बंग भंग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bng bhng pahali bar 1905 ee. men vaisaray laaurd karzan dvara kiya gaya tha. usaka tark tha ki tatkalin bngal prant, jisamen bihar aur udisa bhi shamil the, bahut bada hai. ek lephtinent gavarnar usaka prashasan thik dhng se nahin chala sakata. phalasvaroop poorvi bngal ke zilon ki upeksha hoti hai, jahan musalaman adhik snkhya men hain. atev uttari aur poorvi bngal ke rajashahi, dhaka tatha chataganv divijan men ane vale 15 zile asam men mile diye gaye aur poorvi bngal tatha asam nam se ek naya prant bana diya gaya aur use bngal se alag kar diya gaya. inhen bhi dekhen: bngal vibhajan

rashtriy shok divas

bihar tatha udisa ko purane bngal men sammilit rakha gaya tha. bngal ke logon, vishesh roop se hinduon men bng bhng se bhari kshobh phail gaya, kyonki isaka uddeshy tha, ek rashtr ko vibhajit kar dena, bngavasiyon ki ekata ko bhng kar dene ka prayas, jatiy parampara, itihas tatha bhasha par ghrinit prahar. isako janata ki rajanitik akankshaon ko kuchal dene ka ek sadhan mana gaya. bngavasiyon ne apane prant ka vichchhedan rokane ke lie angrezi mal, vishesh roop se inglainnd ke bane vastron ka bahishkar prarambh kar diya aur 17 aktoobar ko, jis din bngavichchhedan kiya gaya, rashtriy shok divas manaya gaya.

