बांग्ला भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bangla bhasha bharatiy-ary parivar ki bhasha hai. yah bangladesh aur bharat ke pashchim bngal, asam tatha tripura rajyon ke 20 karod se adhik tatha briten men base bade pravasi samuday dvara boli jati hai. yah bangladesh ki rajabhasha aur bharat ke snvidhan dvara manyata prapt 18 bhashaon men se ek hai.

udbhav

bhashashastriyon ka ek samooh manata hai ki bagla bhasha ki utpatti 10vin shatabdi men huee aur yah magadhi prakrit se utpann huee. any ka manana hai ki isaki utpatti gaudi prakrit se satavin shatabdi men huee. lekin is bare men donon paksh sahamat hain ki arnbh men udiya, asami aur bangla bhashaen ek hi shakha ka nirman karati thin, jisamen se pahale udiya aur bad men asami bhasha alag huee. yahi karan hai ki bangla bhasha v sahity ki arnbhik kriti 'charyapad' par, jisamen bauddh adhyatmik git hai, udiya aur asami bolane vale log bhi apana dava karate hain.

any bhasha parivar ka prabhav

bangla ek bharopiy bhasha hai, lekin is par dakshin eshiya ke any bhasha parivaron ka bhi prabhav pada hai. 1916 men prakashit ek shabdakosh ke anusar bangla shabdavali men

  1. 51.45 pratishat videshi shabd (samanyat: parivartit snskrit shabd, snskrit ke bhrnsh shabd aur gair bharopiy bhashaon se lie ge shabd);
  2. 44 pratishat aparivartit snskrit shabd;
  3. 4.55 pratishat videshi shabd shamil hain.
  • antim samooh men farasi bhasha ke shabd hai, jinhonne bangla bhasha ko kuchh vyakaran svaroop bhi pradan kiya hai.

bangla boliyan

tin bangla boliyan mahattvapoorn hain-

  1. sadhubhasha (sabhy ya kulin bhasha).
  2. manakikrit sahityik bhasha, jisaki shabdavali men kee snskrit shabd hai aur yah ashikshiton ke lie durooh hai.
  3. chalitabhasha, yani am bolachal ki bhasha, jisamen kee laghu svaroop hain. chalit ya chalitabhasha ka upayog shikshit bngali log aur samanyajan, donon ke dvara kiya jata hai. yah kolakata aur asapas ke zilon ki boli par adharit hai. arnbhik 20vin shatabdi se yah sahityik upayog men ane lagi aur isamen pradhan shaili ka roop le liya hai.

bhinnataen

halanki samajik varg, shaikshik star aur dharm ke adhar par bhasha ke upayog men spasht bhinnataen hain, lekin pramukh bhinnata kshetriy boliyon ke bich hai. char mukhy kshetriy boliyan hain, jo banglabhashi kshetr ke char prachin khndon ke anuroop hai –

  1. radha (pashchim bngal mukhy bhoomi ki boliyan);
  2. pundr ya varedr (pashchim bngal ke uttari hisson aur bangladesh ki boliyan);
  3. kamaroop, (poorvottar bangladesh ki boliyan); aur
  4. bng (bangladesh ke any hisson ki boliyan).
  • in sab men silhat aur chataganv boliyon men vishesh lakshanon ka vikas hua hai, jo any boliyon ke lie mukhyat: durooh hain.

vyakaran

bangla bhasha men karak roop surakshit hain , halanki hindi jaisi pashchimi bharatiy-ary bhashaon men isaka lop ho chuka hai. bangla bhasha men char se chhah karak hain, jo is bat par nirbhar karate hain ki vibhakti shabd kisi parimey ya yuktisngat jiv athava vastu ko prastut karata hai ya aparimey ko. is roop ke sath ekavachan kriya ka upayog sirf vakta dvara poorv parichay athava avamanana pradarshit karane ke lie kiya jata hai ya anyapurush men, jab aparimey jiv vastu ka ullekh ho.

bangla lipi

bangla lipi ka udbhav do prachin bharatiy lipiyon men se ek, brahmi lipi se hua hai, visheshakar isake poorvi svaroop se. isake devanagari se kuchh alag vikasadhara ka anusaran kiya. udiya lipi ka vikas alag dhng se hua, lekin ek do apavadon ke alava bangla aur asamiya lipiyan ek saman hain.

  • 12vin shatabdi tak bangla varnamala lagabhag poori ho chuki thi.
  • lekin 16vin shatabdi tak kuchh parivartan hote rahe, jabaki 19vin shatabdi men jan-boojhakar kuchh badalav kie ge.
  • bangla bhasha baen se dahini or likhi jati hai. isamen kee samuchchabodhak, oordhv rekha aur adhorekhaen hoti hain ek ke alava any viram chihnon ko 19vin shatabdi ki angrezi se grahan kiya gaya.
  • parvati adhikanshat: manakikrit hai, jisamen kalakatta vishvavidyalay ne 1936 men kuchh parivartan kie ge.
  • jabaki dhaka ki bangla akadami ne 1936 ke sudharon ko hi svikar kiya.
  1. kuchh samachar patron athava prakashakon ki apani vishisht shaili hai aur pashchim bngal bangla akadami ne vartani men ge sudharon ka prastav kiya hai kee pakshon dvara bangla vartani ko manakikrit karane ke svatntr prayason ke karan kuchh bhranti utpann ho gee hai.
  2. vishv prasiddh lekhak rabindranath thakur ki bhasha bangla, bharatiy bhashaon men aisi pahali bhasha hai, jisane pashchimi dharmanirapeksh sahityik shailiyon, jaise galp, natak aur snbodh-gitikaon ka vikas kiya.


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