बलूचिस्तान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

baloochistan
khilauna gadi, nausharo, baloochistan
vivaran baloochistan / balochistan pakistan ka pashchimi prant hai. yah eeran (sistan v baloochistan prant) tatha afaganistan ke sate hue kshetron men bnta hua hai.
desh pakistan
rajadhani kveta
bhasha balooch ya baloochi
azadi 11 agast 1947
vishesh baloochistan men devi sati ke 51 shaktipithon men se ek shaktipith hingalaj mata ka hai.
any janakari yah pradesh pakistan ke sabase kam abad ilakon men se ek hai.

baloochistan / balochistan (angrezi: Balochistan) pakistan ka pashchimi prant hai. baloochistan nam ka kshetr bada hai aur yah eeran (sistan v baloochistan prant) tatha afaganistan ke sate hue kshetron men bnta hua hai. yahan ki rajadhani kveta hai. yahan ke logon ki pramukh bhasha balooch ya baloochi ke nam se jani jati hai. 1944 men baloochistan ke svatntrata ka vichar janaral mani ke vichar men aya tha par 1947 men british ishare par ise pakistan men shamil kar liya gaya. 1970 ke dashak men ek baloch rashtravad ka uday hua jisamen balochistan ko pakistan se svatntr karane ki mang uthi. yah pradesh pakistan ke sabase kam abad ilakon men se ek hai.

itihas

bharat pichhale 15,000 varshon se astitv men hai. afaganistan, baloochistan, pakistan aur hindustan sabhi bharat ke hisse the. baloochistan aryon ki prachin dharati aryavart ka ek hissa hai. prachin kal men vaidik yug men paras (kalantar men pharas) se lekar gnga, sarayoo aur brahmaputr tak ki bhoormi aryon ki bhoomi thi jisamen sindhu ghati ka kshetr sabase mahatvapoorn tha. aryon ke pnchannd ya pnchakul arthat puru, yadu, turvas, anu aur druhu ke kul men se kisi ek kul ke hain. bharat ka prachin itihas kahata hai ki aphagani, balooch, pakhtoon, pnjabi, kashmiri adi pashh‍chim bharat ke log puru vnsh se snbndh rakhate hain arthat ve sabhi paurav hain. puru vnsh men hi age chalakar kuru hue jinake vnshaj kaurav kahalae. 7,200 eesa poorv arthat aj se 9,200 varsh poorv yayati ke in panchon putron men se puru ka dharati ke sabase adhik hisse par raj tha. balooch bhi manate hain ki hamare itihas ki shuruat 9 hajar varsh poorv huee thi.[1]

hingalaj shaktipith

baloochistan men devi sati ke 51 shaktipithon men se ek shaktipith hingalaj mata ka hai. baloochistan ki bhoomi par durgam pahadiyon ke bich mata ka mndir hai jahan mata ka sir gira tha. yah mndir baloochistan ke rajy mnj men sthit hingol nadi ke pas sthit pahadi par hai. is sthan par bhagavan shriram, parashuram ke pita jamadagni, guru gorakhanath, guru nanak dev bhi a chuke hain. charanon ki kul devi hingalaj ki mata hi thi. ye charan log baloochi hi the aur aj inaka nam kuchh aur kabile se juda hua hai. baloochistan men bhagavan buddh ki sainkadon moortiyan paee geen. yahan kisi kal men bauddh dharm apane charam par tha.

gandhar janapad ka hissa

baloochistan bharat ke 16 mahajanapadon men se ek janapad snbhavat: gandhar janapad ka hissa tha. chandragupt maury ka lagabhag 321 ee.poo. ka shasan pashchimottar men afaganistan aur baloochistan tak phaila tha. dard, hoon hunja, ambist amb, pakhtoo, kamboj, gandhar, kaikay, valhik balakh, abhisar (rajauri), kashmir, madr, yadu, trisu, khandav, sauvir saurashtr, kuru, panchal, kaushal, shoorasen, kirat, nishad, mats, chedi, ushinar, vats, kaushambi, videhi, ang, pragjyotish (asam), ghng, malava, ashmak, kaling, karnatak, dravid, chol, shivi shivasthan-sistan-sara balooch kshetr, sindh ka nichala kshetr dndak maharashtr surabhipattan maisoor, andhr tatha sinhal sahit lagabhag 200 janapad mahabharat men varnit hain. inamen se pramukh 30 ne mahabharat ke yuddh men bhag liya tha.[1]

