बंकिम चन्द्र चट्टोपाध्याय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bnkim chandr chattopadhyay
Bankim-Chandra-Chatterjee.jpg
poora nam bnkim chandr chattopadhyay
janm 26 joon, 1838
janm bhoomi bngal ke 24 paragana zile ke kanthal pada namak ganv men
mrityu 8 aprail, 1894
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen anndamath, 'kapal kundali', 'mrinalini' adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi, bangla, snskrit
vishesh yogadan rashh‍triy git ke rachayita
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

bnkim chandr chattopadhyay (angrezi: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, janm: 26 joon, 1838; mrityu: 8 aprail, 1894) 19vin shatabdi ke bngal ke prakand vidvanh tatha mahanh kavi aur upanyasakar the. 1874 men prasiddh desh bhakti git vandemataramh ki rachana ki jise bad men anand math namak upanyas men shamil kiya gaya. prasngatah dhyatavy hai ki vandemataramh git ko sabase pahale 1896 men kangres ke kalakatta adhiveshan men gaya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

bngala bhasha ke prasiddh lekhak bnkim chandr chattopadhyay ka janm 26 joon, 1838 ee. ko bngal ke 24 paragana zile ke kanthal pada namak ganv men ek sampann parivar men hua tha. bnkim chandr chattopadhyay bngala ke shirshasth upanyasakar hain. unaki lekhani se bngala sahity to samriddh hua hi hai, hindi bhi apakrit huee hai. ve aitihasik upanyas likhane men siddhahast the. ve bharat ke elekjendar dyooma mane jate hain. inhonne 1865 men apana pahala upanyas 'durgesh nandini' likha.

rashtr bhakti

bnkimachndr ka janm us kal men hua jab bngala sahity ka n koee adarsh tha aur n hi roop ya sima ka koee vichar. 'vande mataramh' rashtragit ke rachayita hone ke nate ve bade samman ke sath sada yad kie jayenge. unaki shiksha bngala ke sath-sath angrezi v snskrit men bhi huee thi. ajivika ke lie unhonne sarakari seva ki, parantu rashtriyata aur svabhasha prem unamen koot-koot kar bhara hua tha. yuvavastha men unhonne apane ek mitr ka angrezi men likha hua patr bina padhe hi is tippani ke sath lauta diya tha ki, 'angrezi n to tumhari matribhasha hai aur n hi meri'. sarakari seva men rahate hue bhi ve kabhi angrezon se dabe nahin.

sahity kshetr men pravesh

bnkim ne sahity ke kshetr men kuchh kavitaen likhakar pravesh kiya. us samay bngala men gady ya upanyas kahani ki rachanaen kam likhi jati thin. bnkim ne is disha men path-pradarshak ka kam kiya. 27 varsh ki umr men unhonne 'durgesh nndini' nam ka upanyas likha. is aitihasik upanyas se hi sahity men unaki dhak jam gee. phir unhonne 'bng darshan' namak sahityik patr ka prakashan prarambh kiya. rabindranath thakur 'bng darshan' men likhakar hi sahity ke kshetr men ae. ve bnkim ko apana guru manate the. unaka kahana tha ki, 'bnkim bngala lekhakon ke guru aur bngala pathakon ke mitr hain'.

prasiddh upanyas

bnkim ke doosare upanyas 'kapal kundali', 'mrinalini', 'vishavriksh', 'krishnakant ka vasiyat nama', 'rajani', 'chandrashekhar' adi prakashit hue. rashtriy drishti se 'anndamath' unaka sabase prasiddh upanyas hai. isi men sarvapratham 'vande mataramh' git prakashit hua tha. aitihasik aur samajik tanebane se bune hue is upanyas ne desh men rashtriyata ki bhavana jagrit karane men bahut yogadan diya. logon ne yah samajh liya ki videshi shasan se chhutakara pane ki bhavana angrezi bhasha ya yoorop ka itihas padhane se hi jagi. isaka pramukh karan tha angrezon dvara bharatiyon ka apaman aur un par tarah-tarah ke atyachar. bnkim ke die ‘vande mataramh’ mntr ne desh ke sampoorn svatntrata sngram ko nee chetana se bhar diya.

bnkim chandr chattopadhyay

'devi chaudharani' unaka ek any upanyas aur 'kamalakant ka rojanamacha' gambhir nibandhon ka sngrah hai. ek or videshi sarakar ki seva aur doosari or desh ke navajagaran ke lie uchchakoti ke sahity ki rachana karana yah kam bnkim ke lie hi sambhav tha.

rashh‍triy git

rashh‍triy git 'vande mataramh' ke rachayita bnkimachandr ji ka nam itihas men yugon-yugon tak amar rahega kyonki yah git unaki ek aisi kriti hai jo aj bhi pratyek bharatiy ke hriday ko andolit karane ki kshamata rakhati hai.

rabindranath ke shabdon men

rabindranath ne ek sthan par kaha hai- ramamohan ne bng sahity ko nimajjan dasha se unnat kiya, bnkim ne usake oopar pratibha pravahit karake starabaddh moorti ka apasarit kar di. bnkim ke karan hi aj bngabhasha matr praudh hi nahin, urvara aur shasyashyamala bhi ho saki hai.

nidhan

adhunik bngala sahity ke rashtriyata ke janak is nayak ka 8 aprail, 1894 ee. ko dehant ho gaya.


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