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bali ram bhagat
bali ram bhagat
poora nam bali ram bhagat
janm 7 aktoobar, 1922
janm bhoomi patana, bihar
mrityu 2 janavari, 2011
pati/patni vidya bhagat
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad lokasabha adhyaksh, rajasthan aur himachal pradesh ke rajyapal
kary kal lokasabha adhyaksh- 15 janavari, 1976 - 25 march, 1977

rajyapal (himachal pradesh)- 11 faravari, 1993 - 29 joon, 1993 rajyapal (rajasthan)- 30 joon, 1993 - 1 mee, 1998

shiksha em. e. (arthashastr)
vidyalay patana vishvavidyalay
any janakari bali ram bhagat ne antarrashtriy muddon par "naaun-elainamentah prejent end phyoochar" tatha "kaaumanavelth tude" namak do pustaken bhi likhin.

bali ram bhagat (angrezi: Bali Ram Bhagat, janm: 7 aktoobar, 1922; mrityu: 2 janavari, 2011) prasiddh svatntrata senani, snsadiy vyavastha ke gahan anubhavi tatha snsadiy prakriyaon tatha karyasnchalan niyamon ke achchhe gyata jab 15 janavari, 1976 men panchavin lokasabha ke lokasabha adhyaksh nirvachit kie ge, tab sabha ka nirdharit karyakal samapt hone ko tha. bhagat men adhyaksh pad ke lie apekshit sabhi yogyataen vidyaman thin. ve spashtavadi, eemanadar, dridh aur nishpaksh vyakti the. sabha tatha usaki paramparaon men unaki gahari shraddha thi. svatntrata ke pashchath lok sabha adhyaksh ke roop men bhagat ka chaudah mas se bhi kam avadhi ka karyakal sabase chhota karyakal tha kintu is snkshipt avadhi men unhonne sadan ki karyavahi par apani amit chhap chhodi. adhyaksh pad par rahane ke bad rajyapal ke roop men unhonne jis prakar kary kiya, usase yah siddh ho gaya ki ve sahaj roop se ek yogy aur pratibha sampann vyakti hain. vibhinn rashtriy tatha antararashtriy mnchon par unhonne apani yogyata ka parichay diya.

jivan parichay

peshe se ek krishak, rajanitik evn samajik karyakarta, bali ram bhagat ka janm 7 aktoobar, 1922 ko patana, bihar men hua tha. unhonne snatak ki shiksha patana kaaulej se prapt ki aur bad men patana vishvavidyalay se arthashastr nishnat upadhi prapt ki. bhagat ki rajaniti ke prati prabal ruchi aur unaki pragadh deshabhakti unhen vidyarthi jivan men hi svatntrata sngram ki or mod diya. 1939 men 17 varsh ki alpayu men hi, vah bharatiy rashtriy kangres men shamil ho ge aur unhonne parti dvara desh ko videshi shasan se mukt karane ke lie shuroo kie ge kee sngharshon men bhag liya. san 1942 men, bharat chhodo andolan men bhag lene ke lie unhonne kaaulej ki padhaee chhod di aur do varsh tak bhoomigat rahe. vah sanh 1944 men akhil bharatiy vidyarthi kangres ke snsthapak sadasy aur 1946-47 ke dauran bihar pradesh vidyarthi kangres ke mahasachiv bhi rahe.

rajanitik jivan

bhagat ka rashtriy rajaniti ke sath snbndh 1950 men shuroo hua jab vah antarim snsad ke lie nirvachit hue. rajaniti men unaki gahari ruchi ke karan vah aisi sthiti men a ge jahan vah ni:svarth bhav aur adamy utsah se apani matribhoomi ki seva kar sakate the. in do varshon men unhonne vibhinn charchaon men sakriy roop se bhag liya aur apane ko yogy sansad ke roop men pratishthit kiya. antarim snsad se lekar pratham lokasabha aur tatpashchath lagatar dvitiy, tritiy, chaturth aur panchavin lok sabha tak bhagat ka snsadiy jivan bahut lamba aur nirbadh raha. is avadhi ke dauran, vah anek mntralayon men rahe. bhagat 1952 se 1956 tak vitt mntri ke snsadiy sachiv rahe. 1956 men vah vitt mntralay men upamntri bane aur lagatar sat varsh tak is pad par bane rahe, is prakar unhen lagatar tin lok sabhaon ke dauran isi pad par bane rahane ka gaurav prapt hua.

