प्रकाश आम्टे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prakash amte
prakash amte
poora nam prakash amte
janm 26 disambar, 1948
janm bhoomi anndavan, maharashtr
abhibhavak baba amte
pati/patni mndakini amte
sntan daau. digant amte, aniket amte, arati amte
nagarikata nagarikata
prasiddhi chikitsak tatha samajik karyakarta
vidyalay ji.em.si. kaaulej, nagapur
shiksha medikal men post grejuet
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (2002), 'reman maigsese puraskar' (2008)
any janakari prakash amte ke pita baba amte gandhivadi siddhanton ke pakshadhar the tatha maharashtr ke kushtharogiyon ke prati poori tarah samarpit ho chuke the. prakash amte bhi pita ke saman hi samajik karyon men sakriy rahe.

prakash amte (angrezi: Prakash Amte, angrezi: 26 disambar, 1948, anndavan, maharashtr) prasiddh samajik karyakarta tatha chikitsak hain. ve khyatiprapt samajik karyakarta tatha 'reman maigsese puraskar' prapt baba amte ke putr hain. prakash amte tatha unaki patni mndakini amte jo svayn bhi ek chikitsak hain, ap donon ko varsh 2008 men unaki samajik sevaon ke lie 'maigsese puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya hai. isase poorv prakash ji ko 2002 men 'padmashri' se bhi sammanit kiya ja chuka hai.

angrezon ki gulami se ajad hokar hindustan vikas ke raste par chal pada aur usane bahut kuchh hasil bhi kar liya, lekin sadiyon se jngalon aur doorasth nirjan ilakon men rahane vale adivasiyon ke hisse ajadi ke sath varshon bad bhi, n vikas aya, n badalav. unhen to deshavasi ke roop men, bharat men rahate hue bhi bharatavasi ki pahachan tak nahin mili, suvidha ki vyavastha to door ki bat hai. madiya gaund jati ke adivasi bhi isi trasadi ke shikar hain. yah poorvi maharashtr men andhr pradesh tatha chhattisagadh rajyon ki sima par dedh sau varg kilomitar kshetr men ghane jngal ke bich base hain. apane pita baba amte ki parampara ko age badhate hue prakash amte ne apani navavivahita patni mndakini amte ke sath jo ki unhin ki tarah ek medikal digridhari daauktar thin, is adivasi kshetr men apana dhyan lagaya. vah us kshetr men apana anandavan ashram banakar rahane lage aur us kshetr ke adivasiyon ko chikitsa ke sath any samajh tatha janakari dene lage. vahan 1973 men baba amte ke sath elbart shvitj ne adivasiyon ki svasthy tatha shiksha ki avashyakataon ke lie lok biradari prakalp pahale se khola hua tha. prakash dampati bhi usase jud ge. amte dampati ke us seva kary ke lie unhen varsh 2008 ka 'reman maigsese puraskar' snyukt roop se diya gaya.[1]

parichay

prakash amte ka janm 26 disambar, 1948 ko hua tha, lekin unaka lalan-palan unake pita baba amte dvara sthapit ashram 'anandavan' men hua. prakash amte ke pita baba amte gandhivadi siddhanton ke pakshadhar the tatha maharashtr ke kushtharogiyon ke prati poori tarah samarpit ho chuke the. prakash ne nagapur men ji.em.si. se medikal men post grejuet digri li aur shahar men prektis shuroo kar di. tabhi 1974 men unhen unake pita ka sandesh mila ki vah madiya gaund jati ke adivasiyon ke hit men unhin adivasiyon ke kshetr men pahunchakar kam shuroo karen. pita ke is ahvan par prakash ne apani navavivahita patni mndakini amte ko sath liya aur hemalsaka ki or, apani shahari prektis ko bhoolakar, chal pade. unaki patni mndakini bhi post grejuet daauktar thin aur us samay ek sarakari aspatal men kam kar rahi thin. vah bhi pati ke sath apani naukari chhodakar hemalsaka ke lie chal padin.

adivasiyon ki seva

prakash amte patni mndakini amte ke sath

hemalsaka men prakash dampati ne ek bina daravaje ki kutiya banaee aur vahan bas ge, jahan n bijali thi, n nijata ki gopaniyata. vahan in donon ne madiya gaund adivasiyon ke lie chikitsa tatha shiksha dene ka kam sambhala. ye log ek ped ke niche apana davakhana lagate aur bas ag jalakar garmahat pane ki vyavastha karate. vahan ke adivasi behad sharmile tatha snkochi svabhav vale the aur unake man men in logon ke prati vishvas lagabhag nahin tha. lekin prakash tatha mndakini ne har nahin mani. un donon ne un adivasiyon ki bhasha sikhi aur dhire-dhire unase snvad banakar unaka vishvas jitana shuroo kiya. is kram men unake kuchh anubhav bahut sarthak rahe. in logon ki kushal chikitsa se mirgi ke rog se grast ek ladaka jo buri tarah ag men jal gaya tha, chamatkarik roop se thik ho gaya, isi tarah se ek maranasann adami jo dimagi maleriya se pidhit tha, ekadam thik hokar ji utha. is tarah jab bhi inaki chikitsa se koee adivasi svasth ho jata to prakash batate hain ki vah char aur marij lekar lautata. is kram se adivasiyon ke bich prakash tatha mndakini apani jagah banate chale ge.[1]

