प्रायद्वीप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prayadvip (pray=lagabhag, dvip=dvip), bhoomi ke vo hisse ya sthan hain jinake charon or pani hota hai par yah mukhyabhoomi ya sthan se ek bhoo-sandhi ke dvara jude rahate hai.

  • doosare shabdon men prayadvip bhoomi ke vo bhag hote hain jinake tin taraph jal tatha ek or sthal hoti hai.
  • jaise- bharat ke gujarat rajy men kathiyavad prayadvipiy kshetr hai.

prayadvipiy pathari bhag

gnga ke vishal maidan ke dakshin se lekar kashmir se kanyakumari tak tribhujakar akriti men lagabhag 16 lakh varg kimi. kshetr par prayadvipiy pathari bhag phaila hua hai. yah bhag dakshini-poorvi rajasthan, madhy pradesh, chhattisagadh, jharakhand, udisa, maharashtr, gujarat, karnatak, andhr pradesh, tamilanadu evn keral rajyon men phaila hai. yah desh ka sarvadhik kshetraphal vala tatha prachin bhautik pradesh hai. yah desh ka sarvadhik kshetraphal vala tatha prachin bhautik pradesh hai. is par pravahit hone vali nadiyon ne isaka kee chhote-chhote patharon men vibhajit kar diya hai. isaki lambaee rajasthan se kumari antarip tak lagabhag 1,700 kimi. tatha gujarat se pashchim bngal tak chaudaee 1,400 kimi hai. is pathar ki ausat oonchaee samudr tal se 600 mitar tak hai. isaki uttari sima par aravali, kaimoor tatha rajamahal pahadiyan sthit hai. poorv men poorvi ghat tatha pashchim men pashchimi ghat pahadi isaki sima banate hain. yah kshetr vichchhinn pahadiyon, shikhar maidanon gabhirakrit, snkari evn adhivardhit ghatiyon, shrinkhalabaddh patharon, samapray maidanon evn avashisht khandon ka ek prakritik bhoodrishy hai. poorvi evn pashchimi ghat ka milan jis sthan par hota hai, vahan annamalaee pahadiyan sthit hai. narmada nadi ke uttar men malava pathar sthit hai. yah pathar lava nirmit hone ke karan kali mitti ka samaprayah ban gaya hai, jisaka dhal vishal maidan ki or hai. is par betava, parvati, nivaj, kali sindh, chambal tatha mahi nadiyan bahati hai. malava pathar ki uttari tatha uttari poorvi sima par bundelakhand tatha baghelakhand ke pathar sthit hain jabaki kaimoor tatha bharaner shreniyon ke poorv men baghelakhand ka pathar hai. is pathar ke uttar men sonapur pahadiyan tatha dakshin men ramagadh ki pahadiyan sthit hai.

bihar ke rajy ke gaya tatha jharakhand ke hajaribag evn ranchi zile men chhotanagapur ka pathar paya jata hai. is pathar par mahanadi, son, suvarn rekha tatha damodar nadiyan pravahit hoti hai. damodar nadi ke uttar men hajari bag tatha kodarama ke pathar sthit hain, jabaki isake dakshin men ranchi ka pathar hai. chhotanagapur ka pathar khanij padartho ke bhandar ke roop men vikhyat hain. narmada evn mahanadi ke dakshin men dakkan ka pathar sthit hai, jisako maharashtr pathar bhi kahate hai. isaka kshetraphal lagabhag 5 lakh varg kimi hai evn tapti padi isaki uttari sima banati hai. isaka nirman besalt chattanon se hua hai. is pathar ko do bhagon men vibhajit kiya hai:

  1. telngana ka pathar, jisako godavari nadi ne do bhagon men vibhajit kiya hai. isake nichale samatal bhag men bade nagar jaise - haidarabad, sikandarabad adi base hain.
  2. karnatak ka pathar, jo ki 600 mi. ki oonchaee tak dakshini pathar ke roop men jana jata hai. dakshini pathar ko maisoor pathar bhi kahate hain. isaki dakshini sima par nilagiri ki pahadiyan tatha pashchim men pashchimi ghat evn poorv men poorvi ghat pahad milate hain.

uttari pathar par krishna tatha tungabhadra nadiyan bahati hain. sampoorn prayadvipiy pathar khanij padarthon ki drishti se dhani hain. is pathar ke pashchim men pashchimi pahad paya jata hai, jise sahadri bhi kahate hain. yah pahadi kshetr pashchimi tat ke samanantar tapti nadi ki ghati se kanyakumari tak 1,600 kimi ki lambaee men phaila hai. samudr ki or tivr dhal paya jata hai. is pahad ko kuchh pramukh darro ke madhyam se hi par kiya ja sakata hai. ye hain - thalaghat, bhoraghat, palaghat, tatha shenakotta. thalaghat darra 581 mi. ooncha hai tatha mumbee se kolakata ko jodane vale marg isase hokar jate hain. bhoraghat darre ki oonchaee 630 mi. hai tatha yah mumbee evn pune ko jodata hai. pashchimi ghat evn poorvighat ko dakshin men nilagiri pahadiyan milati hai. nilagiri ki sarvochch choti dodabetta (2637 mi.) hai. isake dakshin men palaghat darra nilagiri pahadi evn annamalaee pahadi ko alag karata hai. annamalaee ki ek shakh (uttar men) palani pahadiyan evn isaki doosari shakha ilayachi ki pahadiyan (dakshin men) hain. dakshin bharat ka sarvochch shikhar palani pahadiyon men sthit anaeemudi (2695 mi.) hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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