rajy mntri

1963 men bhagat yojana mntralay men rajy mntri bane tatha janavari, 1966 tak isi pad par rahe. 1963-67 ke dauran vah vitt mntralay men rajy mntri rahe. 1967 men videsh rajy mntri banane se poorv vah usi varsh kuchh samay tak raksha mntralay men mntri rahe. 1969 men unhen videsh vyapar aur apoorti mntralay men kaibinet mntri ka darja diya gaya. bad men 8 mahinon tak vah ispat aur bhari injiniyari mntralay ke mntri bhi rahe. ek suyogy sansad tatha kushal vakta ke roop men bhagat ne sabha ki karyavahi men bhari yogadan kiya. mntri ke roop men vah sadaiv sabha men prashnakal, vad-vivad aur charcha ke lie poori tarah taiyar hokar ate the. unake snsadiy kaushal aur vakchatury tatha desh ki samasyaon ke prati unake sakaratmak drishtikon ki pratyek vyakti ne prashnsa ki. samay-samay par vibhinn mntralayon ke karyon ki unaki gahari samajh ki vipaksh ke sadasy bhi prashnsa karate the.

lokasabha adhyaksh

bali ram bhagat ko guradayal sinh dhilh‍lon dvara adhyaksh pad se tyagapatr die jane ke bad rikt hue pad par 15 janavari, 1976 ko panchavin lok sabha ke adhyaksh ke roop men nirvachit kiya gaya. vyapak aur vividh prashasanik anubhav vale vayovriddh sansad bhagat ko us samay adhyaksh chuna gaya jab desh men apatakal laga hua tha. adhyaksh pad par chune jane ke samay ke bare men poori tarah se sajag bhagat ne sadasyon ko yad dilaya ki snsad janata ki ek sarvopari snstha hai aur ise sadaiv janasadharan ki ichchhaon tatha abhilashaon ka vishesh dhyan rakhana chahie. unhonne is bat par bal diya ki sabha men hone vale vad-vivad sadaiv is udatt lakshy ko prapt karane ki disha men hone chahie. unhonne sadasyon ko ashvasan diya ki vah bhi sabha ke ek sevak hain aur sabha ke sabhi sadasy unake lie saman hain.

anushasan aur shalinata ko mahatv dene vale bhagat snsadiy parnparaon aur maryadaon ke palan ke prati agrahi the. prakriyatmak auchity ke prati unaki chinta ka sarvottam udaharan dhyanakarshan prastav ke snbndh men diya gaya unaka vah vinirnay hai jisamen unhonne vyavastha di ki dhyanakarshan prastav ke lie samay 30-35 minat tak simit hona chahie aur dhyanakarshan prastav prastut karane vale pratyek sadasy ko 3-4 minat tatha any sadasyon ko 2-3 minat ka hi samay lena chahie. mntri ka uttar poorn kintu snkshipt hona chahie.

snsadiy acharan ke mool adarsh

adhyaksh ke roop men bhagat ne snsadiy acharan ke mool adarshon ko banae rakha aur kathin sthitiyon men bhi sadaiv shant aur saumy bane rahe. sadasyon ke visheshadhikar ke snrakshan ke prati vah vishesh sajag the. unake adhyaksh ke karyakal ke dauran bihar men kisi sadasy ko jel se majistret ke nyayalay tak le jate samay hathakadi lagae jane ke bare men visheshadhikar ka ek prashn sabha ke samane aya. unhonne snbndhit adhikariyon ki karyavahi ko nitant anuchit thaharaya aur usaki ninda ki. adhyaksh bhagat ne kaha ki kisi sadasy ko hathakadi lagana grih mntralay aur bihar sarakar ke anudeshon ki poorn avamanana tatha avgya hai. unhonne asha vyakt ki ki bhavishy men sngat anudeshon ka kadaee tatha eemanadari se anupalan kiya jaega.

siddhantavadi hone ke karan bhagat sada niyamon ke anusar kary karane men vishvas rakhate the. ek din jab prashn kal arnbh hua, vah yah dekh kar hairan ho ge ki prashn soochi men namadarj sadasyon men se adhikatar sabha men upasthit nahin the jisake karan thodi hi der men hi prashn kal samapt ho gaya. is sthiti par gnbhir chinta jahir karate hue adhyaksh bhagat ne tippani ki ki yah bahut durbhagyapoorn sthiti hai aur isaki punaravritti nahin honi chahie.

snsadiy jivan

apane snsadiy jivan ke dauran bhagat ne anek antarrashtriy mnchon par bharatiy snsad ka pratinidhitv kiya. shuroo men varsh 1951 men unhonne istambul men aur bad men 1981 men havana men hue antar-snsadiy sngh sammelan men bhag liya. unhonne sitambar, 1976 men landan men hue rashtramndal adhyakshon aur pithasin adhikariyon ke chauthe sammelan men bhi bhag liya. isake atirikt, unhonne varsh 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958 aur 1964 men hue kolambo yojana sammelan ki baithakon men bhag liya.

