फिरोज़शाह मेहता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

phirozashah mehata
phirozashah mehata
poora nam phirozashah mehata
janm 4 agast, 1845
janm bhoomi baaumbe (ab mumbee)
mrityu 5 navambar, 1915
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr rajaneta, bairistar, sampadak
bhasha hindi, angrezi
shiksha em. e., vakalat
puraskar-upadhi nait
prasiddhi rajaneta
vishesh yogadan bnbee nagarapalika ke snvidhan (chartar) ke nirmata tatha angrezi bhasha ke akhabar baaumbe kraaunikal ke snsthapak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane jivan ke antim dinon men phirozashah mehata ne angrezi dainik patr ‘baaumbe kraaunikal’ ka prakashan arambh kiya. bad men is patr ka desh ke svatntrata sngram men bada yogadan raha.

phirozashah mehata (angrezi: Pherozeshah Mehta, janm- 4 agast, 1845; mrityu- 5 navambar, 1915) bharatiy rajaneta, bnbee nagarapalika ke snvidhan (chartar) ke nirmata tatha angrezi bhasha ke akhabar' baaumbe kraaunikal' ke snsthapak (1913) the. 1904 men unhen 'nait' ki upadhi se vibhooshit kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

apane samay ke prasiddh bharatiy neta aur spasht vakta phirozashah mehata ka janm 4 agast, 1845 ee. ko mumbee ke ek prasiddh vyavasayi parivar men hua tha. apane bharat men uchch shiksha prapt ki thi. parasi samaj men em. e. pas karane vale phirozashah mehata pahale yuvak the. firozashah ne char varsh tak inglaid men qanoon ka adhyayan kiya tatha 1868 men vahin se vakalat (bairistar) ki pariksha uttirn kar bharat laute. mumbee ke kamishnar arthar kraaufard ka ek qanooni mamale men bachav karate hue unhonne sthaniy shasan ke sudhar ki avashyakata mahasoos ki aur 1872 ke 'nagarapalika adhiniyam' ki rooparekha taiyar ki, jisake karan vah 'bnbee sthaniy shasan ke janak' kahalae. 1873 men vah isake ayukt niyukt hue aur 1884-85 tatha 1905 men adhyaksh ke roop men bhi kary kiya. 1886 se bnbee vidhan parishad ke sadasy rahate hue vah 1893 men gavarnar-janaral ki sarvochch vidhan parishad ke lie chune ge. 1890 men unhonne bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke chhathe adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki. 1910 men inglaind ki snkshipt yatra ke pashchath vah bnbee vishvavidyalay ke kulapati niyukt hue. 1911 men unhonne us sentral baink aauf indiya ki sthapana men yogadan kiya, jo bharatiyon dvara vitt poshit tatha niyntrit tha.

karyakshetr

phirozashah mehata bairistari ki shiksha prapt karane ke lie inglaind ge. vahan unaka dadabhaee nauroji se bhi sampark hua. ve vahan bharat ke paksh men avaz uthane vali snsthaon se bhi jude rahe. bharat akar unhonne vakalat arambh ki aur shighr hi unaki ganana saphal bairistaron men hone lagi. unhonne 'mumbee myunisipal bord' ke karyon men gahari ruchi li. unaka nagar men itana prabhav tha ki unhen ‘mumbee ka mukutahin raja’ kaha jata tha. phirozashah mehata 1886 men 'mumbee lejisletiv kaaunsil' ke lie manonit kie ge. bad men kendr ki 'inpiriyal kaaunsil' ke bhi sadasy rahe.

angrezon ke prashnsak

kangres se unaka sambandh usaki sthapana ke samay hi ho gaya tha. us samay ke anek netaon ki bhanti phirozashah mehata bhi naram vicharon ke rajanitigy the. ve angrezon ke prashnsak the. 1890 ee. men unhonne kangres ke kolakata adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki. is avasar par unhonne apane bhashan men kaha tha ki, "yadi ap angrezon ke samajik, naitik, manasik aur rajanitik gunon ko apanayenge to bharat aur briten ke bich sada achchha sambandh rahega." 1904 ki mumbee kangres ke svagatadhyaksh ke roop men bhashan karate hue unhonne kaha ki, "mainne duniya ko nahin banaya, jisane ise banaya hai, vah svayn ise sambhalega. isilie main to angrezi raj ko eeshvar ki den manata hoon."

phirozashah mehata ke samman men jari dak tikat

shiksha ke pakshadhar

phirozashah mehata shiksha par bahut zor dete the. naukarashahi ko janata ki man-bap samajhane ki pravritti ka unhonne sada virodh kiya. ve apane samay ke un thode se netaon men se the, jinaka janata aur angrez sarakar donon samman karate the. samay-samay par ve sarakar se bhid bhi jate the. apane jivan ke antim dinon men phirozashah mehata ne angrezi dainik patr ‘baaumbe kraaunikal’ ka prakashan arambh kiya. bad men is patr ka desh ke svatntrata sngram men bada yogadan raha.

nidhan

5 navambar, 1915 ee. ko phirozashah mehata ka nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 501.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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