1975 men svitjaralaind ki vittiy sahayata se hemalsaka men ek chhota-sa aspatal banaya ja saka, jisamen behatar chikitsa snsadhan upalabdh the. is aspatal men prakash aur mndakini ke lie kuchh apareshan bhi kar pana sambhav ho saka. in logon ne maleriya, tapedik, pechish-dast ke sath ag se jale hue logon ka tatha sanp-bichchhoo adi ke kate ka ilaj bhi behatar dhng se shuroo hua. adivasiyon ke jivan ke anukool inhonne yathasambhav aspatal ka kam-kaj, aspatal ke bahar, ped ke niche kiya aur usake lie unase kuchh bhi paisa nahin liya gaya.

skool ki sthapana

prakash tatha mndakini ne is bat ko samajha ki niraksharata ke karan ye adivasi van vibhag ke bhrasht adhikariyon tatha doosare lalachi logon ke hathon aksar thage jate hain. amte dampati ne adivasiyon ko unake adhikaron ki janakari deni shuroo ki, tatha van adhikariyon se, inaki taraph se batachit karani shuroo ki, prakash ne prayasapoorvak bhrasht van adhikariyon ko vahan se hatavaya bhi aur sath hi 1976 men hemalsaka men ek skool ki sthapana ki. madiya gaund jati ke log apane bachchon ko skool bhejane men hichakate the, lekin samay ke sath skool ne vikas kiya tatha adivasiyon ko padhaee-likhaee ke sath kam-dhandhe se sambandhit shiksha bhi deni shuroo kar di. prakash mndakini ke apane bachche bhi isi skool men padhane lage.

hemalsaka skool ne in adivasiyon ko kheti-badi, phal-sabji ugana tatha sinchaee adi ki janakari di tatha inhen van snrakshan ke bare men bhi samajhana shuroo kiya. van snrakshan men adivasiyon ko vany pashuon ke snrakshan ka bhi samajhana shuroo kiya. van snrakshan men adivasiyon ko vany pashuon ke snrakshan ka bhi mahattv samajhaya gaya. amte dampati ne hemalsaka men lavaris pashuon ki dekh-bhal ke lie ek sthan bhi banaya, jisase pashuon ka jivan surakshit rahane laga. is samay se adivasiyon ka pashuon ko bhojy padarth ki tarah prayog karana kam hone laga. vah anaj tatha kheti ki upaj par nirbhar hona sikhane lage. prakash amte ke is kam men rame hone ka andaj isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki daud-dhoop tatha ane-jane ke daur men inhen apane pita banane ka pata bhi bad men laga aur vah anand se vibhor ho uthe. is bich mano vah is or se lagabhag bekhabar the. yah unake jivan men ek n bhulaee ja sakane vali ghatana ki tarah darj hua aur yah bhi, ki khud ko bhi bhool kar kisi kam men kho jana kya hota hai.[1]

saral vyavahar

madiya gaund adivasiyon ke bich amte dampati ka saral jivan-shilp tatha vyavahar unhen, adivasiyon ke bich unhin jaisa banata chala gaya. ye donon un adivasiyon ko samman dete the aur unase samman pate bhi the. unaki veshabhoosha bhi unhin jaisi thi. jahan tak sambhav hota tha, prakash dampati adivasi paddhati ka hi ilaj apanate the. isase unako janakari tatha dakshata men ek ne gyan ki badhotari huee thi. prakash dvara sthapit skool men bachche adivasi nrity-sngit ka abhyas karate the aur usi snskriti se judav banae rakhate the.

amte dampatti ka aspatal adivasiyon ke bich hemalsaka men chal raha hai. isamen hajaron adivasi marijon ko muft chikitsa di jati hai. vahan ek matritv sadan ki sthapana ki ja chuki hai, jisamen svasthy shiksha bhi di jati hai. sthaniy log prashikshan pakar ‘paidal daauktaron’ ki bhoomika nibhate hue prathamik chikitsa as-pas ke ilakon par pahunchate hain. apani snskriti ko bachate hue unamen nee chetana ka snchar hua hai. isi tarah amte ka skool bhi chal nikala hai. yahan ke padhe bachche vahin danktar, vakil, adhikari tatha adhyapak banakar jivan nirvah kar rahe hain. inamen se kuchh pulis men bhi ge hain. prakash anandit hokar batate hain ki vahan ke padhe nabbe pratishat padh-likh kar vahin samudayik seva ke lie lautate hain aur unamen prakash ka apana beta bhi hai. yah prakash tatha mndakini dvara die ge snskaron ka prabhav hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 maigsese puraskar vijeta bharatiy |lekhak: ashok gupta |prakashak: naya sahity, kashmiri get, dilli-110006 |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 121 |

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