bhagat ne arthik sahayog, vyapar aur vikas snbndhi kee mntralayon men kary kiya tha. vah pradhanamntri shri javaharalal neharoo aur japan ke pradhanamntri shri nabusuke kishi ke bich huee baithakon ke pariprekshy men sthapit "bharat aur japan men arthik vikas adhyayan snbndhi snyukt samiti" ke sah-adhyaksh the. vah 1963-75 ke bich lagabhag barah varshon tak is pad par bane rahe. is nikay ne, jisamen donon deshon ke agrani arthashastri, vyapari tatha prashasak shamil the, bharatiy arthavyavastha ke mahattvapoorn kshetron ke vikas men pramukh bhoomika ada ki. bhagat athavin lok sabha ke lie bhi nirvachit hokar aye. vah thode samay tak varsh 1985-86 men rajiv gandhi ki sarakar men videsh mntri rahe.

antararashtriy arthik sahayog men sakriyata

antararashtriy arthik sahayog men dridh vishvas rakhane vale bhagat ne varsh 1964 tatha 1965 men eshiyaee vikas baink ki prarnbhik baithakon men sakriyata se bhag liya jisake phalasvaroop manila men is baink ki sthapana huee. yahan unhonne bharat ke rashtrapati ke vishesh doot ke roop men chartar par hastakshar kie. unhen varsh 1966 men tokyo men eshiyaee vikas baink ke gavarnar ke roop men udghatan adhiveshan men bhag lene ka samman bhi prapt hua. vah varsh 1954 tatha punah 1958 men antarrashtriy mudra kosh tatha vishv baink ki varshik baithak ke vaikalpik garvanar rahe. varsh 1972 men rashtr sngh ke alpasnkhyak suraksha tatha bhedabhav nivaran snbndhi up-ayog ka adhyaksh hone ke alava bhagat varsh 1972 se 1977 tak isake sadasy rahe. vah 1955 men tokyo men hue snyukt rashtr sngh ke eshiya tatha sudoor poorv snbndhi arthik ayog (ikaphe) ke sammelan aur varsh 1968 men dilli men hue snyukt rashtr sngh ke vyapar aur vikas sammelan men bharatiy shishtamandal ke neta the. unhonne varsh 1968 tatha punah varsh 1985 men snyukt rashtrasngh ki mahasabha ke adhiveshan men bharatiy shishtamandal ka netritv kiya.

do pradeshon ke rajyapal

bali ram bhagat do pradeshon (himachal pradesh aur rajasthan) ke rajyapal bhi rahe. pharavari, 1993 men bhagat ko himachal pradesh ka rajyapal niyukt kiya gaya. is pad par vah char mahine tak rahe. bad men vah 30 joon, 1993 se 1 mee, 1998 tak rajasthan ke rajyapal rahe. unaki buddhimatta aur sahridayata tatha unaka lamba sarvajanik jivan rajyapal ke roop men kam karane men unake lie kafi sahayak siddh hue.

patrakar aur lekhak

bhagat ek vikhyat patrakar aur lekhak bhi rahe. "bharat chhodo andolan" ke dauran unhonne bhoomigat rahakar "avar stragal" tatha "naaun-vayalant rivolyooshan" namak do saptahikon ka snpadan kiya tha. 1947 men unhonne patana se hindi ki ek pragatishil saptahik patrika "rashtr doot" arambh ki thi. pramukh rashtriy samachar patron men rashtriy, antarrashtriy tatha arthik vishayon par niyamit roop se lekh likhane ke atirikt bhagat ne antarrashtriy muddon par - "naaun-elainamentah prejent end phyoochar" tatha "kaaumanavelth tude" namak do pustaken bhi likhin.

samajik karyakarta

chhah dashakon tak lagatar kangres parti ke sath jude rah kar bhagat gramin kshetron tatha kamazor vargon ki pragati ke lie pratibaddh rahe. vah ek sakriy samajik karyakarta the tatha ve bhoomihin kisanon evn samaj ke any vnchit vargon ke samajik-arthik utthan ke lie ajivan satat sngharsharat rahe aur vibhinn dainik patr-patrikaon men lekh adi likhakar vnchit nirdhan varg ki avaj ko mukhar karate rahe.

nidhan

2 janavari, 2011 ko bali ram bhagat ka dehavasan ho gaya.


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