baloochistan par angrezon ka kabza

balooch rashtravadi andolan 1666 men sthapit mir ahamad ke kalat ki khanat ko apana adhar manata hai. mir nasir khan ke 1758 men aphagan ki adhinata kabool karane ke bad kalat ki simaen poorab men dera gaji khan aur pashchim men bndar abbas tak phail geen. eeran ke nadir shah ki madad se kalat ke khanon ne brahuee adivasiyon ko ekatrit kiya aur satta par kabij ho ge. ‘pratham aphagan yuddh (1839-42) ke bad angrenjon ne is kshetr par adhikar jama liya. 1869 men angrejon ne kalat ke khanon aur baloochistan ke saradaron ke bich jhagade ki madhyasthata ki. varsh 1876 men raaubart saindamen ko baloochistan ka british ejent niyukt kiya gaya aur 1887 tak isake jyadatar ilake british samrajy ke adhin a ge.

angrezon se baloochistan ki azadi ka sngharsh

angrezon ne baloochistan ko 4 riyasaton men bant diya- kalat, makaran, las bela aur kharan. 20vin sadi men baloochon ne angrejon ke khilaph sngharsh chhed diya. isake lie 1941 men rashtravadi sngathan anjuman-e-ittehad-e-baloochistan ka gathan hua. varsh 1944 men janaral mani ne baloochistan ki svatntrata ka spasht vichar rakha. idhar, ajam jan ko kalat ka khan ghoshit kiya gaya. lekin ajam jan khan saradaron se ja mila. usaki jagah niyukt usaka uttaradhikari mir ahamad yar khan anjuman ke prati to vah apana samarthan vyakt karata tha, lekin vah angrejon se rishte tod kar bagavat ke paksh men nahin tha. yahi karan tha ki bad men anjuman ko kalat stet neshanal parti men badal diya gaya. ajam jan khan ne is parti ko 1939 men gairakanooni ghoshit kar diya. aise men parti ke netaon aur karyakartaon ko pakad liya gaya ya unhen nirvasan jhelana pada. 1939 men angrejon ki rajaniti ke tahat baloochon ki muslim lig parti ka janm hua, jo hindustan ke muslim lig se ja mili. doosari or ek or nee parti anjuman-e-vatan ka janm hua jo bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke sath jud gee. anjuman ke kangres ke sath is judav men khan abdulagaffar khan ki bhoomika aham thi. mir yar khan ne sthaniy muslim lig aur rashtriy muslim lig donon ko bhari vittiy madad di aur muhammad ali jinna ko kalat rajy ka kanooni salahakar bana liya.

jinna ki salah par yar khan 4 agast 1947 ko raji ho gaya ki ‘kalat rajy 5 agast 1947 ko ajad ho jaega aur usaki 1938 ki sthiti bahal ho jaegi.’ usi din pakistani sngh se ek samajhaute par dastakhat hue. isake anuchchhed 1 ke mutabik ‘pakistan sarakar is par rajamnd hai ki kalat svatntr rajy hai jisaka vajood hindustan ke doosare rajyon se ekadam alag hai.’ lekin anuchchhed 4 men kaha gaya ki ‘pakistan aur kalat ke bich ek karar yah hoga ki pakistan kalat aur angrejon ke bich 1839 se 1947 se hue sabhi kararon ke prati pratibaddh hoga aur is tarah pakistan angreji raj ka kanooni, snvaidhanik aur rajanitik uttaradhikari hoga.’ anuchchhed 4 ki isi bat ka phayada uthakar pakistan ne kalat ke khan ko 15 agast 1947 ko ek pharebi aur phnsane vali ajadi dekar 4 mahine ke bhitar yah samajhauta todakar 27 march 1948 ko us par aupacharik kabja kar liya. pakistan ne baloochistan ke bache 3 pranton ko bhi jabaran pakistan men mila liya tha.[2]

bharat vibhajan aur baloochistan

march 1947 men laaurd mauntabetan, laaurd vavel ke sthan par vaisaray niyukt hue. 8 mee 1947 ko vipi menan ne satta antaran ke lie ek yojana prastut ki jisaka anumodan mauntabetan ne kiya. kangres ki or se javaharalal neharoo, saradar vallabhabhaee patel aur je.bi.kripalani the jabaki muslim lig ki or se mohammad ali jinna, liyakat ali aur abdul nishtar the jinhonne vichar-vimarsh karane ke bad is yojana ko svikar kiya. pradhanamntri etali ne is yojana ki ghoshana haus aauph kamns men 3 joon 1947 ko ki thi isilie is yojana ko 3 joon ki yojana bhi kaha jata hai. isi din mauntabetan ne vibhajan ki apani ghoshana prakashit ki.

