asambaddh kee bhavanon men ashram hai. inamen se hi ek bhavan men shriaravind ji ki samadhi hai. isi bhavan men shriaravind ne 25 varsh sadhanamay jivan vyatit kiya tha. mahanh snt, kavi tatha bharatiy adhh‍yatmikata ke mahanh pravarttak shri aravind apane jivan ke ant tak apane drishtikon aur vicharon ka prasar karate rahe. unaka ashram aj bhi apani khas jivan shaili ke karan vishh‍v bhar ke logon ke akarshan ka kendr hai. aravindashram ke samip hi atynt prachin ganesh ji ka chhota mndir hai. is nagar men kalahastishvar aur vedapurishvar do shivamndir hain.

pandicheri se 5 mil par villiyanor men shritrikameshvar vishal shiv mndir hai. yah is or ka tirth sthal hai. usake bhitar hi parvati ji ka mndir bhi hai[2].

bhasha

lait haus, paaundicheri
  • tamil, telugu, malayalam, aur phransisi yahan ki adhikarik bhashaen hain. har zile ke sath bhasha bhinn hai. zilon ke bich snvad ke lie sadharanat: angrezi ka prayog kiya jata hai.

tamil

tamil bhasha ka prayog tamil bahul zilon aur karaikal men kiya jata hai. tamil tamilanadu rajy ki bhi bhasha hai, isake atirikt tamil shrilnka aur singapur ki bhi sah bhasha hai. maleshiya aur maaurishas men bhi tamil bhasha boli jati hai.

telugu

telugu puducheri ki any adhikarik bhasha hai, kintu yah yanam (telugu zile) men prayog men laee jati hai. telagu puducheri ki kshetriy adhikarik bhasha hai aur yanam zile ki adhikarik bhasha. telagu andhr pradesh ki bhi adhikarik bhasha hai. telagu puhducheri aur karaikal men bhi pradhanat: boli jati hai.

malayalam

puducheri ki any adhikarik bhasha jo mahe (malayalam zile) men upayog ki jati hai. at: ise puducheri ki kshetriy adhikarik bhasha kaha ja sakata hai. malayalam keral rajy aur lakshadvip kendrashasit pradesh ki bhi adhikarik bhasha hai.

phransisi

phransisi puducheri ki any adhikarik bhasha hai. 1673 se 1954 tak phransisi bharat ki bhi adhikarik bhasha thi. yah adhikarik pad par 28 mee, 1958 ko bharat aur phrans ke madhy huee sndhi ke karan snrakshit rahi.

  • anuchchhed 28 ke anusar phransisi sndhi ke anusar, 'Le francais restera langue officielle des Etablissements aussi longtemps que les representants elus de la population n'auront pas pris une decision differente (phransisi bhasha) (phransisi bhasha pratishthanon ki adhikarik bhasha tab tak rahegi jab tak ki janata dvara nirvachit pratinidhiyon ke dvara nirnay nahin liya jata hai. (hindi anuvad))

paryatan sthal

adhyatmik bhoomi

prachin samay se hi puducheri vaidik snskriti ka kendr raha hai. yah rishi agasty ki bhoomi hai. puducheri men adhyatmik shanti aur badh gayi jab 12vin shatabdi men yahan 'aravind ashram' ki sthapana huee.

paaundicheri tat

peradaij samudri tat

peradaij samudri tat shahar se 8 kilomitar door kuddalor men rod ke samip hai. is samudr tat ke ek or chhoti si khadi hai. yahan par keval nav dvara hi pahuncha ja sakata hai. yahan par samudri pani men daaulphin ko dekhana sukhad anubhav hai. yahan par itani sundarata aur shanti hai ki yah apane nam ko sarthak karata hai. yahan akar svarg ka abhas hota hai.

aauroville samudri tat

yah samudri tat aauroville ke pas hai. puducheri se isaki doori 12 kimi hai. yahan tat par pani adhik gahara nahin hai,at: tairane ke lie yah sahi jagah hai. saptahant men yahan par bahut paryatak ate hain. isalie saptahant men yahan bahut bhid hoti hai. saptah ke shesh dinon men yahan zyada bhid nahin hoti hai.