bng bhng aur svami vivekannd

haus aph kamans men 4 julaee ko hua rahasyodghatan 6 julaee ke bngal ke akhabaron men chhapa. 7 julaee ko shimala men vayasaray bhavan se isaki adhikrit ghoshana kar di gee. bngal is rashtriy apaman se tilamila utha. dedh varsh lambe usaki shantipoorn snvaidhanik chikh pukar ko british sarakar ne anasuna kar diya. shayad isake pichhe bngali charitr ke bare men angrejon ka yah moolyankan kam kar raha tha ki bngali dimag se bhale hi tej hon par vah shauryavritti se shoony hai. ve shor macha sakate hain par sngharsh ke maidan men nahin utar sakate. chunauti samane khadi thi. ab samay a gaya tha ki bngal angrejon ki is bhrant dharana ko galat siddh kare. surendr nath banarji ke naramadali akhabar "bngali" ne pahale hi din british sarakar ki is chunauti ko svikar karane ki ghoshana kar di. "bngali" ne likha ki "british sarakar is khushaphahami men n rahe ki desh is rakshasi yojana ko bina kisi sngharsh ke chupachap svikar kar lega. isamen tanik bhi atishayokti nahin hai ki ham aise apratyashit andolan ke kagar par khade hain jo apani vyapakata aur tivrata men is prant ke ab tak ke itihas men advitiy hoga." 8 julaee ko bngal lejisletiv kaunsil men tin shirsh naramadali pratinidhiyon ambika charan mazoomadar, bhoopendr nath basu aur jogeshachandr chaudhari ne bngal ke le. gavarnar phrejar ki upasthiti men apani pida vyakt ki ki kisi mamooli aparadhi ko saja dene ke pahale apani bat kahane ka mauka diya jata hai kintu bngal ko vah mauka bhi nahin diya gaya aur karodon bngaliyon ke bhavishy ko phansi par latakane ki ghoshana kar di gee. ab hamare samane koee rasta nahin bacha sivay isake ki is anyay ke viruddh ham apani ekata ke bal par shantipoorn sngharsh men bade se bada tyag karane ke lie taiyar rahen. kintu karjan ko vishvas tha ki bngal garajega par barasega nahin. use andaja nahin tha ki bngal rashtriyata ke rng men poori tarah rng chuka hai. usaka poori tarah manasik aur bauddhik roopantaran ho chuka hai. bngal ki yuva pidhi svami vivekanand ke sandesh ko atmasat kar chuki hai. 1897 men ramakrishn mishan ki sthapana karake svami vivekanand ne narayan ko nar seva se jod diya tha. kolambo se almoda tak unaki yatra aur garjana ne bngali manas ko akhil bharatiy rashtravad aur sanskritik gaurav se anupranit kar diya tha. amarika aur briten men svami ji ke bhari prabhav ka sakshatkar karake vipin chandr pal jaise naramadaliy brahri samaji chintak british bhakti ki bhasha chhodakar ek ne mahanh sanskritik bharat ke nirman ka sapana dekhane lage the. apani amarika yatra se bharat vapas lautate hi unhonne 1901 men "nyoo indiya" namak ek saptahik prarambh karake apane sapane ko shikshit bngal tak pahunchana shuroo kar diya tha. 1898 men ek british mahila svami vivekanand se prabhavit hokar unaki shishya banakar bharat a gee thi. bhagini nivedita nam dharan kar usane bharat ko hi apani karmabhoomi, mokshabhoomi bana liya tha. jis varsh 1902 men svami vivekanand apana bhautik sharir tyag kar vichar roop men bngal ke man-pran par chha ge, usi varsh ek any manishi satishachandr mukhopadhyay ne "dan sosayati" ki sthapana ki, jisane bngal ke kishor aur yuva ant:karanon ko bharat ke prachin gaurav aur rashtriy svabhiman ka path padhana shuroo kiya. bngal apane kshetriy abhiman se age badhakar akhil bharatiy rashtriyata ka ang hi nahin, balki usaka bauddhik netritv karane laga tha. maharashtr ka ek yuvak sakharam ganesh deooskar bngal ko apani karmabhoomi banakar bngal aur maharashtr ke bich rashtriy ekata ka pul bana raha tha. 1902 men pahali bar shivaji utsav ka ayojan hua jisamen vipinachandr pal ne apani ojasvi vani men shivaji ke snkalp, rananiti aur virata ke adarsh ko bngal ki janata ke samane rakha. 1904 men shivaji utsav ke lie kavivar ravindranath thakur ne "shivaji" shirshak apani prasiddh kavita prastut ki. usi varsh ravindranath ne "svadeshi samaj" namak nibandh men bharat ke sanskritik punarujjivan ka chitr prastut kiya. any bngali sahityakaron ne bhi bharat ke any bhagon ke vir aur rashtrabhakt charitron-jaise rana pratap, guru govind sinh adi ko kendr banakar preranadayi rachanaen kin. videsh yatra se lautakar brahri bandhav upadhyay ne navambar, 1908 men sandhy dainik "sndhya" shuroo karake phirngi sabhyata par vyngyatmak prahar prarnbh kar die the. karjan samajh nahin paya tha ki 1905 ka bngal vah nahin tha jo mugalon-pathanon ke shasanakal men tha. ab vah akhil bharatiy rashtriy jagaran ka agradoot ban chuka tha. shri aravind ne apane chhote se nibandh "bnkim-tilak-dayannd" men bngal ke is roopantaran ki akhil bharatiy prishthabhoomi ko prastut kiya hai.[1]