is yojana ke anusar pnjab aur bngal ki prantiy vidhanasabhaon ke ve sadasy, jo muslim bahumat vale jilon ka pratinidhitv karate the, alag ekatr hokar aur gairamuslim bahumat vale sadasy alag ekatr hokar apana mat dekar yah tay karenge ki prant ka vibhajan kiya jae ya nahin, donon bhagon men vinishh‍chit sade bahumat se hoga. pratyek bhag yah bhi tay karega ki use bharat men rahana hai ya pakistan men? pashh‍chimottar sima prant men aur asam ke silahat jile men jahan muslim bahumat hai vahan janamat sngrah ki bat kahi gee. doosari or isamen sindh aur baloochistan ko bhi svatn‍tr nirnay lene ke adhikar die ge. baloochistan ke lie nirnay ka adhikar kveta ki nagarapalika ko diya gaya. us vakt bharat, aphaganistan aur eeran ke havale se baloochistan ke lie yah bahas ki gee thi ki ap bharat ke sath rahana chahenge, eeran ke sath rahana chahenge, aphaganistan ke sath rahana chahenge ya ki ajad rahana chahenge. us dauran pakistan ke sath vilay ke lie kisi bhi prakar ka karar pas nahin hua tha. tab yah samajhaya gaya tha ki islam ke nam se balooch pakistan ke sath vilay kar len. lekin tab baloochon ne yah yah masala uthaya ki aphaganistan aur eeran bhi to islamik mulk hai to unake sath kyon nahin vilay kiya jae? ham pakistan ke sath hi kyon rahen, jabaki unaki aur hamari bhasha, pahanava aur snskriti unase juda hai.[2]

baloochistan ka pakistan men vilay

ant men yah nirnay hua ki balooch ek ajad mulk banega. kalat ke khan ne baloochi janamanas ki numaindagi karate hue baloochistan ka pakistan men vilay karane se saph inkar kar diya tha. yah pakistan ke lie asahaniy sthiti thi. antat: pakistan ne sainik karravaee kar jabaran baloochistan ka vilay kar liya. yah amataur se mana jata hai ki mohammad ali jinna ne antim svadhin balooch shasak mir ahamad yar khan ko pakistan men shamil hone ke samajhaute par dastakhat karane ke lie majaboor kiya tha. 4 agast 1947 ko lard mauntabetan, ali jinna, jo baloo‍chon ke vakil the, sabhi ne ek kamishan baithakar taslim kiya aur 11 agast ko baloochistan ki ajadi ki ghoshana kar di gee. vibhajan se poorv akhnd bharat ki 556 riyasaton men baloochistan bhi shamil nahin tha. halanki is ghoshana ke bad bhi mauntabetan aur pakistani netaon ne 1948 men baloochistan ke nijam ali khan par dabav dalakar is riyasat ka pakistan men jabaran vilay kar diya. ali khan ne baloch snsad se anumati nahin li thi aur dastavejon par dastakhat kar die the. balooch is nirnay ko avaidhanik manate hain, tabhi se rashtravadi baloch pakistan ki gulami se mukt hone ke lie sngharsh chhede hue hain. 14 aur 15 agast 1947 men bharat nahin balki ek aisa kshetr ajad hua jise bad men pakistan aur hindustan kaha gaya. hindustan aur pakistan ke pahale baloochistan 11 agast 1947 ko ajad hua tha. hindustan ki ajadi se 3 din pahale hi baloochistan ko ajad kar diya tha. 14 agast ko pakistan bana aur 15 agast ko hindustan ajad hua.[2]

bhoogol

baloochistan ka vartaman bhaugolik kshetr dakshin-pashchim pakistan, eeran ke dakshin-poorvi prant sistan tatha baloochistan aur afaganistan ke baloochistan prant tak phaila hua hai, lekin isaka adhikansh ilaka pakistan ke kabje men hai, jo pakistan ke kul kshetraphal ka lagabhag 44 pratishat hissa hai. isi ilake men adhikansh balooch abadi rahati hai. yah sabase garib aur upekshit ilaka bhi hai. baloochistan ke dakshin-poorvi hisse par eeran, dakshin-pashchimi hisse par afaganistan aur pashchimi bhag par pakistan ne kabja kar rakha hai. sabase bada hissa takariban pakistan ke kabje men hai. prakritik snsadhanon se bharapoor is snpoorn kshetr men yooreniyam, gais aur tel ke bhndar pae ge hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 baloochistan ka prachin itihas aur samasya ki vajahen (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 19 janavari, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 baloochistan ka prachin itihas aur samasya ki vajahen (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 28 janavari, 2018.

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