sarakari udyan

paaundicheri ka ek drishy

puducheri ke bichon bich yah sarakari udyan sabase khoobasoorat sarvajanik sthal hai. is udyan ka akarshan udyan men bana 'ayi mndapam' hai. is bhavan ka nirman nepoliyan tritiy ke shasanakal men karaya gaya tha. yah bhavan grik roman vastu kala ka udarahan hai. is bhavan ka nam mahal men kam karane vali ek mahila ke nam par rakha gaya tha. ukt mahila ne apane ghar ke sthan par ek jalakund banaya tha. kaha jata hai ki kisi samay nepoliyan ne yahan par pani pikar apani pyas bujhaee thi aur prasann hokar is smarak ka nam 'ayi mndapam' rakha tha.

arikamedu

puducheri se 4 kimi dakshin men yah aitihasik sthan hai. yah sthan roman kaauloniyon ke sath kiye gaye vyapar ka pratik hai. yahan ke vyapari vain ka ayat karate the aur badale men kapada, bahumooly ratn aur abhooshanon ka niryat karate the. aj bhi yahan 18vi. shatabdi ke phrench jesoot mishan haus ke khndahar milate hain. yah sthan 1783 men bnd kar diya gaya tha.

phrenkaauis dupleks, paaundicheri

anndarnga pillee mahal

phransisi shasanakal men annd rnga pillee puducheri ke rajyapal the. unaki dayariyan 18vin shatabdi ke phrans aur bharat ke snbndhon ka gyan karati hain. yah mahal prachin bhavanon men se ek hai. isaka nirmanakal 1738 tha. isaka vastushilp bharatiy aur phrench shaili ka sammilit mishran hai.

phrenkaauis dupleks

phrenkaauis dupleks 1754 tak puducheri ke gavarnar the. 1870 men shraddhanjali svaroop inaki ek pratima phrans men aur doosari pratima puducheri men sthapit ki gee thi. 2.88 mitar oonchi grenait se bani yah moorti gauvart evenyoo par hai.

tirukameshvar mndir

shri gokilnbal tirukameshvar mndir puducheri se 10 kilomitar ki doori par hai. das dinon tak chalane vale brahmotsav men yahan par hazaron ki snkhya men bhaktajan ate hain. yah brahmotsav mee aur joon mah men manaya jata hai. is utsav men mndir ke rath ko bhaktajan khinchate hain. yah rath 15 mi. ooncha hota hai. hazaron bhakton dvara rath khinchane ka drishy avismaraniy hota hai. sarv dharm sam bhav ki pratik yah rathayatra phrench shasan ke samay men bhi nikali jati thi. us samay tatkalin phrench gavarnar svayn is rathayatra men bhag lete the aur rath ko khincha karate the. isake atirikt yahan par aausteri jhil hai jo 10 haikteyar men phaili huee hai. is jhil men pakshiyon ki anek durlabh prajatiyan paee jati hain.

nikatavarti paryatan sthal

paaundicheri tat

shinji

puducheri rajy ke uttar pashchim men villupuram zile men yahan ka sabase sundar qila shinji hai. shinji qila bahut hi vishal hai. isaki oonchaee lagabhag 800 phit hai. yah vishal qila tin pahadiyon rajagiri, krishnagiri aur chndrayan durg tak vistrit hai. qile ka mukhy hissa rajagiri parvat par hai jo in tinon parvaton men sabase vishal hai. qile ke andar annabhndar grih, shastragar aur mndir hai.
paaundicheri ka ek drishy
durg ka pravesh dvar kalyan mahal ke samane hai. 700 mi. ki oonchaee par ek pul bana hua hai jo qile ko doosari any imaraton se jodata hai. itani adhik oonchaee se niche shinji nagar bahut hi sundar dikhayi deta hai. shulk dekar is aitihasik qile ko bhitar se bhi dekh sakate hain.

chidamh‍baram

yah sthan puducheri ke dakshini bhag men rashtriy rajamarg 45 e par hai. chidamh‍baram shiv mndir ke lie jana jata hai. yahan shiv ji ki 'nataraj avatar' ki pooja ki jati hain. kaha jata hai ki is mndir ka nirman 10vin se 14vin shati ke madhy kabhi hua tha. aisa kaha jata hai ki 10vin shatabdi men chol raja parantaka pratham ne is shiv mndir ko poori tarah sone se dhak diya tha aur yah mndir soory ki roshani men jagamagata rahata tha. is mndir men shiv ji ki 'aksh lingam' roop men bhi pooja ki jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dr. IQBAL SINGH (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 14, 2012.
  2. hindooon ke tirth sthan |lekhak: sudarshan sinh 'chakr' |prishth snkhya: 113 |

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