snjivani dvara svadeshi ka udghosh

8 julaee, 1905 ko bngal lejisletiv kaunsil men ambika charan majoomadar ne le.gavarnar phrejar ko sunakar kaha ki kya ham phir se mugalon aur pathanon ke atyachari yug men pahunch ge hain? par, bngal ki man:sthiti se bekhabar karjan bng-bhng ki yojana ko kramash: age badha raha tha. 19 julaee, 1905 ko shimala ke vayasaray bhavan men baithakar karjan ki sarakar ne ek adhikrit prastav parit kar vibhajan ki poori rooparekha ghoshit kar di. ghoshana kar di gee ki 16 aktoobar ko vibhajan ka nirnay kriyanvit kar diya jaega aur joseph bamp phild phular "poorvi bngal aur asam" namak ne prant ka le. gavarnar honge. british sarakar to chunauti phenk chuki thi. ab bngal ko sochana tha ki vah is chunauti ko parast kaise kare. vah jan gaya tha ki keval sabhaon men prastav parit karane, sarakar ko khule patr aur yachikaen bhejane, sattadhishon ke pas pratinidhimndal le jane, vidhanasabhaon men virodh ka svar uthane jaisi snvaidhanik ladaee ki bhasha ko british sarakar samajhane vali nahin hai. ab use koee aisa marg khojana hoga jisase british hiton par sidha prahar ho sake aur bng-bhng virodhi janata ke snkalp ke kriyatmak roop ki abhivyakti bhi ho sake. doosari chunauti thi is andolan ke pichhe poore samaj ko ekyabaddh kaise kiya jae, usamen sngharsh aur tyag ka snkalp kaise jagaya jae. is disha men pahali rachanatmak pahal ki jane-mane naramadali neta krishn kumar mitr ki patrika "snjivani" ne. 13 julaee, 1905 ko snjivani ne likha ki inglaind baniyon ka desh hai. vahan ke nivasi apane arthik hiton ko sarvopari manate hain. inglaind vasiyon ki drishti men bharat men unaki sarakar ki saphalata ki ekamatr kasauti hai ki vah bharat ka shoshan karake unaki arthik samriddhi ko kitana badhati hai. is samay bharat british mal ka bazar bana hua hai. mainachestar ka kapada aur livar pool ka namak bharatiy jivan ka anivary ang ban ge hain. briten men bane joote, sabun, sigaret, tambakoo adi anek utpad bharatiy bazar par chhaye hue hain. pashchaty sabhyata ke pravah men bah raha bngal apani vishal janasnkhya ke karan british mal ki khapat men sarvadhik yogadan kar raha hai. at: yadi bngal ki janata british utpadanon ke bahishkar ka nirnay kar le to briten ka vyapari varg apani jadon tak hil jaega aur apane arthik hiton ki raksha ke lie british sarakar par vibhajan ke nirnay ko vapas lene ka dabav banayega. arthath snjivani ne pahali bar british mal ke bahishkar ka ahvan kiya. snjivani ne yah bhi likha ki vibhajan ke din ko shok divas ke roop men manaya jae, british adhikariyon evn karyalayon se sampark n rakha jae.[1]

bng vichchhed adesh men parivartan

sarakar ko yah jan andolan ruchikar nahin pratit hua. usane use viphal banane ke lie musalamanon ko apani or milane ki cheshta ki aur vachan diya ki naye prant men unako vishesh suvidhaen pradan ki jayengi. isake sath hi usane damanakari upayon ka sahara liya aur sarvajanik sthanon par 'vademataramh' ka ghosh karana dandaniy aparadh ghoshit kar diya. daman ke phalasvaroop jan asntosh aur gahara ho gaya aur atnkavadi gatividhiyan arambh ho gayin. angrez afasaron tatha unake bharatiy gurgon ki hatya karane ke prayatn kiye gaye. sarakar ne damanachakr aur tez kar diya. parantu, usaka koee phal nahin nikala. parinamasvaroop disambar 1911 ee. ke dilli darabar men shahi ghoshana karake bng vichchhed sambandhi adesh me snshodhan kar diya gaya. poorvi bngal ke 15 zilon ko asam se alag karake pashchimi bngal men phir snyukt kar diya gaya. isake sath hi bihar tatha udisa ko bngal prant se alag kar diya gaya. snyukt bngal ka prashasan ek gavarnar ke adhin ho gaya. prashasan ki kathit shithilata door karane ke lie yah sujhav laaurd karzan ko bhi diya gaya, parantu usane ise namanzoor kar diya.

doosara vibhajan

bngal ka doosara vibhajan 1947 ee. men bharat vibhajan ke phalasvaroop hua. bharat ko isi shart par svadhinata pradan ki gayi ki usaka vibhajan bharat tatha pakistan nam ke do rajyon men kar diya jae. phalasvaroop bngal ke dhaka tatha chataganv divijan ke kuchh zilon ko alag karake poorvi pakistan ka nirman kar diya gaya. 16 disambar, 1971 ee. ko poorvi pakistan shesh pakistan se alag hokar ek svatntr sarvabhaum prabhusatta sampann rashtr ban gaya, jo ab 'bangla desh' kahalane laga hai.


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  1. 1.0 1.1 bng-bhng se svadeshi tak-2 (hindi) panchjanya.com. abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2013.

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